Tag Archives: authoritarianism

In Ñspel │ The Guardian view on Hungary’s election: a dismal day for democracy

‘A corrupt clientelism, partly financed through EU funds, has made Mr Orbán’s friends and allies rich and entrenched his oppressive influence across civil society.’ Photograph: AFP/Getty
‘A c’rupt clịntelizm, partli fînanst ʈru YY fundz, hz md Mr Orbán’z frendz n alîz rić n intrenćt hiz opresiv inflụns acrs sivl ssayti.’ Foṭgraf: AFP/Geti

Ɖ Gardịn vy on Hunġri’z ilex́n: a dizṃl de fr dmocṛsi

(Transcription of an editorial published in the Guardian on Monday 4 April 2022)

Viktor Orbán’z forʈ cnsektiv ilex́nvicṭri wz cruśñ. Bt wns agn it wz an unfer fît

Munde 4 Epril 2022

Ẃt nǎ fr ɖ Yṛpiyn Yńn’z most ćalinjd n compṛmîzd dmocṛsi? Ɖ scel v Viktor Orbán’z forʈ cnsektiv ilex́nvicṭri in Hunġri wz cruśñ, comprihnsiv n unixpctd. Fest fr ɖ frst tîm wɖ a ynîtd opziśn alayns ɖt pt intrnl difṛnsz asd, pridix́nz v a clos rês – or at līst a cmpettiv wn – wr cnfǎndd. On a hî trnǎt, Mr Orbán’z Fidesz parti acć̣li wún a gretr numbr v sīts ɖn it hld prīvịsli ẃl Péter Márki-Zay, ɖ opziśn’z canddet fr prîm̦inistr, feld īvn t win ɖ locl cnstitẏnsi h wz cntstñ. Wns agn, rzistns t Mr Orbán’z brand v oʈoṛterịn, cnsrṿtiv naśṇlizm wz larjli cnfînd t Byḍpest n uɖr ŕbn sntrz.

Ɖs z a rzult ɖt wl b mōrnd in Bruslz n seḷbretd in ɖ Cremlin. Aftr plejñ t cīp Hunġri ǎt v ɖ confṛnteśn btwn ɖ libṛl wst n Vladīmir Pūtin’z Ruśa ovr Ycren, Mr Orbán hz a mandet t obstruct n dsrupt YY atmts t impoz frɖr sañśnz on Mosco. At a tîm ẃn Yṛpiyn yṇti z paṛmǎnt, ɖt z a probḷm ɖt wstn līdrz cn d wɖt. Bt at a stl mor funḍmntl levl, ɖ YY fesz ɖ akt dlema v hǎ t dīl wɖ a membrstet in ẃć deṃcratic normz hv bn flǎtd t sć an xtnt ɖt Mr Orbán’z ōṭcratic rūl apirz un’seḷbl.

Mr Márki-Zay dd nt fît a gd campen, az ɖ opziśn alayns feld t jél. Bt az h pôntd ǎt in a crestfōḷn ilex́ņît adres, ɖs wz enʈñ bt a fer p’liticl fît. Jrñ ɖ cors v 12 yirz in pǎr, Mr Orbán hz dsmantld ćecs n baḷnsz t ɖ xtnt ɖt a propr hírñ fr opziśnvôsz z nǎ imposbl in Hunġri. Brezn jerimanḍrñ v ilectṛl districts – n a hyj dspaṛti in campen rzorsz – hv gṛtescli skd ɖ p’liticl map in fevr v Fidesz. In 2018 ɖ Orġnîześn fr S’kṛti n Cooṗreśn in Yṛp dscrîbd ɖ cuntri’z ilex́nz az “fri bt nt fer”.

Indipndnt mīdia hv bn forst ǎt v biznis or tecn ovr bî guvnmnt-frendli bayrz, ẃl stetmīdia bérli g ʈru ɖ mośnz v prizntñ a baḷnst dbet. Last munʈ, wn stet teḷviźnćanl brōdcast a 30-minit adres bî Mr Orbán nîn tîmz in ɖ spes v 24 aurz. Bî contrast, Mr Márki-Zay wz grantd a totl v fîv minits’ ertîm on stețeḷviźn jrñ ɖ ilex́ncampen. A c’rupt clịntelizm, partli fînanst ʈru YY fundz, hz md Mr Orbán’z frendz n alîz rić n intrenćt hiz opresiv inflụns acrs sivl ssayti.

Cnfruntd wɖ a membrstet ɖt riscs bcmñ a dmocṛsi in nem onli – n ẃr p’liticl opziśn fṛm wɖn fesz un’xptbl obsṭclz – preśr fṛm wɖt mst b mor robustli xrtd. Ɖ YY hz frozn Covid rcuṿrifund pemnts t Hunġri, amǎntñ t 5% v GDP, ovr c’rupśncnsrnz. In ɖ absns v a jenyin cmitmnt t rform in Byḍpest, ɖt muni śd nt b fʈcmñ. Bruslz śd olso mc it clir t Mr Orbán ɖt a ny lw tayñ YY fundz t cmplayns wɖ deṃcratic normz wl b rigṛsli inforst. B’letidli, it mst b md clir ɖt a sbstanśl prîs wl b peid fr trītñ ɖ besic prínsiplz v YY membrśp wɖ cntmt. Aftr ɖ poulz clozd, Mr Orbán xultd at a win “so big ɖt y cn si it fṛm ɖ mūn, n y cn srtnli si it fṛm Bruslz”. Ɖ YY śd nt alǎ him ɖ last wrd.

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm ɖ Gardịn │ Reckless, Trumpian leadership is losing Johnson allies. It should lose him his job

Illustration by Nate Kitch

Reclis, Trumpịn līdrśp z luzñ Jonsn alîz. It śd lūz him hiz job

(Transcription of a Guardian article of 4 February 2022)

Ɖ reẓgneśnz v Mnira Mrza n uɖr eidz śd galṿnîz Tori MPz t d ẃt ɖe mst nǎ d

Martin Kettle

Martin Cetl, Frîde 4 Febrri 2022

In raitñ abt poḷtics y cn îɖr trî t xplen ẃt y ʈnc z haṗnñ or y cn se ẃt y ʈnc śd hapn. Rît nǎ, ɖr z a cmplit cnvrjns btwn ɖ tū. Boris Jonsn’z premịrśp z on ɖ slîd, irivrsbli so. Ɖ qsćn z nt ẃɖr Jonsn wl g. It z ẃn n hǎ – n ẃt wl cm aftr.

Simlteńsli it z incrisñli plen ɖt Jonsn śd g. Sm tec ɖs vy fr parṭzan rīznz or bcz Jonsn’z prṣnaḷti apōlz ɖm. Fer inuf. Bt ɖt’s nt mî arğmnt hir. Ɖr z olso an xtrimli pǎrfl Cnsrṿtiv ces agnst him rmenñ. In ɖ end, ɖs wl b dsîsiv, bcz h wl g onli f it z in ɖ Tori parti’z inṭrest; nwn els’z.

Hvr ɖ mn rīzn ẃ Jonsn śd dpart z nǎ moṛl, sstemic n guvnmntl, rɖr ɖn p’liticl. Hiz incrisñli reclis, n īvn Trumpịn, rspons t it hz nǎ léd t ɖ reẓgneśn v Mnira Mrza, Nu 10’z poḷsićīf, hu dscrîbd a rīsnt atac on Cir Starmr az bynd “ɖ norml cut n ʈrust v poḷtics”. It’s abt ɖ we ɖ cuṛnt crîsis śoz hǎ h siz hiz job, n abt ɖ we h dz it. H siz himslf az abv ɖ sistm. H śd nt. Hiz aproć canot cǒixist fr mć longr wɖ biyñ a prîm̦inistr v a stebl n hlʈi parḷmntri dmocṛsi. Ɖr z tù mć at stec.

Mć hz bn sd ɖs wīc abt hǎ ɖ denjrz t Jonsn’z pziśn me hv liftd a litl. Ɖt me b tru in ɖ śort run, olɖo evri tîm enwn sz ɖs a ny denjr pops p. In ɖ longr trm, ɖ denjr z az gret az evr. Ɖ simpl bt pṛfǎnd truʈ z ɖt ɖ lw z abv Jonsn, nt ɖ uɖr we arnd. Az Cir Starmr hintd ɖs wīc, ɖ p’līs invstgeśn me yt end in ɖ cnvix́n v a prîm̦inistr, an ivnt wɖt modn presidnt.

It z clir ɖt Jonsn wd trî t bruś ɖt asd. H apirz redi t argy ɖt a fixt-penlti notis fr a brīć v locdǎn rūlz wd no mor cōl hiz pziśn az prîm̦inistr intu qsćn ɖn a parcñfain. Bt ɖ Tori parti z olmst srtnli nt so far gn ɖt it wd pmit ɖs. Tbays Elẉd’z wrdz ɖs wīc – “W’r betr ɖn ɖs” – wd bcm ɖ raliyñcrî, n rîtli so.

Jonsn z blînd t rūlz n dsmisiv v ɖm. Bt h z olso mor dīvịs abt ẃ ɖe śd nt aplî t him ɖn z smtmz unḍstd. Ɖs z funḍmnṭli bcz h siz himslf az an ōtoṇṃs indivijl unbrdnd bî ɖ obḷgeśnz or cnvnśnz ɖt uɖrz uphold. It mīnz h b’livz rūlz d nt matr, n it mīnz ɖt in guvnmnt h z nt ɖ frst amñ īqlz, az ɖ consttyśnl orʈ̇doxi wd hv it, bt vri mć ɖ frst abv sbordiṇts.

Ɖs z ẃ h hz cnstructd hiz guvnmnt ɖ we h hz, wɖ a cabiṇt cmpozd mnli v sic̣fants n secnd-ordr ministrz; wɖ a sntṛlîzd Nu 10 oṗreśn ɖt ovŗîdz dpartmnts n unḍmainz ɖer īʈos; n wɖ sīńr sivl srvnts, lîc ministrz, tù ofn ćozn fr ɖer defṛns t ɖ man at ɖ sntr rɖr ɖn fr ɖer redinis t argy a ces.

It z olso ẃ Jonsn guvnz nt ʈru hiz cntrol v Ẃîthōl or ɖ Hǎs v Comnz bt ʈru ɖ Nu 10 mīdia oṗreśn. It z ẃ h spendz so mć tîm mcñ foto-oṗtyṇti vizits t hospitlz n cnstrux́nsaits acumṗnid bî hiz sīmñli botmlis dresñ-up box. It z ẃ h bilt ɖ pres-brīfñ swìt in Dǎnñ Strīt. It z ẃ h flù t Kyiv on Tyzde. It z ẃ, in Jecb Rīz-Mog’z hîli rvilñ clem, guvnmnt in ɖ Jonsn ira z mor preẓdnśl ɖn parḷmntri.

Jonsn’z attyd t ɖ miṇstirịl cód ofrz an xampl v ɖs aproć. Starmr asct Jonsn last wīc f ɖ cód aplaid t him. Jonsn rplaid ɖt it dd. Bt ɖr z a gd ces fr sspctñ Jonsn riyli b’livz uɖ̇wz. In ɖ cód, ministrz r subjict t ɖ rūlz, bt ɖ prîm̦inistr himslf z ɖ cód’z arbitr n gardịn. It z h, n h alon, hu dsîdz f ɖr hz bn a brīć.

Jonsn nz ɖs. It z hǎ h ovŗoud hiz standdz’dvîzr in ɖ Priti Ptel bŭliyñces. It z olso ɖ ces h wd mc f Su Gre wr cnvinst in hr fînl rport ɖt h hd laid t parḷmnt. Ɖ īʈos v ɖ cód undǎtidli mīnz ɖt a prîm̦inistr śd rzîn fr layñ. Bt ɖ letr v ɖ cód gvz a prîm̦inistr ɖ riglrūm t clem t b ɖ juj in ɖer ǒn ces.

Ol v ɖs z at wn wɖ ɖ we Jonsn cnducts himslf az ɖ hed v guvnmnt. Consttyśṇli, h oz ɖ prîm̦inistrśp t ɖ s’port v parḷmnt (ẃć z ẃ MPz cn n wl in ɖ end ʈro him ǎt). Bt Jonsn siz ɖ 2019 ilex́nvicṭri az a prsnl mandet ɖt bîpasz MPz. Ɖs z ẃ Rīz-Mog n uɖrz hv clemd ɖt ɖr wd hv t b a jenṛl ilex́n f ɖ Tōriz ćouz ɖmslvz a ny līdr. It z cmplitli untru, bt it z hǎ Jonsn ʈncs v it.

Smʈñ similr srfist agn in Jonsn’z rvilñ rspons t Gre’z inṭrim rport ɖs wīc. In ɖ fes v Gre’z fîndñ v “fełrz v līdrśp n jujmnt”, Jonsn anǎnst ɖt “I gt it n I wl fix it.” Bt h dz’nt n h w’nt. Bīfñ p ɖ Nu 10 oṗreśn n sntṛlîzñ guvnmnt arnd himslf īvn mor frmli r ɖ oṗzit v ẃt h nīdz t d.

Ɖs wīc’s “leṿlñ p” ẃît pepr pṛvîdd an xampl v anɖr sstemic felñ in Jonsn’z soḷpsistic aproć t guvnmnt. Mc no mstec, leṿlñ-up z n cd b a big îdīa. Ptnṣ́li it z az big an îdīa az Brexit in its importns t sstenñ ɖ ilectṛl ri’lînmnt ɖt Jonsn aćivd in 2019.

Bt ɖ ẃît pepr śoz ɖt leṿlñ-up z stl mor v a frêz ɖn a poḷsi, rɖr az Brexit olso wz. Ɖ planz d nt cm clos t adresñ ɖ scel n intric̣si v ɖ probḷmz involvd in ɖ neśn’z iniqoḷtiz n unīvn oṗtyṇtiz. Wɖt ny muni, amd larj dosz v Ʈatć̣rît Tori scepṭsizm on ɖ bacbnćz, n hamprd bî Jonsn’z prefṛns fr pforṃtiv rɖr ɖn ifctiv preẓdnṣ́lizm, it wl nt d ɖ job îɖr ic̣nomicli or p’liticli.

Jonsn oz hiz prîm̦inistrśp t runñ agnst Britn’z guṿnñsistm. Bt at no tîm hz h hd an oltrṇtiv sistm t pt in ples fr ćenjñ Britn – bynd himslf n hiz pformns. H z nǎ duḅlñ dǎn on ɖt sem aproć, īvn ɖo it wl mc ol ɖ probḷmz wrs. Ɖs z nǎ an irepṛbli dstructiv prîm̦inistrśp, nt jst t Jonsn n hiz parti, bt t guvnmnt mor jenṛli, t ɖ public’s nīdz, t ɖ cuntri’z repyteśn n īvn t ɖ svîvl v ɖ stet.

• Martin Cetl z a Gardịn coḷmnist

***

MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel