LYGIA CLARK: ORGANIC PLANES │ Henry Moore Institute, Leeds → 4 January 2015

“Bṛziłn ātist Līža Clāc (1920–88) radicli iṇvetd ɖ rlešnšp btwn ɖ ātobjct n ɖ ōdı̣ns. Ɖ fôc̣s v ɖs xibišn z a sculpčr fṛm 1960, Bicho Pássaro do Espaço (Crīčr Pasñ ʈru Spês), cntxtylîzd bî a siriz v c̣lāžz md in 1957. Cncuṛntli, a sngl ācitcčṛl-scêl sculpčr bî Clāc, Fantastc Ācitecčr I, z on dsple untl ɖ end v Octobr at Henri Mur’z fwmr hom n stydio in rṛl Hātfdšr.

Clāc’s grând-brêcñ wrc hz bcm a refṛns pŷnt fr ātists pšñ ɖ limits v sculpčr tde. Hr aproč wz bilt on a snğlr xpirı̣ns ɖt dlivrd oʈršp t ɖ spectetr n sōt t brêc ɖ spês btwn ɖ ātwrc n pspšn. Ɖs fôc̣st xibišn gvz a snapšot v ɖ mmnt ẇn hr practis muvd fṛm ɖ wōl t ɖ hand.

Ɖ ʈri sqr c̣lāžz, Planos em superfície modulada (Pleinz in Modyletd Srfis, 1957) pš at ɖ limits v ɖ frem, twistñ ɖ plein intu ʈrīdimenšnl spês, yzñ an actv jioṃtri. Clāc hd a constnt practis v raitñ alñsd mcñ wrc, ẇč includd hîli pṛductv corispondnsz wɖ ɖ ātist Êliu Ŷčisīca (1937-80). Ʈri yirz aftr mcñ ɖz wrcs, in a txt tîtld Ɖ Deʈ v ɖ Plein, š nôtd ɖt ɖ plein wz an invntd consept, drivn bî a hymn dzîr fr baḷns, ẇč š sōt t undu ʈru intywtv, ōganic ʈncñ, anânsñ ɖt dmolišñ ɖ plein az a ṣpwt v xprešn z t gên awerṇs v yṇti az a livñ n ōganic hol.

In 1960, Clāc’s investigešn v ɖ plein dveḷpt in ɖ siriz nôn az Bichos, ẇč trnzlets fṛm Pwčgīz az animlz or crīčrz. Md fṛm hinjd metlplêts, sm srklr, uɖrz horizontl, ɖz objcts wr xplisitli intndd t b handld bî ɖ vywr. Clāc dscrîbz in 1960 ɖt: I gev ɖ nem Bichos t mî wrcs v ɖs pirı̣d bcz ɖer caṛcṭristcs r funḍmnṭli ōganic. Frɖrmr, ɖ hinj btwn ɖ pleinz rmîndz m v a bacbôn. Ɖ arenjmnt v metlplêts dtrminz ɖ pzišnz v ɖ Bicho, ẇč at frst glans sīm unlimitd. Ẇn asct hâ mni muvz a Bicho cn mc, I rplî, “I d’nt nô, bt it nz.”’

Foldd flat, a Bicho z a plein, mnipyletd it bcmz a crīčr wɖ a mînd v its ôn. Sīn bsd ɖ modyletd pleinz, šalo rlifs ɖt slip of ɖ wōl n drōñ in ol ɖt srândz ɖm, Līža Clāc: Ōganic Pleinz priznts ɖ ātist’s iṇṿtv cwl fr intywtv inṭraẋnz wɖ ātwrc. Ovr fifti yirz on, ɖ discws arnd ɖ rlešnšp btwn vywr n objct cntinyz. Ẇlst ɖ vywr z no longr invîtd t tuč ɖz sculpčrz, ɖe wl b rīṗzišnd a nmbr v tîmz jrñ ɖ xibišn t acnolij ɖ spirit v ɖer mcñ.

Clāc’s prôses v mcñ ɖ Bichos muvd fṛm bwlṣwŭd studi, ẇr coōdiṇts r aṇtetd n pland, t mcet, n ɖen t fînl wrc. Jenṛli ɖz wr md bî instruẋn, yzñ a ptklr mtirı̣l t a sṗsific sîz. Ɖ ʈri xamplz on dsple rvil hr rsrč-led prôses, n wr ol md bî Clāc hrslf. Arnd sevnti Bichos wr md in tôtl, n in 1963 Clāc muvd awe fṛm objct-mcñ. In ɖs yir š md wn tîtld Arqitectura fantástica (Fantastc Ācitecčr), ẇč wz intndd t b scêld p t ɖ sîz v a bildñ. Impsbl in hr ôn lîftîm, ɖs ambišn wz riylîzd in 2013. Untl ɖ end v Octobr ɖs sculpčr wl b on šo at Ɖ Henri Mur Fândešn’z Peri Grīn sait, Mur’z fwmr hom n stydio. In Fantastc Ācitecčr ɖ bodi litṛli entrz ɖ wrc, prīfiğrñ Clāc’s iṇṿtv non-objct ʈncñ ɖt wd folo in ɖ nxt twentīfîv yirz v hr āt-mcñ, drōñ on ol v ɖ sensz.

Līža Clāc: Ōganic Pleinz cntinyz a siriz v studiexibišnz ɖt adres ci sculpčṛl qeščnz ʈru a sngl wrc. It z bracitd bî tu xibišnz in Gaḷriz 1, 2 n 3. Ɖ frst pāt v ɖ xibišn wl brñ ɖ tu most impwtnt Latiṇmericn ātists tgɖr: Gego (Grtrūd Goldšmit, 1912-94) n Līža Clāc. Gego. Lîn az Objct z ɖ frst YC sôlo prezntešn v ɖ Veṇzweḷn ātist, n it trêsz hr studi v ɖ lîn fṛm 1957 t 1991. In ɖ secnd pāt, Clāc z cupld wɖ ɖ grūpexibišn Ɖ Ivnt Sculpčr, ẇč invîts nîn cntmprri ātists t mc ny wrc ɖt drctli adresz ɖ tempṛl nêčr v sculpčr. Ɖs z an xibišn ɖt xplorz sculpčr in ɖ preznt tens: a consept ɖt drctli dirîvz fṛm Clāc’s rsrč.”

GAḶRI WEBSAIT


 

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