Short Forms

(adj. = adjective, adv. = adverb, conj. = conjunction, prep. = preposition, v. = verb)

ÑSPEL

TRADITIONAL SPELLING

abt, abv, acrs, ahd, alñ, alñsd, amd, amdst, amñ, amñst, arnd

about, above, across, ahead, along, alongside, amid, amidst, among, amongst, around

aftnn

afternoon

aftwdz

afterwards

anɖr

another

ǎrslvz, yrslvz, ɖmslvz

ourselves, yourselves, themselves

ǎtsd, insd

outside – adv., inside – adv.

b, z, śl, wl, r, wr, wz, bn

be, is, shall, will (modal v.), are, were, was, been

bcwd, bcwdz, fwd, fwdz

backward, backwards, foreward, forewards

bcz

because

bfr, bhnd, bnʈ, bsd, bsdz, btwn, bynd, asd, undnʈ

before, behind, beneath, beside, besides, between, beyond, aside, underneath

ć,

each, both

cm, bcm

come, become

cn

can – v.

cnd

kind (= type)

d, dz, dwñ, dd, dn

do, does, doing, did, done

dspt

despite

ɖ

the

ɖn

than

ɖnsfʈ, hnsfʈ, ẃnsfʈ

thenceforth, henceforth, whenceforth

ɖr, ɖrbî, ɖrfr, ɖr-in, ɖr-on, ɖr’pn

there, thereby, therefore, therein, thereon, thereupon

ɖs, ɖt, ɖz

this, that, these

enbdi, evrbdi, smbdi, nbdi

anybody, everybody, somebody, nobody

enhǎ, smhǎ

anyhow, somehow

enʈñ, evrʈñ, nʈñ, smʈñ

anything, everything, nothing, something

enwn, evrwn, nwn, smwn

anyone, everyone, no-one, someone

enẃr, elsẃr, evrẃr, nẃr, smẃr

anywhere, elsewhere, everywhere, nowhere, somewhere

evrde

everyday

fr

for

, fʈwɖ

forth, forthwith

g, gz, gwñ, gn

go, goes, gowing, gone

gt, gts, gtñ

get, gets, getting

gv, gvz, gvñ, gvn

give, gives, giving, given

hns, ẃns

hence, whence

hv, hz, hvñ, hd

have, has, had

hvr, ẃćvr, ẃnvr, ẃrvr, ẃtvr

however, whichever, whenever, wherever, whatever

indd, instd

indeed, instead

jrñ

during

jst

just

m, y, s, ɖm

me, you, us, them

mbi, phps

maybe, perhaps

mc, mcs, mcñ, mcr, md

make, makes, making, maker, made

, mni

much, many

mn

main

mnẃl

meanwhile

mslf, yrslf

myself, yourself

mst

must

mt

might – v.

n, bt

and, but

nn, nnɖles

none, nonetheless

nr, nɖr

nor, neither

nt, ntwɖstandñ

not, notwithstanding

nvr, nvɖles

never, nevertheless

nz, nwñ, ň

knows, knowing, knew

olmst, olrdi, olwz

almost, already, always

ppl

people

qc

quick

qt

quite

rɖr

rather

rnd

round – adv.

such

sldm

seldom

sm, smbdi, smhǎ, smtmz, smwn, smẃr

some, somebody, somehow, sometimes, someone, somewhere

sn, snr, snist

soon, sooner, soonest

stl, tl, untl

still – adv., till – conj./prep., until

sz, sd

says, said

t, tgɖr, oltgɖr

to, together, altogether

tlz, tlñ, tld

tells, telling, told

ʈrt

throughout

twd, twdz, untwd

toward, towards, untoward

uɖrwz

otherwise

v

of

vri

very

, ẃć, ẃn, ẃr, ẃt

why, which, when, where, what

wd

would

, wɖǎt, wɖin

with, without, within

ẃɖr

whether

ẃl, ẃlst

while, whilst

wn, wnslf

one, oneself

ẃr, ẃrbî, ẃrvr, ẃrfr, ẃr-in, ẃr-on, ẃr’pn

where, whereby, wherever, wherefore, wherein, whereon, whereupon

wish

ẃt, ẃtvr

what, whatever

y, h, ś, w

you, he, she, we

yr, yrslf, yrslvz

your, yourself, yourselves

yt

yet

Notes:

  1. insd ɖ hǎs (inside the house), but ɖ insîd v ɖ hǎs (the inside of the house)
  2. ǎtsdɖ hǎs (outside the house), but ɖ ǎtsîd v ɖ hǎs (the inside of the house)
  3. cn w d it? (can we do it?), but a can v bīnz (a can of beans)
  4. a strenj cnd v ʈñ (a strange kind of thing), but it wz cînd v y (it was kind of you)
  5. jst a minit (just a minute), but nɖr fer nr just (neither fair nor just)
  6. ɖe mt hv dn it (they might have done it), but mît z rît (might is right)
  7. stl in wɖ a ćans (still in with a chance), but stil wōtrz run dīp (still waters run deep)
  8. nt tl ɖ last momnt (not till the last moment), but t til ɖ fīldz (to till the fields) and plīz pe at ɖ tíl (please pay at the till)
  9. ś wl d it (she will do it), but ś wild it t hapn (she willed it to happen) and last wil n tsṭmnt (last will and testament)
  10. single-letter short forms are written in full in titles, e.g. ABT MI (ABOUT ME), Rîdr Haġd’z Śi (Rider Haggard’s She)

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INTRODUCTION EXAMPLES ALPHABET CONSONANTS VOWELS PREFIXES SUFFIXES VERBAL CONTRACTIONS COMPOUND WORDS HOMOGRAPHS HOMOPHONES