Category Archives: From the Guardian

In Ñspel │ The Observer view on Donald Trump’s assault on US democracy

President Donald Trump is seen on a screen speaking to supporters during a rally to contest the certification of the 2020 US presidential election results in Washington on 6 January. Photograph: Shannon Stapleton/Reuters
Prezidnt Doṇld Trump z sìn on a scrīn spīcñ t s’portrz jrñ a rali t cntst ɖ srtif̣ceśn v ɖ 2020 YS preẓdnśl ilex́n rzults in Wośñtn on 6 Jańri. Foṭgraf: Śann Stepltn / Rôtrz

Ɖ Obzrvr vy on Doṇld Trump’s asōlt on YS dmocṛsi

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 10 January 2021)

Ɖ prezidnt mst b rmuvd fr insaitñ vayḷns on ɖ Cápitl, bt Rpublicnz olso śer blem fr hiz toxic leġsi

10 Jańri 2021

It’s īzịr t unḍstand last wīc’s trmôl in Wośñtn f it z vyd az ɖ dzastṛs culmneśn v a fîv-yir proses v degṛdeśn ɖt bgan ẃn Doṇld Trump lōnćt hiz bid fr ɖ prezidnsi. Ɖ unrīznñ mehem, ɖ dvîsiv reṭric, ɖ dstructiv, dluźnl bhevyr n ɖ vayḷns ɖt ingulft Cápitl Hil on Wenzde r hōlmarcs v ɖ bnîtd Trump ira. It wz obvịs ɖt America’z loñ slîd intu igṇmini mst ivnć̣li end in tirz. N so it hz.

Ɖs dṛmatic imploźn śemd ɖ wrld’z līdñ dmocṛsi, śoct its frendz n dlîtd its eṇmiz. Phps it cd hv bn avôdd wɖ betr s’kṛti. Yt in mni wez, a fînl, hîli simbolic c’liźn btwn Trump’s ugli brand v popylizm n istabliśt pǎr, imbodid bî Congres, wz un’vôḍbl. Trump lacs bǎnḍriz. H olwz gz tù far – in hiz confṛnteśnl poḷsiz, hiz vilif̣ceśn v oponnts n hiz dsfuñśnl rleśnśps. Hiz post-ilex́n brecdǎn, rūtd in bruzd īgo n dnayl, léd inevitbli t meltdǎn.

Trump’s atac on Congres wz an atac on America n ol hu hold its valyz dir. It wz a despṛt bid t clñ t pǎr bî a wìc, ignṛnt n slfiś deṃgog hu hz śoun himslf an eṇmi v dmocṛsi, a frend t tîṛnts n unfit t b prezidnt. Ẃn h b’letidli riylîzd, amd nir-yṇvrsl condmneśn, ɖt h hd crost a lîn, h cevd n crevnli dsond hiz ǒn s’portrz. Aftr ɖ meltdǎn, ɖ clîmdǎn. It wz Trump’s last stand – n it feld mizṛbli.

Trump śd rzîn. Felñ ɖt, h śd b rmuvd fṛm ofis bî consttyśnl mīnz. N felñ ɖt, h śd b impićt, az līdñ Deṃcrats pṛpoz. No matr ɖt h hz onli 10 dez left t srv. It’s vîtl ɖt ɖr b svir, swift n viẓbl consiqnsz fr hiz unpresdntd brīć v trust. Ɖ îdīa ɖt an Americn prezidnt, hvr dtaćt fṛm riaḷti, cd insait a vayḷnt rbełn agnst hiz ǒn cuntri’s guvnmnt n g unpuniśt z intolṛbl.

Trump z t blem n mst pe a prîs. Bt uɖrz mst olso tec rsponsbiḷti fr ɖ pôzṇs poḷtics ɖt léd t ɖ “Cápitl cù”. Rpublicn seṇtrz sć az Mić MConl, Linzi Greym, Tom Cotn n Ted Cruz śd b aśemd v ɖer rǒl in fasiḷtetñ Trump’s abysz, rpitñ hiz laiz n cnspîrñ wɖ him t dyp miłnz v Americnz. Fr fîv yirz, ɖe n ɖer alîz norṃlîzd hiz aḅrnt bhevyr n toḷretd hiz asōlts on deṃcratic insttyśnz. Ɖe, tù, crietd ɖ mob.

Īvn aftr Trump’s ragtag armi hd stormd ɖ dbetñćembr, brññ pṛsidñz t a tmprri hōlt, 139 Hǎs Rpublicnz n et seṇtrz stl stuc wɖ Trump’s mndeśs naṛtiv n votd t oṿtrn an ilex́n ɖt wz fri n fer. Ɖs dsoṇrñ v ɖer consttyśnl dyti, ɖs aṛgnt disrigard fr ɖ wśz v miłnz v votrz, wz olmst az śocñ az ɖ rayt itslf.

Ɖ fact ɖt sm Rpublicnz hv sins brocn wɖ Trump mīnz litl. Ɖ parti az a hol nǎ fesz a rec̣nñ. Fr yirz, it hz jerimandrd cngreśnl districts, inactd vots’preśn meźrz n bloct ilectṛl rformz. Rpublicnz beṇfit unferli fṛm historicl anacṛnizmz ɖt, fr xampl, aḷcet az mni seṇtrz t Wîomñ, popyleśn 578,000, az t Caḷforńa, popyleśn 39.5 miłn.

Ɖ GOP hz tecn ɖ prezidnsi twîs sins 2000 aftr luzñ ɖ popylr vot. F Rpublicnz trūli valy America’z dmocṛsi, az ɖe se, ɖe śd stop unḍmainñ it fr parṭzan advantij n hlp rforṭfî n rny it. Most rjntli, ɖe śd cooṗret wɖ prezidnt-ilect Jo Bîdn in fîtñ ɖ pandemic ɖt Trump so badli mshandld. On ɖ de ol îz wr on ɖ Cápitl, 3,963 Americnz daid v Covid.

Trump’s dsgres n insywñ Rpublicn dis’re mt b ʈt a gift t Bîdn. Bt Trump’s ovr-ol leġsi z dīpli toxic. Az ɖ wefr-ʈin marjinz in last wīc’s Jorja Senit run-ofs śoud wns agn, Bîdn inherits a cronicli dvîdd cuntri split bî rês, eʈniṣti, jndr, ej, incm n edyceśn.

Sć dviźnz hv olwz xistd, bt Trump dlibṛtli xasbetd ɖm. Bîdn’z prîṃri tasc z t bild bac trust, in insttyśnz, in poḷtics n in Americn dmocṛsi itslf – bʈ at hom n abrōd, ẃr confidns in YS līdrśp hz bn badli śecn. H mst śo guvnmnt cn wrc fr evrwn, ɖt nbdi nīd fīl disrispctd, dspîzd or left bhnd. Trump xplôtd, dsivd n ultiṃtli btreid sć ppl on Cápitl Hil. F ɖe r ignord agn, ɖr wl b mor mobz, mor crîsīz, mor hymilieśnz.

Ɖ imīɉt ćalinj z t privnt Trump dwñ mor damij in hiz fînl dez. Pnṭgn ćīfs śd hīd ɖ Hǎșpīcr Nansi Pelosi’s apil t yz ol “aveḷbl pricōśnz” t enśur a les ɖn stebl Trump dz nt d enʈñ raś. Ɖ oṿdy dsiźn bî Twitr n Fes-bc t sîḷns hiz laiz, cnspiṛsiz n pṛvoc̣tiv rants z hlpfl. Ɖs denjṛs man mst b cept frmli in hiz box untl inōğreśnde dōnz.

Loñ aftr h hz gn, Trump’s Cápitl ǎtrej wl b rmembrd wɖ a śudr n a śivr. Wɖ angr, pen n śem, ɖ rayt rflectd ol ɖt wnt roñ undr ɖs most dspicbl v Americn līdrz. Trump drouv hiz cuntri intu a dić. Ɖ cuntri wl rcuvr. Trump nvr wl.

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

In Ñspel │ The Guardian view on the storming of the US Capitol: democracy in danger

A Trump flag flies over the grounds of the US Capitol after a mob stormed the building on Wednesday, breaking windows and clashing with police officers. Photograph: John Moore/Getty Images

Ɖ Gardịn vy on ɖ stormñ v ɖ YS Cápitl: dmocṛsi in denjr

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 7 January 2021)

Ɖ YS prezidnt crietd ɖs inṣrex́n, bt uɖrz hv edd hiz asōlt on America’z insttyśnz

7 Jańri 2021

Ẃt tc so loñ? “Ẃn smwn śoz y hu ɖe r, b’liv ɖm ɖ frst tîm,” Maia Anɉlu cǎnsld. Doṇld Trump’s cīnist s’portrz b’livd him. Bt tù mni uɖrz, īvn amñ ɖoz hu rvîld him, nnɖles asymd ɖt ɖr wr limits. Ɖe cn no longr b cmplesnt. Ɖ Americn carnij v Wenzde nît – ɖ stormñ v ɖ Cápitl bî an armd n vayḷnt mob, insaitd bî ɖ prezidnt, in an atmt t terrîz Congres n stop ɖ pīsfl transfr v pǎr – marct an xtrordnri momnt in YS hisṭri. “F ɖ post-Americn ira hz a startdet, it z olmst srtnli tde,” rout Rićd Haass, prezidnt v ɖ Caunsl on Foṛn Rleśnz.

Yt ɖs wz mirli ɖ ultiṃt n undinaybl prūf v ẃt wz olwz evidnt: ɖt ɖs man z nt onli unfit fr hiz ofis, h z olso a denjr t dmocṛsi ẃl h rtenz it. H bilt hiz p’liticl s’xes on lîz, cntmt fr deṃcratic standdz, ɖ stǒcñ v dviźnz – most v ol reśl – n ɖ glaṃrîzñ v fors. Ɖe wr evidnt ẃn h campend fr ɖ prezidnsi, n mor bletnt ẃn h tōct v “vri fîn ppl” amñ ɖ ẃît sūpreṃsists v Śarlotsvil. Ẃn ɖ Hǎs impićt him fr abyzñ pǎr fr ilectṛl prṗsz. Ẃn h laid ɖt ɖ ilex́n wd b stoḷn, n ɖen laid ɖt it hd bn. Ẃn h cōld s’portrz t Wośñtn. Ẃn h tld ɖm ɖt ɖe wd “nvr tec bac ǎr cuntri wɖ wìcnis” n rjd ɖm on t ɖ Cápitl.

Ɖ Senit mjoṛtilīdr, Mić MConl, n uɖrz dzrv no credit fr b’letd paytiz abt ɖ stet v ɖ Rpublic. Ol ɖoz hu hlpt or “hymrd” Mr Trump’s ilex́n-stìlñ atmts r culṗbl. Olrdi xprt in mor jntīl indevrz, sć az votrs’preśn n jerimanḍrñ, ɖ Rpublicn ilits hv inebld n incurijd Trumpizm: standñ at hiz sîd, aqitñ him ẃn impićt, steyñ sîḷnt, or ampḷfayñ hiz lîz. Hvñ invîtd in an arṣnist n s’plaid him wɖ axelṛnt, ɖe ofr a cup v wōtr t dǎs ɖ infrno.

Ɖ rjnt iśu z hǎ t dīl wɖ Mr Trump. No feʈ cn b pt in hiz last-minit promis v an ordrli trnziśn ẃn h cntinyz t f’mnt rej. Ɖ Deṃcratic līdr in ɖ Senit, Ćuc Śūmr, hz cōld fr hiz imīɉt rmuvl. Cabiṇtmembrz r rportidli nǎ dscusñ ɖ ys v ɖ 25ʈ amndmnt, ẃć alǎz ɖ rplesmnt v an “unfit” prezidnt. Bt ɖs z nt abt mir felñz or inc̣paṣti: a betr ćôs wd b t bgin impićmntpṛsidñz. Ax́n mst b tecn agnst Mr Trump, az it mst agnst ɖoz h insaitd, t privnt him fṛm runñ agn n snd a clir mesij t enwn tmtd t folo.

Fr ɖ trūli importnt iśu z hǎ t salvij dmocṛsi in America. Ẃl Wenzde me pruv a wec-up cōl fr sm Trump votrz, mni r olrdi xplenñ awe ivnts, or xkzñ ɖm ʈru fōls iqivḷnsz wɖ ɖ Blac Lîvz Matr muvmnt. Dviźnz run dīp ʈru Americn ssayti n īvn its insttyśnz. A fl invstgeśn z nīdd v ɖ fełr t pṛtct ɖ Cápitl ẃn xtrimists hd opnli tōct v sć a plan – in starc contrast t ɖ intns s’kṛti n agresiv trītmnt ɖt grītd pīsfl BLM pṛtstrz. Tnz v miłnz v Americnz nǎ b’liv ɖt ɖ ilex́n wz stoḷn: wn rport sjsts ɖt onli a qortr v Rpublicnz trust ɖ rzult. Rîtwñ mīdia hv fostrd lîz, n sośl mīdia alaud ppl t dwel in oltrṇtiv p’liticl yṇvrsz. Ɖo Fes-bc hz fîṇli sspndd ɖ prezidnt’s acǎnt, ɖ stebldor z śutñ loñ aftr disinf̣meśn gaḷpt of intu ɖ distns. Nn v ɖs wl end ẃn Jo Bîdn z inōğretd on 20 Jańri.

Dmocṛsi xists nt in ɖ pṛviźnz ritn dǎn on pepr, bt so loñ az it z practist, ẃć z t se, dfndd. Ɖ rmarcbl twin vicṭriz in ɖ Jorja run-ofs on Wenzde, gvñ ɖ Deṃcrats cntrol v ɖ Senit via ɖ vîsprezidnt’s castñvot, wr a welcm tstiṃni t ẃt z poṣbl. Bt ɖer importns z dworft bî ɖ ʈret lūmñ ovr ɖ sistm itslf. Ɖ strugl z onli jst bginñ. America hz śoun its ppl ẃt it z. Ɖe śd b’liv it – n act acordñli.

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn │ If Boris Johnson cared about schools, he’d already have sacked Gavin Williamson

Gavin Williamson. ‘Resources and goodwill have been squandered with a thoroughness that would make more sense as deliberate villainy.’ Photograph: Justin Tallis/AFP/Getty Images
Gavin Wiłmsn. ‘Rzorsz n gdwil hv bn sqondrd wɖ a ʈuṛnis ɖt wd mc mor sns az dlibṛt viḷni.’ Foṭgraf: Justin Talis/AFP/Geti Iṃjz

F Boris Jonsn cerd abt scūlz, h’d olrdi hv sact Gavin Wiłmsn

(Transcription of a Guardian article of 5 January 2021)

B it ɖ xamzfiasco or ɖ scūlz U-trnz, ɖ onli dǎt z ẃɖr ɖ damij h inflicts z bî neglijns or saḅtāj

Rafel Bẹr, 5 Jańri 2021

Nt mć z constnt abt Britn’z hanḍlñ v ɖ pandemic, bt wn rūl aplîz ʈrt: ɖr z no s’nario so bad ɖt it canot b md wrs wɖ Gavin Wiłmsn in ćarj v scūlz.

Clozñ clasrūmz z dmoṛlîzñ fr peṛnts, tīćrz n ćildṛn. Ɖ prospect v cansld xamz fr a secnd yir cmpǎndz ɖ stres. Munʈs v dsruptd edyceśn wl wūnd a jeṇreśn. Purr faṃliz wl ber ɖ dīpist scarz. Ɖr z no qc poḷsis’lūśn, bt it z poṣbl t imajin ɖt reṃdiz xist. Guvnmnt canot fix evrʈñ, bt it mst b ceṗbl v smʈñ.

It z nt ɖ tasc itslf ɖt indysz dsper, bt ɖ îdntti v ɖ man huz job it z t cmplit it. Wiłmsn’z record alǎz onli xpcteśn v fełr. Ɖ uņoun elimnt z ẃɖr h wl inflict ɖ damij bî neglijns or mor asrtiv saḅtāj.

Wl hiz nxt advnćr in mal’dmiṇstreśn lc lîc last sumr’z xamgredz fiasco, ẃn ɖ ejceśn dpartmnt hd munʈs t priper fr a pridictbl probḷm n wz stl ambśt? Or wl it b smʈñ mor proactivli mlevlnt, az ẃn h ʈretnd līgl ax́n agnst caunslz ɖt wontd t śut scūlz bfr Crisṃs, ɖus forsñ ɖm t ste opn fr a fy gṛćuiṭs dez v vîṛl pṛlif̣reśn?

An edyceśnsecṛtri pzesñ īvn flimzi scrūplz mt, in rīsnt wīcs, hv got t grips wɖ practicl ćaḷnjz: sorsñ laptops fr rmot lrnñ, iqipñ venyz t sefli tīć ćildṛn hu canot ste at hom. Instd Ñgliś scūlz wr śut wɖ les ɖn a de’z notis, aftr a Crisṃs hoḷde jrñ ẃć hedtīćrz hd bn tld ɖ prîoṛti wz arenjñ ɖ Covid tsts ɖt wd alǎ ɖm t ste opn. Ɖe dd opn, bt fr jst wn de: a boṇs rǎnd v infx́nz bfr ɖ U-trn.

Rzorsz n gdwil hv bn sqondrd wɖ a ʈuṛnis ɖt wd mc mor sns az dlibṛt viḷni – a plot t indys stafrūm stres – xpt Wiłmsn z nt ceṗbl v impḷmentñ a cnspiṛsi ɖt ifctiv.

Administṛtiv inadiqsi z agṛvetd bî ɖ absns v eni paśn fr ɖ portfolio. Ɖr z no evidns ɖt ɖ secṛtri v stet hz eni nośn v ẃt edyceśn z īvn fr, or hǎ it fits intu sm wîdr naśnl stori. Hiz onli noun xṗtīz in ɖ fīld z ɖ fact v hvñ wns bn t scūl himslf. N it z unclir hǎ mć atnśn h wz peyñ ɖen.

H z dspîzd bî tīćrz. H hz ełnetd īvn ɖ modṛt wñ v ɖ tredyńnz. It z nvr īzi fr Tori ministrz t win trust in ɖ stafrūm, bt Wiłmsn hz flfild ɖ caric̦ćr v îdịlojicl pṛvoc̣tŕ wɖ spîtfl reliś, castñ tīćrz az slacrz n saḅtŕz.

In a rīsnt srve ẃr frunt-lîn staf wr asct hūm ɖe wd trust wɖ ɖ dsiźn on ẃɖr it wz sef t g intu ɖ clasrūm, Wiłmsn cem a distnt last – mîlz bhnd sạntific advîzrz, locl oʈoṛtiz, Public Hlʈ Ñgḷnd, hedtīćrz n tredyńnz. Rspondnts wr alaud t tíc multipl boxz, n stl ɖ edyceśnsecṛtri got jst 1% v ɖ vot.

Ɖ rbarḅtiv sîd v hiz caṛctr z ntorịs in guvnmnt. It z nt unyźl fr advîzrz n MPz t ẃispr uncînd ʈñz t jrṇlists abt ministrz, bt ɖ acridti v ẃt z pord on Wiłmsn bî hiz ǒn parti z ynīc n mostli unprinṭbl. Ɖ cîndr acǎnts dwel onli on hiz abject inepttyd, bt most includ ćaptrz on dīvịsnis, dypliṣti n vindictivnis. It z sd ɖt h stîlz himslf az a Macịvelịn oṗretr wɖ an ostnteśs iṃtyṛti ɖt unḍmainz eni plot h mt unḍtec – a homij t Hǎs v Cardz in cruwl, hyṃrlis slapstic.

Ol v ẃć rezz ɖ qsćn v ẃ h z in ɖ cabiṇt. Wiłmsn’z incompitns wz nt a sīcrit. H feld at dfns bfr h got hiz handz on edyceśn. Hiz memṛbl contṛbyśnz in ɖ s’kṛti arīna wr ɖ plêgrǎnd xorteśn ɖt Ruśa śd “g awe n śut p”, n hiz dsmisl bî T’rīza Me aftr ɖ līcñ v sīcrit inf̣meśn. H dnaid ɖt wn, bt stīm wz stl rîzñ fṛm ɖ dsgres ẃn, jst ʈri munʈs lêtr, Jonsn tapt Wiłmsn fr ɖ edyceśnjob.

Ɖ onli cṛdnślz ɖt matrd t ɖ ny prim̦inistr wr loylti n redinis t dfnd ɖ most xtrim Brexit. Wiłmsn hd bn a rmenr fr Devid Camṛn, n a dfndr v Me’z dūmd dīl ẃn ś wz hiz beṇfactr. Ẃn Me rzînd, Wiłmsn adoptd a mor hardlîn pziśn instntli n wɖt qām, lîc a tru mrsnri. It dd nt tec Jonsn loñ t si ɖ ytiḷti v a man az lacñ in prínsipl az himslf. Ẃt mt hapn t scūlz wz nvr a cnsiḍreśn.

Yt, bî nǎ, Jonsn mst si ɖt rpettiv fełr in ɖt dpartmnt daṃjz hiz ǒn repyteśn. Ɖ pandemic hz jeṇretd cǎntlis penfl dlemaz fr Dǎnñ Strīt, bt ɖ ćôs btwn cīpñ ɖ cuṛnt edyceśnsecṛtri n ptñ olmst enwn els in ćarj z at ɖ īzịr end v ɖ spectṛm. Ɖ arğmnt ɖt a crîsis nīdz cnsistnsi v prṣnél dz nt aplî ẃn ɖ prsn in qsćn z a wōcñ enjin spywñ ǎt mor crîsis.

A popylr vy in Wsminstr last yir, ẃn Wiłmsn wz bérli flexñ ɖ fl xtnt v hiz yslisnis, wz ɖt Jonsn cept him on so az t sacṛfîs him at a lêtr det. Ɖ rvîld ministr mt sǒc p mor public oprobrịm bfr biyñ dscardd. Bt ɖ rag z nǎ sać̣retd n ranc. Anɖr ʈiyri z ɖt Wiłmsn hz sm sinistr līṿrij detñ bac t hiz tîm az ćīf ẃip: ɖt h nz ẃr bodiz r berid, hvñ srvd az x’kśnr n unḍtecr.

Phps Jonsn avôdz sacñ ppl fr incompitns ʈru fir v sigṇlñ ɖt compitns matrz, n ɖt s’xes in poḷtics śd b meźrd bî ceṗbl poḷsi dlivri. Ɖt z nt ɖ prim̦inistr’z feṿrit tst.

Wiłmsn wl g, ivnć̣li, wns ɖ stenć v hvñ him arnd xidz Jonsn’z rluctns t dīl wɖ fǎl mesz. It z hard t pridict ẃn ɖt pônt wl cm. Ɖ prim̦inistr’z nǒz z acustmd t ɖ smel v bad guvnmnt, bt h cn si uɖr ppl rcôl.

Sacñ ɖ edyceśnsecṛtri wd nt ōṭmaticli mc ʈñz betr. Bt it wd at līst iliṃnet wn cmpelñ rīzn t cīp xpctñ ɖ wrst.

Rafel Bẹr z a Gardịn coḷmnist

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

In Ñspel │ The Guardian view on Boris Johnson: forever behind the Covid curve

‘In Downing Street there is a persistent refusal to confront and act on the worst-case scenario before the worst has actually happened.’ Photograph: WPA/Getty Images
‘In Dǎnñ Strīt ɖr z a psistnt rfyzl t cnfrunt n act on ɖ wrst-ces s’nario bfr ɖ wrst hz acć̣li hapnd.’ Foṭgraf: WPA/Geti Iṃjz

Ɖ Gardịn vy on Boris Jonsn: fr evr bhnd ɖ Covid crv

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 4 January 2021)

Az in Marć, ɖ prim̦inistr hz bn culṗbli slo t rspond t a ny fêz v ɖ crîsis

4 Jańri 2021

Last Marć, az ɖ public clamr fr strictr meźrz t cmbat ɖ spred v Covid-19 bcem imposbl t ignor, ɖ guvnmnt fretd ovr ɖ cuntri’z wilñnis t sîn p t a naśnl locdǎn. Az it trnd ǎt, most ppl wr far mor hōciś ɖn ɖ guvnmnt in s’portñ dṛcońn rstrix́nz on evride lîf. Bî wêtñ untl lêt in ɖ munʈ, crūśl grǎnd wz lost n so, uņessṛli, wr ʈǎzndz v lîvz.

Az ɖ ny Covid verịnt streñʈnz its grip acrs ɖ cuntri, it hz bcm clir ɖt ɖ lésnz v Marć wr nt lrnt. In Scotḷnd, ẃr rets v infx́n r lowr ɖn in Ñgḷnd, Nic̣la Strjn hz anǎnst a naśnl locdǎn, bginñ at midnît. Bî contrast, amd totl cnfyźn ovr ɖ rioṗnñ v scūlz, Boris Jonsn hz prīvaṛcetd n pṛcrasṭnetd. Ɖ tufr rstrix́nz fr Ñgḷnd r fîṇli biyñ intṛdyst olmst a wīc aftr ɖs nyzpepr cōld fr a locdǎn. Az ɖ formr hlʈsecṛtri Jeṛmi Hunt hz pôntd ǎt, ć de v dle riscs avôḍbl deʈs.

Fr ovr a wīc, a host v sttistics hv deṃnstretd ɖ nīd fr swift ax́n. Ɖ spred v Covid z ǎt v cntrol n ɖ xistñ tírsistm v rstrix́nz z felñ t cǒp. Ɖr r growñ cnsrnz ovr a secnd Sǎʈ Africn verịnt. Hospitlz hv gretr cpaṣti t trīt Covid cesz, bt az ɖ YC’z ćīf medicl ofisrz stetd on Munde, ɖe r in clir denjr v biyñ oṿẃlmd. In ɖ sǎʈ-īst v Ñgḷnd, ɖr r nǎ an esṭmetd 50% mor Covid peśnts in hospitl ɖn jrñ ɖ Epril pīc. Acrs ɖ rest v ɖ cuntri, rets v hospiṭlîześn r spîṛlñ upwdz ć de. Ɖ dredfl mîlston v 100,000 Covid-rletd deʈs in Britn wl nt b avôdd wɖt a dṛmatic trn’rnd. Mnẃl, cansrpeśnts n ppl wɖ sgnificnt hlʈ iśuz r nt biyñ sìn bî oṿstrećt NHS staf.

Sins bfr Crisṃs, ɖ guvnmnt hz treld alñ haplisli in ɖ wec v ivnts, az f constntli s’prîzd bî ɖm. Ɖ ceos ovr ɖs wīc’s rtrn t scūlz carid i’ri ecoz v ɖ rli sprñ. Ɖen, az nǎ, scūlz simpli bgan t clos ɖer gets. Wrcplesz emtid, az ɖ public graspt, mor qcli ɖn ɖ guvnmnt, ẃt hd t b dn. Ɖs tîm rnd, Mr Jonsn’s sạntific advîzrz wornd on 22 Dsmbr ɖt ɖ xṗnenśl spred v infx́nz mnt ɖt scūlz śd rmen clozd n a naśnl locdǎn cnsidrd. Ɖ bst form v crîsismanijmnt z t antiṣpet n priemt, īvn f ɖt mīnz mcñ unpopylr dsiźnz. Bt in Dǎnñ Strīt ɖr z a psistnt rfyzl t cnfrunt n act on ɖ wrst-ces s’nario bfr ɖ wrst hz acć̣li hapnd.

Ɖ ic̣nomic n sîc̣lojicl impact v ɖ grim midwintr t cm wl b inorṃs. Bhnd ɖ crv yt agn, ɖ guvnmnt’s emf̣sis mst nǎ b on inśurñ maximm cmplayns wɖ ɖ ny rstrix́nz. Ɖ vast mjoṛti v ɖ public s’port anɖr naśnl locdǎn. Bt inśurñ ɖt ɖ vax̣neśnprogram z sceld p rapidli n ifiśntli wl b vîtl t naśnl mral. Scūlz mst fîṇli b frniśt wɖ propr rzorsz t fsiḷtet onlîn lrnñ, n ɖr mst b swift claṛti ovr ɖ steṭs v sumr xamz. Crūṣ́li, aproprịt ic̣nomic s’port mst b ofrd t faṃliz n indivijlz, n ɖoz rqîrd t slf-îṣlet. Ɖ ćanslr, Riśi Sŭnac, mst mc it a prîoṛti t enśur ɖt ppl hv ɖ mīnz n fnanśl s’kṛti t d ɖ rît ʈñ.

Ɖ guvnmnt’s cpaṣti t endlisli rpit ɖ sem mstecs hardli inspîrz confidns. Bt fr a tîm-liṃtd pirịd, az ɖ popyleśn z vax̣netd, it z rît t batn dǎn ɖ haćz. Tuf az ɖ cmñ wīcs wl b, ɖs z nt ɖ opn-endd nîtmer ɖt bgan t unfold last Febrri n Marć. It z jst a piti ɖt ɖ guvnmnt dd nt recgnîz ɖt ćenjd contxt n act snr.

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn │ The vagina dialogues: 33-metre artwork draws far right’s ire in Brazil

Artist Juliana Notari installed the artwork, entitled Diva, in rural art park in Pernambuco, Brazil. Photograph: Juliana Notari
Artist Juliana Notari instōld ɖ artwrc, intîtld Dīva, in rṛl artparc in Pernambuco, Bṛzil. Foṭgraf: Juliana Notari

Fṛm Đ Gardịn: Ɖ vjîna daylogz: 33-mītr artwrc drwz far rît’s îr in Bṛzil

(Transcription of a Guardian article of 3 January 2021)

Juliana Notari’z hilsîd sculpćr sparcs claś btwn Bolsonaro-s’portñ rît n left-wñ culćṛl cḿṇti

Tom Filips, Rio de Janeiro, 3 Jańri 2021

A 33-mītr riinforst concrīt vjîna hz sparct a Bolsonarịn baclaś in Bṛzil, wɖ s’portrz v ɖ cuntri’z far-rît prezidnt claśñ wɖ left-wñ art admîrrz ovr ɖ insṭleśn.

Ɖ hand-md sculpćr, intîtld Dīva, wz unveild bî viźl artist Juliana Notari on Saṭde at a rṛl artparc on ɖ grǎndz v a formr śŭgrmil in Pernambuco, wn v Bṛzil’z most culćṛli vîbṛnt stets.

In a Fes-bc post, Notari sd ɖ scarlit hilsîd vulva wz intndd t “qsćn ɖ rleśnśp btwn nećr n culćr in ǎr faḷsntric n anʈṛṗsntric wstn ssayti” n pṛvoc dbet ovr ɖ “probḷṃtîześn v jndr”.

“Nawdez ɖz iśuz hv bcm incrisñli rjnt,” ɖ artist add in ẃt apird partli t b a refṛns t ɖ incrisñli intolṛnt clîṃt in Jair Bolsonaro’z Bṛzil.

Ɖt coment wz imīɉtli bòrn ǎt bî ɖ angri n ofn obsin riax́nz t Notari’z art, az ʈǎzndz v critics – mni sīmñli Bolsonaro s’portrz – fludd ɖ artist’s Fes-bc pej wɖ ɖer îr. “Hu d y leftiz ʈnc y’r fūlñ? Apart fṛm ysfl idịts on ɖ left, v cors,” wn v ɖ mor rstrend dtractrz rout.

Bolsonaro’z YS-best p’liticl gŭru, ɖ pṛfeśnl p’leṃsist Olavo de Carvalho, weid in wɖ a custmṛli fǎl-mǎɖd twīt.

Mni rspondd mor poztivli t Notari’z rezin-cuvrd sculpćr, ẃć tc 11 munʈs t bild. “Ɖr’z a lot t ʈnc abt in ɖs wrc,” twītd ɖ seḷbretd tranz cartūnist Laerte Coutinho.

Anɖr fan rout: “I luvd it! An intiṃt part v s xpozd wɖ sć byti. W nīd mor sć wrcs ɖt eḷvet feṃnizm n its ńuansz.”

Kleber Mendonça Filho, a film d’rectr fṛm Pernambuco, prezd Notari fr rspondñ t sć a cnsrvtiv momnt in Bṛziłn hisṭri wɖ a jîgantic vjîna. “Ɖ riax́nz t yr wrc r a mirr [v ssayti], a s’xes,” h twītd.

Sins tecñ ofis in 2019, Bolsonaro hz rpitidli mlînd culćr, pentñ artists – mni v hūm opoz hiz guvnmnt – az dec̣dnt spunjrz hu milc public fundz t pédl coḿnist garbij. A s’xeśn v rnǎnd artists daid last yir, mni fṛm Covid-19, n Bolsonaro rspondd wɖ sîḷns.

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

In Ñspel: The Guardian view on Trump’s strategy: overturn result, cheat democracy

‘A classic demagogue, Mr Trump is signalling to his supporters that they, like him, should refuse to respect the election’s outcome and reject Mr Biden’s presidency.’ Photograph: Patrick Semansky/AP
‘A clasic deṃgog, Mr. Trump z sigṇlñ t hiz s’portrz ɖt ɖe, lîc him, śd rfyz t rspct ɖ ilex́n’z ǎtcm n rjct Mr. Bîdn’z prezidnsi.’ Foṭgraf: Patric Semansky/AP

Ɖ Gardịn vy on Trump’s straṭji: oṿtrn rzult, ćīt dmocṛsi

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 3 January 2021)

Ɖ YS prezidnt z sīcñ t brñ dǎn a sistm ɖt dfitd him

3 Jańri 2021

Ɖs wīc, Doṇld Trump wl unḍmain dmocṛsi in ɖ YS bî s’portñ ɖ clem ɖt Deṃcrat Jo Bîdn dd nt ferli win last Nvmbr’z preẓdnśl ilex́n. A pīsfl handovr v pǎr in a dmocṛsi rqîrz luzñ canddets n ɖer folowrz t admit dfit. Bt Mr. Trump hz mańfacćrd a cntrovsi pyrli t mnten pǎr n t oṿtrn a l’jitiṃt ilex́n.

YS corts hv rpitidli ʈroun ǎt Mr. Trump’s evidns-fri cesz. Ɖs hz nt stopt ɖ prezidnt’s acumpḷsz in Congres. Ɖe, bact bî Mr. Trump’s vîs-prezidnt, on Wenzde plan t ćalinj Mr. Bîdn’z win t fors a dbet n vots in Congres. Sm scolrz pônt t a historicl presidnt az of̣rñ a slim, phps vaṇśñ, ćans ɖt ɖ nîtmer wl cntiny. Mr. Trump wl nt let an oṗtyṇti pas t rīliṭget an ilex́n h lost.

Fr ɖ gd v America, h mst fel. Ɖ oltrṇtiv z ultiṃtli ɖ c’laps v p’liticl normz n sivl strîf. A clasic deṃgog, Mr. Trump z sigṇlñ t hiz s’portrz ɖt ɖe, lîc him, śd rfyz t rspct ɖ ilex́n’z ǎtcm n rjct Mr. Bîdn’z prezidnsi. Ɖr z a wel-grǎndd fir ɖt protests cd irupt, sm v ɖm armd. Mr. Trump mt cōl ǎt ɖ naśnl gard or snd fedṛl ejnts t dīl wɖ demnstreśnz. Ɖs ceos, Mr. Trump no dǎt hops, wl pev ɖ we fr an ōṭcratic têcovr.

Mr. Trump z a sor luzr hu canot stand ɖt h wz bìtn in a fer ilex́n. H śd muv on bt siz no rīzn ẃ h śd yīld. Aftr ol, Mr. Trump hz nt bn puniśt fr hiz trnzgreśnz agnst tṛdiśn, dīsnsi n ɖ lw. Instd, h hz bn rwordd. H ʈncs h cn gt awe wɖ olmst enʈñ. Ɖ Rpublicn parti hz onli itslf t blem fr inkbetñ Trumpizm, a paṛsiticl îdioḷji ɖt ʈretnz t tec ovr ɖ host.

Mr. Trump hz ʈroun opn ɖ dor t ɖ arğmnt v pǎr rɖr ɖn ɖ pǎr v arğmnt in YS ilectṛl poḷtics. Wɖ ɖ hlp v sośl mīdia, ɖ prezidnt hz poḷrîzd ɖ ilectṛt, bildñ a “cǎntr Rpublic” onlîn, in ẃć angr n fir r motvetñ imośnz. In ɖs wrld, ɖ YS apaṛntli z biyñ ingulft bî soṣ́lizm n libṛl valyz. Mr. Trump selz hiz cîmiricl fît az a nesṣri wn, īvn f it ćīts dmocṛsi itslf. Ɖs hz alaud him t frem ɖ unduwñ v a preẓdnśl ilex́n az jst an xtnśn v uɖr antideṃcratic Rpublicn tactics – sć az jerimanḍrñ n votrs’preśn – t cnstren p’liticl oponnts.

Poḷtiśnz in ɖ YS nīd t gv p on ɖ fanṭsi v a Trump secnd trm. Qsć̣nñ ɖ integṛti v ɖ preẓdnśl ilex́n wɖt prūf v roñduwñ ʈretnz ɖ îdīa v libṛl dmocṛsi. It līvz ɖ YS dstractd bî canardz ẃn its riyl probḷmz r penf̣li obvịs. Nwn ǎtsd v Trump’s orbit ʈncs ɖt Wośñtn DC òt t ple host t rîvl inōğreśnz on 20 Jańri. Mr. Trump z nt imbresñ ceos t xpres dsnt. H z sīcñ t brñ dǎn ɖ sistm ɖt dfitd him.

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

In Ñspel: The Guardian view of Brexit: a tragic national error

‘This is a country divided over Europe. We were divided in the past and we will be divided in the future. Getting Brexit done is a fantasy.’ Photograph: Tolga Akmen/AFP/Getty Images
‘Ɖs z a cuntri dvîdd ovr Yṛp. W wr dvîdd in ɖ past n w wl b dvîdd in ɖ fyćr. Gtñ Brexit dn z a fanṭsi.’ Foṭgraf: Tolga Akmen/AFP/Geti Iṃjz

Ɖ Gardịn vy v Brexit: a trajic naśnl err

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 31 December 2020)

Britn z nǎ ǎt v ɖ YY. Bt ɖs z a de v sadnis, nt v glori, fr w śl olwz b part v Yṛp

31 Dsmbr 2020, 23.00 Grenij Mīn Tîm

“N  ɖ ansr z – w’r ǎt.” For n a haf yirz hv pást sins ɖ BBC’z Devid Dimblbi pṛnǎnst ɖ rzult v Britn’z YY ref̣rendm. At 11pm on 31 Dsmbr, hiz wrdz bcem fîṇli n fetf̣li tru. Ɖ Ynîtd Cñdm z nǎ no longr part v ɖ Yṛpiyn Yńn or subjict t its rūlz. W hv clozd ɖ dor n wōct awe. W r on ǎr ǒn. W’r ǎt.

Fr mni in Britn, it z a glorịs de. Dparćr fṛm ɖ YY, fr ɖoz hu wontd it, z a momnt v indipndns rgend, sovṛnti rclemd, n v tecñ bac cntrol. Ɖe hop it wl swīp ɖ Yṛpiyn arğmnt ǎt v Britiś lîf. Ɖe wont it t b, in ɖ prim̦inistr’z wrdz, “a ny ćaptr in ǎr naśnl stori”, ɖ flfilmnt v “ɖ sovrin wś v ɖ Britiś ppl t liv undr ɖer ǒn lwz, md bî ɖer ǒn ilectd parḷmnt”.

Fr uɖrz, 1 Jańri z simpli a momnt v rlif. Ɖ Brexit worz hv lastd et loñ yirz, fṛm ɖ momnt Devid Camṛn cmitd ɖ Cnsrvtivz t a ref̣rendm in Jańri 2013. Īvn Brexit’s iclips bî Covid in 2020 cd nt privnt Yṛp’s rtrn t ɖ hedlînz az 2021 aproćt n ɖ posbiḷti v a no-dīl dparćr agn lūmd. On ɖs, bʈ Boris Jonsn n Cir Starmr spouc az wn on Wenzde. Ɖz arğmnts, ɖe bʈ sd, r ovr.

In wn sns, ɖe r rît. P’liticl partiz mst lc fwd, nt bac. In anɖr sns ɖe r pṛfǎndli roñ. Ɖs z a de v sadnis. Britn’z dparćr rmenz a trajic naśnl err. W hv xpeld ǎrslvz fṛm a yńn ɖt wz gd fr ɖs cuntri n ɖ wrld. Ɖ rǒl v ɖ anti-Yṛpiyn pres in mcñ ɖs hapn wz dsîsiv, so it z smhǎ fitñ ɖt a guvnmnt léd bî jrṇlists hz slamd ɖ dor. Bt at līst ɖ YY cn no longr b blemd fr ǎr cntinywñ tnśnz, iniqoḷtiz n fełrz v guvnns.

Ɖz tnśnz canot b majict awe. Brexit wz opozd bî mjoṛtiz in Scotḷnd, Norɖn Îrḷnd, n Lundn n uɖr sitiz, az wel az bî most yuñ ppl n most grajụts. Nn v ɖt z gwñ t ćenj, ẃtvr ɖ ovr-ol mjoṛti vrdict wz in 2016 n hvr tîrd v ɖ arğmnt w ol me b. Ɖs z a cuntri dvîdd ovr Yṛp. W wr dvîdd in ɖ past n w wl b dvîdd in ɖ fyćr. Gtñ Brexit dn z a fanṭsi. It z a s’pozd s’lūśn ɖt onli criets ny historic probḷmz.

In 2016, mni v ɖ most fnaticl Brexitrz hopt ɖ YC’z dparćr wd trigr ɖ YY’z brecup. Yt tū v ɖ most strîcñ consiqnsz v ɖ vot wr ɖ yṇti v ɖ YY27 in ɖ fes v Brexit cmperd wɖ ɖ growñ disyṇti v ɖ YC4 ovr ɖ iśu. Ɖ brecup v Britn rɖr ɖn ɖ YY z nǎ ɖ mor lîcli prospect. It wd b a teṛbl prîs t pe. Bt ɖ dluźnz ɖt féd n fostrd Brexit stl hv mć v ɖ Cnsrvtiv parti n pres in ɖer grip, az a numbr v glǒtñ spīćz fṛm ɖ Tori bnćz on Wenzde indcetd.

T’rīza Me’z wornñ fṛm ɖoz bnćz pozd a far mor riyl qsćn. W mst nvr alǎ ǎrslvz t ʈnc ɖt sovṛnti mīnz îṣleśnizm or xpśṇlizm, sd Msz Me. W liv in an inṭcnctd wrld, ś add. In sm wez Mr. Jonsn sīmz t unḍstand ɖs. Hiz Comnz spīć spouc v Britn az “ɖ bst frend n alî ɖ YY cd hv”, ẃć phps marct a ćenj v ton. Bt ɖ muvmnt h līdz z nt inṭrestd in alaynsz or compṛmîzz. It fīdz of fanṭsiz v gretnis, ẃć Mr. Jonsn constntli induljz. It feṭli cnfyzz sovṛnti wɖ pǎr.

Brexit z dn – bt it z nt ovr. In ɖ mīdịm trm it līvz bhnd ol manr v sorsz v fyćr conflict fr Britiś poḷtics. Ɖz includ ɖ fîn print v ɖ agrīmnt (ignord oltgɖr in Wenzde’z paṛdi v a scrūṭniproses), ny iṃgreśncntrolz, ɖ menṭnns v reğletri alînmnt, ɖ steṭs v srvis inḍstriz, fiśñ, axes t deṭbesz, dfnscooṗreśn n, phps abv ol, ɖ ambigẏs ples v Norɖn Îrḷnd wɖn ɖ dīl. Ol v ɖz r iṭreśnz v a dīpr truʈ: ɖt w śl nvr sīs t b Yṛpiynz n wl nvr sīs t ingej wɖ Yṛp.

In hiz novl Ɖ Ston Raft, ɖ Porćgīz raitr José Saramago imajinz ɖ Îbirịn pninsyla brecñ fizicli awe fṛm Yṛp at ɖ Piṛnīz n driftñ acrs ɖ wrld’z ośnz in a frūtlis srć fr a ny hom. Tde, Britn cn fīl a bit lîc a meṭforicl ston raft tù. Xpt ɖt ɖ riyl Britn wl rmen ancrd in prṗćuwti acrs ɖ Ćanl fṛm ɖ Yṛpiyn continnt, its pplz, icoṇmiz n culćrz, v ẃć w śl olwz b part – n t ẃć w hop wn de, in sm we, t rtrn.

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

In Ñspel: The Guardian view on the Brexit debate: no scrutiny, no choice

Boris Johnson speaks during the debate in the House of Commons on the EU bill. Photograph: Jessica Taylor/AP
Boris Jonsn spīcs jrñ ɖ dbet in ɖ Hǎs v Comnz on ɖ YY bil. Foṭgraf: Jesica Teilr/AP

Ɖ Gardịn vy on ɖ Brexit dbet: no scrūṭni, no ćôs

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 30 December 2020)

A truncetd parḷmntri seśn, les ɖn 48 aurz bfr ɖ end v ɖ trnziśnpirịd, wz tù litl, tù lêt

30 Dsmbr 2020

In a dámñ asesmnt v Wenzde’z tocn dbet on Boris Jonsn’z Brexit treḑīl, ɖ Hansard Ssayti’s sīńr rsrćr dsmist it az “a fars.” Az wn v ɖ most dpresñ n śambolic pirịdz in Britiś p’liticl hisṭri rīćz a dnūmã, phps ɖt śd hv cm az no s’prîz.

MPz wr alotd fîv aurz t dscus ɖ 1,246-pej trīti, agrìd last wīc, ẃć cmplits Britn’z dparćr fṛm ɖ Yṛpiyn Yńn. Sć a d’rîsri levl v scrūṭni, sd Hansard’z Brijid Fǎlr, wz “an abdceśn v parḷmnt’s consttyśnl rsponsbiḷtiz.” Xudñ insūsịns, ɖ līdr v ɖ Hǎs v Comnz, Jecb Rīz-Mog, qcli rvild ɖ guvnmnt’s cntmt fr sć nośnz. Ɖ riẓbli śort seśn, h tld MPz, wz mirli ɖ “îsñ on ɖ Crisṃs cec ɖt ɖ prim̦inistr dlivrd fr ɖ neśn”. So mć, ɖen, fr ɖ resṭreśn v parḷmntri sovṛnti, ɖ lǒdstar ɖt s’pozidli gîdd ɖ Brexit project. In ɖ absns v eni oltrṇtiv, bar a dzastṛs no-dīl xit on Ny Yir’z De, ɖ Yṛpiyn Yńn (fyćr rleśnśp) bil wz ruśt ʈru bî a mjoṛti v 448. Cogniznt v its mirịd flwz, Mr Jonsn hd gd grǎndz fr wontñ it t b wevd ʈru on ɖ flî.

Ɖ prim̦inistr coc̣li asrtd ɖt hiz dīl wz a trîumf v “cecizm”, rstorñ fl sovṛnti t ɖ Ynîtd Cñdm ẃl inśurñ fri axes t Yṛpiyn marcits. It dz nʈñ v ɖ sort. Ɖo Mr Jonsn śemf̣li rfyzz t b onist abt it, ɖr wl b brdnsm n xpnsiv ny leyrz v byrocṛsi fr xportrz t dīl wɖ. Ɖ trīti olso plez t ɖ streñʈs v ɖ YY rɖr ɖn ɖ YC, prîoṛtîzñ ɖ tred v gdz n of̣rñ nxt t nʈñ t Britn’z pǎrfl srvișectr, ẃć consttyts 80% v ɖ icoṇmi. Naśnl s’kṛti z unḍmaind bî xcluźn fṛm crūśl YY criminl deṭbesz.

Dminiśt frīdmz t liv n wrc in ɖ YY incapsylet ɖ hymn cost v a gṛćuiṭs limitñ v hrîznz. N omiṇsli fr wrcrz’ rîts n ɖ invîrnmnt, ɖ pro-Brexit zeḷts v ɖ Yṛpiyn Rsrć Grūp hv cncludd ɖt levl-pleyñfīld cmitmnts in ɖ trīti cn b sìn of bî a “r’bust” guvnmnt. On ɖt besis, ol bt tū YRG MPz sînd p on ɖ dotd lîn.

Far mor contṛvrśli, so dd most Lebr MPz, hu wr undr instrux́n t d so fṛm ɖer līdr. Wenzde’z dbet wz smʈñ v an ordīl fr Sr Cir Starmr, hu pleid a mejr rǒl in ɖ batl fr a secnd ref̣rendm on Brexit. Onli wn Lebr MP jônd ɖ SNP, ɖ Libṛl Deṃcrats n ɖ DYP in rjctñ ɖ guvnmnt’s bil. Bt 36 abstend n ʈri fruntbnćrz rzînd.

Ɖ Lebr reblz pônt ǎt ɖt Mr Jonsn wl glīf̣li xplôt Sr Cir’z bacñ, compṛmîzñ atmts t atac ɖ dīl’z consiqnsz. Bt ɖ Lebr līdr rluctntli ćouz ɖs paʈ in ordr t gen hiz parti ɖ spes t rny itslf. H wz rît t juj ɖt Lebr cd nt aford t b asośietd, hvr unferli, wɖ prifŕñ “no dīl” t Mr Jonsn’z unsaṭsfactri wn. At a dīpr levl, f Lebr z t win bac ɖ crūśl red-wōl cnstitẏnsiz ẃć dzrtd ɖ parti at ɖ last ilex́n, a clir signl wz rqîrd t śo ɖt it axptd ɖ rzult v ɖ 2016 ref̣rendm. Aftr for yirz v dviźn, ceos n stṛtījic fełr on Brexit, Lebr nǎ hz ɖ ćans t rīśep ɖ naśnl convseśn. Sr Cir’z līdrśp wl b jujd on hǎ s’xesf̣li h dz ɖt. Az ɖ old joc gz: “I wd’nt start fṛm hir…”. Bt nn v s, includñ ɖ Lebr līdr, nǎ hv eni ćôs in ɖ matr.

***

MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

In Ñspel: The Guardian view on the future of the union: Britain faces breakup

A demonstration calling for Scottish independence in Glasgow on 31 January 2020. There has been majority support in Scotland for breaking away from the UK in 17 successive opinion polls. Photograph: Andy Buchanan/AFP via Getty Images
A demnstreśn cōlñ fr Scotiś indipndns in Glazgo on 31 Jańri 2020. Ɖr hz bn mjoṛtis’port in Scotḷnd fr brecñ awe fṛm ɖ YC in 17 s’xesiv opińnpoulz. Foṭgraf: Andi Bycann/AFP via Geti Iṃjz

Ɖ Gardịn vy on ɖ fyćr v ɖ yńn: Britn fesz brecup

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 29 December 2020)

Ɖ comḅneśn v Boris Jonsn, Covid n Brexit z crietñ a consttyśnl craś ɖt z wêtñ t hapn in 2021

29 Dsmbr 2020

Ɖ  Covid yir hz intnṣfaid ptnṣ́li trminl strenz wɖn ɖ YC’z for-neśn yńn. Ẃn Boris Jonsn bgan t grapl wɖ ɖ sirịsnis v ɖ ǎtbrec, ɖ impact on ɖ yńn wz probbli lo on hiz list v cnsrnz. Bt, az 2021 becnz, Mr Jonsn’z aproć t Covid hz bcm a caṭlist v ɖ poṣbl brecup v ɖ Ynîtd Cñdm. Covid’z most lastñ p’liticl leġsi in ɖz îḷndz me b ɖt, in its aftrmaʈ, ɖ YC wl no longr xist.

Ẃn ɖ pandemic bgan, Mr Jonsn sīmd t asym ɖt h wz actñ fr ɖ hol v ɖ YC. H graɉli dscuvrd ɖt, az far az Covid wz cnsrnd, ɖs wz untru. In practis, h wz ɖ prîm̦inistr onli v Ñgḷnd. Hlʈpoḷsi hd bn dvolvd sins 1919 in Scotḷnd, n hz bn undr ɖ cntrol v dvolvd admiṇstreśnz in Scotḷnd, Wêlz n Norɖn Îrḷnd sins Toni Bler’z ira. N sins ol ʈri dvolvd neśnz n most Ñgliś sitiz wr léd bî non-Cnsrvtiv poḷtiśnz wɖ ɖer ǒn vyz v hǎ t dīl wɖ Covid in ɖer eriaz, n wɖ no luv fr Mr Jonsn’z poḷtics in most cesz, c’roṇvîṛs dsiźn-mcñ hz strugld t rīć a cnsnss, t ɖ jenṛl detrimnt.

Mr Jonsn berz hevi rsponsbiḷti fr ɖs. Bt a secnd rīzn wz ɖt Scotḷnd’z naśṇlist guvnmnt, ẃć wonts t brec p ɖ YC, briłntli sizd an oṗtyṇti t emf̣sîz its cntrol v Covid poḷsi. Ɖ Scotiś Naśnl parti frst ministr, Nic̣la Strjn, bgan reğlr Covid brīfñz on 20 Marć. Ś hz sins dn mor ɖn 150 v ɖm. Hr brīfñz hv mostli bn modlz v facćl akṛsi, snṣbl advîs n cōśn. Ɖ contrast wɖ Mr Jonsn’z inṭmitnt n smtmz hîṗbolic n err-strùn brīfñz hz bn in evri we t Mz Strjn’z p’liticl advantij. Last munʈ, an Ipsos Mori poul faund ɖt Mz Strjn hd a net apruvlretñ v plus 61 amñ Scots fr hr hanḍlñ v ɖ pandemic, ẃl Mr Jonsn hd a net retñ v mîṇs 43. Ɖr hz bn mjoṛtis’port in Scotḷnd fr brecñ awe fṛm ɖ YC in 17 s’xesiv opińnpoulz.

Dstñtiv paɖz

Ɖ comḅneśn v Mz Strjn’z hî profîl n ɖ riaḷtiz v hlʈpoḷsi dīṿluśn hz hd consiqnsz in Wêlz n Norɖn Îrḷnd, n īvn at Ñgliś locl levl tù. Marc Drecf̣d hz nt atmtd t eḿlet hiz Scotiś cǎnṭpart’s dêli cntrol v ɖ mīdịmesij. Bt ɖ Wlś frst ministr hz olso foloud hiz ǒn dstñtiv paʈ, tecñ sm radicli difṛnt n mor cōśs dsiźnz, n aqîrñ in ɖ cors v ɖ pandemic a hayr public profîl, in n ǎtsd Wêlz, ɖn hiz prīdisesrz. Norɖn Îrḷnd’z pǎrśẹrñ mīnz its frst ministr, Arlīn Fostr v ɖ Deṃcratic Yńnist parti, hz t śer a platform wɖ hr oponnt, Sinn Féin’z Miśél O’Nīl, n z ɖrfr unebl t aćiv a similr asndnsi. Nvɖles, Norɖn Îrḷnd, lîc Wêlz n Scotḷnd, hz at tîmz vri pubḷcli dvrjd fṛm Ñgliś meźrz. Mr Jonsn’z lezi libterịnizm n śemfl lêtnis t act hv fy ecoz ǎtsd Ñgḷnd.

Covid cd nǎ b ɖ strw ɖt brecs ɖ yńn’z bac, ispeṣ́li in Scotḷnd. Bt Covid poḷsi z nt ɖ mn rīzn ẃ ɖ fyćr v ɖ yńn z nǎ so unsrtn. Mni uɖr factrz lî bhnd ɖs crîsis. Ɖ most importnt z simpli ɖ sstend asndnsi v ɖ SNP in Scotḷnd. F ɖ parti winz a forʈ s’xesiv Holirūd vicṭri in Me n clemz a mandet fr a ny indipndnsref̣rendm, it wd snd ɖ yńn’z streslevl intu ɖ criticl zon. F Scotḷnd ivnć̣li brouc awe, ɖr wd b mejr consiqnsz in Norɖn Îrḷnd, n fr ɖ rleśnśp btwn Wêlz n Ñgḷnd.

Brexit hz pleid a piṿtl rǒl in crietñ ɖs voḷtîl mix. Ɖ vot in 2016 t līv ɖ Yṛpiyn Yńn wz an Ñgliś n Wlś vot. Nɖr Scotḷnd nr Norɖn Îrḷnd votd t līv. Scotḷnd, in ptiklr, votd dsîsivli t rmen. Yt aftr 2016, nɖr T’rīza Me nr Mr Jonsn peid inuf atnśn t īzñ ɖ pen fr Scotḷnd. YC brincmnśp in ɖs yir’z tredtōcs wɖ ɖ YY hz md an olrdi larj gap btwn ɖ YC n Scotḷnd īvn wîdr. Ɖ YY27’z yṇti jrñ ɖ tōcs cntrastd wɖ ɖ UK4’z intrnl disyṇti. Brexit’s impact in Norɖn Îrḷnd hz olso bn pṛfǎnd, rzultñ in a dīpnd clos ic̣nomic rleśnśp wɖ ɖ Îriś Rpublic, n ɖus ɖ YY sngl marcit, ẃl Mz Fostr n Mz O’Nīl pl in opozñ d’rex́nz ovr ɖ linc wɖ Britn.

Sntṛlist yńnizm

Ẃn Mr Jonsn bcem prîm̦inistr in 2019, h gev himslf ɖ tîtl v “ministr fr ɖ yńn”. Ɖr hz bn ziro evidns in hiz hanḍlñ v Brexit ɖt h tecs ɖs t mīn ɖ adopśn v a mor imołnt aproć. Instd, Mr Jonsn’z yńnizm hz pruvd mor sntṛlist n les pragmatic ɖn ɖ yńnizm v hiz tū Tori prīdisesrz, Devid Camṛn n Msz Me. T Mr Jonsn, ɖ Brexit slogn v “tec bac cntrol” trnzlets intu a project ɖt emz t rībild a Wsminstr-sntrd YC sovṛnti, nt, az Cir Starmr advcetd last wīc, a poḷsi v pśñ mor pǎrz ǎt n dǎn fṛm Wsminstr t ɖ YC neśnz or t Ñgliś rījnz n sitiz.

Mr Jonsn’z aproć z crietñ a craś wêtñ t hapn. H md hiz riyl vyz startlñli clir ẃn h tld a prîṿt mītñ v ɖ “blu wōl” Cnsrvtiv MPz in Nvmbr ɖt dīṿluśn hd bn “a dzastr norʈ v ɖ bordr” n ɖt ɖ 1997 dīṿluśnsetlmnt wz Toni Bler’z “bigist mstec”. Cmñ six munʈs bfr sć importnt Holirūd ilex́nz, ɖs wz an insnjri ʈñ t se, az wel az a slf-inflictd wūnd fr ɖ Tōriz n a Crisṃs gift t ɖ SNP. Mr Jonsn’z coments abt a dīṿluśn dzastr canot b laft awe az an idịsncratic Jonsońn axidnt. Ɖ coments xprest ẃt h riyli ʈncs.

Ɖ rli munʈs v 2021 wl cntiny t b doṃnetd bî Covid. Bt ɖ iminnt xistnśl crîsis fr ɖ yńn śd nt b oṿlct. Mr Jonsn apirz confidnt ɖt h cn s’xesf̣li rfyz t oʈ̇rîz a secnd ref̣rendm in ɖ fes v a dmand fr wn fṛm Mz Strjn. Bt ɖr me nt b az mć aṗtît fr undeṃcratic objṛsi az h s’pozz.

F Mr Jonsn wz a difṛnt cnd v poḷtiśn, h wd lisn t ẃt Mr Starmr sd last wīc abt rnywñ ɖ yńn, or ẃt Gordn Brǎn hz bn seyñ abt rībildñ cnsnt ʈru sitiznz’ asmbliz wɖ a wîd rīmit t riimajin Britn’z consttyśnl arenjmnts. A lot v poḷtiśnz fṛm ol partiz, includñ ɖ Cnsrvtivz, r opn t ɖs. Ɖ big qsćn z ẃɖr ɖ votrz v Scotḷnd r opn t it tù. Bt ɖr z litl tîm left. Ɖ ćans v rform me hv sêld wɖ Brexit. Ɖ tasc v of̣rñ Scots an oltrṇtiv yńn ɖt ɖe cn b’liv in nxt Me z olrdi dǎn t ɖ wîr.

***

MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

In Ñspel: I was an early Erasmus scholar, and I grieve for what British students have lost

‘Erasmus was a symbol of the erosion of walls, the freer movement not only of goods and services but of people and ideas.’ Photograph: Chris Ison/PA
‘Irazṃs wz a simbl v ɖ iroźn v wōlz, ɖ friyr muvmnt nt onli v gdz n srṿsz bt v ppl n îdīaz.’ Foṭgraf: Cris Îsn/PA

I wz an rli Irazṃs scolr, n I grīv fr ẃt Britiś stydnts hv lost

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 27 December 2020)

Mî tîm in Yṛp trnsformd mî ǎtlŭc; ɖoz hu ʈnc Brexit z ol abt treḑīlz ignor ẃt els wz at stec

Jūłn Baggini, 28 Dsmbr 2020

Ɖ  prîm̦inistr ofrd ɖ cuntri a “fīst” ɖs Crisṃs bt mni v s stl hv’nt bn ebl t djst it. Ɖ truʈ z it wz nvr vri aṗtîzñ, nt so mć an uvn-redi trīt az a ćīp redimīl. Boris Jonsn’z treḑīl dz nt brñ “glad tîdñz v gret jô” bt fînl conf̣meśn ɖt a speśl rleśnśp hz bn trnd intu a pyrli trnzax́nl wn.

T ɖ mrcanṭlist Brex̣tirz, eni losz incŕd r mir trîflz. Tec ɖ end v ɖ Irazṃs scīm, ẃć inebld stydnts t spend tîm in uɖr membr stets’ yṇvrṣtiz. Cmperd wɖ fiśqotaz n levl pleyñfīldz ɖs me sīm lîc smōl frî. Bt a fīst wɖt ɖ trimñz z jst anɖr mīl, n a treḑīl wɖt culćṛl tîz mcs fr a mć śalowr rleśnśp wɖ ǎr Yṛpiyn nebrz.

I lrnt ɖs frst-hand. In 1989, I wz wn v ɖ rliist Britiś stydnts t ptiṣpet in ɖ scīm, ẃć hd bgun tū yirz rlịr. Cnfyzñli, I spent mî ōtmtrm in ɖ Irazṃs Yṇvrṣti in Roṭdam.

Nǎ ɖt six munʈs or mor traṿlñ ɖ wrld on a gap yir z ɖ (olbiit sspndd) norm, 10 wīcs on ɖ uɖr sîd v ɖ Ćanl me sīm modist in cmparisn. Bt Irazṃs alaud fr a depʈ v ingejmnt wɖ uɖr cuntriz ɖt no amǎnt v cerfrī bacpacñ cn īql.

Mî frst ñclñ v ɖs cem ẃn w wr invîtd ǎt fr birz wɖ sm v ǎr ny Duć pirz. Wn asct m ẃt mî speśl inṭrests in f’loṣfi wr. I wz ʈroun. Nwn bac hom wd evr asc sć an rnist qsćn abt yr unḍgrajụt studiz. I mumbld smʈñ abt Kierkegaard, ɖ subjict v mî diṣteśn. “Hm,” sd ɖ stydnt. “I ʈnc h wz meḷncolic. Ẃt abt y?”

In an instnt, ɖ absrdti v Britiś anti-inṭlecćlizm hd bn xpozd. It wz nt ɖt ɖ Duć stydnt wz tecñ himslf tù sirịsli bt ɖt ǎr afctd insūsịns twdz ǎr studiz wz r’dikḷs.

Uɖr Irazṃs stydnts wl hv hd difṛnt ipif̣niz. Bî bcmñ imbedd in foṛn yṇvrṣtiz, w si nt onli ẃt z vałbl in culćrz w r ofn qcr t paṛdi ɖn t unḍstand, bt ẃt z strenj in ǎrslvz.

Ɖs cnsrnd ɖ matr az wel az ɖ manr v ǎr studiz. F’loṣfi in most Britiś yṇvrṣtiz larjli ignord 20ʈ-snćri conṭnntl Yṛpiyn f’loṣfi. I me hv noun ɖt ɖr wr mor ʈñz in hevn n rʈ ɖn wr drīmd v in ǎr f’loṣfi, bt rīdñ Merleau-Ponty n Foucault I dscuvrd ɖt f’loṣfi itslf cntend mor ɖn w drīmd v bac hom.

It wz fitñ ɖt ɖ Brlin Wōl fél ẃl I wz in Roṭdam. Irazṃs wz a simbl v ɖ iroźn v wōlz, ɖ friyr muvmnt nt onli v gdz n srṿsz bt v ppl n îdīaz. Ɖs wz olwz ẃt matrd most abt ɖ Yṛpiyn project. Ɖ Britn ɖt w nǒ n smtmz luv tde dd nt bcm ẃt it z bî sīcñ îṣleśn.

Ɖ îdīa ɖt ɖ Yṛpiyn Ic̣nomic Cḿṇti (YIC), az it wz ɖen, wz orijiṇli sold t s az nʈñ mor ɖn a tredñblóc z a miʈ. Ẃn w jônd ɖ YIC in 1972, ɖ ɖen prîm̦inistr, Ted Hīʈ, sd: “Ɖ cḿṇti ẃć w r jônñ z far mor ɖn a comn marcit. It z a cḿṇti in ɖ tru sns v ɖt trm.” H xpliṣtli sd ɖt it olso cnsrnd “sośl iśuz ẃć afct s ol – invîrnmntl qsćnz, wrcñcndiśnz in inḍstri, cnsymr pṛtx́n, ed t dveḷpmnt eriaz n voceśnl trenñ”.

Ɖ traɉdi v ɖ Brexit sāga z ɖt ɖ ces fr ɖ culćṛl valy v YY membrśp wz bérli īvn md, fr fir it wd onli fan ɖ flemz v naśṇlist antiṗʈi t Yṛp. Bt sins it wz olwz a culćṛl batl, nt an ic̣nomic wn, ɖs amǎntd t a rfyzl t fît at ol. Rmembr ɖt ɖ līvrz’ raliyñ cōl wz t “tec bac cntrol”. Ɖ £350m a wīc t spend on ɖ NHS wz a dītel, nt ɖ hart v ɖ maṇfsto.

I b’livd ɖt cntinywñ ǎr membrśp v ɖ YY wz in ǎr bst ic̣nomic inṭrests, bt ɖt z nt ẃ I votd t rmen; lîc mni hu wontd t līv, hǎ inṭnaśnl agrīmnts afct GDP z nt ɖ bi-ol n end-ol. Fr m, cīpñ ɖ rîts t tred n travl dz nt compnset fr dmiṇśñ ɖ priṿlij t ingej n lrn.

Jonsn’z treḑīl z a Crisṃs trci wɖ nn v ɖ trimñz ɖt mc it paḷtbl. It’s lîc biyñ gvn a giftvǎćr, a jôlis creditnot wrʈ les ɖn ɖ preznt w wontd.

Ʈancs t Covid, ɖ nebrz hv’nt bn rnd fr Crisṃs ɖs yir, n ʈancs t Brexit, in fyćr w’l b spendñ les qoḷtitîm wɖ ǎr Yṛpiyn nebrz tù. Ɖ wōlz r gwñ p agn n no amǎnt v tredwindoz cn compnset fr ɖt.

***

Jūłn Baggini z a raitr n f’loṣfr; hiz lêtist bc z Hǎ ɖ Wrld Ʈncs

MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

In Ñspel: The Guardian view on Britain out of the EU: a treasure island for rentiers

‘Culturally, Brexit plays the same sort of role as the right to buy, insulating poorer leave voters from the idea that they will suffer from the resulting policies.’ Photograph: Christopher Furlong/Getty Images
‘Culćṛli, Brexit plez ɖ sem sort v rǒl az ɖ rît t bai, insyletñ purr līv̦otrz fṛm ɖ îdīa ɖt ɖe wl sufr fṛm ɖ rzultñ poḷsiz.’ Foṭgraf: Crisṭfr Frloñ/Geti Iṃjz

Ɖ Gardịn vy on Britn ǎt v ɖ YY: a treźr îḷnd fr rentịrz

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 27 December 2020)

Ɖr’z no sîn ɖt ministrz wl yz ɖ twin śocs v ɖ pandemic n Brexit t fix a brocn sistm ɖt z felñ tù mni ppl

27 Dsmbr 2020

Ẃn ɖ YC entrd ɖ c’roṇvîṛs ej in Marć, stet rzorsz n c’lectiv cmitmnt wr moḅlîzd on a scel nt sìn sins ɖ secnd wrldwor. Decedz ago, Britn hd rvild itslf, ʈancs in part t biyñ ebl t marśl ɖ industrịl mît v ɖ empîr, t b a formiḍbl wrldpǎr. Its icoṇmi wz eṇjîzd wɖ brecʈrūz in redar, atomic pǎr n meḍsin.

Olɖo ɖ stori v ɖ pandemic hz nt yt endd, ɖr apirz t b no sć transfmeśn in sît undr Boris Jonsn. Rɖr dpresñli, fmiłr trendz v grīd, incompitns n croniizm r ri’srtñ ɖmslvz. Ɖs z bad nyz fr an icoṇmi ẃr ɖr hz bn a c’laps v soṣ́li ysfl iṇveśn. Britn’z lac v hî-téc mańfacćrñcepbiḷtiz, noṭbli in medicl dạgnostic tstñ, wz cruwli xpozd bî ɖ pandemic.

Ɖs cuntri hz bcm mor v a pṛkrr ɖn a pṛdysr v tecnoḷji. Bt it z a rmarcbli inifiśnt wn – dspt an xtrordnṛli hî psntij v loyrz n acǎntnts in ɖ wrcñpopyleśn. Cnx́nz sīm t matr mor ɖn invnśnz. Hǎ els t xplen ẃ, in ɖ despṛt scrambl t pṛkr prsnl pṛtctiv iqipmnt, vnṭletrz n c’roṇvîṛs tsts, biłnz v pǎndz v contracts hv gn t cumṗniz îɖr run bî frendz or s’portrz – īvn nebrz – v Cnsrvtiv poḷtiśnz, or wɖ no prîr xṗtīz.

Hisṭri z nt śort v xamplz ẃr p’liticl insîdrz wr s’xesfl in xtractñ vrć̣li ol ɖ srpḷs ɖt ɖ icoṇmi crietd. Sć influenśl inṭrests moldd poḷtics t inlarj ɖer śer v ɖ pî. Grīd wz liṃtd onli bî ɖ nīd t let ɖ pṛdysrz svîv. Ɖ śoc v wor, reṿluśn, famin or pleg pṛvîdz an oṗtyṇti t fix a brocn ssayti. Bt f, post-pandemic, YC poḷtiśnz cer les abt rform ɖn ɖ rtnśn v pǎr, ɖe wl fel t rstren ɖ graspñ inrićmnt ɖt unḍmainz dmocṛsi itslf.

Windfōl profits

Phps ɖ most peṇtretñ X-re v ɖs fnominn tde z bî Bret Crisṭfrz in hiz bc Rentịr Capiṭlizm. Ɖ acdemic mcs ɖ ces ɖt Britn hz bcm a treźr îḷnd fr ɖoz sīcñ xes profits fṛm stet-sañśnd cntrol v naćṛl rzorsz, proṗti, fnanśl asets n inṭlecćl proṗti. Rent, peid bî rentrz t rentịrz, z taid t ɖ ǒnrśp or cntrol v sć asets, md scers undr cndiśnz v liṃtd or no comṗtiśn.

Mr. Crisṭfrz sz ɖt ɖ frst sîn v ɖs ny ordr wz ẃn Britn struc blac gold in ɖ Norʈ Sì. H raits ɖt MPz on ɖ public acǎnts cmiti notd wɖ incṛdyḷti in 1972 ɖt “ɖ frst hyj eriaz v ɖ sì wr lìst t ɖ cumṗniz az jenṛsli az ɖo Britn wr a guḷbl Śecdm”. Aftr ɖt, public asets wr sold of ćīpli. Ɖ prîṿt sectr endd p cntrolñ lîtli reğletd mnoṗliz in gas, wōtr n ilectric s’plî, n public trnsport n teḷcomz. Custmrz lost ǎt, oṿpeyñ fr pur srvis. In a rentịr’z paṛdîs, windfōl profits abǎnd. Breznli okpayñ ɖ lǒist moṛl grǎnd wz isnśl, az ɖ hǎsbildr Prsimn pruvd bî rnñ sūṗsîzd stet-bact hlp-t-bai profits loñ inuf t hand ǎt a £75m boṇs t its bos.

Ɖ bancs, ẃć tc ɖs cuntri t ɖ brinc v c’laps a deced ago, r at ɖ hart v a rentịrstet. Frans, Jrṃni, Jpan, ɖ YS ol hv bancñsectrz smōlr ɖn ɖ YC. Ẃl bancs rnñ rents hv fluriśt, ɖ hǎsholdz peyñ ɖm – îɖr d’recli az fnanśl cnsymrz, or indirecli az taxpeyrz v a détrstet or custmrz v détrfrmz – hv flǎndrd.

Ɖ angr ɖt sć spiṿri injndrz z dfyzd p’liticli bî mcñ votrz cmplisit in ɖ ʈeft. Ɖ sel-of v caunslhomz, sz Mr. Crisṭfrz, wz a prîṿtîześn ɖt gev mni v ɖoz phps most inclînd t cic agnst Ʈać̣rizm a prsnl stec in ɖ project. Culćṛli, Brexit plez ɖ sem sort v rǒl az ɖ rît t bai, insyletñ purr līv̦otrz fṛm ɖ îdīa ɖt ɖe wl sufr fṛm ɖ rzultñ poḷsiz.

Ɖ prîm̦inistr unḍstandz ɖt Covid cn ćenj Britn, bt lacs moḍnîzñpoḷsiz. H xtolz ɖ vrćuz v fri comṗtiśn – bʈ fr itslf n bcz sć frīdm, h rīznz, wl smhǎ liḅret ɖ spirit fluṭrñ wɖn a pri-Brexit Britn cejd bî c’roṇvîṛs. H z no dǎt betñ ɖt ɖ dsrupśn v līvñ ɖ YY wl b lost in ɖ ror v an icoṇmi tecñ of az an inokletd popyleśn rtrnz t of̣sz n śops.

Wìcnd reğleśnz

Ɖ gap btwn rić n pur in ɖ YC z at līst az hî tde, acdemics calklet, az it wz jst bfr ɖ start v ɖ secnd wrldwor. Ɖs z larjli bcz ɖ Britiś stet ɖt wns mīdietd ɖ strugl btwn lebr n capitl hz bn tecn ovr bî rentịrz. Wìc̣nñ reğleśnz, rdysñ ɖ importns v fiscl poḷsi n średñ sośl pṛtx́nz hz c’rodd libṛl dmocṛsi in ẃć an incrisñli influenśl wlʈi fy hv bn injoyñ a fri run. Ultiṃtli, rentịrz wont t incris ẃt ɖ icoṇmist Michał Kalecki cōld ɖ “dgri v mnoṗli” in an icoṇmi. Ɖs alǎz ɖm t limit ɖ abiḷti v wrcrz, cnsymrz n reğletrz t inflụns ɖ marc-up v selñprîsz ovr costs n t dfnd ɖ śer v wejz in ǎtpt.

Ɖ YY sz its lebr, invîrnmnt n custmr pṛtx́nz r a flor, nt a sīlñ, n ɖt ɖe c’nt b tredd awe fr frix́nlis marcit axes. F w hd steid in ɖ club, ǎr abiḷti t consntret profits fr mnoṗlists wd hv bn stîmid in fyćr treḑīlz ngośietd bî Bruslz n opn t MYPz’ scrūṭni. Ǎtsd ɖ YY, Mr. Jonsn cn bartr awe sć reğleśnz – wɖt parḷmntri oṿsît – n scrap sefgardz in ny tecnoḷji fr hayr mnoṗliprofits. Carl Marx rout in Ɖ Etīnʈ Brumaire v Louis Bonaparte in 1852 ɖt “ɖ Tōriz in Ñgḷnd loñ fansid ɖt ɖe wr in rapćrz abt roylti, ɖ ćrć n ɖ bytiz v ɖ enćnt consttyśn, untl a tîm v trîl tòr fṛm ɖm ɖ cnfeśn ɖt ɖe wr onli in rapćrz abt rent.” Hiz asesmnt v rli 19ʈ-snćri Tōriz aplîz wɖ unŕñ akṛsi t tde’z Cnsrvtivz.

Mr. Crisṭfrz’ insît z ɖt ɖ Tōriz undr Mr. Jonsn r a parti v – n fr – rentịrz, mć mor ɖn ɖ inṭrests v pṛductiv capitl. Ɖs xplenz ẃ, aftr 2016, ɖ Tori parti imbrest Brexit n śrugd of pṛductiv capitl’z cnsrnz abt līvñ ɖ YY. It wl b t ɖ gret detrimnt v ɖs cuntri f ɖ pandemic pmitd Mr. Jonsn t cmbîn preznt-de firz wɖ a yrnñ fr hopfl ćenj t pswed ɖ aṿrij prsn t vot agnst ɖer inṭrests in ɖ fyćr. Bt hisṭri ofn rpits itslf frst az traɉdi, ɖen az fars.

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Fṛm Đ Gardịn: So long, we’ll miss you – we Europeans see how much you’ve helped to shape us

Iḷstreśn: Dóm MCnzi/Ɖ Obzrvr

So loñ, w’l mis y – w Yṛpiynz si hǎ mć y’v hlpt t śep s

(Transcription of a Guardian article of 27 December 2020)

Hisṭri wl juj ɖt ɖ nir 50-yir rleśnśp btwn ɖ YC n Yṛp hz bn gd fr bʈ. Bst t fget ɖ rancṛs endñ.

Fintn OTūl, 27 Dsmbr 2020

Nǎ ɖt a dīl hz bn dn, ɖ end v Britn’z lîf az a membr v ɖ Yṛpiyn Yńn cn b dīsntli mōrnd. Az fynṛl oreśnz g, ɖ wn Wiłm Śecspir pt intu ɖ mǎʈ v Marc Anṭni in Jūłs Sìzr z, wel, wrld-bìtñ: “Ɖ īvl ɖt men d livz aftr ɖm,/ Ɖ gd z oft intŕid wɖ ɖer bonz.” Bfr w ʈro ɖ last hanfl v rʈ on ɖ corps v Britn’z membrśp v ɖ Yṛpiyn Yńn, w mt brīfli disintŕ ɖ gd ʈñz abt ɖ rleśnśp.

A bad endñ gts pṛjctd bcwdz. A mesi dvors obliṭrets ɖ yirz v rīzṇbli hapi marij. Brexit hz pṛjctd intu ɖ fyćr a sǎr stori v rzntmnt n rancr. Olmst 50 yirz v hisṭri r sqizd intu a dtrṃnistic stori v irecnsîḷbl incmpatbiḷti. Ɖ īvl livz on; ɖ gd rots in ɖ rʈ.

Nwn dǎts ɖt Britn’z Yṛpiyn yirz wr ofn marct bî rluctns n smtmz bî rzistns. Fr ol sorts v rīznz, Britn cd nvr sit cumftbli in ɖ ples it wz ofrd in ɖ YY’z holi triṇti, alñsd Frans n Jrṃni.

Bt ɖt śd nt obskr ɖ gret rīzn fr sadnis abt ɖ we it hz ol endd: Britn dd mć gd fr Yṛp n Yṛp dd mć gd fr Britn. Ɖs haf-snćri hz nt bn mîrd in fytiḷti. It hz nt ol bn a west v tîm.
Tū hyj ʈñz in ɖ hisṭri v ɖ YY wd nt hv bn cmplitd in ɖ we ɖe wr wɖt ɖ Brits: ɖ sngl marcit n inlarjmnt. Ɖ probḷm wɖ bʈ, indd, z ɖt Britn pśt ɖm fwd wɖt qt unḍstandñ ɖer p’liticl impḷceśnz.

Ɖ sngl marcit z ɖ YY’z gret aćivmnt – pṛtctñ it wz, îronicli, ɖ oṿẃlmñ em in ɖ ngośieśnz on fyćr tred wɖ ɖ YC. It simpli wd nt hv hapnd, ẃn it hapnd, f Marġrit Ʈaćr hd nt prest so hard. It z īzi t fget – bcz it hz sūtd olmst evri sîd t d so – ɖt ɖ blūprint fr ɖ sngl marcit wz a bclit cōld Yṛp – Ɖ Fyćr ɖt Ʈaćr prizntd t hr felo līdrz at ɖ Fontainebleau sumit in 1984.

Ɖ probḷm wz ɖt Ʈaćr cd nvr axpt ɖt ɖ wrcñz v a sngl marcit wd hv t b cǎnṭbaḷnst bî comn sośl, invîrnmntl n sefti standdz, wɖ ɖ p’liticl, līgl n administṛtiv cpaṣti t infors ɖm. Ɖ fact rmenz: ɖ fors ɖt hz śept ɖ YY fr ɖ past 30 yirz wz set in mośn bî Britn.

Īqli, wɖt Britn, it z nt at ol obvịs ɖt ɖ YY wd hv rspondd so boldli t ɖ fōl v ɖ Brlin Wōl bî brññ ɖ Worsw Páct stets intu its fold. Agn, it wz Ʈaćr hu pṛclemd ɖ gol v inlarjmnt in hr Brūź spīć v 1988. It wz undr a Britiś prezidnsi ɖt tōcs on membrśp wr opnd wɖ ɖ frst wev v sntṛl Yṛpiyn stets. It wz Toni Bler hu lêtr pśt fr R’meńa n Blgeria t b alaud t jôn. Hir, tù, ɖ impḷceśnz v a Britiś poḷsi wr nt riyli unḍstd in Britn. It wz nt xplend ɖt fri muvmnt wd mīn mor iṃgreśn fṛm ɖz cuntriz. Or ɖt ɖ guvnns v a mć bigr YY wd inevitbli hv t b mor closli coorḍnetd. Nnɖles, on ɖz tū dfînñ iśuz, Britn wz advnćṛs, ambiśs, eṇjetic n ifctiv.

On ɖ uɖr sîd v ɖ iqeźn, ɖ YY hlpt Britn t rzolv ɖ dlemaz leid ǎt in ɖ 1971 ẃît pepr ɖt argyd fr membrśp v ɖ Comn Marcit. F it rjctd ɖs oṗtyṇti, “in a sngl jeṇreśn w śd hv rnǎnst an impirịl past n rjctd a Yṛpiyn fyćr… Ǎr pǎr t inflụns ɖ [Yṛpiyn] Cḿṇtiz wd steḍli dminiś, ẃl ɖ Cḿṇtiz’ pǎr t afct ǎr fyćr wd az steḍli incris.”

Biyñ in ɖ YY riyli dd alǎ Britn t trnsnd its impirịl past n imajin a Yṛpiyn fyćr fr itslf. It dd enśur ɖt ɖ inevitbl inflụns v a bigr p’liticl n ic̣nomic blóc t its īst wz tmprd bî ɖ abiḷti t hv an īql n rspctd vôs wɖn ɖt blóc. It gev Britn a we v biyñ in ɖ wrld ɖt dd nt dpnd on past gretnis.

N ɖ YY hlpt ɖ YC t setl bî far its bigist intrnl probḷm: ɖ conflict in Norɖn Îrḷnd. Ɖ YY’z d’rect involvmnt in ɖ pīsproses me hv bn marjnl. Its indirect impact wz imeźṛbli larj.

Ẃn Britn n Îrḷnd jônd tgɖr in 1973, rleśnz btwn ɖm wr vri pur, undr constnt stren fṛm ɖ preśr v ɖ Trublz. It wz ʈru wrcñ closli tgɖr in ɖ YY ɖt ɖ tū cuntriz lrnt t bhev az frendz n īqlz, wɖt rzntmnt on ɖ wn sîd or condisnśn on ɖ uɖr. It wz ɖ asumśn v cntinywñ comn YY membrśp ɖt md it poṣbl, in 1998, t cnstruct a pīs agrīmnt ɖt cd bild p’liticl recnsilieśn on a fǎndeśn v ic̣nomic n sośl intgreśn.

Ɖ tīdịm, fṛstreśn n rancr v ɖ past for yirz hv wîpt ǎr meṃriz v ɖ historic n hopfl ʈñz ɖt Britiś membrśp v ɖ YY alaud t hapn. Anti-YY reṭric in Britn hz incurijd a nośn in Yṛp ɖt ɖ YY wl b betr of wɖt ɖz srli n obstrepṛs malcntnts.

Bt, az anɖr gret Ñgliś powt, Jon Dun, pt it, olso in fynirịl mod, “F a clod b wośt awe bî ɖ sì, Yṛp z ɖ les”. Britn me hv bn clodiś at tîmz in its decedz v membrśp, bt Yṛp z ɖ les fr its biyñ wośt awe. N Britn z ɖ les fr alawñ itslf t b so. Ɖ marcs v ingejmnt rmen on bʈ bodiz n ɖe r nt wūndz. Ɖe r ɖ meṃriz v ḿćl aćivmnts, v ɖ gd ɖt men n wimin dd fr ć uɖr. At no tîm in its hisṭri hz Britn śept ɖ continnt so pṛfǎndli wɖt wor. At no tîm in its hisṭri hz it bn ebl t bhev twdz its nebrz so mć az an īql, so litl az a victim v dluźnz v granjr.

At anɖr momnt v fnaḷti, ɖ Bìtlz ćouz az ɖer last wrdz: “N in ɖ end/ Ɖ luv y tec/ Z īql t ɖ luv y mc.” Britn tc fṛm ɖ YY n md it in īql meźr. Ɖr śd b no gd ridns, jst a hevi-hartd, dīpli rgretfl So loñ, it’s bn gd t nǒ y.

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