Category Archives: From the Guardian

Fṛm Đ Gardịn: Clive James: ‘The poems I remember are the milestones marking the journey of my life’

‘Anyone can be destructive, but the capacity to build something will go on being the great human surprise’ … Clive James. Photograph: Karen Robinson/The Observer
‘Enwn cn b dstructiv, bt ɖ cpaṣti t bild smʈñ wl g on biyñ ɖ gret hymn s’prîz’ … Clîv Jemz. Foṭgraf: Caṛn Robinsn/Ɖ Obzrvr

Clîv Jemz: ‘Ɖ powmz I rmembr r ɖ mîlstonz marcñ ɖ jrni v mî lîf’

(Transcription of an article published in the Guardian on 26 September 2020)

Ẃt mcs gret powtri? An xclūsiv xtract fṛm ɖ lêt critic’s fînl bc Ɖ Fîr v Jô seḷbrets ɖ powmz h luvd most

Clîv Jemz, 26 Sptmbr 2020

Ɖ  Frenć xpreśn feu de joie rfŕz t a militri seḷbreśn ẃn ol ɖ rîflṃn v a rejimnt fîr wn śot aftr anɖr, in clos s’xeśn: îdiyli ɖ sǎnd śd b cntinẏs, lîc a drumrol. I frst sw a feu de joie pformd at an Ostrełn armittu, in ɖ mn arīna at ɖ Sidni Śǒgrǎnd, ẃl I wz stl in śort trǎzrz. Lêtr on, ẃn I wz dwñ naśnl srvis in longr trǎzrz, I sw ɖ seriṃni pformd agn, on ɖ p’redgrǎnd in Inglbrn, Ny Sǎʈ Wêlz, in 1958. Simbolicli, ɖ fîr v jô z a rmîndr ɖt ɖ rejimnt’s c’lectiv pǎr rlîz on ɖ indivijl, n vîs versa.

Imprintd on mî mînd, ɖ s’xeśn v xploźnz bcem an evceśn v ɖ heṛtij v Ñgliś powts n powtri, fṛm Ćōsr onẉdz. It stl strîcs m az a handi meṭfr fr ɖ poetic s’xeśn, ispeṣ́li bcz, in ɖ feu de joie, nbdi got hrt. It wz ol nôz: n nôz, I b’liv, z ɖ frst n last ʈñ ɖt powtri z. F a powm dz’nt sǎnd cmpelñ, it w’nt cntiny t xist. Ɖs z an ispeṣ́li importnt ʈñ t se in ɖ preznt ira, ẃn ɖ sūdo-moḍnist îdīa stl psists ɖt ɖr mt b smʈñ sfiśntli faṣnetñ abt ɖ we ɖt wrdz r arenjd on ɖ pej.

Wɖ a powm ɖ most importnt ʈñ z ɖ we it sǎndz ẃn y se it. At ɖt ret īvn ɖ most eḷmntri nrṣrirîm hz it ol ovr ɖ cnd v oṿstuft epic ɖt nīdz 10 pejz v nots fr evri pej v txt, n rdysz ol hu rīd it t paṛlîzd slumbr – or īvn wrs, t a boġs adṃreśn.

Mî unḍstandñ v ẃt a powm z hz bn formd ovr a lîftîm bî ɖ meṃri v ɖ powmz I luv; ɖ powmz, or fragmnts v powmz, ɖt got intu mî hed sīmñli v ɖer ǒn vliśn, dspt ol ɖ cntrîvñ pǎrz v mî naćṛl îdlnis t cīp ɖm ǎt. I dscuvrd rli on ɖt a scrap v lanḡj cn b lîc a tyn in ɖt rspct: it gts intu yr hed no matr ẃt. In fact, I b’liv, ɖt z ɖ tru marc v powtri: y rmembr it dspt yrslf.

Ɖ Itałnz hv a wrd fr ɖ stor v powmz y hv in yr hed: a gazofilacio. T ɖ Ñgliś ir it mt sǎnd lîc an in’dvîẓbl aṃtri practis involvñ gaṣlīn, bt in its orijinl lanḡj it acć̣li mīnz a treźrćembr v ɖ mînd. Ɖ powmz I rmembr r ɖ mîlstonz marcñ ɖ jrni v mî lîf. N unlîc pentñz, sculpćrz or paṣjz v gret ḿzic, ɖe d nt ǎtstrip ɖ scop v meṃri, bt r ɖ acćl ʈñ, incarṇt.

Wɖ ɖ cntejs cracl v ɖ feu de joie stl raṭlñ in mî irz, let m flaś bac t Oṗtyṇti Scūl at Hrstvil, Sidni, huz s’pozidli plêfl reźīm wz simḅlîzd bî its rūl ɖt evri pypl, at ɖ end v ɖ de, hd t stand bsd hiz dsc n rsît a meṃrîzd powm bfr h wz alaud t g hom. It wz a fntastic combneśn v Parnass n a max̣mm-s’kṛti prizn. I yẓ́li manijd t gt an Rli Marc, nt jst bcz mî meṃri wz gd, bt bcz I wz luci in ɖ drw, biyñ asînd powmz ɖt wr hard t fget.

Ɖ rmarcbl ʈñ, I s’poz, z nt ɖt I meṃrîzd a fy powmz, bt ɖt I nvr fgot ɖm. Phps bcz ɖ rword fr s’xes wz frīdm, I ʈt v powtri, fr evr aftwdz, az mî ticit ǎt: ɖ iqivḷnt v hîdñ in ɖ lōndri in ɖ truc ǎt v ɖ prizncamp. Ẃn I am bizi wɖ ɖ itrnl tasc v meṃrîzñ ćuncs v Miltn, I cn hír ɖ sîṛnz az I iscep ʈru ɖ wŭdz ǎtsd ɖ wîr v Stalag Luft III. Fr m, powtri mīnz frīdm. Īvn tde, in fact ispeṣ́li tde, ẃn ɖ ruinz v mî vri bodi r ɖ prizn, powtri z mî we ʈru ɖ wîr n ǎt intu ɖ wrld.

Lêtr on, jrñ mî frst yir az an artștydnt at Sidni Yṇvrṣti, ɖ xḷnt lecćrrz in Ñgliś heṿli emf̣sîzd ɖ truizm ɖt Ñgliś powtri hd nt startd fṛm nẃr n fṛm nʈñ, bt hd startd in Ñgḷnd at ɖ tîm v Ćōsr. Ɖs wz an ispeṣ́li importnt îdīa t abzorb ẃn y cd practicli hír ɖ Psific srf craśñ on ɖ bīć onli a mîl or tū fṛm ɖ lecćŗūm. Ɖ ci nośn wz wn v dveḷpmnt: powtri fṛm Ćōsr onẉdz hd bn ritn bî ppl hu hd réd ɖ powts hu cem bfr ɖm. It wz a stori v smwn raitñ smʈñ wundrfl, n smwn els cmñ alñ, rīdñ it, n fīlñ impeld t rait smʈñ īvn mor wundrfl. Īvn bhnd Ćōsr ɖr mt hv bn anɖr powt (I prîṿtli cōld him Robin Rîmfelo) hu invntd ɖ cuplit, or enwe at līst haf v it.

I met acćl livñ powts jrñ ɖ frst wīc at yṇvrṣti. Ɖe wr felostydnts. Bî ɖ secnd wīc, I tù wz wẹrñ a loñ scarf, bagi cāci drilz, ɖ soft deẓtbūts ɖt wr cōld broʈlcrīprz, n cariyñ an armfl v bcs bî Ezra Pǎnd. I dsîdd t bcm a powt, olɖo ɖr wz nʈñ bold abt ɖs dsiźn, az it wz olrdi clir, īvn t m, ɖt I wz yslis fr enʈñ els. Ɖ powt, in mî vy, z ɖ cnd v tîmwestr hu ʈncs h z dwñ smʈñ crūśl wɖ ɖ tîm h wests: stirñ it twdz itrṇti phps, or gtñ an Rli Marc.

Smart tīćrz vy ɖ yuñ powts wɖ dsper, bt īvn smartr tīćrz riylîz ɖr z smʈñ isnśl abt ɖm. F a yṇvrṣti dz nt pṛdys ɖ oceźnl eḷqnt scîvr, or unqnć̣bli vrbl tîmwestr, it z nt flfilñ its tru end. Olmst ol yṇvrṣtiz wl smhǎ infors ɖ rqîrmnt fr ɖ stydnt t studi powtri, bt ɖe cd’nt infors ɖ crieśn v it īvn f ɖe hd t’ranicl pǎrz. Olɖo w, ɖ powts, psyd ɖ comn fanṭsi ɖt w wr smhǎ cooṗretñ in an itrnl crietiv vnćr, w wr cmpitñ lîc hel: a mîcṛcozm v ɖ ppćl poetic dzîr t cap ɖ uɖr gai’z ef̣t wɖ smʈñ īvn betr.

Ɖt lîn v fîr ɖt cntinyz past y, līdñ intu ɖ distns, z az baund t cntiny az y r nt. Crịtivti z ɖ gret misṭri. Enwn cn b dstructiv, bt ɖ cpaṣti t bild smʈñ wl g on biyñ ɖ gret hymn s’prîz. Ɖ flaśñ fîrz v ɖ powmz w c’nt hlp rmemḅrñ r clir prūf v ɖt.

Wstn wind ẃn wilt ɖǎ blo
ɖ smōl ren dǎn cn ren.
Crîst, f mî luv wr in mî armz
n I in mî bed agn.

Nbdi nz hu rout it, bt ɖt in itslf cd b stetd az an îdiyl v Ñgliś powtri: ɖ bst powmz sīm ol t hv bn ritn bî ɖ wn snṣtiv, snṣbl prṣnaḷti. Īvn ɖ xtraṿgnt powts lîc Miltn, Swinbrn n Hopcinz d’nt stre ol ɖt far fṛm ordnri lanḡj, n ẃt mcs ɖm poetic z ɖer viźn mor ɖn ɖer qrci dix́n.

Bac bynd Ćōsr, hu cn b sd t hv startd ɖ faśn fr powts hvñ nemz, ɖs powm mst hv got intu ɖ hedz v evrwn hu hŕd it. Probbli it stl dz.

Mî ges z ɖt it wz ritn bî a wmn. Wn asymz, hir, ɖt ɖ nretr n ɖ powt r wn n ɖ sem, bt ɖ asumśn sīmz fer, unls ɖr wr olrdi powts on caunslgrants wonḍrñ arnd n obzrvñ wimin in a locl setñ. N f it wz cmpozd bî a wmn, ś wz’nt ɖ ledi v a grand hǎs; ś’z ǎt ɖr in ɖ weɖr. Ẃt cn gt hr worm agn? Entr ɖ luvr. Ɖs nīt litl powm z páct wɖ drama, lîc a tîni prs fl v gold. Wn we or anɖr, most gd powmz d hv drama. N yẓ́li ɖ stori z ɖ frst ʈñ t lc fr. Ɖr r feṃs powmz ɖt hv no stori bt ɖe r gtñ closr t biyñ jst wrdz, ẃć z olwz a denjṛs lur fr a powt. F powtri wr jst wrdz olmst enwn cd d it.

Ɖs powm luzz nʈñ bî biyñ anoniṃs. Smtmz I ʈnc v it az hvñ bn ritn bî mslf, hafwe p an orć̣d ladr, n śiṿrñ in a per v slf-darnd tîts.

Ol Nećr Hz a Fīlñ bî Jon Cler (1845)

Ol nećr hz a fīlñ: wŭdz, fīldz, brŭcs
R lîf itrnl: n in sîḷns ɖe
Spīc hapinis bynd ɖ rīć v bcs;
Ɖr’z nʈñ mortl in ɖm; ɖer dce
Z ɖ grīn lîf v ćenj; t pas awe
N cm agn in blūmz rvivifaid.
Its brʈ wz hevn, itrnl z its ste,
N wɖ ɖ sún n mūn śl stl abîd
Bnʈ ɖer de n nît n hevn wîd.

Ẃn it cmz t Jon Cler, ɖ hard wrc cnsists mnli in struġlñ nt t drǎn in ɖ dītel h hz rvild t y. Blest, or crst, wɖ ɖ nac fr omnid’rex́nl atnśn, h noṭsz evrʈñ, ispeṣ́li abt lîf in ɖ cuntrisîd; bt no rīdr’z atnśn cn svîv noṭsñ evrʈñ at wns. Ẃl ɖ powt revlz in ɖ rustic dītel, ɖ rīdr crsz ɖ abîdñ fact ɖt h himslf wz nt born t ɖ grīn welñtnz, ɖ ôld Bārbr n ɖ bǎnsñ Landrovr.

A sper eligns z hard t fînd in Cler. H’z mor crǎdd ɖn eni old barn. Bt ɖs z wn powm ẃć sīmz t m t hv beṇfitd fṛm a sudn dtrṃneśn on hiz part, phps ẃl layñ awec, t rait a mor ostir powm ɖ nxt de. Cler hd it ol: n olmst olwz h oṿcrǎdz ɖ powm in ɖ atmt t pruv ɖt. Bt fr wns h rlaxz, n ɖ rīdr cn d ɖ sem.

Ɖr’z a srtn Slant v Lît bî Eṃli Dicinsn (1890)

Ɖr’z a srtn Slant v lît,
Wintr Afṭnunz –
Ɖt opresz, lîc ɖ Heft
V Cʈīdṛl Tynz –
Hevnli Hrt, it gvz s –
W cn fînd no scar,
Bt intrnl difṛns –
Ẃr ɖ Mīnñz, r –
Nn me tīć it – Eni –
’tiz ɖ sìl Dsper –
An impirịl aflix́n
Snt s v ɖ Er –
Ẃn it cmz, ɖ Lanscep lisnz –
Śadoz – hold ɖer breʈ –
Ẃn it gz, ’tiz lîc ɖ Distns
On ɖ lc v Deʈ –

I hv t cnfes t hvñ mixt fīlñz abt Eṃli Dicinsn – ɖ cnd v cnfeśn ɖt in America cn līd t y biyñ loct p. In hr homland, nwn z alaud t b les ɖn wrśipfl v hr miṇćrîzd denṣti. Ɖr r rīznz fr wrṣ́pñ hr, n ɖ rīznz r betr ɖn fr wrṣ́pñ, se, an Aztec prīst – bt ɖ cold truʈ z ɖt y wś most v hr powmz wr lîc longr powmz instd v śort nots. (Y lc at wn v hr powmz n ʈnc: “Yes, ś cd probbli hv md a gd powm ǎt v ɖt.”) Bt in spît v mî cnvix́n ɖt ś olwz sd jst ɖt crūśl bit tù litl, I hv olwz hd ɖ rj t rīd mor v hr. Hr c’lectd wrcs r a bol v bīdz. In hr lîf ś wz dedcetd n slf-sacṛfîsñ, bt ɖoz qoḷtz on ɖer ǒn r’nt nesseṛli poetic. Poetic qoḷtz, on ɖ uɖr hand, r. Eni amǎnt v posćṃs sîciatric anaḷsis d’rectd at hr xntric prṣnaḷti c’nt tec awe ɖ sntṛl stbiḷti v hr strenj majic. Śadoz stl hold ɖer breʈ ẃn ś spīcs.

Nt fr Ɖt Siti bî Śarlót Ḿ (c1916)

Nt fr ɖt siti v ɖ levl sún,
Its goldn strīts n gliṭrñ gets ablez –
Ɖ śêdlis, slīplis siti v ẃît dez,
Ẃît nîts, or nîts n dez ɖt r az wn –
W wiri, ẃn ol z sd, ol ʈt, ol dn.
W stren ǎr îz bynd ɖs dusc t si
Ẃt, fṛm ɖ ʈreśhold v itrṇti
W śl step intu. No, I ʈnc w śun
Ɖ splendr v ɖt eṿlastñ gler,
Ɖ clamr v ɖt nvr-endñ soñ.
N f fr enʈñ w gretli loñ,
It z fr sm rmot n qayt ster
Ẃć wîndz t sîḷns n a spes fr slīp
Tù sǎnd fr wecñ n fr drīmz tù dīp.

Sm v Śarlót Ḿ’z bst powmz r trici t rīprint bcz ś ofn rout in loñ lînz. Ś cd aford t d ɖs bcz ś hd a fōltlis sns v riɖm. Ɖ metricl progres v hr sns v form hd ɖ impresiv weit v a slǒli muvñ tren, bt it wz a tren ɖt wz clirli gwñ smẃr, ʈru reliśt lansceps, srćñ fr stilnis n qayt aftr a loñ strugl. Born intu a faṃli ract bî ćîldhd deʈ, insolvnsi n mntl ilnis, ś compnsetd fr ɖ instbiḷti bî sticñ, metricli, t a meźrd poetic tranqiḷti ɖt sm tde mt cōl svir.

Śarlót Ḿ śd b mć betr noun ɖn ś z. Ś hd sm sgnificnt litrri ćampịnz in hr ǒn tîm, bt fnanśl n faṃli trublz cntinyd t dog hr, n ś wz ivnć̣li cmitd t an insttyśn, ẃr ś cild hrslf. A bîogṛfi lîc ɖt mt inhans ɖ staćr v a mel powt bt ś dets fṛm an ira ẃn a wmn hu drest lîc WB Yets wz unlîcli t b gvn credit fr hr bardic asṗreśnz, īvn bî WB Yets. (Mî mntl picćr v Ḿ z olwz mixt p wɖ ɖ huśt n mstirịs apiṛnsz v Mis Froy, ɖ Britiś wmn spî in ɖ wel-cut twīdz hu enlists ɖ ed v Mîcl Redgrev n Marġrit Locwŭd in Ɖ Ledi Vaṇśz.)

At Sevn O’Cloc bî Dóm Moraes (1957)

Ɖ masŕ fṛm S’lón, huz bòldñ hed
Gvz him a krịs lc v tndrnis,
Uncurls hiz loñ cruśt handz abv mî bed
Az ɖo h wr abt t prīć or bles.
Hiz polṭrr’z fngrz pluc mî qīzi scin,
Śufl alñ mî sîd, n rīć ɖ ʈî,
I not hvr ɖt h cīps hiz ʈin
Fstidịs nostṛlz sefli trnd awe.
Bt smtmz ɖ antartic îz glans dǎn,
N ɖ lidz drop t hŭd a scornfl flaś:
A dīp îronic nolij v ɖ ʈin
Or gros (bt olwz ugli) hymn fleś.
Hrnia, gôtr n ɖ flǎrñ bôl
Lî bér bnʈ hiz handz, fr evr bér.
Hiz fngrz tuć ɖ scin: ɖe rīć ɖ soul.
I nǒ him in ɖ mornñ fr a sír.
Wɖn mî mînd h z rīborn az Crîst:
Fr ć blînd dōn h nȉdz mî prostret ʈîz,
Ʈumps on mî buṭcs wɖ hiz fist
N briɖz, Arîz.

Ẃn I wz litrri editr v ɖ Sidni Yṇvrṣti stydnt nyzpepr Honi Soit, a copi v Oxf̣d Yṇvrṣti’z envịbli glosi maġzīn Îsis landd on mî dsc. It cntend, az ɖ lêtist instōlmnt v its hagịgraficl siriz cōld “Aidl”, a wrṣ́pñ pìs abt Dóm Moraes. Jujñ fṛm hiz foṭgraf h wz onli jst ǎt v hiz tīnz at ɖ tîm. I wz imprest bî ɖ jenṛs welcm ɖt ɖ Ñgliś sīmd priperd t gv Indịnz, n wundrd vegli f ɖe mt d ɖ sem fr Ostrełnz. Bt ẃt most imprest m wz ɖ we Moraes cd rait Ñgliś vrs.

“Bt smtmz ɖ antartic îz glans dǎn” unrolz wɖ sć riɖmic oʈoṛti ɖt it stops y wunḍrñ ẃɖr Arctic îz wd b eni difṛnt. I wz imprest olso bî ɖ we ɖt “flǎrñ” manijd t b ɖ most dsgustñ wrd in a lîn-up v fizicl horrz. Bt ɖ fînl stroc wz ɖ nocǎt punć. “N briɖz, Arîz.” I wnt arnd seyñ it.

Bî ɖ tîm I rīćt Ñgḷnd, Moraes wz wel on hiz we t oblivịn, hvñ tecn a swondîv intu a botl. Bac h wnt t India, ẃr h cntinyd raitñ, bt t smōl ifct. It wz a teṛbl piti, bt fîṇli nʈñ cn stop ɖ powts dstroyñ ɖmslvz f ɖe hv a mînd t. Ol uɖr ʈñz biyñ īql, ɖerz z ɖ onli lîf v prfict frīdm. Qt ofn, hvr, ɖt’s xacli ẃt scerz ɖm stypid.

Wl Nt Cm Bac bî Roḅt Lowl (1969)

Darc swoloz wl dǎtlis cm bac cilñ
ɖ injūdiśs nîtflîz wɖ a clac v ɖ bīc;
bt ɖz ɖt stopt fl flît t si yr byti
n mî gd fortyn … az f ɖe ń ǎr nemz –
ɖ’l nt cm bac. Ɖ ʈic leṃni hunisucl,
clîmñ fṛm rʈrūt t yr windo,
wl opn mor bytifl blosmz t ɖ īvnñ;
bt ɖz … lîc dȳdrops, tremḅlñ, śînñ, fōlñ,
ɖ tirz v de – ɖ’l nt cm bac …
Sm uɖr luv wl sǎnd hiz fîrwrd fr y
n wec yr hart, phps, fṛm its cūl slīp;
bt sîḷnt, abzorbd, n on hiz niz,
az men ador God at ɖ ōltr, az I luv y –
d’nt blînd yrslf, y’l nt b luvd lîc ɖt.

Ɖ abv powm z a vrśn, or a trnzleśn: a wrd ẃć yẓ́li mīnz, wɖ Roḅt Lowl, ɖt ɖ orijinl z onli dimli in sît n tipicli un’cnolijd. Hir ɖ plundrd victim z ɖ 19ʈ-snćri Spaniś powt GA Bécquer. Nvɖles, it’s a powm gret inuf t jusṭfî ɖ ʈeft.

“Bt ɖz ɖt stopt fl flît t si yr byti …” Stopñ in fl flît z qt a hard ʈñ fr swoloz t pl of īvn ẃn luv-struc, bt powtri z a majic land – or phps it’s betr t cōl it a mad land. Jrñ verịs eṗsodz in hiz lîf, Lowl wz az mad az a hatr, bt in powmz lîc ɖz h wnt crezi fr a prṗs. H cd mc a sriylist lanscep fīl lîc a riyl wn.

Pṛdijsli giftd n ambiśs, Lowl wz a loñ tîm wrcñ hiz we t ɖs cnd v simpliṣti, n ɖen lêtr on h lost it agn. Bac in hiz rli c’lex́nz, a powm sć az “Ɖ Qecr Grevyard in Nantucit” wz az narld n twistd az a sì-bloun tri. Wɖ hiz inṭmījt volym, Lîfstudiz, h bcem feṃs fr hiz “cnfeśnl vrs” ẃć tù ofn cnsistd v cnfesñ ɖ imbaṛsmnts v uɖr ppl. It wz hiz wrst habit.

Az ɖ brd wɖ ɖ erbreics demnstrets, Lowl cd rîz t sbliṃti n fōl t bnaḷti wɖn a sngl frêz. Ɖ ci powm v hiz fl mtyṛti wz “Fr ɖ Yńn Ded” ẃr hiz twin-yoct cpaṣtiz fr cmplex̣ti n simpliṣti wrct sumć̣sli tgɖr.

Fr ol v s on ɖ Soho litrri sīn, Lowl fīćrd lîc a viẓtñ bronṭsoṛs. I cn rmembr wel wn v hiz editrz cawrñ bhnd hiz dsc at ɖ prospect v hiz Americn-arisṭcrat-star cntribytr sudnli apirñ wɖ a freś cret v sonits. Bt ɖs powm n a fy uɖrz śo unmistecbli ɖ prisiźn, cmpreśn n evceśn v ẃć h wz ceṗbl ẃn sen. A śarp rmîndr, ɖr, ɖt insaṇti z olwz a gret piti, n a dubl rmîndr ɖt it rerli līdz t dfiṇtiv crịtivti. Bt let’s nt fget ɖ ʈrd rmîndr: ɖt taḷnt hz a mînd v its ǒn, n smtmz privelz agnst ol ɖ inr trmôl ɖt cn ʈretn t rec a lîf.

Ɖ Fîr v Jô z publiśt bî Pic̣dor (£20). T ordr a copi g t guardianbookshop.com. Dlivrićarjz me aplî.

———

Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn: Is there anything more shaming than shelves full of books you will never read?

Speaking volumes … scenes like this should not be allowed unless you’ve read all those books. Photograph: Viktoriia Hnatiuk/Getty Images/iStockphoto
Spīcñ volymz … sīnz lîc ɖs śd nt b alaud unls y’v réd ol ɖoz bcs. Foṭgraf: Victoria Hnaćŭc/Geti Iṃjz/Stocfoto

Z ɖr enʈñ mor śemñ ɖn ślvz fl v bcs y wl nvr rīd?

(Transcription of an article published in the Guardian on 10 September 2020)

I am infyrietd bî ppl huz lîbrriz r onli fr śo. Bt it’s tîm t tacl mî ǒn baclog

Edrịn Ćîlz, 10 Sptmbr 2020

It z nîs t hv a wōl fl v bcs. Biyñ sigṇlrz v gret inṭlecćl vrću, bc-ślvz r injoyñ ɖer momnt in ɖ sún, ćôsli lit in ɖ bacgrǎnd v a ʈǎznd Zūm inṭvyz on TV. Ɖ sît v mî ślvz gvz m liṃtd pleźr, az I am rproćt bî ɖ spînz v so mni bcs I hv nvr acć̣li, y nǒ, réd. It’s ćītñ, ɖt’s ẃt it z. Y śd onli b alaud t dsple bcs y hv finiśt, or at līst got mor ɖn hafwe ʈru. Woćñ sm opînñ clevr dic on a nyzćanl, wɖ hundṛdz upn hundṛdz v weiti tǒmz dspleid bhnd ɖm, I fînd it imposbl t consntret on enʈñ ɖs inṭlecćl frōd z seyñ. “Y c’nt hv réd ɖm ol!” I yel, ʈrowñ wn v mî ǒn unréd Grantaz at ɖ scrīn. “Y hv’nt bn alîv loñ inuf t hv réd ɖm ol.”

Ovr ɖ wīcend, I met a nîs gai at hūm I cd’nt ʈro eni peprbacs fr ɖs crîm bcz h hz dn a dīl wɖ himslf t gt ʈru ol hiz unréd bcs bfr h baiz eni mor. Jon Budn, smtm ftbōlr wns on ɖ, ‘r, bcs v Cristl Palis amñ uɖrz, wnt on t b a hedtīćr n ɖen ćīf xktiv v a grūp v acaḍmiscūlz. H z prezntli on a bit v a c’rirbrec, ẃć z jst az wel bcz h hz got 125 bcs t rīd.

“It startd wɖ a hǎsmuv ẃn I wz sortñ ɖm ǎt n riylîzd hǎ mni I’d nvr réd,” h tld m. “Olso, wn v mî bst palz daid at 50. H wz ɖ frst v mî frendz t dî v naćṛl cōzz rɖr ɖn an axidnt or enʈñ, n it riyli md m ʈnc. I lct at ɖoz 125 bcs n ʈt: ‘I’d b luci t rīd ɖm ol bfr I dî’.” N so h hz cmitd himslf t dwñ jst ɖt.

Jon z faṣnetd bî ɖ fact ɖt ol ɖ bcs hv îɖr bn bòt bî him or gvn t him bî smwn hu nz him wel, n yt h hz nvr réd ɖm. “It rezz a riyli inṭrestñ fiḷsoficl qsćn abt ẃ w ćūz ɖ art w ćūz at ɖt tîm. N I stl d’nt riyli nǒ ẃt ɖ ansr z.”

H recnz h z nǎ arnd hafwe ʈru hiz rīdñlist n sz ɖ jôz hv bn mni, includñ fîṇli rīdñ a copi v Olivr Twist h bòt on a scūltrip t Roćestr 35 yirz ago. Ɖ glu hd gn fṛm ɖ spîn n ɖ pejz wr fōlñ ǎt. H hz at last got t ɖ end v it n riylîzd ɖt ɖ bc z nt vri mć lîc ɖ ḿzicl at ol; it wz, h sz, “lîc a big rvil”. H olso adord tū Filip Roʈs: I Marid a Coḿnist n Patriṃni.

Bt ɖs maṃʈ tasc hz nt bn wɖt hardśp. H z wn v ɖoz ppl hu c’nt nt finiś a bc wns h hz startd it. Patric Ẃît, ɖ Ostrełn Nobél prîz winr, wz rec̣mndd t him bî hiz Ñgliś tīćr ẃn h wz 17. Ʈrti-tū yirz on, h fîṇli got arnd t grîndñ hiz we ʈru Rîdrz in ɖ Ćarịt. I s’lūt hiz dilijns.

Nî on flinćñ wɖ śem, I sqint at sm v ɖ pristīn peprbacs on mî ślvz. I hv pict ʈri t b gtñ on wɖ: Americn Pastṛl bî Filip Roʈ, Ɖ Jinjr Man bî JP Dunlīvi, n Wst Bromij Albịn: Ɖ Cmplit Record bî Toni Maʈyz. Bt bfr I cn start, Jon txts m, cnfesñ h cd’nt finiś Ɖ Conṣveśnist bî Nedīn Gordimr. So, I am gwñ t rīd ɖt wn, jst t rn mslf a smōl pać v litrri hî grǎnd nxt t him.

———

 

Adrian Chiles

Edrịn Ćîlz z a Gardịn coḷmnist

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn: ‘The Amazon is the entry door of the world’: why Brazil’s biodiversity crisis affects us all

Ɖ ej v xtñśn
Bṛzil

The Brazilian tribe leader Célia Xakriabá, November 2019. Photograph: Thomas Samson/AFP via Getty Images
Ɖ Bṛziłn trîblīdr Célia Xakriabá, Nvmbr 2019. Foṭgraf: Toṃs Samsn/AFP via Geti Iṃjz

‘Ɖ Aṃzn z ɖ vjîna v ɖ wrld’: ẃ wimin r ci t sevñ Bṛzil’z forists

(Transcription of an article published in the Guardian on 10 August 2020)

Indijṇs līdr Célia Xakriabá n Vjîṇmoṇlogz oʈr V dscus Bṛzil’z bîoḍvrṣti crîsis n ẃ ɖs z ɖ snćri v ɖ indijṇs wmn

Munde, 10 Ōġst 2020

‘Ɖ Bṛziłn guvnmnt z cmitñ jeṇsîd’, sz indijṇs līdr Célia Xakriabá – vidio

Célia Xakriabá z ɖ vôs v a ny jeṇreśn v fīmel indijṇs līdrz hu r līdñ ɖ fît agnst ɖ dstrux́n v Bṛzil’z forists bʈ in ɖ Aṃzn n ɖ lesr-noun Cerrado, a svana ɖt cuvrz a fifʈ v ɖ cuntri. “V”, formrli Īv Enslr, z ɖ aword-winñ oʈr v ɖ Vjîṇmoṇlogz, an acṭvist n fǎndr v V-De, a globl muvmnt t end vayḷns agnst ol wimin n grlz n ɖ Rʈ. Ɖ tū rīsntli hld a convseśn in ẃć V asct Xakriabá abt ẃt z haṗnñ t Bṛzil’z bîoḍvrṣti n indijṇs pplz, n ẃ wimin r ɖ ci t ćenj.

V: Mni ppl, ispeṣ́li in ɖ wst, d’nt riyli unḍstand ẃt’s haṗnñ t ɖ Cerrado in Bṛzil. Cn y tel s ẃt’s haṗnñ t ɖ forists?

C: It’s vri tuf at ɖs momnt. Evri minit wn prsn dîz v Covid-19, bt olso evri minit wn tri z cut. N ẃnvr a tri z cut, a part v s z cut, a part v s olso dîz, bcz ɖ teritri dîz n wɖ no teritri ɖr z no er, no gd er fr evrwn in ɖ wrld. Ppl c’nt briɖ. So ol ɖs Covid cntaṃneśn, it gts t ɖ teritri ʈru ɖ mainrz, ɖ goldmainrz, ɖ logrz n ɖ renjrz. N nǎ ɖt w r gtñ t Ōġst, w gt īvn mor wurid abt ɖ fîrz, ol ɖ fîrz ɖt brnt ɖ Aṃzn last yir. It’s gwñ t cm bac.

N ẃt hapnz t ol ɖ animlz, n t ɖ brdz n t evri livñ ʈñ in ɖ forist? Ẃt hapnz t ɖm?

Ẃn ɖ forist z brnt, ɖ brdz n ɖ animlz, ɖe r îɖr brnt or ɖe g awe. N ɖs dz’nt afct onli ɖ animlz, bt it olso afcts s. W rlî on ɖm t īt. So wɖ no animlz, w hv t rlî on fūd fṛm ɖ ǎtsd, n ɖs endz p mcñ ǎr ćildṛn n ǎr wimin sic, hir wɖ ɖ Xakriabá ppl. I cn hír ɖ soñ v ɖ brdz nǎ, bt it’s olso a soñ v miẓri, v sadnis, bcz most v ɖm, ɖe r alon. Ɖe hv lost ɖer partnrz. Ɖ brdz, ɖe yẓ́li sñ az a cupl. N mni v ɖm r nǎ sññ alon. N w, ɖ indijṇs, r bcmñ mor alon, bcz ɖ’r tecñ ppl fṛm s.

Ẃn I frst met y, w laft bcz w wr tōcñ abt vjînaz n y tld m ɖt ɖ Aṃzn wz ɖ vjîna v ɖ wrld. So cn y tōc a litl bit abt ɖt?

Ɖ Aṃzn’z lîc ɖ vjîna v ɖ wrld bcz it’s ẃr ppl cm fṛm. It’s lîc ɖ entridor v ɖ wrld. Ẃn ɖs oṗnñ z sic, ɖ fyćr jeṇreśnz, ɖe wl b sic olso. Ppl lost ɖs cnx́n t ɖ Rʈ bcz ɖe d’nt si Rʈ n land az a reḷtiv. Fr m, ɖ Rʈ z lîc a granmuɖr, bcz it’s Rʈ hu gev brʈ t ol v ɖ muɖrz v ɖ wrld. Rʈ z lîc ɖ frst indipndnt wmn ɖt crietd hymaṇti, n Rʈ nīdd rivrz n wōtr t criet hymaṇti. Bt nǎ ppl jst si Rʈ az a ʈñ. Ɖe cn dzîn big sitiz, bt ɖe c’nt si ɖs cnx́n t Rʈ. Ɖe g t ɖ sūṗmarcit, t ɖ groṣristor, n ɖe d’nt nǒ ẃr ɖt fūd cmz fṛm.

It’s so pǎrfl t si hǎ mni indijṇs wimin r līdñ ɖ strugl t dfnd ɖ forists n ɖ land. Ẃ d y ʈnc ɖs z importnt?

I’v bn seyñ ɖt ɖs 21st snćri, it’s ɖ snćri v ɖ indijṇs wmn, bcz y c’nt kr wɖ ɖ sem īvl ɖt frst cōzd ɖ sicnis. Y hv t oṿcm ɖs coḷnîzñ pǎr ɖt z mnli mel. I lîc t se abt ɖ metrix v dstrux́n ɖt it’s nt metrix, it’s ɖ petrix bcz it’s best on petriarci, nt metriarci. N ɖ wimin, ɖe r ɖ wnz hu r in ɖs snćri rīgenñ pǎr ovr ɖ land, bcz ɖe nǒ hǎ t kr ɖ Rʈ. Wimin hv ɖs nolij n ɖt’s ẃ w r on ɖ fruntlîn rît nǎ. I am fîtñ t nt onli streñʈn ɖ rǒl v wimin in ɖ teritri n in ɖ fît, bt olso in poḷtics, wɖ indijṇs wimin runñ fr pziśnz in parḷmnt, in ɖ Bṛziłn Congres. Hu cn tec betr cer v hymaṇti, f nt wimin?

Cn y tōc a litl bit abt hǎ petriarci hz disc̣nctd s fṛm ɖ land n ɖ cnx́n v petriarci n capiṭlizm?

Ẃn Pedro Álvares Cabral frst invedd Bṛzil in ɖ 1500z, ɖ frst ʈñ ɖt got hiz atnśn wz ɖ wŭd fṛm ɖ pau-Brasil, ẃć z ẃr ɖ nem Bṛzil cmz fṛm. In 1511, ɖs gai nemd Fernando de Noronha xportd 5,000 pau-Brasil t Yṛp. So ɖt’s ẃn it ol bgan. Sins ɖen, ɖe d’nt rspct ɖ rleśn v ɖ indijṇs ppl wɖ tîm. Ɖt’s ẃ capiṭlizm siz indijṇs ppl az a ʈret. Y hv t tec evrʈñ y cn in az litl tîm az poṣbl, bt ɖt’s nt hǎ indijṇs ppl rlet t tîm n t lebr. Yea, ɖ indijṇs ppl wr’nt cīpñ p wɖ ɖ “progres” v hymaṇti bt it’s nt ɖt w r lêt, it’s bcz ɖ’r cilñ s. In ɖ last yir ɖr wz mor ɖn a miłn hecterz v dstrux́n in ol ɖ six bîomz v Bṛzil. Sins ɖ 1500z, untl nǎ, no Rʈ, no land, no muɖr, no wmn cn s’port ɖs cnd v dstrux́n.

A fire in the Cerrado, October 2018. The area is one of the world’s oldest and most diverse tropical ecosystems. Photograph: David Bebber/WWF-UK/PA
A fîr in ɖ Cerrado, Octobr 2018. Ɖ eria z wn v ɖ wrld’z oldist n most dvrs tropicl ecosistmz. Foṭgraf: Devid Bebr/WWF-YC/PA

Cn y tel m ẃt z ɖ livd xpirịns v ɖ strugl fr lîf n ɖ strugl v ɖ indijṇs pplz in ɖs fêz v ɖ onslōt v ɖ xtractiv inḍstriz, n nǎ wɖ Covid xaṣbetñ ɖ sićueśn? Ẃt z haṗnñ?

Jrñ ɖs pandemic w r mcñ ɖs ef̣t t rmen in ǎr teritriz, in ǎr hǎzz, in ǎr homz, bt olso at ɖ sem tîm, w hv t ćalinj, t fît, bcz vri far awe in Bṛzil, in ɖ Congres, ɖe r ngośietñ ǎr teritriz, ǎr homz n ǎr hǎzz. Jrñ ɖ pandemic, hundṛdz v indijṇs ppl hv daid. Bt w hv t ʈnc abt hǎ mni ppl wd dî f w d’nt fît. Y hv t ʈnc abt ɖ pandemic ɖt z cilñ s, abt ɖ resizm ɖt z cilñ s, abt ɖ macropoḷtics, abt ɖ coḷnîześn, ɖ absns v ɖ stet. It’s hard t tel ẃć wepn z mor denjṛs, bcz w r gtñ cild bî mni difṛnt wepnz.

‘Lîc a bom gwñ of’: ẃ Bṛzil’z larjist rzrv z fesñ dstrux́n

It apirz vri clir ɖt Prezidnt Jair Bolsonaro hz weṗnîzd Covid agnst indijṇs pplz. Cn y tōc a litl bit abt ɖs?

Indijṇs pplz in Bṛzil, ɖe r 1% v ɖ jenṛl popyleśn, bt ɖ’r olmst 9% v ɖ victimz v Covid-19. Ẃn ppl se ɖt Covid-19 dz’nt ćūz clas or rês or jndr, it’s cnd v a lî, bcz ɖ stet, ɖe ćūz hu wl dî. Ɖ guvnmnt, it cn jusṭfî ol v ɖs, seyñ ɖt it’s jst a dziz, it’s a ftaḷti. Ẃn an eldr, ẃn an importnt līdr v indijṇs pplz dîz, a part v s olso dîz wɖ ɖm. It’s lîc ɖ ansestrz n ɖ eldrz, ɖ’r ɖ handz ɖt hold ɖ ratlz ẃn y’r sññ. It dz’nt matr f I ste alîv, a part v m, or sm parts v m hv daid in ɖs pandemic.

Brazilian indigenous women march in Brasilia on 13 August 2019, to denounce the ‘genocidal’ policies of President Jair Bolsonaro. Photograph: Evaristo Sa/AFP/Getty Images
Bṛziłn indijṇs wimin marć in Bṛziła on 13 Ōġst 2019, t dnǎns ɖ ‘jeṇsîdl’ poḷsiz v Prezidnt Jair Bolsonaro. Foṭgraf: Evaristo Sa/AFP/Geti Iṃjz

I luv ɖ campen #CuraDaTerra [Kr v ɖ Rʈ], bcz it xpresz ɖs îdīa v indijṇs pplz az ɖ kr, ɖ antidot, ɖ groʈspes past capiṭlizm ʈru livñ in simbiosis wɖ nećr, indijṇs stywdśp v land, tṛdiśnl indijṇs invîrnmntl nolij. Hǎ z ɖs biyñ rsivd in Bṛzil?

Wn ʈñ ɖt z vri importnt z w pe atnśn t ɖz ʈñz lîc rīc̣nx́n, rītecñ, riinćantmnt, bcz ɖt’s wn ʈñ ɖt indijṇs ppl d t hop fr a betr wrld. It’s nt ɖ cemiclz or ɖ activ prínsiplz jeṇretd in l’boṛtriz arnd ɖ wrld ɖt r gwñ t kr ɖ Rʈ. Ẃt z gwñ t kr ɖ Rʈ z ǎr cpaṣti, ǎr abiḷti t riacṭvet ǎr cnx́n t ɖ Rʈ, t riacṭvet ǎr culćr n t riacṭvet ɖ pǎr v ǎr ansestrz. W hv ɖs culćr dīp insd s, n y c’nt ćenj ɖt. W c’nt kr īvl wɖt krñ ɖ Rʈ, bcz ɖ Rʈ z blīdñ. It’s fl v scarz bcz v its ćildṛn. N f y d’nt lisn t ɖ Rʈ, w wl ol dî. Sm ppl me nt dî d’recli in teritriconflicts, bt ɖe wl dî, bcz ɖe w’nt hv enʈñ left t briɖ. Ol ɖe wl hv left z pôzn.

Lîc in ɖ YS, Bṛzil z gwñ ʈru a cnd v darc nît v ɖ soul wɖ Bolsonaro in pǎr.

Bolsonaro lîcs t se ɖt indijṇs pplz r bcmñ mor hymn, bt ɖ indijṇs pplz d’nt lîc ɖ cnd v hymaṇti ɖt dz’nt rspct ɖ Rʈ, dz’nt rspct ɖ animlz, bcz y cn onli nǒ hǎ t b a hymn f y nǒ hǎ t b a plant, hǎ t b a sīd, hǎ t b fūd. N so acć̣li ɖs project, it’s an anti-hymaṇterịn project v ɖ guvnmnt. It repriznts a sic luñ, a sic orgn v ɖ bodi v ɖ Rʈ.

An indigenous woman looks at dead fish near the Paraopeba river in the Cerrado. Photograph: Adriano Machado/Reuters
An indijṇs wmn lcs at ded fiś nir ɖ Paraopeba rivr in ɖ Cerrado. Foṭgraf: Adriano Machado/Rôtrz

N ẃ d y ʈnc at ɖs momnt ɖt w hv so mni līdrz in ɖ wrld lîc Trump or Dūterte or Modi or Pūćin or Bolsonaro?

Ol v ɖs z bcz w r livñ in a momnt v dspyts, dspyts v valyz. Ɖe r nt part v ɖs project v rīgenñ n rītecñ ɖ valyz v lîf. Ɖe r lîc bôlz on yr scin, n ɖe imrj wɖ ol ɖ fyri, ɖz bôlz, lîc a cansr t ɖz valyz v lîf. Ɖe imrj wɖ ɖs fyri bcz ɖe apir t hv ɖ dzîr t xtnḡś ol dvrṣti – ɖ dvrṣti v lîf, ɖ dvrṣti v culćr, ɖ dvrṣti v sīdz, ɖ dvrṣti v teritri.

Ẃt z ɖ mūd n ɖ fīlñ in Bṛzil rît nǎ?

Sm ppl hu ʈt w wr inviẓbl, ɖe dd’nt lc, dd’nt pe atnśn t ɖ indijṇs popyleśnz, nǎ ɖ’r startñ t pe atnśn t s. N ɖ indijṇs ppl, ɖe hv wɖn ɖmslvz ɖ sns v soḷdaṛti n v cnx́n ɖt uɖr pplz d’nt hv. N ɖt’s smʈñ ɖt cn hlp hīl ɖ Rʈ n hīl ǎr wrld bcz hymaṇti, wɖt luv, it’s a ded hymaṇti.

N hǎ d y ste grǎndd in ɖ mdst v ol ɖz ćenjz haṗnñ in ɖ Cerrado n ɖen ɖ planit at larj?

Ɖ fît z ẃt fīdz m. So evri tîm I ʈnc abt tecñ a step awe fṛm ɖ fît, I c’nt. N az an indijṇs prsn, y fît t svîv. Y d’nt riyli hv anɖr ćôs. I ʈnc abt ɖ fît az ɖ ćildṛn ɖt I hv’nt jeṇretd yt, ɖ ćildṛn ɖt I n ɖ indijṇs pplz wl gv brʈ t in ɖ fyćr. I rmembr ɖt sm tîm ago in anɖr jeṇsîdl proses ɖt wz gwñ on, ɖ līdrz n ɖ indijṇs pplz wr’nt alaud t pent ɖmslvz. So ɖ wimin wd cīp ɖz pentñpots in ɖer hǎzz. It wz a we v nt fgetñ ɖ pentñz n ɖ patnz. N nǎ ẃn I ʈnc abt ɖt, I ʈnc abt mî bodi az a pot. I lîc t pent mslf bcz it’s a we v gtñ ol ɖs meṃri itrṇlîzd, n nt fgetñ, bcz mor ɖn fîtñ, pentñ mslf z a we v cntinywñ ẃt mî ansestrz wr dwñ. Sm fīl priti ẃn ɖe pt on ɖer bst dres. I fīl priti ẃn I pent mslf. N it’s nt onli ɖt. Ẃn I pent mslf, I fīd mî spirit n I cīp mî mînd stroñ. N mî hedres gvz pǎr t mî ʈts n t mî fît. So, ẃn I pent mslf, ẃn I pt mî hedres on, I’m nt onli dwñ ɖt t śo uɖrz, I’m dwñ ɖt t cīp mslf, mî mînd n mî spirit stroñ n féd, t cīp sññ.

A Kayapo indigenous woman paints her daughter with a traditional drawing. Photograph: Amanda Perobelli/Reuters
A Kayapo indijṇs wmn pents hr dōtr wɖ a tṛdiśnl drw̃. Foṭgraf: Amanda Perobelli/Rôtrz

Ẃt cn alîz in ɖ globl norʈ d t b in soḷdaṛti wɖ y, yr cḿṇti, n ɖ afctd cḿṇtiz v Bṛzil?

Ppl cn fît alñ wɖ ɖ Indijṇs pplz az f ɖe wr fîtñ fr ɖer ǒn ćildṛn. Bcz ẃn y fît tgɖr wɖ indijṇs pplz, it’s nt jst a matr v soḷdaṛti. It’s lîc y’r fîtñ fr yr ǒn faṃli, yr ǒn ćildṛn, yr ǒn granćildṛn, bcz ɖ indijṇs popyleśnz, ɖe pṛtct arnd 82% v ɖ wrld’z bîoḍvrṣti.

Ẃt’s yr viźn v ɖ fyćr?

Mî hop fr ɖ fyćr z biyñ alîv. N bî ɖt I d’nt mīn jst mî bodi biyñ alîv. Bt ǎr vôs hz t b alîv. Ǎr meṃri, ǎr ćants, ǎr sññ, n ǎr wūm, bcz y c’nt b alîv in yr bodi f ɖ wūm v ɖ Rʈ z sic, bcz ẃn ɖ Rʈ z sic, w c’nt gt fūd. N ẃt’s ɖ pônt v cīpñ yr bodi alîv f ol arnd y z ded?

N lastli: plīz dscrîb yr viźn v ẃt ɖ “riinćantmnt” mīnz.

Riinćantmnt z wɖn s. Ppl r vri wurid abt ɖs Covid imrjnsi, abt biyñ ebl t tuć uɖr ppl n t fīl an ifct, a luv v afx́n fr uɖr ppl. Bt ẃt riyli z ɖs riinćantmnt? It’s ɖ luv ɖt w fīl fr ɖ rivrz, fr ɖ forist, fr fūd. W hv t ʈnc ɖt ɖ riyl bordrz v ɖ wrld, it’s nt ɖ bordrz btwn Bṛzil n ɖ Ynîtd Stets, or btwn ɖ Aṃzn n ɖ Cerrado. Ɖ riyl bordrz v ɖ wrld r ɖ bordrz btwn resizm n bîoḍvrṣti. W c’nt drop ɖs fît. W hv t cīp fîtñ fr ɖ bîoḍvrṣti, fr ɖs kr v ɖ Rʈ, n fr ǎr teritriz, bcz wn hu hz teritri hz a ples t rtrn, n wn hu hz a ples t rtrn hz refyj, hz wormʈ. N ɖt’s ẃ w nīd t cīp fîtñ.

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn: Hassan Akkad: ‘For someone from Syria, the creeping authoritarianism is vivid in Britain’

‘When do the British get out and protest?’ Hassan Akkad photographed in London last month. Photograph: Suki Dhanda/The Observer
’Ẃn d ɖ Britiś gt ǎt n protest?’ Hasan Acad foṭgraft in Lundn last munʈ. Foṭgraf: Sŭci Danda/Ɖ Obzrvr

Hasan Acad: ‘Fr smwn fṛm Siria, ɖ crīpñ oʈoṛterịnizm z vivid in Britn’

(Transcription of an article published in the Guardian on 2 August 2020)

Hasan Acad fled Dmasc̣s aftr h wz torćrd bî Asad’z reźīm. Bt nʈñ priperd him fr hiz job az a clīnr on a Covid-19 word in Lundn…

Tim Adams

Tim Admz, Súnde, 2 Ōġst 2020

Ɖr hv bn tîmz in ɖ past 10 yirz, Hasan Acad sz, ɖt hiz lîf hz flt mor lîc a muvi. Ʈncñ ɖt oceźṇli cept him sen – n, mor importnt, cept him gwñ.

Acad’z wōc-on part in wrld ivnts bgan in 2011, ẃn az a yuñ Ñgliś tīćr h pt himslf in ɖ frunt-lîn v Aṛb sprñ dmocṛsiprotests in hiz netiv Siria. H wz bìtn n impriznd bî ɖ reźīm – n at wn pônt gvn a fes-t-fes ōdịns wɖ Baśar al-Asad, hiz torćrr, t plīd hiz ces. Hvñ fled Dmasc̣s in fir v hiz lîf jrñ ɖ sivl wor, Acad bcem fr ʈri yirz wn v ɖoz 12 mił̣n “dsplest prsnz” srćñ fr a hom on ɖ six o’cloc nyz. Unflinćñ camṛfon clips v hiz loñ jrni t Britn – clññ t a sncñ ppl-smuglr dngi of ɖ cǒst v Trci, en route t ɖ “Jungl” in Calais – md ɖ most vivid n afctñ ftij v ɖ BBC’s Bafta-winñ X’ds: Ǎr Jrni t Yṛp siriz.

Acad’z impṛvîzd spīć wz instṛmntl in anɖr v ɖ prîm̦inistr’z mumbld U-trnz ɖ folowñ de

Ɖ lêtist act in Acad’z Odisịn lîf involvd anɖr slf-md vidio. Hvñ tecn a job az a clīnr in a Covid-19 word at hiz locl hospitl, Wips Cros in īst Lundn, at ɖ start v ɖ pandemic, in Me, Acad md a hart-flt filmd adres t Boris Jonsn. H spouc, clos t tirz, intu hiz camṛfon at ɖ end v anɖr drenñ śift. Ɖ impṛvîzd spīć, md on bhaf v ɖoz imigṛnt NHS wrcrz śemf̣li xcludd fṛm ɖ guvnmnt’s b’rivmntcompnseśn scīm n forst t pe a prīmịm t yz ɖ hospitlz ɖe wr riscñ ɖer lîvz t cīp aflot, wz d’recli instṛmntl in anɖr v ɖ prîm̦inistr’z mumbld U-trnz ɖ folowñ de.

Sitñ in ɖ śerd gardn v hiz flat last wīc, Acad wz wunḍrñ ẃt ɖ script v hiz lîf mt involv nxt. H lafs abt ɖ mor sriyl aspects v hiz rīsnt profîl: ɖ fact ɖt ɖ pop star Dua Lipa hd ćozn him az hr naśnl hiro in GQ in Jūn; hiz imośnl apiṛns bfr Pírz Morgn on Gd Mornñ Britn ɖt nt onli hlpt t fyl ɖ £35,000 h rezd fr ɖ St Barʈoḷmy’z hospitl ćaṛti, bt sīmd instṛmntl in Morgn’z rīsnt incongrụs soulsrćñ (“W cn ol b betr ppl aftr ɖs, Hasan. I d nt xclud mslf. I ʈnc it’s bròt so mć pspctiv, I riyli d”). F Captin Tom hd bn Morgn’z gost v Crisṃs Past, Acad, ejd 32, sīmd t repriznt t him a viźn v a cîndr, mor inclūsiv fyćr.

Ɖ de bfr w met, Acad hd postd a picćr on Twitr v hiz śîni ny membrśp-card fr ɖ Lebr parti. H hz bn ʈncñ, h sz, abt yzñ hiz ynīc vantij on ɖs cuntri – n hiz ingejñ eḷqns in hiz secnd lanḡj – t d smʈñ in poḷtics. Spend an aur or tū in hiz cumṗni, n I wd dfî y nt t fīl lîc printñ līflits n nocñ dorz on hiz bhaf. Acad arîvd in Britn in 2015 in tîm t witnis – n dsper v – Nîjl Farāj’z “Brecñpônt” ref̣rendmpostr. Ɖ imajinri d’rectr v hiz bîopic wd d wel t rzrv ɖt sem spes fr a campenbilbōrd in a fyćr ilex́n: vot Hasan Acad fr a Britn y mt b prǎd v agn.

Hassan Akkad in the BBC documentary Exodus – much of the footage was shot on his phone. Photograph: Hassan Akkad
Hasan Acad in ɖ BBC dokmntri X’ds – mć v ɖ ftij wz śot on hiz fon. Foṭgraf: Hasan Acad

It gz wɖt seyñ ɖt h wontd nn v ɖs drama. W tōc frst in ɖ súnśîn – acrs a gardntebl on tū nacrd ćerz, srǎndd bî ɖ stīp rir eḷveśnz v Edwordịn teṛsz – abt ɖ importns v gd nebrz. Growñ p in Dmasc̣s, ẃr hiz faɖr hd a pītṣresṭront, Acad ń evrwn on hiz strīt. In Leiṭnston, h hz onli riyli got t ćat t hiz nebrz sins Covid-19. Evrwn mîndd ɖer ǒn biznis hir, h sz, bt, haṗli, post clap-fr-cerrz, ɖt hz ćenjd. “I ʈnc it z importnt t hv nebrz az frendz,” h sz. H hz frɖr xtndd ɖt hand v hosṗtaḷti bî voḷntirñ at hiz locl fūdbanc, ẃr nīd hz tripld, dwñ drop-ofs fr ɖoz hu sudnli hv no incm or r śīldñ.

Ɖ sośl-îṣleśn Scîp-habits v locdǎn hv loñ bn hiz riaḷti. Hiz imīɉt faṃli ol left Siria – hiz peṛnts fećt p in ɖ YAE, hiz bruɖr hz bn in Yemn wrcñ fr ɖ Wrld Fūdprogram – n ɖe hv’nt bn undr ɖ sem rūf fr et yirz. Unclz n cuznz rmen in Dmasc̣s, ẃr ɖ icoṇmi hz c’lapst n ɖr z an ǎtbrec v c’roṇvîṛs, ẃć ɖ guvnmnt ignorz. A cupl v dez ago Acad wz on ɖ fon wɖ a frend bac hom huz dad hd daid v ɖ vîṛs. “N in ɖ deʈs’tifc̣t, ɖe sd ‘luñ dziz’, nt Covid. Īvn in tîmz v pandemic, az w nǒ, propganda plez a big rǒl.”

Acad iniṣ́li rspondd t ɖ rcrūtmntdrîv fr clīnñ n porṭrñ staf at Wips Cros hospitl, 10 minits p ɖ rod, bcz h flt h nīdd t ple hiz part in ɖ imrjnsi. Ɖr wz a śortij v staf bcz so mni NHS wrcrz wr fōlñ il. Ẃn h bgan, 90% v ɖ admiśnz wr Covid-19 peśnts. H hz bn dtend in Sirịn jelz, bt īvn so, h sz: “I d’nt ʈnc I hv evr bn az scerd wōcñ intu a bildñ az I wz ɖt frst de in Epril. Bac ɖen ɖ levl v unsrtnti wz vri hî.”

Hiz Britiś Gāneyn bos, Alḅt, hu hd wrct ɖ word fr 15 yirz, bcem hiz mêt. Ɖe wd arîv at sevn in ɖ mornñ, gt intu ɖer scrubz n ɖen gt t wrc disinfctñ evrʈñ y cd si, “ol ɖ hotspots, ɖ lît swićz, ɖ tôḷts n ɖ bedfremz v ɖ peśnts, sm v hūm wr dayñ”. H wz dwñ et aurz a de, fîv dez a wīc, ɖen cmñ hom t hiz flat hir n steyñ pt, nt īvn riscñ gwñ t ɖ śops.

In ɖ cors v hiz wrc, Acad startd t tec picćrz v hiz colīgz, ẃć apird in an articl h rout fr P’liṭco maġzīn. Hiz frendśp md ɖ nrsz n ɖ clīnrz cm alîv on ɖ pej. “W wr 18 ppl on ɖ wordz, n w cem fṛm 12 cuntriz,” h sz. Ẃt sstend ɖm wz ɖ ćats ɖt ɖe wd hv jrñ brecs. Hiz frend n colīg Gimba, ɖ wordhost, wd mc hr sigṇćr Nîjirịn jolof rîs n bost abt it ovr lunć; Acad wd mc ɖ cǎnṭarğmnt fr hŭṃs n faḷfél.

Wn v hiz colīgz ‘bustd hiz śoldr’ wɖ ɖ intnṣti v ɖ clīnñdmandz on ɖ Covid-19 word

“W wr trayñ t dstract ǎrslvz fṛm ẃt w wr siyñ, bcz ɖ riaḷti wz qt horid,” h sz. Gimba cntractd Covid-19; Alḅt, hu z 52, “bustd hiz śoldr” wɖ ɖ intnṣti v ɖ clīnñ dmandz. Ɖ stres fr ol v ɖm wz md wrs bî wîdr p’liticl fṛstreśn. Acad rmembrz gwñ t wrc ɖ mornñ ɖt ɖ guvnmnt dsîdd t xclud ɖ faṃliz v NHS clīnrz n portrz fṛm its b’rivmntcompnseśn scīm, n ɖ prîm̦inistr, rīsntli ǎt v hospitl, argyd ɖt ɖ minimm-wej imigṛnt wrcrz hu wr cīpñ ɖ Covid-19 wordz gwñ wd cntiny t pe a £400 srćarj t yz ɖ NHS ɖmslvz. “Ẃn I arîvd ɖt de, evrwn flt cmplitli btreid, stabd in ɖ bac,” Acad sz. H spent hiz śift unebl t ʈnc v enʈñ bt ɖ injustis v ɖt poḷsi. Ẃn h sat in hiz car lêtr, n tōct intu hiz foncamra, h let ɖoz fṛstreśnz ǎt. “Ɖr wz ɖs fīlñ, tù: I hv cm fṛm Siria; ɖz r nt ʈñz I wd xpct t incǎntr hir.”

Akkad was one of a team of 14 cleaners disinfecting Covid wards at Whipps Cross hospital in east London – 10 of whom were immigrants. Photograph: Twitter @hassan_akkad
Acad wz wn v a tīm v 14 clīnrz disinfctñ Covid wordz at Wips Cros hospitl in īst Lundn – 10 v hūm wr imigṛnts. Foṭgraf: Twitr @Hasan_Acad

I wundr ẃ h ʈncs hiz inṭvnśn pruvd so ifctiv; ɖ prîm̦inistr nvr hd ɖ gres t rspond t him d’recli – “I’m nt Marc̣s Raśf̣d” – bt ɖ poḷsi wz olmst imīɉ̣tli rvrst.

“I ʈnc partli bcz yẓ́li refyjīz – Sirịnz – r at ɖ rsivñ end v hymaṇterịn ax́n. So ẃn I am dwñ ɖs, n rezñ £35,000 fr Barts trust, ɖe ʈnc it’s ɖ roñ we rnd.” H rjcts ɖt psivd contṛdix́n. H spouc p fr hymn rîts in Siria. Ẃ gv p nǎ h hz faund a hom hir? “In mî xpirịns ɖ ppl ɖt gt xcludd fṛm hlp r olwz ɖ most vulnṛbl,” h sz. “In ɖs ces ɖ clīnrz n portrz.”

Acad tld Pírz Morgn, wɖ sm oʈoṛti, ɖt eni propr hymn biyñ z ćenjd bî crîsis. Lcñ bac, h îdnṭfîz ɖ Aṛb sprñ az ɖ momnt ɖt riyli śept him. F hiz faṃli hd p’liticl dscuśnz bfr ɖt, it wz olwz bhnd clozd dorz. “F y md a prîṿt joc abt ɖ reźīm n it got ǎt, ɖr wd b consiqnsz.” At ɖ ej v 12, Acad hd bn forst t jôn ɖ rūlñ Baaʈ parti, wer its militri yṇform t scūl, rsît its slognz “yṇti, frīdm n soṣ́lizm” n t crs “Zaynizm n impirịlizm” – ɖo h dd nt unḍstand ẃt eni v ɖz wrdz mnt. “Ɖ sem yir w wr tecn t a fīld n tòt t śūt a rîfl,” h sz. “Siria wz a rić cuntri bt ol v ɖ muni wnt t ɖ Asad reźīm n ɖer alîz.”

H studid Ñgliś bt most bcs wr bánd. A trnñpônt fr him wz rīdñ a memwar cōld Ɖ Śel, ritn bî a Sirịn Crisćn cōld Mstafa Calīfa. Ɖ bc dscrîbd hǎ Calīfa hd bn roñf̣li arestd n torćrd in ɖ ntorịs sīcrit srvis prizn in Palmira. “Mî cuzn wz in ɖt prizn at ɖ sem tîm,” Acad sz. “Ɖt memwar bcem mî Bîbl. Wns I hd réd it I cd nt hv mî saṇti n liv wɖ a reźīm lîc ɖt.”

Unlîc mni v ɖ dmocṛsipṛtstrz, left wɖ nʈñ t lūz in 2011, Acad wz dwñ wel fr himslf. H wz tīćñ Ñgliś n dwñ fotgrafic asînmnts in hiz sper tîm, rnñ £2,000 a munʈ, mor ɖn hiz faɖr wz wɖ hiz resṭront. H hd a car n wz abt t pt dǎn a dpozit on a flat. Ol ɖt ćenjd wɖ ɖ arest n torćr v 15 ćildṛn in ɖ siti v Daṛā, hu hd alejidli ritn anti-Asad slognz on a wōl, ɖ ivnt ɖt trigrd ɖ sivl wor in Siria. “Y cd nt hír ɖt stori n nt gt involvd,” h sz. “Ɖe cd hv bn mî stydnts, 13, 14 yirz old. N ɖ sīcrit p’līs hd pld ǎt ɖer fngrnêlz. Ɖt wz ɖ start fr m.”

Protest wz liḅretñ fr a ẃl, bt ɖ rspons wz brūtl. Acad filmd ɖ demnstreśnz n postd ɖm onlîn. Ɖ frst tîm h wz dtend n bìtn bî ɖ s’kṛtisrṿsz, bʈ v Acad’z armz wr brocn wɖ ayn barz az h traid t pṛtct hiz fes; hiz ribz n legz wr smaśt. Nt loñ aftr h wz rlist fṛm cusṭdi, h wz cōld in t mīt Asad.

I wnt t Asad’z palis oṇstli ʈncñ I wz ɖ prsn hu cd ćenj hiz mînd

“Apaṛntli h hd hŕd mî stori – I wrct in a scūl wɖ sm qt ilit cidz. So h asct m t mīt him at hiz palis.” H smîlz, śecs hiz hed. “I wnt ɖr oṇstli ʈncñ I wz ɖ prsn hu cd ćenj hiz mînd. I sd: ‘F I spīc oṇstli wl I b alaud t g bac hom tde?’ n h sd yes. So I tld him bluntli abt ɖ sstemic torćr v hiz reźīm, n ɖt I hd livd ɖt xpirịns. I tld him abt hǎ h wz mcñ eṇmiz v a jeṇreśn. I ʈnc y śd olwz spīc truʈ t pǎr. Bt I asym ɖt wz ẃt léd t mî secnd pirịd v dtnśn…”

Ɖr r parts v ɖt xpirịns ɖt Acad fîndz tù hard t ʈnc abt. H wz plest in an unḍgrǎnd sél tū mītrz sqer, n tld h wd b ɖr fr evr. Ɖr wr scraćz n marcs on ɖ wōlz fṛm priznrz hu hd bn ɖr bfr him. H wz rlist aftr tū wīcs, bt ɖ ifct wz wrs ɖn ɖ fizicl bìtñz. “Ẃn y r on a jrni t gt smẃr, az I wz, y hold a lot insd; bt ẃn y gt t ɖ ples, ɖ imośnl scarz, undr ɖ scarz v ɖ torćr, ɖe srfis.” In Britn h wz dạgnozd wɖ complex PTSD, bt mntl hlʈ hd nt bn tōct abt mć at hom. “Y r sudnli stuc wɖ ɖs ʈñ y hv no vcabyḷri fr,” h sz. “I litṛli hd t Gūgl stuf t fînd ǎt ẃt wz gwñ on in mî hed.”
 In a selfie with his Bafta for best factual series or strand, for Exodus.
In a slfi wɖ hiz Bafta fr bst facćl siriz or strand, fr X’ds.

Wrcñ in ɖ NHS in ɖ past munʈs hz, h sjsts, hlpt him t axes sm v ɖt trōma proprli fr ɖ frst tîm – “ɖ hospitl wz intiṃdetñ bt olso odli impǎrñ in sm wez,” h sz. Hvñ sìn ɖ wrst v hymaṇti, h nǎ sw sm v ɖ bst amñ hiz colīgz. “I witnist a lot v ppl dî, bt olso a lot rcuvr n g hom t ɖer luvd wnz, n I pleid a smōl rǒl in mcñ ɖt hapn.” Ɖt smōl sns v ejnsi, īvn in ɖ crîsis, cntrastd wɖ a deced in ẃć ɖ xtrim srcmstansz v hiz lîf hd ofn bn bynd hiz cntrol. “I cem ǎt v wrcñ at ɖ hospitl ebl t tel ppl ɖt I am nt a victim,” h sz.

H hz, lîc ol refyjīz, bn asct t cari ɖt lebl wɖ him acrs Yṛp. “Ppl olwz wont t si y az sm simbl v pen,” h sz. “Fr xampl, it boɖrd m ɖt mî frendz wd’nt tel m t pis of f I wz biyñ iṛtetñ, or ẃtvr.” Ppl wd îɖr piti him, or pijnhoul him, or bʈ. H dz nt fīl h wz proprli creḍtd or compnsetd fr ɖ BBC X’ds film – h sz h rsivd no pemnt fr ɖ fîv aurz v ftij h handd ovr – n hz bn dtrmind t lrn fṛm ɖt xpirịns.

H wonts oṗtyṇti, nt simṗʈi. “Ẃn I postd ɖt hospitlvidio, evri pṛdux́ncumṗni on ɖ fes v ɖ Rʈ cntactd m, ascñ m t b involvd in ɖer Covid dokmntri,” h sz, “bt olwz az a cntribytr, nvr az a c’laḅretr.” Instd h aproćt ɖ hospitltrust t asc f h cd d sm filmñ, aftr hiz śift wz ovr, n h z nǎ mcñ a film v hiz ǒn, “Nt abt peśnts bt abt [hiz] tīm ɖt wrct fr ɖ NHS.”

H hz, in ɖ sem spirit, olso startd raitñ a memwar, n hz a contract wɖ Pan Mcmiḷn. “I wont ppl hu rīd it nt t crî bt t campen,” h sz.

Ɖt wz part v ɖ impuls ɖt léd him t rcord ɖ dītel v hiz xpirịns v mîgreśn, īvn az h cem clos t drǎnñ. Dd ɖt storitelr’z instñt olso hlp t cīp him wn step rmuvd fṛm ɖ madnis?

“I cd oṗret a camra, I cd spīc Ñgliś, so I hd priṿlijz ovr most v ɖ ppl,” h sz. “Bt īvn ẃn ǎr bot wz tecñ in wōtr n abt t snc, ɖ camra pṛtctd m in a we.” Biyñ an obzrvr gev him smʈñ t ʈnc abt, tc him ǎt v ɖ riaḷti jst a litl.

Phps az a rzult h sīmz rmarcbli slf’wer. Hǎ mć dz h ʈnc h wz ćenjd bî ɖ xpirịnsz h hd on ɖ rod?

“I vy ɖ wrld we mor sinicli, in sm wez,” h sz, “bt I am olso gretfl fr aspects v ẃt hapnd. I wz ɖs cid in Dmasc̣s wɖ qt a nîs lîf, bt I wz’nt olwz nîs. I wz a bit resist smtmz, a bit clasist. So it hz bn an edyceśn. I svîvd on fūdparslz in Calais, so I nǒ ẃt ɖt z lîc. I slept in a parc fr 10 dez wɖ no tnt or slīpñbag, biyñ atact bî sìgulz. I riyli het sìgulz.” Aftr mbi 50 feld atmts t gt on a lori acrs ɖ Ćanl, h ivnć̣li manijd t gt on a flît t Hīʈro wɖ a fec pasport, n t clem asîḷm.

F h hz rgrets, ɖe r larjli abt ɖ añzaytiz h hz cōzd hiz muɖr. Ẃl h wz jrniyñ acrs Yṛp, ɖr wd b loñ gaps in contact, ptiklrli aftr h lost ol hiz b’loññz in ɖ sìcrosñ. “I olwz apoḷjîz t mî mum fr ẃt I hv pt hr ʈru,” h sz. Ẃn h got ɖ job at Wips Cros h snt hr a foto in fl PPI, xplenñ h hd startd t wrc in ɖ Covid-19 word. “V cors y hv,” ś rout in rplî. Hiz peṛnts r prǎd v hiz campenñ, bt ɖe r nt ebl t gt a vīza t vizit him. Ẃt h strugld wɖ most in ɖ hospitl, h sz, “wz woćñ ppl se gdbî t ɖer luvd wnz on Scîp – nwn śd hv t dî on ɖer ǒn”.

Ẃ, I wundr, lcñ bac, wz h so stubnli dtrmind t cm hir n nt elsẃr in Yṛp? H smîlz. “I hd studid Ñgliś litṛćr n I ʈt v Lundn az ɖ sntr v dmocṛsi n hymn rîts,” h sz. “Hvñ livd in a ttaḷterịn cuntri fr tū decedz v mî lîf, I wontd t liv smẃr ɖt I cd b fri.” H woćt ɖ film Brevhart 10 tîmz bac in Siria; ɖt Wiłm Wolis crî v “Frīdm!” steid wɖ him.

Ɖs z a dluźnl dmocṛsi, ẃr ppl r laid t, n vot fr ɖ layrz

H mt, h admits nǎ, hv bn cerfl ẃt h wśt fr – t ɖ xtnt ɖt h z no longr srtn h īvn wonts t ste hir bynd nxt yir. “Fr smwn fṛm Siria, ɖ crīpñ oʈoṛterịnizm z qt vivid hir nǎ,” h sjsts. “Contracts gwñ t guvnmntcroniz; poḷtiśnz brecñ ɖ rūlz n nt fesñ consiqnsz; ɖs dluźnl dmocṛsi ẃr ppl r laid t, n vot fr ɖ layrz.”

Ẃn h md hiz stand abt ɖ NHS, h dd so in ɖ nolij ɖt in Marć v nxt yir hiz vīza xpîrz n h hz t aplî fr indefiṇt līv t rmen. “I wz wurid abt ptñ mslf ǎt ɖr. Evrwn z añśs ɖt ɖe wl ćenj ol ɖ sitiznśp rūlz agn aftr Brexit.” N ɖen, wɖ krioṣti: “I’m an ǎtsîdr hir. I woć ẃt z haṗnñ, n I’m lîc: z ɖr evr a tîm ẃn ɖ Britiś gt ǎt n protest?”
With Noel Fielding, Jamie Byng, Stephen Daldry, Jude Law and fellow refugee Ahmad Al-Rashid, delivering a letter to the PM about the treatment of child refugees. Photograph: Linda Nylind/The Guardian
Wɖ Nol Fīldñ, Jemi Bñ, Stìvn Daldri, Jūd Lw n felo refyjī Ahmad Al-Raśid, dliṿrñ a letr t ɖ PM abt ɖ trītmnt v ćîld refyjīz. Foṭgraf: Linda Nîlind/Ɖ Gardịn

Nt ol Acad’z incǎntrz hv rflectd a hostîl invîrnmnt. H livd fr ɖ frst tū munʈs aftr arîvl in Hićin, Hartfdśr, on ɖ cǎć v a voḷntir h hd met in Calais. Ɖen h wz tecn in bî a faṃli wɖ a sper rūm in Brixtn. H got a job dwñ marc̣tñ wɖ a ćaṛti cōld ĆūzLuv (fr ẃć h olso rezd £50,000), n a ftogṛfr dwñ sm wrc fr ɖm hŕd hiz stori n gev him a camra, so h cd psy hiz ćozn ambiśn. “Ɖoz acts v jeṇroṣti r ẃt y nīd,” h sz, “n ɖe r ẃ I d ɖ wrc I d nǎ.”

Slǒli, wɖ ɖt hlp n ʈru hiz ǒn streñʈ v mînd, Lundn hz startd t fīl lîc hom. H hz a mntl map v feṿrit plesz – Brixtn, ɖ cnalz, Epñ Forist, Primroz Hil – n a tît netwrc v frendz. F ɖ imajinri d’rectr v hiz muvilîf hd a r’mantic endñ in mînd, hvr, ɖt ʈred hz bn ʈwortd bî locdǎn. Acad’z grlfrend z a felo eṃgre fṛm Siria, Farā, orijiṇli hir az a stydnt, huz faṃli hom in Dmasc̣s wz dstroid bî bomñ. Ɖe wr mnt t gt marid last munʈ in ɖ rejistr ofis in Leitnston, n hd hopt t ɖen gt ɖ faṃliz tgɖr in Jordn fr a seḷbreśn. F enwn z yst t upendd hops n unsrtnti, ɖo, it z Acad. “It wl hapn,” h sz, v ɖ lîf ɖe hv pland. “Bt v cors agn w wl hv t wêt.”

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn: The UK government was ready for this pandemic. Until it sabotaged its own system

George Monbiot
Jorj Monbio

Ɖ YC guvnmnt wz redi fr ɖs pandemic. Untl it saḅtājd its ǒn sistm

(Transcription of an article published in the Guardian on 19 May 2020)

W wr secnd in ɖ wrld fr priperidnis. Ɖen Boris Jonsn et al dlibṛtli dīpriperd s

Jorj Monbio, Tyzde, 19 Me 2020

13 March 2020: day four of Cheltenham festival, 10 days before lockdown began in the UK. Photograph: Andrew Matthews/PA
13 Marć 2020: de for v Ćlṭnm fstivl, 10 dez bfr locdǎn bgan in ɖ UK. Foṭgraf: Andru Maʈyz/PA

W  r trapt in a loñ, darc tunl, ol v huz noun exits r bloct. Ɖr z no plōẓbl rùt ǎt v ɖ YC’z c’roṇvîṛs crîsis ɖt dz nt involv mas suf̣rñ n deʈ. F, az sm nyzpeprz n Cnsrvtiv MPz insist, ɖ guvnmnt īzz ɖ locdǎn ẃl ɖ pandemic z stl rejñ, ɖ ivnćl deʈtol cd b sevṛl tîmz gretr ɖn tde’z. F it dz’nt, n w spend ol ɖ worm munʈs v ɖ yir in cnfînmnt, ɖ impact on ǎr mntl n fizicl hlʈ, jobz n rleśnśps cd b caṭstrofic..

W hv bn tld rpitidli ɖt ɖ YC wz unpriperd fr ɖs pandemic. Ɖs z untru. Ɖ YC wz priperd, bt ɖen it dīpriperd. Last yir, ɖ Globl Hlʈs’kṛti Indx ranct ɖs neśn secnd in ɖ wrld fr pandemicredinis, ẃl ɖ YS wz frst. Brōdli spīcñ, in bʈ neśnz ɖ nesṣri sistmz wr in ples. Ǎr guvnmnts ćouz nt t yz ɖm.

Ɖ clîṃt moḍlr Jemz Ann hz yzd hiz aṇliticl meʈ̇dz t śo ẃt wd hv hapnd f ɖ YC guvnmnt hd impozd its locdǎn a wīc rlịr. Startñ it on 16 Marć, rɖr ɖn 23 Marć, hiz moḍlñ sjsts, wd bî nǎ hv sevd arnd 30,000 lîvz, rdysñ ɖ ret v ilnis n deʈ fṛm c’roṇvîṛs rufli bî a factr v fîv.

Bt īvn 16 Marć wd hv bn xtrordnṛli lêt. W nǎ nǒ ɖt guvnmntministrz wr tld on 11 Febrri ɖt ɖ vîṛs cd b caṭstrofic, n dsîsiv ax́n wz rjntli rqîrd. Instd, Boris Jonsn tld s t woś ǎr handz n “g abt ǎr norml dêli lîvz”.

Hd ɖ guvnmnt actd in Febrri, w cn haẓd a ges abt ẃt ɖ rzult wd hv bn, az ɖ wrld hz cnductd a clir cntrold xperimnt: weyñ Sǎʈ C’rīa, Tîwan n Ny Zīḷnd agnst ɖ YC, ɖ YS n Bṛzil. Sǎʈ C’rīa dd evrʈñ ɖ YC guvnmnt cd hv dn, bt rfyzd t implimnt. Its deʈ tol so far: 263. It stl hz an oceźnl clustr v infx́n, ẃć it promtli cntenz. Bî contrast, ɖ intîr YC z nǎ a clustr v infx́n.

Ẃl uɖr cuntriz îɖr clozd ɖer bordrz or qoṛntīnd ol arîvlz, in ɖ ʈri munʈs btwn ɖ imrjns v ɖ vîṛs n ɖ YC’z locdǎn, 18 miłn ppl arîvd on ɖz śorz, v hūm onli 273 wr qoṛntīnd. Īvn aftr ɖ locdǎn wz anǎnst, 95,000 ppl entrd ɖ YC wɖt adiśnl rstrix́nz. In fact, on 13 Marć, ɖ YC std dǎn īvn its ǒn gîdns, ẃć hd jntli rqstd travlrz fṛm Iṭli n Ćîna t slf-îṣlet. Ɖs dsiźn, tecn az uɖr neśnz wr stepñ p ɖer cntrolz, sīmz baf̣lñ.

Similrli, on 12 Marć, Jonsn abandnd bʈ cntenmnt n neśnwîd tstñ n tracñ. A wīc lêtr, ɖ steṭs v ɖ pandemic wz lowrd, ẃć mnt ɖt ɖ guvnmnt cd rdys ɖ standd v prsnl pṛtctiv iqipmnt rqîrd in hospitlz, n cd śift infx́s peśnts intu non-speṣ́list cer. Agn, ɖr wz no medicl or sạntific justif̣ceśn fr ɖs dsiźn.

X’sîz Sigṇs, a pandemicsiḿleśn cnductd in 2016, faund ɖt ɖ impact in cerhomz wd b caṭstrofic unls ny meźrz wr pt in ples. Ɖ guvnmnt insists ɖt it hīdd ɖ fîndñz v ɖs x’sîz n ćenjd its aproć acordñli. F ɖs z c’rect, bî alawñ untstd peśnts t b śiftd fṛm hospitlz t cerhomz, ẃl felñ t pṛvîd ɖ xtra s’port n iqipmnt ɖ homz nīdd n alawñ ejnsiwrcrz t muv frīli wɖn n btwn ɖm, it nwñli brīćt its ǒn proṭcolz. Tnz v ʈǎzndz v hîli vulnṛbl ppl wr xpozd t infx́n.

In uɖr wrdz, nn v ɖz r fełrz v nolij or cpaṣti. Ɖe r dīpreṗreśnz, conśs dsiźnz nt t act. Ɖe start t bcm xplicbl onli ẃn w rec̣gnîz ẃt ɖe hv in comn: a rfyzl t fruntlod ɖ costs. Ɖs rfyzl z comn in cuntriz huz guvnmnts feṭśîz ẃt w cōl “ɖ marcit”: ɖ yf̣mizm w yz fr ɖ pǎr v muni.

Jonsn’z guvnmnt, lîc ɖt v Doṇld Trump n Jair Bolsonaro, repriznts a ptiklr cnd v ic̣nomic inṭrest. Fr yirz poḷtiśnz v ɖer strîp hv bn in conflict wɖ ppl hu pform ysfl srṿsz: nrsz, tīćrz, cerwrcrz n ɖ uɖr lo-peid ppl hu cīp ǎr lîvz ticñ, huz atmts t orġnîz n s’kr betr pe n cndiśnz r dīṃnîzd bî ministrz n in ɖ mīdia.

Ɖs p’liticl conflict z olwz fòt on bhaf v ɖ sem grūp: ɖoz hu xtract wlʈ. Ɖ wor agnst ytiḷti z nesṣri f y wont t prîṿtîz public srṿsz, grantñ lūcṛtiv mnoṗliz or fîrseilz v public asets t frendz in ɖ prîṿt sectr. It’s nesṣri f y wont t hold dǎn public-sectr pe n ɖ minimm wej, cutñ taxz n bílz fr ɖ sem fundrz n lobiists. It z nesṣri f corṗreśnz r t b alaud t ǎtsors n ofśor ɖer wrcforsz, n wlʈi ppl cn ofśor ɖer incm n asets.

Ɖ inṭrests v wlʈxtractrz r, bî def̣niśn, śort trm. Ɖe dvrt muni ɖt mt uɖ̇wz hv bn yzd fr invstmnt intu diṿdendz n śer bîbacs. Ɖe dump costs ɖt corṗreśnz śd ljitṃtli ber on t ssayti in jenṛl, in ɖ form v p’luśn (ɖ car n rod lobiz) or public-hlʈ dzastrz (soft drincs n juncfūd pṛdysrz). Ɖe sîfn muni ǎt v an enṭprîz or a neśn az qcli az poṣbl, bfr ɖ tax oʈoṛtiz, reğletrz or lejsletrz cać p.

Yirz v xpirịns hv śoun ɖt it z mć ćīpr t mc p’liticl dneśnz, implô lobiists n invst in public rleśnz ɖn t ćenj lūcṛtiv bt harmfl cmrśl poḷsiz. Wrcñ ʈru ɖ biłnerpres n p’liticl sistmz ɖt r hîli vulnṛbl t capćr bî muni, in ɖ YC, YS n Bṛzil ɖe hv hlpt enśur ɖt caṿlir n reclis ppl r ilectd. Ɖer ćozn repriznttivz hv an olmst instñtiv avrśn t invstmnt, t cariyñ a cost tde ɖt cd b dfŕd, dleid or dumt on smwn els.

It’s nt ɖt eni v ɖz inṭrests – ẃɖr ɖ Dêli Meil or ɖ YS ôlcumṗniz – wont c’roṇvîṛs t spred. It’s ɖt ɖ aproć ɖt hz pruvd so dzastṛs in adresñ ɖ pandemic hz bn hîli ifctiv, fṛm ɖ lobiists’ pônt v vy, ẃn aplaid t uɖr iśuz: dleyñ n fṛstretñ ax́n t privnt clîṃt brecdǎn; p’luśn; ɖ obiṣticrîsis; iniqoḷti; un’forḍbl rent; n ɖ mni uɖr plegz spred bî corpṛt n biłner pǎr.

Ʈancs in larj part t ɖer inflụns, w hv guvnmnts ɖt fel t pṛtct ɖ public inṭrest, bî dzîn. Ɖs z ɖ tunl. Ɖs z ẃ ɖ exits r clozd. Ɖs z ẃ w wl strugl t imrj.

Jorj Monbio z a Gardịn coḷmnist

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn: Amid the Covid-19 crisis, I keep thinking about the children in our hospices

Benjamin Zephaniah
Benɉmin Zef̣naia

Amd ɖ Covid-19 crîsis, I cīp ʈncñ abt ɖ ćildṛn in ǎr hosṗsz

(Transcription of an article published in the Guardian on 18 May 2020)

I’m inspîrd bî a Wst Midḷndz ćaṛti, bt ǎr cḿṇti’s most vulnṛbl membrz r biyñ hit ɖ hardist

Benɉmin Zef̣naia, Munde, 18 Me 2020

‘I can’t stop thinking about the elderly and the infirm, the young and vulnerable, the homeless, the families caring for a seriously ill baby or child. Photograph: Simon Reynell
‘I c’nt stop ʈncñ abt ɖ eldrli n ɖ infrm, ɖ yuñ n vulnṛbl, ɖ homlis, ɖ faṃliz cẹrñ fr a sirịsli il bebi or ćîld. Foṭgraf: Sîmn Rênél

Last Dsmbr I viẓtd a ćaṛti ɖt z vri clos t mî hart: Ecornz ćildṛn’z hospis.

I hd ɖ priṿlij v ćatñ, telñ storiz n rīdñ sm v mî powtri t an insṗreśnl grūp v ćildṛn n faṃliz. N ɖe pformd sm v ɖer powtri fr m.

I hv ovr ɖ past 10 yirz met mni ćildṛn n yuñ ppl yzñ ɖ srṿsz v ɖs Wst Midḷndz ćaṛti. W hv śerd ǎr luv fr powtri, tōct abt ɖ importns v cẹrñ fr ol livñ biyñz, n ǎr luv v cec, ḿzic n Astn Vila ftbōlclub.

I am so inspîrd bî ɖ cidz, n I olso hv an inorṃs amǎnt v rspct fr ɖ ppl hu wrc ɖr. I wont t hug n cis ɖm, I wont t tel ɖm hǎ mć I luv ɖm, bt I jst act norml.

Nt onli d ɖe cer fr ɖz cidz, sm v hūm r nt xpctd t rīć adulthd; ɖe olso lc aftr ɖer mumz, dadz, bruɖrz n sistrz, īvn granpeṛnts. Ɖ xistns v ćildṛn’z hosṗsz z smʈñ mni v s fīl uncumftbl wɖ – most ppl tnd t asośiet hosṗsz wɖ oldr ppl. I wz wn v ɖm, untl I frst viẓtd.

Ɖoz wrcñ n voḷntirñ ɖr d evrʈñ ɖe cn t mc speśl meṃriz fr ɖ ćildṛn n ɖer faṃliz. I hv rerli bn t a ples ẃr luv, hapinis n jô wr so abundnt. I hv nvr flt a hint v dūm or glūm.

‘We have shared our love of cake, music and Aston Villa football club.’ Benjamin Zephaniah at Acorns. Photograph: Acorns Children’s Hospice
‘W hv śerd ǎr luv v cec, ḿzic n Astn Vila ftbōl club.’ Benɉmin Zef̣naia at Ecornz. Foṭgraf: Ecornz Ćildṛn’z Hospis

I’m nt wn v ɖoz hu cōl ɖz tîmz wird, strenj, dificlt or unpresdntd. Ɖe r, bt I’m a vīgn, animlrîtist n invîrnmntlist, so I ʈt a crîsis sć az ɖs hd t hapn at sm tîm. Bt sins ɖ start v ɖs pandemic, Ecornz’ 600 or so ćildṛn n yuñ ppl hv bn on mî mînd. I am tld most v ɖ faṃliz r śīldñ ɖer ćildṛn at hom, unḍstanḍbli dwñ evrʈñ t avôd ɖm biyñ infctd wɖ c’roṇvîṛs.

It wz sd ɖt ɖ ilnis z jenṛli mîld in ćildṛn, bt ɖr z nǎ evidns ɖt ćildṛn cn b afctd in wez ɖ xprts r onli bginñ t unḍstand. Ɖs hoṛfîz m. W ol nǒ ɖ riscs fr adults wɖ sirịs unḍlayñ hlʈ iśuz, bt ẃt abt ćildṛn n yuñ ppl? Wɖ ɖ imrjns v a “Caẉsaci”-lîc Covid-19-linct dziz, I cn onli imajin hǎ dificlt it z fr ɖz faṃliz. Ɖe hv t pṛtct ɖer preśs ćildṛn ẃn srṿsz ɖe rlî on r no longr aveḷbl, n ẃn ɖe r cut of fṛm so mni ppl hu’v bn part v ɖer s’portnetwrc.W’r ol bginñ t nǒ mor abt ẃt z haṗnñ in adult cerhomz, bt I wundr ẃt z haṗnñ t ćildṛn’z hosṗsz ol ovr ɖ cuntri.

At Ecornz’ ʈri hosṗsz, membrz v ɖ public r trnñ p evri fy minits wɖ carlodz v dneśnz. W’r luci t hv sć a gvñssayti hir in ɖ YC.

Ɖ staf r olso rīćñ ǎt t faṃliz ʈru reğlr cōlz, letñ ɖm nǒ ɖe r nt alon at ɖs scẹri tîm.

Ovr ɖ cors v ɖs globl imrjnsi ɖr hv bn tîmz ẃn w hv sìn ɖ vîṛs infct ɖ rić n feṃs, pǎrfl n influenśl, n humbl wrld līdrz. Bt az wɖ ol imrjnsiz, it’s ɖ most vulnṛbl membrz v ǎr cḿṇti hu gt hit ɖ hardist.

I hv jst sînd a letr adrest t Boris Jonsn cōlñ fr an indipndnt public inqîri intu ɖ dispṛporśṇt impact v Covid-19 on blac n eʈnic mnoṛti cḿṇtiz, bcz fr m ɖs z riyl. I’v lost tū membrz v mî faṃli, n anɖr cupl hv cm clos t ɖ éj.

I c’nt stop ʈncñ abt ɖ cidz at Ecornz. I c’nt stop ʈncñ abt ɖ eldrli n ɖ infrm, ɖ yuñ n vulnṛbl, ɖ homlis, ɖ faṃliz cẹrñ fr a sirịsli il bebi or ćîld.

Wns ɖs teṛbl ćaptr cmz t an end, ẃt wl ɖ nxt ćaptr hv in stor? I wd lîc t ʈnc w wl rten ɖ stroñ sns v cmpaśn n cḿṇti ɖt hz bn so in evidns jrñ ɖs crîsis, n trî t trn ǎr bacs on dviźn, depṛveśn n iniqoḷti. Ɖt’s nt tù mć t asc fr, z it?

Benɉmin Zef̣naia z a powt

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn: Trump, Putin and Bolsonaro have been complacent. Now the pandemic has made them all vulnerable

Simon Tisdall
Sîmn Tizdl

Trump, Pūćin n Bolsonaro hv bn cmplesnt. Nǎ ɖ pandemic hz md ɖm ol vulnṛbl

(Transcription of an article published in the Guardian on 17 May 2020)

Ɖ wrld’z stroñmen me wel end p peyñ a p’liticl prîs fr ɖer siṇsizm n incompitns

Sîmn Tizdl, Súnde, 17 Me 2020

Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro, centre, and his ministers arriving in Brasilia. Photograph: Joédson Alves/EPA
Bṛziłn prezidnt Jair Bolsonaro, sntr, n hiz ministrz arîvñ in Bṛziła. Foṭgraf: Joédson Alves/YPA

F  Boris Jonsn z mshanḍlñ ɖ pandemic, h z nt alon. Fōlsli clemñ evrʈñ z undr cntrol, dojñ rsponsbiḷti, hîdñ fṛm public vy, xplôtñ ɖ crîsis fr p’liticl gen, mǎntñ arṭfiśl dstrax́nz n blemñ ɖ mīdia: ɖz r comn bhevyrpatnz xibtd bî sm v ɖ wrld’z most pǎrfl – n śifti – līdrz.

Wl ɖe pe a prîs fr ɖer līʈl incompitns n siṇsizm? It’s poṣbl sm wl, ɖo it me tec a ẃl. Ɖ pandemic z ćenjñ p’liticl calkleśnz arnd ɖ glob. Līdrz hu lct invulnṛbl sudnli apir les so. Ɖt in trn cd śift ɖ stṛtījic calkḷs n oltr ɖ baḷns v pǎr btwn cuntriz in wez bʈ unixpctd n prṃnnt.

Doṇld Trump’s pformns z a lésn in hǎ nt t handl an imrjnsi. It me bcm a cmpulsri ceștudi fr fyćr stydnts v crîsismanijmnt. Trump miṇmîzd ɖ ʈret rli on, ofrd foni aśuṛnsz, n feld t mc a plan. H hz sins akzd Ćîna v dlibṛtli spredñ “pleg” ẃl weṗnîzñ ɖ crîsis t smir hiz Deṃcratic rîvl, Jo Bîdn.

Ɖ prezidnt’s mirịd caṛctrflwz nīd no rhrsl hir. Bt it sīmz a despṛt Trump wl stop at nʈñ t rībūt hiz riilex́nprospects. F ɖt mīnz f’mntñ a cold wor wɖ Ćîna, or stǒcñ reśl dviźnz n anti-mîgṛnt, anti-Mŭzlim bays, h’z p fr it. N f ol ɖt felz, h me trî t dle Nvmbr’z ilex́n, a s’nario nt rūld ǎt bî hiz sic̣fantic sun-in-lw.

C’roṇvîṛs hz md a sort v lepr v Trump. A lac v fedṛl līdrśp n hiz s’port fr preṃtyrli endñ stet locdǎnz h nvr trūli s’portd apirz t b pṛpelñ a rîz in Covid-19 cesz in smōl mid-wst tǎnz n rṛl cḿṇtiz fṛm Aywa t Texs. Ɖz r ɖ hartḷndz v Trump’s America, ẃr hiz most loyl votrz liv.

Az a rzult, Rpublicnz runñ fr Congres r runñ awe fṛm Trump, firfl v infx́n fṛm ɖ miazma v lîz n dstrust inveḷpñ ɖ Ẃît Hǎs. Az jobz dis’pir bî tnz v miłnz, Deṃcrats’ hops v winñ ɖ Senit r rîzñ. Bîdn’z līd in ci batlgrǎnd stets z wîḍnñ, fyld bî ic̣nomic meltdǎn n Trump’s gafs.

Vlajīmir Pūćin z anɖr līdr in sirịs vîṛl dificlti. Onli munʈs ago, h lct invinsbl. Ol ɖ tōc in Ruśa wz v consttyśnl “rformz” ɖt wd ifctivli mc him prezidnt fr lîf. Ɖoz planz r nǎ on hold, phps prṃnntli. Pūćin’z dsiźn t śīld himslf fṛm harm, îṣletñ awe fṛm Mosco, hz badli dntd hiz imij az firlis tuf-gai līdr.

Aftr wīcs v cmplesnsi at ɖ top, Ruśa fîndz itslf wɖ ɖ secnd fastist ret v Covid-19 infx́nz in ɖ wrld. Pūćin’z hand-pict prîm̦inistr, Miħîl Miśŭstin, z in hospitl, az z ɖ Cremlin spocsmn Dmitri Piskov. In vidioconfṛnsz hld t dscus ɖ crîsis, Pūćin hz lct mor bord ɖn cnsrnd. Emṗʈi wz nvr hiz stroñ sūt.

People wear face masks and gloves on the Moscow Metro. Russia now finds itself with the second fastest rate of Covid-19 infections in the world. Photograph: Alexander Zemlianichenko/AP
Ppl wer fes mascs n gluvz on ɖ Mosco Metro. Ruśa nǎ fîndz itslf wɖ ɖ secnd fastist ret v Covid-19 infx́nz in ɖ wrld. Foṭgraf: Alexander Zemłańićenco/AP

Ɖ p’liticl impḷceśnz r ptnṣ́li far-renjñ. Añśs t avôd prsnl blem fr twin hlʈ n ic̣nomic dzastrz, Pūćin hz śiftd rsponsbiḷti fr maṇjñ ɖ crîsis t ɖ rījnz, ẃć hv ifctivli bn left t fnd fr ɖmslvz. Wlʈi biznisṃn – ɖ so-cōld oligācs – hv stept intu ɖ brīć. In sć wez dz a līdr’z pǎr irod n slip awe.

Uɖr poḷtiśnz r śowñ a dgri v reclis insūsịns ɖt mcs Boris Jonsn lc poztivli swićt on bî cmparisn. Bṛzil’z prezidnt Jair Bolsonaro hit a ny lo fr irisponsbiḷti bî ridklñ public-pṛtx́n meźrz. Bṛzil hz ɖ hîist Covid deʈret in Latin America. Bt Bolsonaro prifŕz barḅkpartiz t hospitlvizits. H me yt pe wɖ hiz job in a cuntri ẃr preẓdnśl impićmnt acć̣li wrcs.

In Trci, mnẃl, ɖ vîṛs hz bròt a gret mni pijinz hom t rūst. A strucćṛli frajîl icoṇmi, a holoud-ǎt sivl ssayti n mīdia, n a clîṃt v fir crietd bî Recep Tayyip Erdoğan hz nt pruvd cndysiv t a yṇfaid naśnl ef̣t – līdñ aṇlists sjst ɖ sultnprezidnt’s rên me b drw̃ t a cloz.

Mjoṛti Crdiś eriaz in īstn Trci, fr xampl, ɖ sīn v frīqnt conflict wɖ ɖ sntṛl guvnmnt, hv rportidli bn hard hit. Diyarbakir-best acṭvist n oʈr Nurcan Baysal tlz a fmiłr têl v hlʈwrcrz afreid t g t wrc dy t a lac v pṛtctiv iqipmnt. Bt it’s a p’liticl probḷm, tù.

“Tde, ɖr r nt inuf tsts, nt inuf doctrz, no sivl ssayti, no mẹrz, n nt inuf meźrz t tacl ɖ c’roṇvîṛs in Crdiś sitiz,” Baysal sd – partli bcz mni Crdiś doctrz n nrsz wr sact in Erdoğan’z prjz.

A sntṛl actr in ɖs globl drama, Ćîna’z modn-de emprr Śí Jñpñ z nt abt t fōl – olɖo h rićli dzrvz ɖ sác. Rɖr, an imboldnd Śí riscs ovr-pleyñ hiz hand az h sīcs t trnsform a c’laṃti intu a PR vicṭri fr Ćînīz soft pǎr, streñʈ̇nñ Bêźñ’z clǎt at ɖ xpns v wìcnd wstn cuntriz.

Americn fumḅlñ, plus Ruśn n Yṛpiyn dbiḷti, ofr Śí a mcābra oṗtyṇti t advans hiz viźn v Ćîna az dominnt globl pǎr. Bt ɖ agresiv, Boxr Rbełn-stîl provceśnz v hiz “wlf-worịr” dipḷmats n parti cādraz r fīdñ an inṭnaśnl baclaś.

Preśr z growñ t rtaliet bî qoṛntīnñ Bêźñ, p’liticli n ic̣nomicli. N ɖt, in trn, būsts Trump’s confṛnteśnl, slf-xculṗtri campeņaṛtiv.

Trump clemz Ćîna wonts t dnî him a secnd trm. Yt ɖ oṗzit me b tru. Śí nz a ysfl idịt ẃn h siz wn – n ɖs YS prezidnt z īẓli ǎtfoxt. Ɖ ʈt ɖt Ćîna’z oṗziśnl tactics cd hlp gt Trump riilectd z inuf t mc enwn sic.

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn: Gordon Brown: coronavirus must be ‘eradicated in every continent’

Britain’s former prime minister Gordon Brown speaking at a Christian Aid Week event last year. Photograph: Simon Dawson/Reuters
Britn’z formr prîm̦inistr Gordn Brǎn spīcñ at a Crisćn Ed Wīc ivnt last yir. Foṭgraf: Sîmn Dōsn/Rôtrz

Gordn Brǎn: c’roṇvîṛs mst b ‘iradcetd in evri continnt’

(Transcription of an article published in the Guardian on 14 May 2020)

Britn’z formr prîm̦inistr sz onli inṭnaśnl cooṗreśn cn brñ ɖ pandemic t an end

Harịt Śrwŭd, Ʈrzde, 14 Me 2020

Gordn Brǎn hz wornd ɖt a secnd or ʈrd wev v c’roṇvîṛs infx́n cd eṃnet fṛm pur cuntriz wɖ undiveḷpt hlʈsistmz, seyñ ɖ riscs cn b cntrold onli bî coorḍnetd inṭnaśnl ax́n.

Ɖ globl crîsis v ɖ Covid-19 pandemic wl nt end untl it z “iradcetd in evri continnt”, ɖ formr prîm̦inistr sd.

“It z in ol ǎr inṭrests t privnt a secnd or ʈrd wev startñ in ɖ purist, līst pṛtctd cuntriz wɖ ɖ most unḍdiveḷpt hlʈsistmz. So a ʈret t uɖrz z a ʈret t s, n w hlp ǎrslvz bî hlpñ uɖrz. Pṛtctñ ǎrslvz loc̣li mīnz w nīd t act gloḅli,” Brǎn rout in ɖ fōrwrd t a rport bî ɖ inṭnaśnl dveḷpmntćaṛti Crisćn Ed.

“Tde w fes a globl medicl imrjnsi, n w canot end ɖ c’roṇvîṛs pandemic unls it z iradcetd in evri continnt.”

Ɖ rport, Tipñpônt: hǎ ɖ Covid-19 pandemic ʈretnz t pś ɖ wrld’z purist t ɖ brinc v svîvl, wornz ɖt ɖ wrld’z purist cuntriz r il-iqipt t cǒp wɖ ɖ impact v ɖ dziz.

Cuntriz olrdi dīlñ wɖ endemic poṿti, pṛtractd hymaṇterịn crîsīz, loñ-runñ conflict, fūd inṣkṛti, ic̣nomic śocs, dsplesmnt n unḍfundd hlʈsistmz r ispeṣ́li at risc.

Ɖ rport, publiśt jrñ Crisćn Ed Wīc, lcs at ɖ consiqnsz v ɖ pandemic in for cuntriz. It sz:

• Siera Līon z stl rcuṿrñ fṛm ɖ dedli Ibola eṗdemic ɖt startd in 2014, ẃć cild wn in fîv v ɖ cuntri’z hlʈwrcrz. Détcanṣleśn wd alǎ ɖ guvnmnt t spend mor on its rspons t Covid.
• In Bangḷdeś, mor ɖn 850,000 R’hinja refyjīz livñ in camps in Cox’z Bzar aftr biyñ forṣbli dsplest fṛm Mianmar r at grev risc fṛm ɖ pandemic.
• Sǎʈ Sdan z wn v ɖ cuntriz in ɖ wrld most vulnṛbl t Covid, wɖ a hymaṇterịn crîsis drivn bî yirz v pṛtractd conflict.
• In Gāza, ɖ ic̣nomic crîsis rzultñ fṛm a 13-yir bloced impozd bî Izrel n Ījipt hz bn xasbetd bî ɖ pandemic n hz trigrd a spîc in hymn-rîts vạleśnz.

Crisćn Ed z cōlñ fr feʈlīdrz t activli ingej in miṇmîzñ ɖ spred v Covid-19; a comprihnsiv détcanṣleśn dīl fr ɖ purist cuntriz; n fr donrz t sefgard cuṛnt hymaṇterịn wrc acrs ɖ wrld.

Patric Wot, Crisćn Ed’z poḷsi n campenz d’rectr, sd: “Covid-19 hz xpozd ɖ dīp fōltlînz in ssaytiz, n ɖ wez in ẃć ǎr icoṇmi z brocn. Wɖt cnsrtd ax́n, ɖ pandemic ʈretnz t dīpn ɖoz iniqoḷtiz, n set bac ɖ fît agnst poṿti bî a jeṇreśn.

“Bî tecñ steps nǎ t miṇmîz ɖ spred v ɖ vîṛs, miṭget ɖ wrst ifcts on ppl’z lîvlihdz, n pṛtct xistñ hymaṇterịn wrc, guvnmnts n sivl ssayti cn privnt a crîsis fṛm esc̣letñ intu a ctastṛfi.”

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn: ‘This made me smile’: our readers’ favourite coronavirus street art

Street art in Cardiff. Photograph: Steven Irwin/Guardian community
Strīt art in Cardif. Foṭgraf: Stīvn Ŕwin/Gardịn cḿṇti

‘Ɖs md m smîl’: ǎr rīdrz’ feṿrit c’roṇvîṛs Strīt art

(Transcription of an article published in the Guardian on 12 May 2020)

Hǎzz, rodz n śops ol ovr ɖ YC hv bn rīdec̣retd n riinviġretd jrñ locdǎn

Pōl Cambl n Gardịn rīdrz. Tyzde, 12 Me 2020

‘Ɖs mcs m prǎd v ɖ NHS n ppl in mî eria’

Siyñ ɖs mcs m fīl prǎd v ẃt w hv in ɖ YC. Wɖt ɖ NHS, w wd b in sirịs trubl in norml tîmz, let alon jrñ ɖs pandemic. I hv frendz hu r wrcñ in ɖ NHS, in ɖ cersectr n az ci wrcrz. Ɖe r wrcñ sirịsli hard in dificlt srcmstansz t mc ǎr livz ɖ bst ɖe cn b.

Street art in Dagenham
Strīt art in Daġnm

It olso mcs m prǎd v ɖ ppl in mî bura. Ɖe r pŭlñ tgɖr, yzñ ɖer scilz n dwñ ɖer bit t ćec on ć uɖr n hlp ǎt in ɖz strenj tîmz. Ẃɖr it’s amezñ artwrc lîc ɖs, onlîn qizz, DJ sets, onlîn advîs fr biznis, craft mcñ or cōlñ p lonli ppl fr a ćat, ɖe r ol pŭlñ ɖer weit ʈru tuf tîmz.

Ɖs pìs v wrc standz ǎt n riyli brîtnz p ɖ strīt. I witnist ɖ artist fiṇśñ ɖ pìs n ppl hu wr ǎt on ɖer dêli wōc wr seyñ hǎ gret it wz. It’s a convseśnpìs n mcs ppl smîl ẃn ɖe wōc past. Jimi Lì, Daġnm

‘Art z a gret we t cnct’

Street art in Tamworth
Strīt art in Tamwrʈ

In ɖz dificlt tîmz strīt art z a gret we t cnct n xpres ɖ we w r fīlñ. Vic Brǎn, Tamwrʈ

‘Ɖs md m stop, smîl n tec a foto’

Street art in Ealing
Strīt art in Īlñ

Ɖs krịs gliṭri sîn apird on ɖ strīt oṿnît n md m stop, smîl n tec a foto. I wz plizd t si ɖt ɖr’z no śortij v crịtivti dspt evrʈñ els ɖt’s gwñ on. Ben Parc, Īlñ in Lundn

‘Ɖs md m hapi’

Street art in Desboroug
Strīt art in Dezḅra

Ɖs md m hapi. It wz gret t si smʈñ smwn hz md jst t śer n spred ćir. Sîmn Dǎti, Dezḅra

‘Ɖs md mî partnr’z de’

Street art in Boscombe
Strīt art in Boscm

Mî partnr wrcs in ǎr locl hospitl n it md hr de ẃn ǎr nxtdor nebr pentd hr bacwōl in sć a gliṭri faśn. Aśli Wŭdfōl, Boscm

‘Siyñ ɖs mcs m fīl prǎd’

Street art in Wirral
Strīt art in Wiṛl

Mî wîf Mel z an artist. Ś tc ɖ sîd v ǎr hǎs az a canvs. Ɖs z hr wɖ ǎr dōtr. Ś’z nǎ incurijd ol hr frendz t stop bî ẃn ɖe r on ɖer alotd x’sîz, tec a foto n snd it t hr. Ś z ɖen gwñ t criet a c’lāź v ɖ fotoz. Siyñ ɖs mcs m fīl prǎd. Cevin Ćapl, Wiṛl

‘Ɖs filz m wɖ hapinis n sadnis’

Street art in London. Photograph: Tracy Wilson/Guardian Community
Strīt art in Lundn. Foṭgraf: Tresi Wilsn/Gardịn Cḿṇti

Siyñ ɖ mesij t cerwrcrz fild m wɖ bʈ hapinis n sadnis. Hapinis t nǒ ɖt smwn hz crietd ɖs t acnolij n ʈanc ɖoz hu strîv evride t cer fr ǎr luvd wnz. Sadnis ɖt ɖz amezñ ppl hv fr so loñ bn oṿlct n unḍvalyd. Tresi Wilsn, Sǎʈ Norwŭd in Lundn

‘Ɖe md m laf’

Street art in Worthing
Strīt art in Wrɖñ

A fy wīcs ago ɖ caunsl pentd sośl-distnsñ marcrz on ɖ proṃned. Ɖe wr a bit ytiḷterịn. A fy dez lêtr smwn gev ɖ litl ppl fesz n prṣnaḷtiz. Ẃn I frst sw ɖm, ɖe md m laf. I lc fwd t siyñ ɖm evri de on mî dêli wōc. Jaci, Wrɖñ

‘Ɖs mcs m smîl evri tîm I wōc past’

Street art in Oxford
Strīt art in Oxf̣d

Evri tîm I wōc past ɖs hǎs it mcs m smîl az ɖe hv obvịsli pt a lot v ef̣t intu sndñ a mesij v s’port t ǎr NHS. Az I wz tecñ a foto ɖs mornñ, wn v ɖ hǎsmêts wz līvñ n ćatd abt orḍrñ ɖ ćōcs fṛm Aṃzn n spredñ a litl jô in ɖ wrld. Gret stuf. Pītr Sparc, Oxf̣d

‘I fînd it upliftñ’

Street art in Leeds
Strīt art in Lìdz

I wōc past ɖs ẃl tecñ mî dōtr t scūl. It hd bn vanḍlîzd fr yirz untl ǎr locl cḿṇtigrūp cmiśnd a locl artist t criet a dzîn az a tribyt t ǎr ci wrcrz. I fînd it upliftñ n luv ɖ fact ɖt it’s smʈñ ɖ hol cḿṇti cn aprīśiet. Anji Tōlḅt, Lìdz

‘It z reprizntñ smʈñ w ol wont t se’

Street art in Hackney
Strīt art in Hacni

Ɖz sînpentñz hv bn akḿletñ ovr ɖ past munʈs. Ɖe hv bcm a landmarc in ǎr eria. Ɖ rùt z a mn rod btwn tū mejr hospitlz so ambyḷnsz pas bî reğlrli.

I lîc it bcz it z reprizntñ smʈñ w ol wont t se. Wɖ ol ɖ ḿziymz clozd, it fīlz lîc art hz faund a we t cm ǎt intu public spes n rmînd s ol ẃ w nīd it hir – n mor ɖn evr at ɖs tîm. Asif Cān, Hacni in Lundn

‘I luv ɖ sntimnt’

Street art in London
Strīt art in Lundn

I sw ɖs on ɖ frunt v a clozd dǎn tec’we resṭront. I luv ɖ brît culrz n ɖ sntimnt. Ani Wilits, Siḍnm in Lundn

‘Ɖs mcs m sad bt olso hopfl’

Street art in Manchester
Strīt art in Manćestr

I tc ɖs on ɖ last wīcend bfr locdǎn in Manćestr. I hv nt bn in ɖ siti sntr sins, sticñ t mî locl eria. It mcs m sad fr ol ɖ amezñ smōl bizṇsz in ɖs siti, bt hopfl ɖt ɖe wl svîv n b ʈrîvñ agn sn. Iliẓbʈ Relinz, Manćestr

‘It hz trnd ɖ C’rona logo intu smʈñ meṇsñ’

Street art in Bristol
Strīt art in Bristl

I run on ɖ sîclpaʈ a cupl v tîmz most wīcs. Ɖr z a loñ hōrdñ seṗretñ ɖ paʈ fṛm a brǎnfīld bildñsait n it z constntli ćenjñ n ivolvñ wɖ artwrc, renjñ fṛm sm priti crapi tagz t sm t’rific pìsz. Ɖs cmz smẃr in ɖ midl. I luv hǎ it hz tecn ɖ C’rona logo n md it intu smʈñ mor meṇsñ n tîmli. I olso lîc ɖ “plīz woś yr handz” strap alñ ɖ top. I d’nt nǒ hǎ loñ it wl last, bt it’s ɖr fr nǎ. Cet Maʈ̇sn, Bristl

‘It z a strîcñ n scilfl dzîn’

Street art in Gateshead
Strīt art in Getshed

W sw ɖs pìs v strīt art jst bfr ɖ locdǎnmeźrz wr pt in ples. It z a strîcñ n scilfl dzîn. Ẃn w sw ɖ wrc it sīmd vri presịnt. At ɖ tîm ppl wr stocpîlñ tôḷtpepr n ɖ artwrc s’tiricli incorṗrets a lūrol instd v a dot on ɖ “i” in “vîṛs”. Ẃl hymṛs, ɖ wrc wz an omiṇs indceśn v ɖ ifct ɖ vîṛs wz gwñ t hv in ɖ wīcs t cm. Mîcl Mulṿhil, Getshed

‘Ɖs pìs capćrz ɖ public’s mūd’

Street art in Hackney Wick
Strīt art in Hacni Wic

Hacni Wic z alîv wɖ strīt art. Evri de y trn a cornr n smʈñ ny grabz yr î. Ɖs pìs apird rli on in ɖ crîsis. T m it capćrz ɖ public’s mūd t ɖ Covid-19 crîsis – NHS, mascs, lūrol, d’nt panic. Jac̣līn Brūs, Bo in Lundn

‘W hop ɖs wl b prizrvd aftr ɖ locdǎn’

 Street art in Hove. Photograph: Helen Wade/Guardian Community
Strīt art in Hov. Foṭgraf: Heḷn Wêd/Gardịn Cḿṇti

Ǎr pdestrịn tunl hd bn a tagñmagnit fr a loñ tîm. Ɖ intirịr wz gretli hlpt a fy yirz ago ẃn smwn pentd indivijl brics in a mirịd v difṛnt śêdz, mcñ ɖ wundrfl renbo ɖt apird oṿnît on 8 Epril ol ɖ mor prfict. Ǎr locl sośl mīdia hz bn abúz wɖ hǎ upliftñ it z n hǎ imośnl ppl fīl traṿlñ ʈru it. W’r ol hopñ it wl b prizrvd post locdǎn. Heḷn Wêd, Hov

‘I wontd t yz mî art az a vôs’

Street – or road – art in Cambridge
Strīt – or rod – art in Cembrij

I nǒ mî frendz r misñ biyñ at scūl n ɖt ɖ tīćrz r misñ s tù, so I wontd t yz mî art az a vôs t acnolij ɖt. Ɖ crosñ at mî scūl, Comḅton Vilij Colij in Cembrij, flt lîc ɖ prfict ples t mc an artwrc. Rown Brigz Smiʈ, Cembrij

‘Ɖs imij rmîndz m ɖz darc dez wl b ovr sn’

Street art in Cardiff
Strīt art in Cardif

Ɖs siriz v postrz z ǎtsd a cafe in ɖ Caʈez eria v Cardif. It’s an imij v hop n susṭnns ɖt hlps m rmembr ɖt ɖz darc dez wl sn b ovr. Stīvn Ŕwin, Cardif

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn: Irish support for Native American Covid-19 relief highlights historic bond

Volunteers load supplies into a pickup truck at a farm, used as a base for aid to Navajo families quarantined in their homes due to coronavirus in Hogback, Shiprock, New Mexico, last month. Photograph: Andrew Hay/Reuters
Voḷntirz lod s’plîz intu a picup truc at a farm, yzd az a bes fr ed t Naṿhǎ faṃliz qoṛntīnd in ɖer homz dy t c’roṇvîṛs in Hogbac, Śiproc, Ny Mx̣co, last munʈ. Foṭgraf: Andru He/Rôtrz

Îriś s’port fr Netiv Americn Covid-19 rlif hîlîts historic bond

(Transcription of an article published in the Guardian on 9 May 2020)

  • GoFundMi pej fr Naṿhǎ n Hopi ed lists mni Îriś nemz
  • Ćoctw Neśn snt dneśn in 1847 fr ptetofamin victimz

Rori Caṛl, Îrḷnd corispondnt. Saṭde, 9 Me 2020

Ɖ  list v rīsnt donrz rīdz lîc an Îriś fon-bc. Aisling Ní Chuimín, Śen OLiri, Śōn Gibnz, Cevin Boil, Cevin Cìn, Cler Qin, Emn McDoṇld, on n on dǎn a GoFundMi pej ɖt bî Frîde hd rezd $3.15m v a $5m gol.

Ɖ indivijl amǎnts r nt rmarcbl – $10, $20, $30, sm xidñ $100 – bt ɖ stori bhnd ɖ dneśnz strećz bac tū snć̣riz n incumṗsz a snğlr act v jeṇroṣti ɖt forjd a bond btwn Netiv Americnz n Îrḷnd, a bond nǎ rnyd in ɖ c’roṇvîṛs ira.

In 1847 ɖ Ćoctw neśn set asd its ǒn impoṿriśmnt n suf̣rñ t mc a $170 dneśn t victimz v ɖ Îriś famin. Ɖ trîb hd sufrd grīṿsli jrñ its Trel v Tirz, a forst rīḷceśn t Ocḷhoma, n emṗʈîzd wɖ Îriś ppl indyrñ miẓri n starveśn mor ɖn 4,000 mîlz awe.

Ɖ jeṇroṣti left a lastñ marc on Îrḷnd, ẃć rmembrz it ʈru art n cmeṃreśnz.

Nǎ Îriś ppl r rsipṛcetñ bî dnetñ t a fund fr Naṿhǎ n Hopi cḿṇtiz hit bî Covid-19.

“A bytifl act v soḷdaṛti fṛm ǎr frendz in Îrḷnd, hu rmembr ɖ cîndnis śoun t ɖm bî ǎr Ćoctw bruɖrz n sistrz, hu snt ɖm ed jrñ ɖ gret ptetofamin in 1847. Ʈanc y so mć, Îrḷnd!!!” rout Eʈl Branć, wn v ɖ fund-orġnîzrz.

“Ɖ fevr z rtrnd ʈru jenṛs dneśnz fṛm ɖ Îriś ppl t ɖ Naṿhǎ Neśn jrñ ǎr tîm v crîsis. Ʈanc y, Îrḷnd, fr śowñ soḷdaṛti n biyñ hir fr s,” rout Vnesa Tuli, anɖr orġnîzr.

Advrṣti ofn brñz ǎt ɖ bst in ppl, ɖ Ćoctw trîb sd in a stetmnt. “W r graṭfaid – n phps nt at ol s’prîzd – t lrn v ɖ asistns ǎr speśl frendz, ɖ Îriś, r gvñ t ɖ Naṿhǎ n Hopi neśnz. Ǎr wrd fr ɖer slflis act z ‘iyyikowa’ – it mīnz srvñ ɖoz in nīd.”

Ɖ Ćoctw n Îriś hd bcm cindrid spirits sins ɖ ptetofamin, ɖ trîb sd. “W hop ɖ Îriś, Naṿhǎ n Hopi pplz dveḷp lastñ frendśps, az w hv. Śẹrñ ǎr culćrz mcs ɖ wrld gro smōlr.”

Ɖ dneśnz wl hlp s’plî fūd, wōtr n medicl s’plîz fr vulnṛbl faṃliz, mni v hūm hv dạbītīz n uɖr dzizz.

Ɖ Naṿhǎ neśn hz ɖ hîist p’capita Covid-19 infx́nret aftr Ny Yorc n Ny Jrzi. Its rṛl teritri strećz 27,000 sq mîlz acrs Aṛzona, Ny Mx̣co n Ytā n srǎndz ɖ Hopi reẓveśn.

Az v Ʈrzde ɖr wr 2,757 cnfrmd cesz. Ɖ ofiśl deʈtol wz 88 bt acćl ftaḷtiz r lîcli t b mć hayr bcz ɖ sicist peśnts r trnsfŕd t stethospitlz.

Ɖ vîṛs hz spred rapidli īvn ɖo ɖ trîbl guvnmnt wz amñ ɖ frst t iśu a ste-at-hom ordr, n loc dǎn scūlz n biznis. On Wenzde ɖ Neśn rsivd its porśn, arnd $600m, v fedṛl c’roṇvîṛs rlif̦undñ, six wīcs aftr it wz promist n onli aftr suwñ ɖ fedṛl guvnmnt ovr hu wz eliɉbl fr ɖ muni.

Ɖ GoFundMi apil’z orijinl gol v $2m wz incrist aftr Îriś ppl dscuvrd ɖ apil via sośl mīdia n swiftli sweld dneśnz fṛm ɖ YS n elsẃr.

Îrḷnd hz nvr fgotn ɖ Ćoctwz’ jeṇroṣti. Ɖ trîb hd indyrd a forst 600-mîl trec ɖt left ʈǎzndz ded fṛm hungr, cold n dziz, n ɖen impoṿriśmnt in Ocḷhoma, yt smhǎ rusld p $170 – ẃć tde trnzlets t $5,350 – t hlp ɖ Îriś.

Abt 1 miłn Îriś ppl daid v hungr or dziz fṛm 1845 t 1849, n anɖr miłn eṃgretd.

In 1995 Mẹri Robinsn, Îrḷnd’z ɖen prezidnt, viẓtd Ocḷhoma t ʈanc ɖ Ćoctwz, a pilgṛmij rpitd bî Lio Vradcr, ɖ taoiseach, in 2018.

An ǎtdor sculpćr tîtld Đ Cindrid Spirits in Midltn, cǎnti Corc, cmeṃrets ɖ linc btwn Îrḷnd n Netiv Americnz. Stenlis stīl in ɖ form v īglfeɖrz form a srcl, reprizntñ a gift v a bol v fūd.

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn: Brazil’s President Bolsonaro must ‘drastically change course’ on Covid-19, says The Lancet

Brazil’s President Jair Bolsonaro waves after a meeting at the Ministry of Defense headquarters in Brasilia on Friday. Photograph: Ueslei Marcelino/Reuters
Bṛzil’z Prezidnt Jair Bolsonaro wevz aftr a mītñ at ɖ Miṇstri v Dfns hedqortrz in Bṛziła on Frîde. Foṭgraf: Ueslei Marcelino/Rôtrz

Bṛzil’z Prezidnt Bolsonaro mst ‘drasticli ćenj cors’ on Covid-19, sz Ɖ Lansit

(Transcription of an article published in the Guardian on 9 May 2020)

Britiś medicl jrnl’z edtorịl sz ɖ Bṛziłn prezidnt’s disrigard fr locdǎn meźrz z daṃjñ

Rôtrz, Saṭde, 9 Me 2020

Ɖ  bigist ʈret t Bṛzil’z abiḷti t s’xesf̣li combat ɖ spred v ɖ c’roṇvîṛs n tacl ɖ unfoldñ public-hlʈ crîsis z ɖ cuntri’z prezidnt, Jair Bolsonaro, acordñ t ɖ Britiś medicl jrnl Ɖ Lansit.

In an edtorịl, Ɖ Lansit sd hiz disrigard fr n flǎtñ v locdǎn meźrz wz sǒwñ cnfyźn acrs Bṛzil, ẃć rportd a record numbr v Covid-19 deʈs on Frîde, n z fast imrjñ az wn v ɖ wrld’z c’roṇvîṛs hotspots.

Bṛzil’z hlʈmiṇstri on Frîde rejistrd 10,222 ny cnfrmd cesz v ɖ c’roṇvîṛs n 751 rletd deʈs, bìtñ ɖ prīvịs record v 615. Ɖt bròt ɖ totl v cnfrmd cesz in Bṛzil t 145,328 n deʈs t 9,897, ɖ most dedli ǎtbrec in an imrjñ-marcit neśn.

Bolsonaro, a formr armicaptin, z bcmñ incrisñli hamstruñ bî p’liticl crîsis folowñ hiz rīsnt sacñ v popylr hlʈministr Luiz Henrique Mandetta n ɖ reẓgneśn v justisministr Sergio Moro, Ɖ Lansit sd.

“Ɖ ćalinj z ultiṃtli p’liticl, rqîrñ cntinẏs ingejmnt bî Bṛziłn ssayti az a hol. Bṛzil az a cuntri mst cm tgɖr t gv a clir ansr t ɖ ‘So ẃt?’ bî its Prezidnt. H nīdz t drasticli ćenj cors or mst b ɖ nxt t g,” ɖ edtorịl sd.

In rspons t a jrṇlist’s qsćn last wīc abt ɖ record numbr v deʈs fṛm c’roṇvîṛs, Bolsonaro sd: “So ẃt? I’m sori, bt ẃt d y wont m t d?”

Bolsonaro’z pres-ofis dclînd t coment on ɖ Lansit edtorịl. On Frîde, ɖ prezidnt sd h pland t hv 30 frendz ovr t ɖ preẓdnśl palis fr a barḅk. Lêtr in ɖ de, h joct ɖt h me xtnd ɖ invteśn t ʈǎzndz mor, includñ p’liticl s’portrz n membrz v ɖ pres.

A rport bî Impirịl Colij Lundn publiśt on Frîde śoud ɖt “ɖ eṗdemic z nt yt cntrold n wl cntiny t gro” in Bṛzil, in starc contrast t parts v Yṛp n Eźa, ẃr inforst locdǎnz hv hd s’xes.

“Ẃl ɖ Bṛziłn eṗdemic z stl reḷtivli nesnt on a naśnl scel, ǎr rzults sjst ɖt frɖr ax́n z nīdd t limit spred n privnt hlʈsistm oṿlod,” ɖ Impirịl Colij rport sd.

In its edtorịl, Ɖ Lansit notd ćaḷnjz Bṛzil fest. Abt 13 miłn Bṛziłnz liv in śantitǎn “fvelaz”, ẃr hîjīnrec̣mndeśnz n fizicl distnsñ r nir imposbl t folo.

Ɖ cuntri’z indijṇs popyleśn wz olso undr “svir ʈret” īvn bfr ɖ Covid-19 ǎtbrec dy t ɖ guvnmnt trnñ a blînd î t or īvn incuṛjñ ilīgl mînñ n logñ in ɖ Aṃzn renforist.

“Ɖz logrz n mainrz nǎ risc brññ Covid-19 t rmot popyleśnz,” it sd.

Most v Bṛzil’z 27 stet n district guvnmnts r tecñ ɖ ʈret v ɖ vîṛs mor sirịsli ɖn Bolsonaro.

On Frîde, ɖ guvnmnt v São Paulo, Bṛzil’z most popyḷs stet, xtndd manḍtri qoṛntīn-ordrz ʈru t 31 Me. Ɖe hd bn scedyld t xpîr on 11 Me.

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn: The Murdoch media’s China coronavirus conspiracy has one aim: get Trump re-elected

On the China coronavirus lab conspiracy, ‘let’s be clear: Murdoch is campaigning full-bore for Trump,’ the former Australian prime minister Kevin Rudd writes. Photograph: Mike Bowers/The Guardian
On ɖ Ćîna c’roṇvîṛs lab cnspiṛsi, ‘let’s b clir: Mrdoc z campenñ fl-bòr fr Trump,’ ɖ formr Ostrełn prîm̦inistr Cevin Rudd raits. Foṭgraf: Mîc Bǎrz/Ɖ Gardịn

Ɖ Mrdoc mīdia’z Ćîna c’roṇvîṛs cnspiṛsi hz wn em: gt Trump riilectd

(Transcription of an article published in the Guardian on 8 May 2020)

Nyz Corp z campenñ fl-bòr fr ɖ YS prezidnt, wɖ rports v a Wūhan lab ‘intelijns’ dosie biyñ sīdd acrs its empîr

Cevin Rud, Frîde 8 Me 2020

In libṛl dmocṛsiz, ɖ integṛti, imparśiaḷti n pṛfeśṇlizm v intelijns-ejnsiz matrz. Ɖt’s ẃ it z isnśl ɖt intelijns-ejnsiz rmen alūf, nt onli fṛm ɖ p’liticl dbets v ɖ de, bt olso fṛm ɖ poḷsi-dsiźnz ɖt indivijl guvnmnts me tec. Ɖ intelijns-cḿṇti’z cor tasc z t pṛvîd brūṭli rịlistic anaḷsis on ɖ ʈret-invîrnmnts w fes so ɖt guvnmnts cn ɖen mc ɖ bst-informd poḷsi-dsiźnz poṣbl t prizrv ǎr comn s’kṛti.

Ɖ fełrz v ɖ intelijns-cḿṇti bfr ɖ Irac wor, ɖ guḷbiḷti v mć v ɖ wstn mīdia, az wel az ɖ sinicl mnipyleśn v bʈ bî ɖ p’liticl clas v ɖ de, pṛvîd s wɖ a starc rmîndr v ẃt cn g radicli roñ. On 8 Sptmbr 2002 ɖ Ny Yorc Tîmz publiśt wn v ɖs snćri’z most conṣqnśl nyz-articlz. Ɖ fruntpej stori, s’plaid bî ɖ Bś admiṇstreśn, clemd ɖt Sadam Hŭsein hd stept p hiz qst fr wepnz v mas dstrux́n bî aqîrñ ci cmponnts fr a ńclir wepn. In ɖ YC, ɖ Bler guvnmnt’s “doji dosie” cmpǎndd ɖ err. Jon Hawd dd ɖ sem in Ostreła. Ɖ probḷm wz ɖt it jst wz’nt tru. Ɖz wr oṿegd storiz dzînd t sofn ɖ public p fr ẃt wd bcm a dzastṛs wor.

Ɖ inveźn v Irac in Marć 2003 casts a loñ śado. Hundṛdz v ʈǎzndz v ppl wr cild, frst in ɖ inveźn, ɖen ɖ insywñ ceos, ɖen in ɖ rîz n fōl v Izlamic Stet. It streñʈnd Iran’z hand in bʈ Irac n Siria. It cntribytd t a masiv ǎtflo v refyjīz acrs ɖ wrld, a factr in ɖ rsrjns v ɖ far rît acrs Yṛp. N Wośñtn hz spent nirli tū decedz trapt in a Midl Īstn mes v its ǒn mcñ, dvrtñ mć v its atnśn fṛm Ćîna’z rījnl n globl rîz.

Laiz wr rportd az facts. Creḍbl sceptics wr dǎnpleid, ignord or atact az unpatriotic “apizrz”. Ɖ ʈril v landñ a big “stori” oṿtc ɖ mīdia’z funḍmntl dyti t privnt ɖ public fṛm biyñ dsivd. Jrṇlists hu b’livd ɖe wr muṣlñ p t a lūmñ s’kṛtiʈret trnd ǎt t b wrcñ instd agnst ɖer ǒn cuntriz’ loñ-trm inṭrests. N in ol ɖs ɖ Mrdoc mīdia wr līdñ ɖ pac acrs ɖ anglosfir az ɖ unrilentñ ćirlīdrz fr wor – n viḷfayñ ɖoz, lîc m, hu opozd it.

Donald Trump and Rupert Murdoch. Photograph: Carlo Allegri/Reuters
Doṇld Trump n Rūṗt Mrdoc. Foṭgraf: Carlo Alegri/Rôtrz

Ɖs brñz s t ɖ Covid-19 pandemic n ɖ public hlʈ n ic̣nomic mêhem it hz unlīśt acrs ɖ glob. Ɖ śir magṇtyd v ɖ damij mīnz ɖt ɖ ppl v ɖ wrld hv evri rît t nǒ hǎ ɖs cem abt. Ẃɖr Ćîna’z ny clas v “wlfworịr” dipḷmats cer t rec̣gnîz it or nt, ɖr r funḍmntl qsćnz w cn ol ljitṃtli dmand ansrz t. Ɖz includ ɖ oṛjin v ɖ vîṛs in Wūhan; ẃɖr ɖ rliist jnetic evidns v ɖ ǎtbrec hz bn proprli prizrvd fr indipndnt rsrć; ɖ denjr v wîldlîf “wet marcits” in ɖ trnzmiśn v sć vîṛsz; ẃt dlez ocŕd in noṭfayñ sntṛl oʈoṛtiz; ẃ sm locl medicl staf wr îɖr sîḷnst or puniśt; ẃt dle ocŕd in noṭfayñ ɖ Wrld Hlʈ Orġnîześn v hymn-t-hymn trnzmiśn, gvn Ćîna’z obḷgeśnz undr ɖ reḷvnt inṭnaśnl hlʈreğleśnz. Ɖr r olso funḍmntl qsćnz on ẃɖr ɖ WHO proprli dsćarjd its mandet t pṛvîd clir n rli wornñz t ɖ inṭnaśnl cḿṇti. N ẃɖr naśnl guvnmnts tc ol nesṣri ax́nz t priper fr ɖ vîṛs rīćñ ɖer ǒn śorz, or ẃɖr ɖz wornñz wr ifctivli ignord – az apirz t hv bn ɖ ces in ɖ YS.

Bt amd ol ɖz qsćnz, n ɖ paṛlel dbet abt ɖ mec̣nizm nǎ nīdd t conduct an ifctiv inṭnaśnl inqîri, w sudnli hv a yṇlatṛl decḷreśn bî ɖ YS prezidnt n hiz secṛtri v stet ɖt ɖ bodi v evidns oṿẃlmñli pônts t ɖ vîṛs hvñ līct fṛm ɖ Wūhan Insttyt v Viroḷji, ẃr rsrćprojects hv bn undr we intu verịs caṭgriz v c’roṇvîṛs bòrn bî bats. Ɖe clem a “hî dgri v confidns” in ɖs ʈiyri, sáitñ cmpelñ bt az-yt undisclozd evidns – dspt ɖ YS d’rectr v naśnl intelijns iśuwñ a rer public stetmnt dspaṛjñ ɖs ʈiyri.

Entr ɖ “globl xclūsiv” stori v Rūṗt Mrdoc’s Ostrełn Dêli Teḷgraf last wīc-end, hedlînd “Ćîna’z bati sayns – bomśel dosie lez ǎt ɖ ces agnst ɖ Ppl’z Rpublic”. Ɖ pepr clemz t hv bn līct a 15-pej rsrćdosie priperd bî uņemd “wstn guvnmnts” on ɖ Ćînīz guvnmnt’s culpbiḷti fr ɖ ǎtbrec. Ɖ clir infṛns fṛm ɖ Teḷgraf rport z ɖt ɖ dokmnt wz priperd bî ɖ “Fîv Îz” intelijns-cḿṇti lincñ ɖ YS, YC, Ostrełn, Cnedịn n Ny Zīḷnd intelijnșrṿsz. Uɖr Mrdoc jrṇlists, rīriportñ ɖ stori, hv xpresli stetd it wz a Fîv Îz dokmnt. Ẃl ɖ articl itslf śîz awe fṛm stetñ xpliṣtli ɖ dokmnt’s oʈrśp, ɖ nyzpepr gz on t dītel a numbr v invstgetri ax́nz biyñ unḍtecn bî ɖ Fîv Îz t nêl ɖ Ćînīz stet’s rsponsbiḷti.

Ɖ most criticl part v ɖ Teḷgraf nyzpepr rport dīlz wɖ apaṛnt dviźnz amñ ɖ wîdr intelijns-cḿṇti on ɖ oʈntiṣti v ɖ “Wūhan l’boṛtri līc” ʈīsis. N it’s hir ɖt Mrdoc’s pepr bcmz xplisit in its asrśn ɖt ɖ Fîv Îz rsrćdosie hlps vaḷdet ɖ az-yt-unpruvn clem bî Doṇld Trump n Mîc Pompeo ɖt ɖ vîṛs wz “invntd” at ɖ Wūhan l’boṛtri. Ɖ articl n asośietd storiz r lêst wɖ culrfl rportñ abt Ćînīz “batvîṛs” rsrćrz – “batmen”, “batwimin” n uɖr têlz fṛm ɖ Wūhan batcev. Nnɖles, hvñ dlivrd its p’liticl ordinns in s’port v Trump n Pompeo, ɖ Mrdoc stori cerf̣li n clevrli sīcs t cuvr its tresz bî stetñ rpitidli ɖt nʈñ z yt prūvn abt ɖ l’boṛtrilīc.

Ɖ Mrdoc jrṇlist in qsćn, Śari Marcsn, a fy dez lêtr pops p az ɖ prîm inṭvy on ɖ Mrdoc-ǒnd YS cebl TV netwrc Fox Nyz. Ɖ inṭvywr z nn uɖr ɖn Trump’s prsnl feṿrit, Tucr Carlsn, hu tgɖr wɖ Śōn Haṇti r hiz ćirlīdrz-in-ćīf in ɖ Americn mīdia. Rît on cy, Tucr ćîmz in ɖt ɖ dosie “z ɖ most sbstanśl conf̣meśn v ẃt w’v sspctd ɖt w’v hd so far” n ɖt “bcz it’s a multinaśnl ef̣t I ʈnc it wd b hard t dsmis it az a p’liticl dokmnt”.

Ɖ truʈ z, at ɖs stej, nn v s nǒ dfiṇtivli ẃɖr ɖ vîṛs cem fṛm ɖ Wūhan l’boṛtri. Ɖ bst w cn d z axpt ɖ Ostrełn guvnmnt’s asrśn ɖt ɖs z at bst a 5% posbiḷti. P’liticli, ɖ botm lîn z ɖt ɖ līc v ɖs alejd Fîv Îz intelijnsdosie t ɖ Mrdoc mīdia in Ostreła, bfr biyñ rīsold bac intu ɖ YS p’liticl ōdịns bî ɖ vri sem Mrdoc mīdia, apirz dzînd t bac Trump’s n Pompeo’z clem. Bt ɖs tîm wɖ ɖ add “oʈntiṣti” factr v ɖ dosie biyñ “multinaśnl” n nt jst a norml drop fṛm ɖ Ẃît Hǎs t Fox, ẃć hv bcm a dîm a duzn.

Ɖs z ol abt YS preẓdnśl poḷtics. Ɖr r ʈri iśuz in ɖs campen: Trump’s hanḍlñ v ɖ vîṛs; hǎ t dig ɖ YS ǎt v its vîṛs-indyst ic̣nomic houl; n hu cn b most hardlîn on Ćîna – ɖ Doṇld or “Bêźñ Bîdn”, az ɖ Rpublicnz nǎ sīc t tag hiz Deṃcratic oponnt. Ɖr’z litl els on ɖ tebl. Ɖrfr, yzñ an intelijnslīc pśñ Ćînīz culpbiḷti, lōndrd ʈru a foṛn cuntri, trboćarjd wɖ ɖ creḍbiḷti factr v biyñ an alejd Fîv Îz product, hlps ɖ parṭzan p’liticl cōz. N let’s b clir: Mrdoc z campenñ fl-bòr fr Trump.

Hir r qsćnz nǎ fr ɖ Ostrełn guvnmnt n ptnṣ́li its Fîv Îz partnrz. Frst, wz ɖs an “intelijns” product, or wz it simpli opn-sors mtirịl d’rîvd fṛm inf̣meśn in ɖ public dmen? Secnd, wz it an oʈ̇rîzd Fîv Îz product, or wz it jst priperd in ɖ YS? Ʈrd, hu līct it, gvn ɖt līcñ sć mtirịl z a criminl ofns – az ɖ YS hz md plen in its hanḍlñ v Ćlsi Manñ’z n Jūłn Asānj’z cesz ɖt includd ɖ larj-scel unoʈ̇rîzd rlis v claṣfaid Fîv Îz mtirịl. Wr eni ministrz v ɖ Ostrełn guvnmnt cmplisit in ɖs? Or wz ɖ YS embsi in Canbra involvd? F ɖ Ostrełn guvnmnt z sirịs abt ɖ pṛtx́n v claṣfaid dokmnts, ɖen ẃ hz’nt a fl p’līs-invstgeśn bn cmiśnd? Or z ɖ guvnmnt firfl v ẃt it mt dscuvr f, az z lîcli, ɖ līc hz bn drivn bî p’liticl n ilectṛl inṭrests wɖn ɖ YS.

Ɖ xtnt t ẃć ɖ Ostrełn intelijns-cḿṇti hz sòt t distns itslf fṛm ɖ “dosie” sjsts it dz nt wś t b in eni we drwn intu dmestic poḷtics – îɖr Ostrełn or Americn. Ɖ Britiś intelijns-cḿṇti z rportidli dwñ ɖ sem. Ɖs z gd. Ɖz insttyśnz apir t hv lrnt fṛm ɖ Irac wor fiasco n ɖ p’liticl abys v intelijns-ejnsiz ɖt ocŕd at ɖt tîm. Bt on ɖs qsćn, ɖ bitr lésnz v Irac apir t hv bn lost on Trump n ɖ Mrdoc empîr ɖt s’ports him.

Ćîna hz mć t ansr fr, includñ ɖ ultiṃt oṛjinz v ɖ vîṛs. Bt f Trump’s clem in ɖ Wūhan l’boṛtri sāga ultiṃtli endz p biyñ dspruvn, îɖr bî ɖ Fîv Îz or bî YS intelijns itslf, ɖen ɖ îṛni z ɖt ɖ net p’liticl winr wl b Ćîna. Rmembr ɖ hymilieśn ẃn no WMD wr faund in Irac? Bêźñ wd sīc t xoṇret itslf az a rzult v igrījs preẓdnśl oṿrīć – wns agn edd n abétd bî ɖ Mrdoc mīdia. Ɖs z ẃ ɖ woćwrd v eni sfisṭcetd intelijns-ejnsi z cōśn in indorsñ preṃtyr cncluźnz untl ol ɖ facts r on ɖ tebl.

Instroduction to Ñspel