Prefixes

A–DE–RS–U

TS = traditional spelling, Ñ = Ñspel

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A–D

UNSTRESSED STRESSED
TS Ñ EXAMPLES Ñ EXAMPLES
agri- agri- agriculćr (ˈagriˌculture)
anti- anti anticlericl (ˌantiˈclerical)
anti- anti-ejñ (ˌanti-ˈageing)
be- b- b’lif (beˈlief)
bene- bne- bnevḷnt (beˈnevolent)
beṇ- beṇfit (ˈbenefit)
mis- bî- bîlinĝl (biˈlingual)
bîańl (biˈannual)
bio- bîo– bîo-cemist (ˌbioˈchemist)
bîo- bîogṛfi (biˈography)
cardio- cardio- cardioḷji (ˌcardiˈology)
cardị- cardịgram (ˈcardiogram)
com- cm- cmpoz (comˈpose) com- compziśn (ˌcompoˈsition)
con- cn- cnsil (conˈceal) con- conectivti (ˌconnecˈtivity)
contra- contṛ- contṛdict (ˌcontraˈdict)
contṛindiceśn (ˌcontraindiˈcation)
contr- contrri (ˈcontrary)
de- d- dbet (deˈbate) di- diactivet (ˌdeˈactivate)
dī- dītur (ˈdetour)
de- despṛt (ˈdesperate)
dia- day- daygram (ˈdiagram)
dîa- dîaġnl (diˈagonal)
dạ- dạgṛmatc (ˌdiagraˈmmatic)
dis- ds- dstract (disˈtract) dis- disc̣nct (ˌdiscoˈnnect)
dis’gri (ˌdisaˈgree)
dis’be (ˌdisoˈbey)

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E–R

UNSTRESSED STRESSED
TS Ñ EXAMPLES Ñ EXAMPLES
e- i- ilect (eˈlect) e- eminnt (ˈeminent)
ex- x- xtrim (exˈtreme) x- xḷnt (ˈexcellent)
xaɉret (exˈaggerate)
grand- gran- granćîld (ˈgrandchild)
il- il- ilisit (iˈllicit) il- iḷstret (ˈillustrate)
im- im- imposbl (imˈpossible) im- iṃnnt (ˈimmanent)
in- in- intns (inˈtense) in- incum (ˈincome)
inept (inˈept) in’biḷti (ˌinaˈbility)
inter- inṭ- inṭnaśnl (ˌinterˈnational)
intr intr-act (ˌinterˈact)
intra- intra- intra-net (ˈintranet)
intro- intṛ- intṛdys (ˌintroˈduce)
ir- ir- irilijs (ˌirreˈligious)
micro- mîcro- mîcrocozm (ˈmicrocosm)
macro- macro- macrocozm (ˈmacrocosm)
magni- magṇ- magṇfî (ˌmagnify)
magni- magnif̣ceśn (ˌmagnifiˈcation)
mgni- mgnifisnt (magˈnificent)
mis- ms- mstec (misˈtake) mis- miscnsiv (ˌmisconˈceive)
mis’propriet (ˌmisaˈppropriate)
mono- moṇ- moṇrel (ˈmonorail)
mno- mnoṗli (moˈnopoly)
multi- multi- multifaṣtd (ˌmulti-ˈfaceted)
multipl (ˈmultiple)
multi-eʈnic (ˌmultiˈethnic)
neo- nīo- nīogoʈic (ˌneoˈgothic)
nio- nioḷjizm (neˈologism)
nị- nịliʈic (ˌneoˈlithic)
non- non- nonsns (ˈnonsense)
non’greśn (ˌnonaˈggression)
non-cmplayns (ˌnon-comˈpliance)
ob- ob- obe (oˈbey) ob- obstiṇt (ˈobstinate)
objct (obˈject – v.) objict (ˈobject – n.)
over- oṿ- oṿcum (ˌoverˈcome)
ovr- ovr-īgr (ˌoverˈeager)
ovr’ćiv (ˌover-aˈchieve)
per- p- pmiśn (perˈmission) pr- prṃnnt (ˈpermanent)
p’r- p’reńl (peˈrennial)
poly- poli- politecnic (ˌpolyˈtechnic)
poli- poli-unsaćret (ˌpolyunˈsaturate)
post- ps- pspon (postˈpone) pôs- posmodn (ˌpostˈmodern)
pôst- postopṛtiv (ˌpostˈoperative)
pre- pri- priemt (preˈempt) prī- prīvy (ˈpreview)
pro- pṛ- pṛgresiv (proˈgressive) pro- progres (ˈprogress)
quad- qod- qodrilatṛl (ˌquadriˈlateral)
re- r- rform (reˈform) re- reẓrect (ˌresuˈrrect)
ri- ri’ses (ˌreaˈssess)
rī- rīdiscuvr (ˌredisˈcover)

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S–U

UNSTRESSED STRESSED
TS Ñ EXAMPLES Ñ EXAMPLES
self- slf- slf-dnîl (ˌself-deˈnial)
slf’pýntd (ˌself-aˈppointed)
semi- semi- semisrcl (ˌsemiˈcircle)
semi-ōtoṇms (ˌsemiauˈtonomous)
sub- sb- sbjct (subˈject – v.) sub- subjict (ˈsubject – n.)
super- sūṗ- sūṗvîz (ˈsupervise)
sūpr- sūpr’bundns (ˌsuperaˈbundance)
trans- trns- trnsform (transˈform) trans- transfmeśn (ˌtransforˈmation)
trnz- trnziśn (tranˈsition) tranz- trantv (ˈtransitive)
tri- trî- trîanğlr (triˈangular) trî- trîangl (ˈtriangle)
under- und- undstand (ˌunderˈstand)
undr- undr-estimet (ˌunderˈestimate)
undr’ćiv (ˌunderaˈchieve)
uni- yni- ynivrs (ˈuniverse)

Note: Unstressed prefixes where the vowel sound varies between /ɪ/ and /ə/ are shown as representing /ə/ when initial, and /ɪ/ when not, eg. dfit (defeat) and undifitd (undefeated), rsponsbl (responsible) and irisponsbl (irresponsible).

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