Tag Archives: Brexit

Fṛm Đ Gardịn │ Brexit’s Mr Pooter may not survive his dispute with Cummings

‘A litl misunḍstandñ’: Jonsn n Cumñz in Dǎnñ Strīt, 2019. Foṭgraf: Daniel Leal-Olivas/AFP/Geti Iṃjz

Brexit’s Mr Pūtr me nt svîv hiz dspyt wɖ Cumñz

(Transcription of a Guardian article of 2 May 2021)

Boris Jonsn n hiz formr eid r loct in a rleśnśp ɖt z stl hvñ daṃjñ consiqnsz fr ol v s

William Keegan

Wiłm Cīgn, 2 May 2021

Bfr h muvd on t lowr ʈñz, Boris Jonsn livd in ǎr nebrhd, jst of ɖ Hoḷwe Rod in Lundn’z Izlñtn. Anɖr feṃs Islñtońn hu livd of ɖ Hoḷwe Rod wz ɖ fix́nl Mr Pūtr, pṛtaġnist v ɖ Victorịn clasic Dayri v a Nbdi.

Mr. Pūtr’z wîf wz cōld Cári, n hiz clos nebr wnt bî ɖ nem v Cumñz, v hūm on wn oceźn Pūtr raits: “Cumñz n I hv a litl misunḍstandñ.”

Wel, in ɖ gret bc – ẃć I rec̣mnd t enwn hu z tîrd v “strīmñ” n, indd, v ɖs guvnmnt – Cári’z huzbnd n hiz frend Cumñz manij t gt ovr ɖer misunḍstandñ. Hvr, f ɖr z wn ʈñ srtn abt ɖ fōlǎt btwn ɖ Brexitrz v Dǎnñ Strīt, it z ɖt hel hʈ no fyri lîc a Cumñz scornd. It z obvịs ɖt ɖs episod z gwñ t end in tirz; n, az a betñman, I wd nt pt muni on Jonsn’z loñ-trm svîvl – nt līst on acǎnt v ɖ we ɖ f’renzic scilz v ǎr unḍesṭmetd līdr v ɖ opziśn, Cir Starmr, sīm t b cmñ intu ɖer ǒn.

Hvr, ɖr z inuf elsẃr on ɖ subjict v slīz inqîriz n ɖ stnc v c’rupśn ɖt prmiets ɖs guvnmnt. Jonsn n Cumñz me hv fōḷn ǎt, n Devid Camṛn me b p t hiz nec in hiz ǒn slīz inqîriz, bt ɖ foc̣s śd nt b tecn of ɖ imns damij ɖ ʈri v ɖm hv dn t ɖ Britiś icoṇmi, n t ɖ vạbiḷti v ẃt z stl cōld ɖ Ynîtd Cñdm v Gret Britn n Norɖn Îrḷnd.

Camṛn startd ɖ rot, nt jst bî bawñ t ɖ rzisṭbl preśr fr a reḟrendm fṛm ẃt Edẉd Hīʈ yst t cōl, in a dlîtḟli veṇṃs ton, Yroseptics; Camṛn olso wǒḟli mshandld ɖ reḟrendmcampen. Ɖ formr prezidnt v ɖ Yṛpiyn cmiśn, Jean-Claude Juncker, rīsntli rvild in an inṭvy ɖt, nwñ hǎ dstortd ɖ Britiś vy v “Yṛp” hd bcm az a rzult v a larjli Yroscepticl pres, h hd ofrd t xplen t ɖ public ɖ advantjz v ɖ YY n hǎ it riyli wrct.

It me sīm lîc poetic justis ɖt Jonsn n Cumñz hv fōḷn ǎt, bt ɖ ōfl truʈ z ɖt ɖe wún ɖ batl t dminiś ɖs cuntri

Camṛn evidntli trnd ɖs ofr dǎn flat, seyñ h himslf cd handl evrʈñ t pṛdys a sef rzult, wɖ ɖ rzult ɖt, in Juncker’z wrdz, “nwn tld ɖ Britiś public ẃt w agrìd on, se, ɖ fri muvmnt v wrcrz” in Camṛn’z prīreḟrendm ngośieśnz. I agri wɖ Juncker ɖt tù mni membrz v ɖ Britiś public wr “brenwośt” intu votñ Līv – nt v cors bî Camṛn, bt bî ɖ unholi alayns v ɖoz tū formr frendz, Jonsn n Cumñz.

W nǒ ẃt ɖt rzult wz, n w r trayñ t liv wɖ it. A wns gret neśn, huz foṛn poḷsi wz gird t impruvñ ǎr oṿsìz tred, voḷntṛli sînd p fr a hard Brexit, ẃć z hvñ ɖ rvrs ifct n hitñ xports badli. Fṛm ɖ reḟrendm rzult onẉdz, ɖ Britiś icoṇmi’z pformns wz infirịr t ɖt v ɖ rest v ɖ YY, n, nǎ ɖt w hv left, ʈñz r gwñ fṛm bad t wrs, az ol repytbl srvez śo.

Obvịsli ɖr z an ic̣nomic rcuṿri fṛm ɖ impact v s’xesiv locdǎnz on ǎtpt, n ɖ guvnmnt z mcñ ɖ most v ɖt fact. Bt biznis invstmnt hz bn fībl n ɖ ʈnctanc YC in a Ćenjñ Yṛp xpcts Brexit wl in tîm ǎtwei ɖ pandemic in its inhibtñ impact on groʈ.

Fr ɖ momnt ɖ obvịs caźlti z Norɖn Îrḷnd, huz guvnmnt, léd bî ɖ Deṃcratic Yńnist parti (DYP), wz – sori, I canot rzist ɖs – DYPt bî Jonsn.

Az ɖ YY’z ambasdr t ɖ YC sd in an inṭvy wɖ ɖ Insttyt v Guvnmnt last wīc, ɖ Norɖn Îrḷnd proṭcol z nt ɖ probḷm; “ɖ probḷm z Brexit”.

Bt it wz nt jst ɖ DYP hu wr dypt. Tù mni Ñgliś ppl wr dypt tù. It me sīm lîc poetic justis ɖt Jonsn n Cumñz hv fōḷn ǎt, bt ɖ ōfl truʈ z ɖt ɖe acć̣li wún ɖ batl t dminiś ɖs cuntri – wɖ noc-on ifcts fr ɖ YY itslf, huz līdrz nǒ ɖe beṇfitd fṛm ǎr membrśp.

Fir nt: w r tld ɖt ɖs z ɖ most dṛmatic rcuṿri sins 1948 – or z it 1066? Nt dificlt aftr ɖ bigist c’laps fr 200 yirz. Morovr, az Roḅt Ćǒt, formr d’rectr v ɖ Ofis fr Bujit Rsponsbiḷti, pônts ǎt, olɖo ɖr z a fīlñ ɖt ɖ guvnmnt śd b dvotñ a gretr śer v spendñ t public srṿsz, noṭbli hlʈ n sośl cer, “ɖ guvnmnt z cuṛntli pnṣlñ in lowr dīpartmntl spendñ ɖn it dd prīcrîsis”.

Leṿlñ p? Pl ɖ uɖr wn …

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn │ Forget curtains and cash – Johnson’s legacy will be the bitter taste of Brexit

An anti-Brexit protester holds a placard after Boris Johnson drove past to attend prime minister’s questions on Wednesday. Photograph: Matt Dunham/AP
An anti-Brexit pṛtstr holdz a placard aftr Boris Jonsn drouv past t atnd prim̦inistr’z qsćnz on Wenzde. Foṭgraf: Mát Dunm/AP

Fget crtnz n caś – Jonsn’z leġsi wl b ɖ bitr test v Brexit

(Transcription of a Guardian article of 30 April 2021)

Ɖ prim̦inistr hz impeṛld pīs in Norɖn Îrḷnd, n evri de ɖ ic̣nomic fōlǎt wrsnz

Poli Tônbi, 30 Epril 2021

Amd sliṗjz, losz, vaṇśñ invstmnts n xportdrops, ɖ drip, drip v Brexit damij nvr stops. I c’lect xamplz evri wīc, az f picñ p spent mortŗǎndz fṛm a batlfīld. On Wenzde, it wz 450 jobz lost az carparts mańfacćrr Tôoda Gosei priperz t śut facṭriz in Roɖṛm n Swonzi, n rīḷcet t ɖ Ćeh Rpublic.

A breʈtecñ £800 rol v gold wōlpepr dstracts ǎr î. A prim̦inistr hu cōzd tnz v ʈǎzndz v bodiz t pîl hî, ẃl apaṛntli fixñ taxz fr palz n contracts fr croniz, hz ǎr îz ǎt on stōcs. Nwn nz hǎ dīp in sluri Boris Jonsn cn snc n stl swim ǎt.

Bt hisṭri wl record wn gret p’liticl crîm abv ol ɖ uɖrz, hiz tōdri dsoṇstiz mir iluṃneśnz rnd its éjz. Ɖ dlinqnt hu mișold Brexit t haf ɖ neśn wɖ a stardust v fōls proṃsz t s’kr himslf ɖ ʈron wl līv bhnd ɖ Brexit brec̣jz loñ aftr h hz gn.

Ɖ most sirịs so far z impeṛlñ pīs in Norɖn Îrḷnd, az Arlīn Fostr z bròt dǎn bî Brexit’s imposbl contṛdix́nz. Ɖr wr wornñz: tū formr prim̦inistrz spouc in Deri jst bfr ɖ reḟrendm, ẃn Toni Bler sd ɖr “wd hv t b ćecs btwn Norɖn Îrḷnd n ɖ rest v ɖ YC, ẃć wd b plenli un’xptbl”, ẃl Jon Mejr wornd v a “historic mstec” ɖt wd dīsteḅlîz ɖ Gd Frîde agrīmnt. Bt Fostr, an ardnt Brexitr, dsmist ɖs az a “dīpli ofnsiv” rmen scer stori.

Ɖ DYP’s imposbl Brexit stans wl b inheṛtd bî ẃćvr unluci canddet s’xidz hr. Ẃ bac Brexit ẃn Norɖn Îrḷnd wz agnst it n ɖ bordr dlema flaśt a red wornñ? Ẃ bac Boris Jonsn ẃn, v cors, h wd rat on hr wɖ hiz YC-splitñ proṭcol? Ẃ dd’nt ɖ DYP dmand ɖ hol YC ste in ɖ sngl marcit?

Yńnists, lîc tù mni Brítnz, wr bgîld bî ɖt majic wrd sovṛnti: ẃt îṛni ɖt it me nǎ brec ɖ yńn. V ɖs, Jonsn n hiz recñcru ń nʈñ n cerd les. Ɖr wz olwz Cet Hǒi, dǎti yńnist, t cīp proṃsñ: “Brexit w’nt hrt Norɖn Îrḷnd at ol – instd it wl brîtn its fyćr.” Nǎ, in rpost, pṛtstñ agnst ɖ proṭcol, ś clemz ɖt “Norɖn Îrḷnd hz nt got Brexit”.

Jst so. Nwn hz got ẃtvr Brexit ɖe imajind bcz nn wz evr paḷtbl or vaybl. Ɖt wz ɖ craftinis v ɖ līvrz: ɖe nvr sd ẃt cnd v Brexit, bcz eni vrśn wz a cilr. So hir w r wɖ ɖ wrst v ol Brexit dīlz. Nxt wīc’s ilex́nz in Scotḷnd lc srtn t dlivr a naśṇlist mjoṛti: ɖ mor rpeḷnt ɖ Wsminstr Cnsrṿtivz, ɖ mor apilñ Holirūd indipndns. Az ɖ Yṛpiyn parḷmnt indorst Brexit ɖs wīc, Scotiś culćṛl līdrz begd MYPz t welcm Scotḷnd bac intu ɖ YY.

Ɖs wīc līdñ YC arts orġnîześnz rout t Jonsn cōlñ on him t fix ɖ vīza, custmz n wrc-prmit crîsis ɖt privnts ɖm turñ in ɖ YY, pṛvîdñ rnñz ɖe nīd t svîv. Jonsn promist ɖm last munʈ ɖt h wd “fix ɖs”, bt h c’nt “fix” ʈñz, az evri sectr fṛm fiś n fnans t bale begz fr sm “speśl dīl”. Ɖr z no fineġlñ hiz hard Brexit: it’s ɖ sem dīl evri ʈrd cuntri gts. Az ɖ Yṛpiyn cmiśn’z prezidnt, Ursula von der Leyen, strest: “Feʈfl implimnteśn z isnśl.” No wundr ɖ YY parḷmnt add a reẓluśn ɖs wīc rcordñ Brexit az a “historic mstec”.

No big bañz so far, bt Brexit sîḷntli heṃrijz pǎr n muni: far mor ɖn ɖ £350m a wīc on ɖ infṃs bus z lost olrdi, Prof Nîjl Drifīld v Woric Biznișcūl tlz m: £1.3tn olrdi fled fṛm ɖ Siti, ẃl “ɖ dscǎntñ v gílts sins ɖ reḟrendm z wrʈ a hol bus”. JP Morgn’z ĆXO tlz śerholdrz ɖt YY sitiz r tecñ ovr Lundn biznis, n ɖt “Yṛp hz ɖ upr hand”.

Vast lost inwd invstmnt gz unricordd: Prnil Rudlin, a līdñ cnsultnt on Jaṗnīz biznis, tlz m: “Ɖ YC z atractñ fywr ny cumṗniz fṛm Jpan ɖn uɖr cuntriz in Yṛp sins Brexit. Bfr 2016, ɖ YC wz ɖ numbr wn desṭneśn fr Jaṗnīz invstmnt in Yṛp.”

Yesṭde, ɖ Comnz invîrnmnt, fūd n rṛl aferz cmiti cnfrmd ɖ woz v fiśñ n farmñ, az YY imports flud in ẃl YC xports r stuc, wornñ ɖt “bizṇsz wl rīḷcet activti t ɖ YY or stop xportñ t Yṛp”.

Ɖs wīc, tù, Mc YC, reprizntñ mańfacćrrz, rspondd t ofiśl figrz śowñ profits at ɖer lǒist fr mor ɖn a deced, blemñ a “ynīc coctel v srcmstansz” mldñ Covid wɖ Brexit. T tec jst wn xampl, Jemz Grīnm, maṇjñd’rectr v medicl-iqipmnt mcr EMS Fizio, sz h z peyñ a fortyn in ny xportñcosts, n luzñ custmrz: a Swīdiś cumṗni, fîndñ ʈri-de dlivriz arîvñ for wīcs lêt, hz trnd t anɖr s’playr in ɖ Neɖrḷndz. H grits hiz tīʈ in iṛteśn at guvnmnt adz telñ him t tred wɖ Mx̣co instd – ẃr, h sz, ɖr r hyj reğletri hrdlz. “W wr sold a lî.” Evri wīc I c’lect rīmz v ɖz têlz.

Wōlpepr n lîz me brñ Jonsn dǎn, bt Brexit z ɖ crîm agnst ɖ cuntri fr ẃć h wl b fr evr dámd. Rayts n ɖ fōl v Arlīn Fostr impeṛl ɖ pīs agrīmnt in Îrḷnd, n ɖ YC’z brecup z on a nîf éj. A nesṣri trigr wl cm t hand sn fr Lebr t līd ɖ ćarj agnst ɖ bad Brexit dīl. In hiz wîld rant at prim̦inistr’z qsćnz, Jonsn akzd Lebr v votñ agnst it, n mni wś it hd – ɖo btwn a roc n a hard ples, no dīl wz’nt an opśn. Wel bfr ɖ nxt ilex́n, Lebr wl līd ɖ cōz v gîdñ Britn twdz a rtrn t ɖ sngl marcit, n ɖ sefr hêvn v a Norwe s’lūśn.

Poli Tônbi z a Gardịn coḷmnist

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn │ The Brexit elite cannot hope to fool us for much longer

Boris Johnson: vaulting ambition, but varying convictions. Photograph: Getty Images
Boris Jonsn: vōltñ ambiśn, bt vẹriyñ cnvix́nz. Foṭgraf: Geti Iṃjz

Ɖ Brexit ilit canot hop t fūl s fr mć longr

(Transcription of a Guardian article of 4 April 2021)

Ex̣tñ ɖ YY wz nt gd fr Britn. Grīd dd nt brñ s ɖ vaxīn. Jonsn’z naṛtivz wl nt stand ɖ lît v de

William Keegan

Wiłm Cīgn, 4 Epril 2021

Ɖr cn b fy ppl hu hv nt at sm stej in ɖer lîvz felt ɖt ɖe hd bn “tecn fr a rîd” or cond. Yt ɖt, I ʈnc, wl b ɖ dōnñ rịlîześn v a fer pṛporśn v ɖ 37% v ɖ ilectṛt hu – wɖt, in most cesz, hvñ ɖ fentist îdīa v ɖ impḷceśnz – votd on 23 Jūn 2016 t līv ɖ Yṛpiyn Yńn.

Nǎ, yẓ́li, f wn z cond, it z ovr sm reḷtivli mînr matr in ɖ gret scīm v ʈñz, n wn lrnz wn’z lésn. Bt ẃn a sgnificnt part v a cuntri z tecn fr a rîd, it canot b dsmist az a trivịl matr fṛm ẃć it cn īẓli rcuvr.

Sć, I b’liv, z ɖ cndiśn v ɖ YC at ɖ momnt. I rīd ol ɖs stuf abt “Teflon Jonsn” – a prim̦inistr upn hūm ɖ sún nvr sets n t hūm no akześn stics, hvr jusṭfaid. N I nǒ ɖt ɖ Brexitrz r hvñ a “cloʈ v gold” de, luvñ ɖ fact ɖt ɖ unḍstanḍbl obseśn wɖ ɖ Pleg z obskrñ ɖ damij biyñ cōzd bî Brexit – damij ẃć z nt obskr t ɖ ʈǎzndz v smōl n mīdịm-sîzd bizṇsz huz vri fyćr z at stec, mni v ẃć r hvñ t set p oṗreśnz wɖn – ges ẃt – ɖ YY’z sngl marcit.

Nɖr wl it b at ol obskr, ẃn ɖ Covid rstrix́nz r ivnć̣li īzd, t a hol jeṇreśn v yuñ ppl hu hv groun p injoyñ ɖ frīdm t travl, tec Irazṃs scoḷrśps n wrc enẃr in ɖ YY.

At tîmz v naśnl crîsis, it pez t lisn t ɖ gret plêraits. Raitñ in ɖ Ny Stetsmn, Devid Hér mcs ɖ pônt ɖt ɖ riyl culprits in ɖ Brexit fiasco r nt ɖ “red wōl” victimz v an osteṛti-indyst discntnt roñli atribytd t ǎr membrśp v ɖ YY. No: ɖe r cumftbli of membrz v an influenśl ilit. Hér raits: “Ɖ ppl hu wr despṛt t pl Britn awe fṛm its jịgraficl murñz wr az lîcli t b faund in Naitsbrij az in Hartḷpūl. Ɖ līdr v ɖ YC Indipndns Parti, Nîjl Farāj, hu pt ɖ fir v God intu ɖ Cnsrṿtiv parti, wz a stocbrocr. Hiz prinsipl ćirlīdrz wr pres ǒnrz, peid-up membrz v an ilit hu ol livd abrōd: Rūṗt Mrdoc, Lord Roɖ̇mir n ɖ Barcli bruɖrz.”

Ɖe srtnli pt ɖ fir v God intu Devid Camṛn, wɖ hiz il-jujd reḟrendm – n, v cors, vōltñ ambiśn pswedd influenśl poḷtiśnz sć az Jonsn n Gov t g alñ fr ɖ rîd. Ɖen ɖr wr ɖ dludd bt ol-tù-ifctiv odbōlz (hiz ǒn wrd) sć az “Î-Tst” Cumñz, hu argyd ɖt Brexit wd b gd fr ɖ YC’z saynsbes. Unforćṇtli, ɖ rvrs z pruvñ t b ɖ ces. Smwn fr hūm I hv rɖr mor rspct ɖn ɖ igrījs Cumñz z Sr Pōl Nrs, d’rectr v ɖ Fransis Cric Insttyt n a Nobél lorịt. H sz: “Sm v ɖ cuts w’v bn hírñ abt wd b caṭstrofic, īvn existnśl.”

Jst az hlʈ n uɖr isnśl wrcrz hv cm p trumps jrñ ɖ pleg, so Britn’z sayntists hv rizn t ɖ fōr in ɖ impresivli rapid dveḷpmnt v vaxīnz. It śd nvr b fgotn ɖt Jonsn rīsntli dclerd: “Ɖ rīzn w hv ɖ vaxīns’xes z bcz v capiṭlizm, bcz v grīd, mî frendz.” Luc̣li, Jonsn hz hiz eṇmiz wɖn ɖ preznt, larjli godḟsecn, Cnsrṿtiv-Brexit parti n ɖs rmarc wz imīɉtli līct. Ǒ, jst a joc, sd hiz frendz. No, yr onr: I sbmit ɖt ɖs wz ɖ tru Jonsn. At a tîm ẃn h pez lipsrvis t cerrz, ɖ man w hv t cōl prim̦inistr z a d’nt-cerr.

Wêt a minit: Jonsn’s preșecṛtri sz ɖ PM “dz b’liv in ɖ wîdr prínsiplz v integṛti n oṇsti”. V cors! Cocniz hv a trm fr hiz sort: h’z a wîd bô.

Evrwn nz ɖt it wz ɖ NHS n ǎr sayntists hu cem t ɖ resk, nt grīd or capiṭlizm. Morovr, ɖr z nʈñ Britn dd t dveḷp ɖ vaxīn ɖt w cd nt hv dn wɖn ɖ YY. Indd, nwñ az I d hǎ mć Britiś inflụns in Bruslz wz aprīśietd bî uɖr membrstets, I sspct ɖt f w hd rmend insd ɖ yńn w śd hv actd az a beṇfiśnt inflụns, privntñ ɖm fṛm gtñ intu sć a tangl ovr vaxīnz.

In hiz novl Ɖ Ʈri Clarcs, Ánṭni Troḷp rout v ɖ 19ʈ-snć̣ri prim̦inistr Sr Roḅt Pīl: “Psteṛti wl pônt at him az a poḷtiśn wɖt a poḷsi, az a stetsmn wɖt a prínsipl, az a wrśpr at ɖ ōltr v xpīdịnsi, t hūm nɖr vǎz sworn t frendz nr decḷreśnz md t hiz cuntri, wr in eni we bîndñ.’

Rmînd y v enwn? Bt Pīl cnductd sevṛl spectaklr U-trnz, nt līst on ɖ cornlwz n Caʈ̇lic imanṣpeśn. F onli Jonsn wr t d an U-trn on Brexit n, lîc Pīl, pt cuntri bfr parti.

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

In Ñspel: The Guardian view of Brexit: a tragic national error

‘This is a country divided over Europe. We were divided in the past and we will be divided in the future. Getting Brexit done is a fantasy.’ Photograph: Tolga Akmen/AFP/Getty Images
‘Ɖs z a cuntri dvîdd ovr Yṛp. W wr dvîdd in ɖ past n w wl b dvîdd in ɖ fyćr. Gtñ Brexit dn z a fanṭsi.’ Foṭgraf: Tolga Akmen/AFP/Geti Iṃjz

Ɖ Gardịn vy v Brexit: a trajic naśnl err

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 31 December 2020)

Britn z nǎ ǎt v ɖ YY. Bt ɖs z a de v sadnis, nt v glori, fr w śl olwz b part v Yṛp

31 Dsmbr 2020, 23.00 Grenij Mīn Tîm

“N  ɖ ansr z – w’r ǎt.” For n a haf yirz hv pást sins ɖ BBC’z Devid Dimblbi pṛnǎnst ɖ rzult v Britn’z YY ref̣rendm. At 11pm on 31 Dsmbr, hiz wrdz bcem fîṇli n fetf̣li tru. Ɖ Ynîtd Cñdm z nǎ no longr part v ɖ Yṛpiyn Yńn or subjict t its rūlz. W hv clozd ɖ dor n wōct awe. W r on ǎr ǒn. W’r ǎt.

Fr mni in Britn, it z a glorịs de. Dparćr fṛm ɖ YY, fr ɖoz hu wontd it, z a momnt v indipndns rgend, sovṛnti rclemd, n v tecñ bac cntrol. Ɖe hop it wl swīp ɖ Yṛpiyn arğmnt ǎt v Britiś lîf. Ɖe wont it t b, in ɖ prim̦inistr’z wrdz, “a ny ćaptr in ǎr naśnl stori”, ɖ flfilmnt v “ɖ sovrin wś v ɖ Britiś ppl t liv undr ɖer ǒn lwz, md bî ɖer ǒn ilectd parḷmnt”.

Fr uɖrz, 1 Jańri z simpli a momnt v rlif. Ɖ Brexit worz hv lastd et loñ yirz, fṛm ɖ momnt Devid Camṛn cmitd ɖ Cnsrvtivz t a ref̣rendm in Jańri 2013. Īvn Brexit’s iclips bî Covid in 2020 cd nt privnt Yṛp’s rtrn t ɖ hedlînz az 2021 aproćt n ɖ posbiḷti v a no-dīl dparćr agn lūmd. On ɖs, bʈ Boris Jonsn n Cir Starmr spouc az wn on Wenzde. Ɖz arğmnts, ɖe bʈ sd, r ovr.

In wn sns, ɖe r rît. P’liticl partiz mst lc fwd, nt bac. In anɖr sns ɖe r pṛfǎndli roñ. Ɖs z a de v sadnis. Britn’z dparćr rmenz a trajic naśnl err. W hv xpeld ǎrslvz fṛm a yńn ɖt wz gd fr ɖs cuntri n ɖ wrld. Ɖ rǒl v ɖ anti-Yṛpiyn pres in mcñ ɖs hapn wz dsîsiv, so it z smhǎ fitñ ɖt a guvnmnt léd bî jrṇlists hz slamd ɖ dor. Bt at līst ɖ YY cn no longr b blemd fr ǎr cntinywñ tnśnz, iniqoḷtiz n fełrz v guvnns.

Ɖz tnśnz canot b majict awe. Brexit wz opozd bî mjoṛtiz in Scotḷnd, Norɖn Îrḷnd, n Lundn n uɖr sitiz, az wel az bî most yuñ ppl n most grajụts. Nn v ɖt z gwñ t ćenj, ẃtvr ɖ ovr-ol mjoṛti vrdict wz in 2016 n hvr tîrd v ɖ arğmnt w ol me b. Ɖs z a cuntri dvîdd ovr Yṛp. W wr dvîdd in ɖ past n w wl b dvîdd in ɖ fyćr. Gtñ Brexit dn z a fanṭsi. It z a s’pozd s’lūśn ɖt onli criets ny historic probḷmz.

In 2016, mni v ɖ most fnaticl Brexitrz hopt ɖ YC’z dparćr wd trigr ɖ YY’z brecup. Yt tū v ɖ most strîcñ consiqnsz v ɖ vot wr ɖ yṇti v ɖ YY27 in ɖ fes v Brexit cmperd wɖ ɖ growñ disyṇti v ɖ YC4 ovr ɖ iśu. Ɖ brecup v Britn rɖr ɖn ɖ YY z nǎ ɖ mor lîcli prospect. It wd b a teṛbl prîs t pe. Bt ɖ dluźnz ɖt féd n fostrd Brexit stl hv mć v ɖ Cnsrvtiv parti n pres in ɖer grip, az a numbr v glǒtñ spīćz fṛm ɖ Tori bnćz on Wenzde indcetd.

T’rīza Me’z wornñ fṛm ɖoz bnćz pozd a far mor riyl qsćn. W mst nvr alǎ ǎrslvz t ʈnc ɖt sovṛnti mīnz îṣleśnizm or xpśṇlizm, sd Msz Me. W liv in an inṭcnctd wrld, ś add. In sm wez Mr. Jonsn sīmz t unḍstand ɖs. Hiz Comnz spīć spouc v Britn az “ɖ bst frend n alî ɖ YY cd hv”, ẃć phps marct a ćenj v ton. Bt ɖ muvmnt h līdz z nt inṭrestd in alaynsz or compṛmîzz. It fīdz of fanṭsiz v gretnis, ẃć Mr. Jonsn constntli induljz. It feṭli cnfyzz sovṛnti wɖ pǎr.

Brexit z dn – bt it z nt ovr. In ɖ mīdịm trm it līvz bhnd ol manr v sorsz v fyćr conflict fr Britiś poḷtics. Ɖz includ ɖ fîn print v ɖ agrīmnt (ignord oltgɖr in Wenzde’z paṛdi v a scrūṭniproses), ny iṃgreśncntrolz, ɖ menṭnns v reğletri alînmnt, ɖ steṭs v srvis inḍstriz, fiśñ, axes t deṭbesz, dfnscooṗreśn n, phps abv ol, ɖ ambigẏs ples v Norɖn Îrḷnd wɖn ɖ dīl. Ol v ɖz r iṭreśnz v a dīpr truʈ: ɖt w śl nvr sīs t b Yṛpiynz n wl nvr sīs t ingej wɖ Yṛp.

In hiz novl Ɖ Ston Raft, ɖ Porćgīz raitr José Saramago imajinz ɖ Îbirịn pninsyla brecñ fizicli awe fṛm Yṛp at ɖ Piṛnīz n driftñ acrs ɖ wrld’z ośnz in a frūtlis srć fr a ny hom. Tde, Britn cn fīl a bit lîc a meṭforicl ston raft tù. Xpt ɖt ɖ riyl Britn wl rmen ancrd in prṗćuwti acrs ɖ Ćanl fṛm ɖ Yṛpiyn continnt, its pplz, icoṇmiz n culćrz, v ẃć w śl olwz b part – n t ẃć w hop wn de, in sm we, t rtrn.

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

In Ñspel: The Guardian view on the Brexit debate: no scrutiny, no choice

Boris Johnson speaks during the debate in the House of Commons on the EU bill. Photograph: Jessica Taylor/AP
Boris Jonsn spīcs jrñ ɖ dbet in ɖ Hǎs v Comnz on ɖ YY bil. Foṭgraf: Jesica Teilr/AP

Ɖ Gardịn vy on ɖ Brexit dbet: no scrūṭni, no ćôs

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 30 December 2020)

A truncetd parḷmntri seśn, les ɖn 48 aurz bfr ɖ end v ɖ trnziśnpirịd, wz tù litl, tù lêt

30 Dsmbr 2020

In a dámñ asesmnt v Wenzde’z tocn dbet on Boris Jonsn’z Brexit treḑīl, ɖ Hansard Ssayti’s sīńr rsrćr dsmist it az “a fars.” Az wn v ɖ most dpresñ n śambolic pirịdz in Britiś p’liticl hisṭri rīćz a dnūmã, phps ɖt śd hv cm az no s’prîz.

MPz wr alotd fîv aurz t dscus ɖ 1,246-pej trīti, agrìd last wīc, ẃć cmplits Britn’z dparćr fṛm ɖ Yṛpiyn Yńn. Sć a d’rîsri levl v scrūṭni, sd Hansard’z Brijid Fǎlr, wz “an abdceśn v parḷmnt’s consttyśnl rsponsbiḷtiz.” Xudñ insūsịns, ɖ līdr v ɖ Hǎs v Comnz, Jecb Rīz-Mog, qcli rvild ɖ guvnmnt’s cntmt fr sć nośnz. Ɖ riẓbli śort seśn, h tld MPz, wz mirli ɖ “îsñ on ɖ Crisṃs cec ɖt ɖ prim̦inistr dlivrd fr ɖ neśn”. So mć, ɖen, fr ɖ resṭreśn v parḷmntri sovṛnti, ɖ lǒdstar ɖt s’pozidli gîdd ɖ Brexit project. In ɖ absns v eni oltrṇtiv, bar a dzastṛs no-dīl xit on Ny Yir’z De, ɖ Yṛpiyn Yńn (fyćr rleśnśp) bil wz ruśt ʈru bî a mjoṛti v 448. Cogniznt v its mirịd flwz, Mr Jonsn hd gd grǎndz fr wontñ it t b wevd ʈru on ɖ flî.

Ɖ prim̦inistr coc̣li asrtd ɖt hiz dīl wz a trîumf v “cecizm”, rstorñ fl sovṛnti t ɖ Ynîtd Cñdm ẃl inśurñ fri axes t Yṛpiyn marcits. It dz nʈñ v ɖ sort. Ɖo Mr Jonsn śemf̣li rfyzz t b onist abt it, ɖr wl b brdnsm n xpnsiv ny leyrz v byrocṛsi fr xportrz t dīl wɖ. Ɖ trīti olso plez t ɖ streñʈs v ɖ YY rɖr ɖn ɖ YC, prîoṛtîzñ ɖ tred v gdz n of̣rñ nxt t nʈñ t Britn’z pǎrfl srvișectr, ẃć consttyts 80% v ɖ icoṇmi. Naśnl s’kṛti z unḍmaind bî xcluźn fṛm crūśl YY criminl deṭbesz.

Dminiśt frīdmz t liv n wrc in ɖ YY incapsylet ɖ hymn cost v a gṛćuiṭs limitñ v hrîznz. N omiṇsli fr wrcrz’ rîts n ɖ invîrnmnt, ɖ pro-Brexit zeḷts v ɖ Yṛpiyn Rsrć Grūp hv cncludd ɖt levl-pleyñfīld cmitmnts in ɖ trīti cn b sìn of bî a “r’bust” guvnmnt. On ɖt besis, ol bt tū YRG MPz sînd p on ɖ dotd lîn.

Far mor contṛvrśli, so dd most Lebr MPz, hu wr undr instrux́n t d so fṛm ɖer līdr. Wenzde’z dbet wz smʈñ v an ordīl fr Sr Cir Starmr, hu pleid a mejr rǒl in ɖ batl fr a secnd ref̣rendm on Brexit. Onli wn Lebr MP jônd ɖ SNP, ɖ Libṛl Deṃcrats n ɖ DYP in rjctñ ɖ guvnmnt’s bil. Bt 36 abstend n ʈri fruntbnćrz rzînd.

Ɖ Lebr reblz pônt ǎt ɖt Mr Jonsn wl glīf̣li xplôt Sr Cir’z bacñ, compṛmîzñ atmts t atac ɖ dīl’z consiqnsz. Bt ɖ Lebr līdr rluctntli ćouz ɖs paʈ in ordr t gen hiz parti ɖ spes t rny itslf. H wz rît t juj ɖt Lebr cd nt aford t b asośietd, hvr unferli, wɖ prifŕñ “no dīl” t Mr Jonsn’z unsaṭsfactri wn. At a dīpr levl, f Lebr z t win bac ɖ crūśl red-wōl cnstitẏnsiz ẃć dzrtd ɖ parti at ɖ last ilex́n, a clir signl wz rqîrd t śo ɖt it axptd ɖ rzult v ɖ 2016 ref̣rendm. Aftr for yirz v dviźn, ceos n stṛtījic fełr on Brexit, Lebr nǎ hz ɖ ćans t rīśep ɖ naśnl convseśn. Sr Cir’z līdrśp wl b jujd on hǎ s’xesf̣li h dz ɖt. Az ɖ old joc gz: “I wd’nt start fṛm hir…”. Bt nn v s, includñ ɖ Lebr līdr, nǎ hv eni ćôs in ɖ matr.

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

In Ñspel: The Guardian view on the future of the union: Britain faces breakup

A demonstration calling for Scottish independence in Glasgow on 31 January 2020. There has been majority support in Scotland for breaking away from the UK in 17 successive opinion polls. Photograph: Andy Buchanan/AFP via Getty Images
A demnstreśn cōlñ fr Scotiś indipndns in Glazgo on 31 Jańri 2020. Ɖr hz bn mjoṛtis’port in Scotḷnd fr brecñ awe fṛm ɖ YC in 17 s’xesiv opińnpoulz. Foṭgraf: Andi Bycann/AFP via Geti Iṃjz

Ɖ Gardịn vy on ɖ fyćr v ɖ yńn: Britn fesz brecup

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 29 December 2020)

Ɖ comḅneśn v Boris Jonsn, Covid n Brexit z crietñ a consttyśnl craś ɖt z wêtñ t hapn in 2021

29 Dsmbr 2020

Ɖ  Covid yir hz intnṣfaid ptnṣ́li trminl strenz wɖn ɖ YC’z for-neśn yńn. Ẃn Boris Jonsn bgan t grapl wɖ ɖ sirịsnis v ɖ ǎtbrec, ɖ impact on ɖ yńn wz probbli lo on hiz list v cnsrnz. Bt, az 2021 becnz, Mr Jonsn’z aproć t Covid hz bcm a caṭlist v ɖ poṣbl brecup v ɖ Ynîtd Cñdm. Covid’z most lastñ p’liticl leġsi in ɖz îḷndz me b ɖt, in its aftrmaʈ, ɖ YC wl no longr xist.

Ẃn ɖ pandemic bgan, Mr Jonsn sīmd t asym ɖt h wz actñ fr ɖ hol v ɖ YC. H graɉli dscuvrd ɖt, az far az Covid wz cnsrnd, ɖs wz untru. In practis, h wz ɖ prîm̦inistr onli v Ñgḷnd. Hlʈpoḷsi hd bn dvolvd sins 1919 in Scotḷnd, n hz bn undr ɖ cntrol v dvolvd admiṇstreśnz in Scotḷnd, Wêlz n Norɖn Îrḷnd sins Toni Bler’z ira. N sins ol ʈri dvolvd neśnz n most Ñgliś sitiz wr léd bî non-Cnsrvtiv poḷtiśnz wɖ ɖer ǒn vyz v hǎ t dīl wɖ Covid in ɖer eriaz, n wɖ no luv fr Mr Jonsn’z poḷtics in most cesz, c’roṇvîṛs dsiźn-mcñ hz strugld t rīć a cnsnss, t ɖ jenṛl detrimnt.

Mr Jonsn berz hevi rsponsbiḷti fr ɖs. Bt a secnd rīzn wz ɖt Scotḷnd’z naśṇlist guvnmnt, ẃć wonts t brec p ɖ YC, briłntli sizd an oṗtyṇti t emf̣sîz its cntrol v Covid poḷsi. Ɖ Scotiś Naśnl parti frst ministr, Nic̣la Strjn, bgan reğlr Covid brīfñz on 20 Marć. Ś hz sins dn mor ɖn 150 v ɖm. Hr brīfñz hv mostli bn modlz v facćl akṛsi, snṣbl advîs n cōśn. Ɖ contrast wɖ Mr Jonsn’z inṭmitnt n smtmz hîṗbolic n err-strùn brīfñz hz bn in evri we t Mz Strjn’z p’liticl advantij. Last munʈ, an Ipsos Mori poul faund ɖt Mz Strjn hd a net apruvlretñ v plus 61 amñ Scots fr hr hanḍlñ v ɖ pandemic, ẃl Mr Jonsn hd a net retñ v mîṇs 43. Ɖr hz bn mjoṛtis’port in Scotḷnd fr brecñ awe fṛm ɖ YC in 17 s’xesiv opińnpoulz.

Dstñtiv paɖz

Ɖ comḅneśn v Mz Strjn’z hî profîl n ɖ riaḷtiz v hlʈpoḷsi dīṿluśn hz hd consiqnsz in Wêlz n Norɖn Îrḷnd, n īvn at Ñgliś locl levl tù. Marc Drecf̣d hz nt atmtd t eḿlet hiz Scotiś cǎnṭpart’s dêli cntrol v ɖ mīdịmesij. Bt ɖ Wlś frst ministr hz olso foloud hiz ǒn dstñtiv paʈ, tecñ sm radicli difṛnt n mor cōśs dsiźnz, n aqîrñ in ɖ cors v ɖ pandemic a hayr public profîl, in n ǎtsd Wêlz, ɖn hiz prīdisesrz. Norɖn Îrḷnd’z pǎrśẹrñ mīnz its frst ministr, Arlīn Fostr v ɖ Deṃcratic Yńnist parti, hz t śer a platform wɖ hr oponnt, Sinn Féin’z Miśél O’Nīl, n z ɖrfr unebl t aćiv a similr asndnsi. Nvɖles, Norɖn Îrḷnd, lîc Wêlz n Scotḷnd, hz at tîmz vri pubḷcli dvrjd fṛm Ñgliś meźrz. Mr Jonsn’z lezi libterịnizm n śemfl lêtnis t act hv fy ecoz ǎtsd Ñgḷnd.

Covid cd nǎ b ɖ strw ɖt brecs ɖ yńn’z bac, ispeṣ́li in Scotḷnd. Bt Covid poḷsi z nt ɖ mn rīzn ẃ ɖ fyćr v ɖ yńn z nǎ so unsrtn. Mni uɖr factrz lî bhnd ɖs crîsis. Ɖ most importnt z simpli ɖ sstend asndnsi v ɖ SNP in Scotḷnd. F ɖ parti winz a forʈ s’xesiv Holirūd vicṭri in Me n clemz a mandet fr a ny indipndnsref̣rendm, it wd snd ɖ yńn’z streslevl intu ɖ criticl zon. F Scotḷnd ivnć̣li brouc awe, ɖr wd b mejr consiqnsz in Norɖn Îrḷnd, n fr ɖ rleśnśp btwn Wêlz n Ñgḷnd.

Brexit hz pleid a piṿtl rǒl in crietñ ɖs voḷtîl mix. Ɖ vot in 2016 t līv ɖ Yṛpiyn Yńn wz an Ñgliś n Wlś vot. Nɖr Scotḷnd nr Norɖn Îrḷnd votd t līv. Scotḷnd, in ptiklr, votd dsîsivli t rmen. Yt aftr 2016, nɖr T’rīza Me nr Mr Jonsn peid inuf atnśn t īzñ ɖ pen fr Scotḷnd. YC brincmnśp in ɖs yir’z tredtōcs wɖ ɖ YY hz md an olrdi larj gap btwn ɖ YC n Scotḷnd īvn wîdr. Ɖ YY27’z yṇti jrñ ɖ tōcs cntrastd wɖ ɖ UK4’z intrnl disyṇti. Brexit’s impact in Norɖn Îrḷnd hz olso bn pṛfǎnd, rzultñ in a dīpnd clos ic̣nomic rleśnśp wɖ ɖ Îriś Rpublic, n ɖus ɖ YY sngl marcit, ẃl Mz Fostr n Mz O’Nīl pl in opozñ d’rex́nz ovr ɖ linc wɖ Britn.

Sntṛlist yńnizm

Ẃn Mr Jonsn bcem prîm̦inistr in 2019, h gev himslf ɖ tîtl v “ministr fr ɖ yńn”. Ɖr hz bn ziro evidns in hiz hanḍlñ v Brexit ɖt h tecs ɖs t mīn ɖ adopśn v a mor imołnt aproć. Instd, Mr Jonsn’z yńnizm hz pruvd mor sntṛlist n les pragmatic ɖn ɖ yńnizm v hiz tū Tori prīdisesrz, Devid Camṛn n Msz Me. T Mr Jonsn, ɖ Brexit slogn v “tec bac cntrol” trnzlets intu a project ɖt emz t rībild a Wsminstr-sntrd YC sovṛnti, nt, az Cir Starmr advcetd last wīc, a poḷsi v pśñ mor pǎrz ǎt n dǎn fṛm Wsminstr t ɖ YC neśnz or t Ñgliś rījnz n sitiz.

Mr Jonsn’z aproć z crietñ a craś wêtñ t hapn. H md hiz riyl vyz startlñli clir ẃn h tld a prîṿt mītñ v ɖ “blu wōl” Cnsrvtiv MPz in Nvmbr ɖt dīṿluśn hd bn “a dzastr norʈ v ɖ bordr” n ɖt ɖ 1997 dīṿluśnsetlmnt wz Toni Bler’z “bigist mstec”. Cmñ six munʈs bfr sć importnt Holirūd ilex́nz, ɖs wz an insnjri ʈñ t se, az wel az a slf-inflictd wūnd fr ɖ Tōriz n a Crisṃs gift t ɖ SNP. Mr Jonsn’z coments abt a dīṿluśn dzastr canot b laft awe az an idịsncratic Jonsońn axidnt. Ɖ coments xprest ẃt h riyli ʈncs.

Ɖ rli munʈs v 2021 wl cntiny t b doṃnetd bî Covid. Bt ɖ iminnt xistnśl crîsis fr ɖ yńn śd nt b oṿlct. Mr Jonsn apirz confidnt ɖt h cn s’xesf̣li rfyz t oʈ̇rîz a secnd ref̣rendm in ɖ fes v a dmand fr wn fṛm Mz Strjn. Bt ɖr me nt b az mć aṗtît fr undeṃcratic objṛsi az h s’pozz.

F Mr Jonsn wz a difṛnt cnd v poḷtiśn, h wd lisn t ẃt Mr Starmr sd last wīc abt rnywñ ɖ yńn, or ẃt Gordn Brǎn hz bn seyñ abt rībildñ cnsnt ʈru sitiznz’ asmbliz wɖ a wîd rīmit t riimajin Britn’z consttyśnl arenjmnts. A lot v poḷtiśnz fṛm ol partiz, includñ ɖ Cnsrvtivz, r opn t ɖs. Ɖ big qsćn z ẃɖr ɖ votrz v Scotḷnd r opn t it tù. Bt ɖr z litl tîm left. Ɖ ćans v rform me hv sêld wɖ Brexit. Ɖ tasc v of̣rñ Scots an oltrṇtiv yńn ɖt ɖe cn b’liv in nxt Me z olrdi dǎn t ɖ wîr.

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

In Ñspel: I was an early Erasmus scholar, and I grieve for what British students have lost

‘Erasmus was a symbol of the erosion of walls, the freer movement not only of goods and services but of people and ideas.’ Photograph: Chris Ison/PA
‘Irazṃs wz a simbl v ɖ iroźn v wōlz, ɖ friyr muvmnt nt onli v gdz n srṿsz bt v ppl n îdīaz.’ Foṭgraf: Cris Îsn/PA

I wz an rli Irazṃs scolr, n I grīv fr ẃt Britiś stydnts hv lost

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 27 December 2020)

Mî tîm in Yṛp trnsformd mî ǎtlŭc; ɖoz hu ʈnc Brexit z ol abt treḑīlz ignor ẃt els wz at stec

Jūłn Baggini, 28 Dsmbr 2020

Ɖ  prîm̦inistr ofrd ɖ cuntri a “fīst” ɖs Crisṃs bt mni v s stl hv’nt bn ebl t djst it. Ɖ truʈ z it wz nvr vri aṗtîzñ, nt so mć an uvn-redi trīt az a ćīp redimīl. Boris Jonsn’z treḑīl dz nt brñ “glad tîdñz v gret jô” bt fînl conf̣meśn ɖt a speśl rleśnśp hz bn trnd intu a pyrli trnzax́nl wn.

T ɖ mrcanṭlist Brex̣tirz, eni losz incŕd r mir trîflz. Tec ɖ end v ɖ Irazṃs scīm, ẃć inebld stydnts t spend tîm in uɖr membr stets’ yṇvrṣtiz. Cmperd wɖ fiśqotaz n levl pleyñfīldz ɖs me sīm lîc smōl frî. Bt a fīst wɖt ɖ trimñz z jst anɖr mīl, n a treḑīl wɖt culćṛl tîz mcs fr a mć śalowr rleśnśp wɖ ǎr Yṛpiyn nebrz.

I lrnt ɖs frst-hand. In 1989, I wz wn v ɖ rliist Britiś stydnts t ptiṣpet in ɖ scīm, ẃć hd bgun tū yirz rlịr. Cnfyzñli, I spent mî ōtmtrm in ɖ Irazṃs Yṇvrṣti in Roṭdam.

Nǎ ɖt six munʈs or mor traṿlñ ɖ wrld on a gap yir z ɖ (olbiit sspndd) norm, 10 wīcs on ɖ uɖr sîd v ɖ Ćanl me sīm modist in cmparisn. Bt Irazṃs alaud fr a depʈ v ingejmnt wɖ uɖr cuntriz ɖt no amǎnt v cerfrī bacpacñ cn īql.

Mî frst ñclñ v ɖs cem ẃn w wr invîtd ǎt fr birz wɖ sm v ǎr ny Duć pirz. Wn asct m ẃt mî speśl inṭrests in f’loṣfi wr. I wz ʈroun. Nwn bac hom wd evr asc sć an rnist qsćn abt yr unḍgrajụt studiz. I mumbld smʈñ abt Kierkegaard, ɖ subjict v mî diṣteśn. “Hm,” sd ɖ stydnt. “I ʈnc h wz meḷncolic. Ẃt abt y?”

In an instnt, ɖ absrdti v Britiś anti-inṭlecćlizm hd bn xpozd. It wz nt ɖt ɖ Duć stydnt wz tecñ himslf tù sirịsli bt ɖt ǎr afctd insūsịns twdz ǎr studiz wz r’dikḷs.

Uɖr Irazṃs stydnts wl hv hd difṛnt ipif̣niz. Bî bcmñ imbedd in foṛn yṇvrṣtiz, w si nt onli ẃt z vałbl in culćrz w r ofn qcr t paṛdi ɖn t unḍstand, bt ẃt z strenj in ǎrslvz.

Ɖs cnsrnd ɖ matr az wel az ɖ manr v ǎr studiz. F’loṣfi in most Britiś yṇvrṣtiz larjli ignord 20ʈ-snćri conṭnntl Yṛpiyn f’loṣfi. I me hv noun ɖt ɖr wr mor ʈñz in hevn n rʈ ɖn wr drīmd v in ǎr f’loṣfi, bt rīdñ Merleau-Ponty n Foucault I dscuvrd ɖt f’loṣfi itslf cntend mor ɖn w drīmd v bac hom.

It wz fitñ ɖt ɖ Brlin Wōl fél ẃl I wz in Roṭdam. Irazṃs wz a simbl v ɖ iroźn v wōlz, ɖ friyr muvmnt nt onli v gdz n srṿsz bt v ppl n îdīaz. Ɖs wz olwz ẃt matrd most abt ɖ Yṛpiyn project. Ɖ Britn ɖt w nǒ n smtmz luv tde dd nt bcm ẃt it z bî sīcñ îṣleśn.

Ɖ îdīa ɖt ɖ Yṛpiyn Ic̣nomic Cḿṇti (YIC), az it wz ɖen, wz orijiṇli sold t s az nʈñ mor ɖn a tredñblóc z a miʈ. Ẃn w jônd ɖ YIC in 1972, ɖ ɖen prîm̦inistr, Ted Hīʈ, sd: “Ɖ cḿṇti ẃć w r jônñ z far mor ɖn a comn marcit. It z a cḿṇti in ɖ tru sns v ɖt trm.” H xpliṣtli sd ɖt it olso cnsrnd “sośl iśuz ẃć afct s ol – invîrnmntl qsćnz, wrcñcndiśnz in inḍstri, cnsymr pṛtx́n, ed t dveḷpmnt eriaz n voceśnl trenñ”.

Ɖ traɉdi v ɖ Brexit sāga z ɖt ɖ ces fr ɖ culćṛl valy v YY membrśp wz bérli īvn md, fr fir it wd onli fan ɖ flemz v naśṇlist antiṗʈi t Yṛp. Bt sins it wz olwz a culćṛl batl, nt an ic̣nomic wn, ɖs amǎntd t a rfyzl t fît at ol. Rmembr ɖt ɖ līvrz’ raliyñ cōl wz t “tec bac cntrol”. Ɖ £350m a wīc t spend on ɖ NHS wz a dītel, nt ɖ hart v ɖ maṇfsto.

I b’livd ɖt cntinywñ ǎr membrśp v ɖ YY wz in ǎr bst ic̣nomic inṭrests, bt ɖt z nt ẃ I votd t rmen; lîc mni hu wontd t līv, hǎ inṭnaśnl agrīmnts afct GDP z nt ɖ bi-ol n end-ol. Fr m, cīpñ ɖ rîts t tred n travl dz nt compnset fr dmiṇśñ ɖ priṿlij t ingej n lrn.

Jonsn’z treḑīl z a Crisṃs trci wɖ nn v ɖ trimñz ɖt mc it paḷtbl. It’s lîc biyñ gvn a giftvǎćr, a jôlis creditnot wrʈ les ɖn ɖ preznt w wontd.

Ʈancs t Covid, ɖ nebrz hv’nt bn rnd fr Crisṃs ɖs yir, n ʈancs t Brexit, in fyćr w’l b spendñ les qoḷtitîm wɖ ǎr Yṛpiyn nebrz tù. Ɖ wōlz r gwñ p agn n no amǎnt v tredwindoz cn compnset fr ɖt.

***

Jūłn Baggini z a raitr n f’loṣfr; hiz lêtist bc z Hǎ ɖ Wrld Ʈncs

MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

In Ñspel: The Guardian view on Britain out of the EU: a treasure island for rentiers

‘Culturally, Brexit plays the same sort of role as the right to buy, insulating poorer leave voters from the idea that they will suffer from the resulting policies.’ Photograph: Christopher Furlong/Getty Images
‘Culćṛli, Brexit plez ɖ sem sort v rǒl az ɖ rît t bai, insyletñ purr līv̦otrz fṛm ɖ îdīa ɖt ɖe wl sufr fṛm ɖ rzultñ poḷsiz.’ Foṭgraf: Crisṭfr Frloñ/Geti Iṃjz

Ɖ Gardịn vy on Britn ǎt v ɖ YY: a treźr îḷnd fr rentịrz

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 27 December 2020)

Ɖr’z no sîn ɖt ministrz wl yz ɖ twin śocs v ɖ pandemic n Brexit t fix a brocn sistm ɖt z felñ tù mni ppl

27 Dsmbr 2020

Ẃn ɖ YC entrd ɖ c’roṇvîṛs ej in Marć, stet rzorsz n c’lectiv cmitmnt wr moḅlîzd on a scel nt sìn sins ɖ secnd wrldwor. Decedz ago, Britn hd rvild itslf, ʈancs in part t biyñ ebl t marśl ɖ industrịl mît v ɖ empîr, t b a formiḍbl wrldpǎr. Its icoṇmi wz eṇjîzd wɖ brecʈrūz in redar, atomic pǎr n meḍsin.

Olɖo ɖ stori v ɖ pandemic hz nt yt endd, ɖr apirz t b no sć transfmeśn in sît undr Boris Jonsn. Rɖr dpresñli, fmiłr trendz v grīd, incompitns n croniizm r ri’srtñ ɖmslvz. Ɖs z bad nyz fr an icoṇmi ẃr ɖr hz bn a c’laps v soṣ́li ysfl iṇveśn. Britn’z lac v hî-téc mańfacćrñcepbiḷtiz, noṭbli in medicl dạgnostic tstñ, wz cruwli xpozd bî ɖ pandemic.

Ɖs cuntri hz bcm mor v a pṛkrr ɖn a pṛdysr v tecnoḷji. Bt it z a rmarcbli inifiśnt wn – dspt an xtrordnṛli hî psntij v loyrz n acǎntnts in ɖ wrcñpopyleśn. Cnx́nz sīm t matr mor ɖn invnśnz. Hǎ els t xplen ẃ, in ɖ despṛt scrambl t pṛkr prsnl pṛtctiv iqipmnt, vnṭletrz n c’roṇvîṛs tsts, biłnz v pǎndz v contracts hv gn t cumṗniz îɖr run bî frendz or s’portrz – īvn nebrz – v Cnsrvtiv poḷtiśnz, or wɖ no prîr xṗtīz.

Hisṭri z nt śort v xamplz ẃr p’liticl insîdrz wr s’xesfl in xtractñ vrć̣li ol ɖ srpḷs ɖt ɖ icoṇmi crietd. Sć influenśl inṭrests moldd poḷtics t inlarj ɖer śer v ɖ pî. Grīd wz liṃtd onli bî ɖ nīd t let ɖ pṛdysrz svîv. Ɖ śoc v wor, reṿluśn, famin or pleg pṛvîdz an oṗtyṇti t fix a brocn ssayti. Bt f, post-pandemic, YC poḷtiśnz cer les abt rform ɖn ɖ rtnśn v pǎr, ɖe wl fel t rstren ɖ graspñ inrićmnt ɖt unḍmainz dmocṛsi itslf.

Windfōl profits

Phps ɖ most peṇtretñ X-re v ɖs fnominn tde z bî Bret Crisṭfrz in hiz bc Rentịr Capiṭlizm. Ɖ acdemic mcs ɖ ces ɖt Britn hz bcm a treźr îḷnd fr ɖoz sīcñ xes profits fṛm stet-sañśnd cntrol v naćṛl rzorsz, proṗti, fnanśl asets n inṭlecćl proṗti. Rent, peid bî rentrz t rentịrz, z taid t ɖ ǒnrśp or cntrol v sć asets, md scers undr cndiśnz v liṃtd or no comṗtiśn.

Mr. Crisṭfrz sz ɖt ɖ frst sîn v ɖs ny ordr wz ẃn Britn struc blac gold in ɖ Norʈ Sì. H raits ɖt MPz on ɖ public acǎnts cmiti notd wɖ incṛdyḷti in 1972 ɖt “ɖ frst hyj eriaz v ɖ sì wr lìst t ɖ cumṗniz az jenṛsli az ɖo Britn wr a guḷbl Śecdm”. Aftr ɖt, public asets wr sold of ćīpli. Ɖ prîṿt sectr endd p cntrolñ lîtli reğletd mnoṗliz in gas, wōtr n ilectric s’plî, n public trnsport n teḷcomz. Custmrz lost ǎt, oṿpeyñ fr pur srvis. In a rentịr’z paṛdîs, windfōl profits abǎnd. Breznli okpayñ ɖ lǒist moṛl grǎnd wz isnśl, az ɖ hǎsbildr Prsimn pruvd bî rnñ sūṗsîzd stet-bact hlp-t-bai profits loñ inuf t hand ǎt a £75m boṇs t its bos.

Ɖ bancs, ẃć tc ɖs cuntri t ɖ brinc v c’laps a deced ago, r at ɖ hart v a rentịrstet. Frans, Jrṃni, Jpan, ɖ YS ol hv bancñsectrz smōlr ɖn ɖ YC. Ẃl bancs rnñ rents hv fluriśt, ɖ hǎsholdz peyñ ɖm – îɖr d’recli az fnanśl cnsymrz, or indirecli az taxpeyrz v a détrstet or custmrz v détrfrmz – hv flǎndrd.

Ɖ angr ɖt sć spiṿri injndrz z dfyzd p’liticli bî mcñ votrz cmplisit in ɖ ʈeft. Ɖ sel-of v caunslhomz, sz Mr. Crisṭfrz, wz a prîṿtîześn ɖt gev mni v ɖoz phps most inclînd t cic agnst Ʈać̣rizm a prsnl stec in ɖ project. Culćṛli, Brexit plez ɖ sem sort v rǒl az ɖ rît t bai, insyletñ purr līv̦otrz fṛm ɖ îdīa ɖt ɖe wl sufr fṛm ɖ rzultñ poḷsiz.

Ɖ prîm̦inistr unḍstandz ɖt Covid cn ćenj Britn, bt lacs moḍnîzñpoḷsiz. H xtolz ɖ vrćuz v fri comṗtiśn – bʈ fr itslf n bcz sć frīdm, h rīznz, wl smhǎ liḅret ɖ spirit fluṭrñ wɖn a pri-Brexit Britn cejd bî c’roṇvîṛs. H z no dǎt betñ ɖt ɖ dsrupśn v līvñ ɖ YY wl b lost in ɖ ror v an icoṇmi tecñ of az an inokletd popyleśn rtrnz t of̣sz n śops.

Wìcnd reğleśnz

Ɖ gap btwn rić n pur in ɖ YC z at līst az hî tde, acdemics calklet, az it wz jst bfr ɖ start v ɖ secnd wrldwor. Ɖs z larjli bcz ɖ Britiś stet ɖt wns mīdietd ɖ strugl btwn lebr n capitl hz bn tecn ovr bî rentịrz. Wìc̣nñ reğleśnz, rdysñ ɖ importns v fiscl poḷsi n średñ sośl pṛtx́nz hz c’rodd libṛl dmocṛsi in ẃć an incrisñli influenśl wlʈi fy hv bn injoyñ a fri run. Ultiṃtli, rentịrz wont t incris ẃt ɖ icoṇmist Michał Kalecki cōld ɖ “dgri v mnoṗli” in an icoṇmi. Ɖs alǎz ɖm t limit ɖ abiḷti v wrcrz, cnsymrz n reğletrz t inflụns ɖ marc-up v selñprîsz ovr costs n t dfnd ɖ śer v wejz in ǎtpt.

Ɖ YY sz its lebr, invîrnmnt n custmr pṛtx́nz r a flor, nt a sīlñ, n ɖt ɖe c’nt b tredd awe fr frix́nlis marcit axes. F w hd steid in ɖ club, ǎr abiḷti t consntret profits fr mnoṗlists wd hv bn stîmid in fyćr treḑīlz ngośietd bî Bruslz n opn t MYPz’ scrūṭni. Ǎtsd ɖ YY, Mr. Jonsn cn bartr awe sć reğleśnz – wɖt parḷmntri oṿsît – n scrap sefgardz in ny tecnoḷji fr hayr mnoṗliprofits. Carl Marx rout in Ɖ Etīnʈ Brumaire v Louis Bonaparte in 1852 ɖt “ɖ Tōriz in Ñgḷnd loñ fansid ɖt ɖe wr in rapćrz abt roylti, ɖ ćrć n ɖ bytiz v ɖ enćnt consttyśn, untl a tîm v trîl tòr fṛm ɖm ɖ cnfeśn ɖt ɖe wr onli in rapćrz abt rent.” Hiz asesmnt v rli 19ʈ-snćri Tōriz aplîz wɖ unŕñ akṛsi t tde’z Cnsrvtivz.

Mr. Crisṭfrz’ insît z ɖt ɖ Tōriz undr Mr. Jonsn r a parti v – n fr – rentịrz, mć mor ɖn ɖ inṭrests v pṛductiv capitl. Ɖs xplenz ẃ, aftr 2016, ɖ Tori parti imbrest Brexit n śrugd of pṛductiv capitl’z cnsrnz abt līvñ ɖ YY. It wl b t ɖ gret detrimnt v ɖs cuntri f ɖ pandemic pmitd Mr. Jonsn t cmbîn preznt-de firz wɖ a yrnñ fr hopfl ćenj t pswed ɖ aṿrij prsn t vot agnst ɖer inṭrests in ɖ fyćr. Bt hisṭri ofn rpits itslf frst az traɉdi, ɖen az fars.

***

MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn: So long, we’ll miss you – we Europeans see how much you’ve helped to shape us

Iḷstreśn: Dóm MCnzi/Ɖ Obzrvr

So loñ, w’l mis y – w Yṛpiynz si hǎ mć y’v hlpt t śep s

(Transcription of a Guardian article of 27 December 2020)

Hisṭri wl juj ɖt ɖ nir 50-yir rleśnśp btwn ɖ YC n Yṛp hz bn gd fr bʈ. Bst t fget ɖ rancṛs endñ.

Fintn OTūl, 27 Dsmbr 2020

Nǎ ɖt a dīl hz bn dn, ɖ end v Britn’z lîf az a membr v ɖ Yṛpiyn Yńn cn b dīsntli mōrnd. Az fynṛl oreśnz g, ɖ wn Wiłm Śecspir pt intu ɖ mǎʈ v Marc Anṭni in Jūłs Sìzr z, wel, wrld-bìtñ: “Ɖ īvl ɖt men d livz aftr ɖm,/ Ɖ gd z oft intŕid wɖ ɖer bonz.” Bfr w ʈro ɖ last hanfl v rʈ on ɖ corps v Britn’z membrśp v ɖ Yṛpiyn Yńn, w mt brīfli disintŕ ɖ gd ʈñz abt ɖ rleśnśp.

A bad endñ gts pṛjctd bcwdz. A mesi dvors obliṭrets ɖ yirz v rīzṇbli hapi marij. Brexit hz pṛjctd intu ɖ fyćr a sǎr stori v rzntmnt n rancr. Olmst 50 yirz v hisṭri r sqizd intu a dtrṃnistic stori v irecnsîḷbl incmpatbiḷti. Ɖ īvl livz on; ɖ gd rots in ɖ rʈ.

Nwn dǎts ɖt Britn’z Yṛpiyn yirz wr ofn marct bî rluctns n smtmz bî rzistns. Fr ol sorts v rīznz, Britn cd nvr sit cumftbli in ɖ ples it wz ofrd in ɖ YY’z holi triṇti, alñsd Frans n Jrṃni.

Bt ɖt śd nt obskr ɖ gret rīzn fr sadnis abt ɖ we it hz ol endd: Britn dd mć gd fr Yṛp n Yṛp dd mć gd fr Britn. Ɖs haf-snćri hz nt bn mîrd in fytiḷti. It hz nt ol bn a west v tîm.
Tū hyj ʈñz in ɖ hisṭri v ɖ YY wd nt hv bn cmplitd in ɖ we ɖe wr wɖt ɖ Brits: ɖ sngl marcit n inlarjmnt. Ɖ probḷm wɖ bʈ, indd, z ɖt Britn pśt ɖm fwd wɖt qt unḍstandñ ɖer p’liticl impḷceśnz.

Ɖ sngl marcit z ɖ YY’z gret aćivmnt – pṛtctñ it wz, îronicli, ɖ oṿẃlmñ em in ɖ ngośieśnz on fyćr tred wɖ ɖ YC. It simpli wd nt hv hapnd, ẃn it hapnd, f Marġrit Ʈaćr hd nt prest so hard. It z īzi t fget – bcz it hz sūtd olmst evri sîd t d so – ɖt ɖ blūprint fr ɖ sngl marcit wz a bclit cōld Yṛp – Ɖ Fyćr ɖt Ʈaćr prizntd t hr felo līdrz at ɖ Fontainebleau sumit in 1984.

Ɖ probḷm wz ɖt Ʈaćr cd nvr axpt ɖt ɖ wrcñz v a sngl marcit wd hv t b cǎnṭbaḷnst bî comn sośl, invîrnmntl n sefti standdz, wɖ ɖ p’liticl, līgl n administṛtiv cpaṣti t infors ɖm. Ɖ fact rmenz: ɖ fors ɖt hz śept ɖ YY fr ɖ past 30 yirz wz set in mośn bî Britn.

Īqli, wɖt Britn, it z nt at ol obvịs ɖt ɖ YY wd hv rspondd so boldli t ɖ fōl v ɖ Brlin Wōl bî brññ ɖ Worsw Páct stets intu its fold. Agn, it wz Ʈaćr hu pṛclemd ɖ gol v inlarjmnt in hr Brūź spīć v 1988. It wz undr a Britiś prezidnsi ɖt tōcs on membrśp wr opnd wɖ ɖ frst wev v sntṛl Yṛpiyn stets. It wz Toni Bler hu lêtr pśt fr R’meńa n Blgeria t b alaud t jôn. Hir, tù, ɖ impḷceśnz v a Britiś poḷsi wr nt riyli unḍstd in Britn. It wz nt xplend ɖt fri muvmnt wd mīn mor iṃgreśn fṛm ɖz cuntriz. Or ɖt ɖ guvnns v a mć bigr YY wd inevitbli hv t b mor closli coorḍnetd. Nnɖles, on ɖz tū dfînñ iśuz, Britn wz advnćṛs, ambiśs, eṇjetic n ifctiv.

On ɖ uɖr sîd v ɖ iqeźn, ɖ YY hlpt Britn t rzolv ɖ dlemaz leid ǎt in ɖ 1971 ẃît pepr ɖt argyd fr membrśp v ɖ Comn Marcit. F it rjctd ɖs oṗtyṇti, “in a sngl jeṇreśn w śd hv rnǎnst an impirịl past n rjctd a Yṛpiyn fyćr… Ǎr pǎr t inflụns ɖ [Yṛpiyn] Cḿṇtiz wd steḍli dminiś, ẃl ɖ Cḿṇtiz’ pǎr t afct ǎr fyćr wd az steḍli incris.”

Biyñ in ɖ YY riyli dd alǎ Britn t trnsnd its impirịl past n imajin a Yṛpiyn fyćr fr itslf. It dd enśur ɖt ɖ inevitbl inflụns v a bigr p’liticl n ic̣nomic blóc t its īst wz tmprd bî ɖ abiḷti t hv an īql n rspctd vôs wɖn ɖt blóc. It gev Britn a we v biyñ in ɖ wrld ɖt dd nt dpnd on past gretnis.

N ɖ YY hlpt ɖ YC t setl bî far its bigist intrnl probḷm: ɖ conflict in Norɖn Îrḷnd. Ɖ YY’z d’rect involvmnt in ɖ pīsproses me hv bn marjnl. Its indirect impact wz imeźṛbli larj.

Ẃn Britn n Îrḷnd jônd tgɖr in 1973, rleśnz btwn ɖm wr vri pur, undr constnt stren fṛm ɖ preśr v ɖ Trublz. It wz ʈru wrcñ closli tgɖr in ɖ YY ɖt ɖ tū cuntriz lrnt t bhev az frendz n īqlz, wɖt rzntmnt on ɖ wn sîd or condisnśn on ɖ uɖr. It wz ɖ asumśn v cntinywñ comn YY membrśp ɖt md it poṣbl, in 1998, t cnstruct a pīs agrīmnt ɖt cd bild p’liticl recnsilieśn on a fǎndeśn v ic̣nomic n sośl intgreśn.

Ɖ tīdịm, fṛstreśn n rancr v ɖ past for yirz hv wîpt ǎr meṃriz v ɖ historic n hopfl ʈñz ɖt Britiś membrśp v ɖ YY alaud t hapn. Anti-YY reṭric in Britn hz incurijd a nośn in Yṛp ɖt ɖ YY wl b betr of wɖt ɖz srli n obstrepṛs malcntnts.

Bt, az anɖr gret Ñgliś powt, Jon Dun, pt it, olso in fynirịl mod, “F a clod b wośt awe bî ɖ sì, Yṛp z ɖ les”. Britn me hv bn clodiś at tîmz in its decedz v membrśp, bt Yṛp z ɖ les fr its biyñ wośt awe. N Britn z ɖ les fr alawñ itslf t b so. Ɖ marcs v ingejmnt rmen on bʈ bodiz n ɖe r nt wūndz. Ɖe r ɖ meṃriz v ḿćl aćivmnts, v ɖ gd ɖt men n wimin dd fr ć uɖr. At no tîm in its hisṭri hz Britn śept ɖ continnt so pṛfǎndli wɖt wor. At no tîm in its hisṭri hz it bn ebl t bhev twdz its nebrz so mć az an īql, so litl az a victim v dluźnz v granjr.

At anɖr momnt v fnaḷti, ɖ Bìtlz ćouz az ɖer last wrdz: “N in ɖ end/ Ɖ luv y tec/ Z īql t ɖ luv y mc.” Britn tc fṛm ɖ YY n md it in īql meźr. Ɖr śd b no gd ridns, jst a hevi-hartd, dīpli rgretfl So loñ, it’s bn gd t nǒ y.

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Fintn OTūl z a coḷmnist wɖ ɖ Îriś Tîmz

MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

In Ñspel: The Guardian view on Brexit in a time of Covid: Crisis? What Crisis?

‘Boris Jonsn cd sumn MPz bac, bt w’nt bcz ɖt riscs alrtñ ɖ public t ɖ sori stet w r in.’ Foṭgraf: Andru Parsnz/No 10 Dǎnñ Strīt

Ɖ Gardịn vy on Brexit in a tîm v Covid: Crîsis? Ẃt Crîsis?

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 25 December 2020)

Parḷmnt śd b rcōld t dīl wɖ ɖ crîsis v c’roṇvîṛs, nt jst ɖt v līvñ ɖ YY

25 Dsmbr 2020

In Jańri 1979, a b’līgrd Lebr prîm̦inistr, Jemz Caḷhn, rtrnd fṛm a Caṛbiyn sumit t a cuntri ɖt apird in crîsis. A wīc rlịr, trucdrîvrz hd gn on strîc, cutñ of petṛls’plîz in ɖ “wintr v discntnt”. Ẃn ɖ prîm̦inistr arîvd at Lundn’z Hīʈro erport, h hld a presconfṛns in ẃć nʈñ memṛbl wz sd. Instd, in a frêz ɖt hz bcm cod fr p’liticl cmplesnsi, Caḷhn bcem fr evr asośietd wɖ ɖ folowñ de’z Sún nyzpepr hedlîn: “Crîsis? Ẃt crîsis?”

Hiz fet wz sìld. Caḷhn lost ɖ nxt jenṛl ilex́n t Marġrit Ʈaćr. Ɖ lésn fr poḷtiśnz z ɖ importns v pspśn in a crîsis. F smʈñ fīlz lîc a crîsis, it z ifctivli a crîsis. Britn nǎ cnfrunts its most sirịs imrjnsi sins ɖ secnd wrldwor. It fesz ɖ unpresdntd ćalinj v c’roṇvîṛs ẃl ajustñ t a ny dminiśt steṭs ǎtsd ɖ Yṛpiyn Yńn. Ɖ cuntri’z hlʈsrvis z at brecñ pônt, n its fyćr az a yṇfaid stet z on ɖ lîn. Ol ɖs gz unmnśṇbl bî Boris Jonsn, phps bcz h disinjenẏsli promist ɖt Brexit wd sev ɖ NHS.

Hiz hanḍlñ v ɖ pandemic hz bn a fełr v stetcraft so big ɖt it cn b sìn fṛm spes. Ɖs munʈ, fr ɖ ʈrd tîm ɖs yir, h dd nt act untl ɖ vîṛs wz spredñ ǎt v cntrol. Nǎ hundṛdz r dayñ evri de. Parḷmnt śd b rcōld so ɖt MPz cn mc ɖ ces fr a betr rspons agnst a ny, hîli trnzmisbl Covid verịnt. Mr Jonsn cd sumn MPz bac t dscus ɖ pandemic, nt jst Brexit, bt w’nt bcz ɖt riscs alrtñ ɖ public t ɖ sori stet w r in. Dǎnñ Strīt emz t svîv mstecs rɖr ɖn lrn fṛm ɖm. A record v obfsceśn n rtrit mīnz votrz ples litl feʈ in prîm̦iṇstirịl ri’śuṛns.

Mr Jonsn prifŕz caćñ būcez t dojñ bricbats. Nxt wīc, parḷmnt wl sit fr tū dez t finiś ẃt Mr Jonsn startd in Jūn 2016. MPz wl b asct t pas intu lw a hard Brexit – dspt scersli hvñ hd tîm t rīd ɖ ny trīti, let alon proprli cnsidr it. Wɖt śem, Mr Jonsn sīcs credit fr hiz agrīmnt n ɖ frīdm t run ǎr ǒn dmestic poḷsi uncnstrend bî YY lw. Glǒtñ wl dīpn Yṛpiyn mstrust n ǎr îṣleśn. It z olso insnṣtiv, az most bizṇsz r il-priperd fr ɖ ćenjz. Ɖ rīsnt sît v loriz bacñ p fr mîlz fṛm Dovr, ẃć handlz 17% v ɖ YC’z intîr tred in gdz, z a wornñ v hǎ bad ʈñz cd gt.

Mr Jonsn’z reclisnis mt b xplend bî Lebr reẓgneśn. Sr Cir Starmr sz ɖt hiz parti wl vot fr Mr Jonsn’z dīl, bcz ɖ oltrṇtiv z t līv ɖ YY wɖt wn. Lebr riscs gtñ suct intu Mr Jonsn’z mes. Hvr, in ɖ 2019 ilex́n Lebr lost tū rmen sīts t ɖ Tōriz, bt mor ɖn 50 līv wnz. Ɖ mesij wz clir: in 2016 ppl wr gvn ɖ rît t vot n xpctd ɖ rzult t b rspctd.

Sr Cir z, ɖrfr, rît t bac ɖ dīl, bt ɖt wl nt b inuf. T rgen trust, h wl hv t fînd a naṛtiv ɖt cnvinsz ɖ public h z fîtñ ɖ nxt ilex́n, nt ɖ last wn. It wd b a r’toricl err fr Sr Cir t apoḷjîz fr Lebr’z opziśn t Tori Yrofobia. Undr Mr Jonsn, ɖ Cnsrvtivz me ignor ɖer ǒn past, bt ɖe wl nvr se sori fr it. Britn lacs a rsponsbl guvnmnt ebl t cnstruct a chiṛnt compnsetñ poḷsi fr îɖr v ɖ twin crîsīz inveḷpñ ɖ cuntri. Undr Mr Jonsn it z far fṛm clir ɖt w wl evr gt wn.

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

In Ñspel: The Guardian view on a Brexit deal: relief that leaves a bitter taste

Boris Jonsn jrñ a mīdia brīfñ in Dǎnñ Strīt on ɖ agrīmnt v a post-Brexit treḑīl. Foṭgraf: Pōl Grovr/Dêli Teḷgraf/PA

Ɖ Gardịn vy on a Brexit dīl: rlif ɖt līvz a bitr test

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 24 December 2020)

Ɖ prîm̦inistr dzrvz no credit fr avôdñ a c’laṃti ɖt lūmd so clos bcz h hd ćozn t drîv īgrli twdz it

24 Dsmbr 2020

Ɖt it wd b betr t līv ɖ Yṛpiyn Yńn wɖ a dīl ɖn wɖt wn hz nvr bn in dǎt. Onli irisponsbl deṃgogz, dluźnl îdịlogz n mavric blufrz pritndd ɖt Britn śd atmt t wōc awe fṛm its most importnt stṛtījic alayns wɖ no partnrśp agrīmnt. Sadli, Boris Jonsn hz pleid ć v ɖoz rǒlz. Ʈru a comḅneśn v siṇsizm n reclisnis, ɖ prîm̦inistr tc Britn t ɖ brinc v c’laṃti, priperd t drop fṛm a clif éj n cōl it mjestic flît. T ẃt xtnt h wz blufñ z a qsćn ɖt cn nǎ, ʈancf̣li, g unansrd bcz ɖr z a dīl.

Ɖ contents r nt yt clir, n ɖ proxiṃti v ɖ 31 Dsmbr dedlîn līvz litl tîm t abzorb ɖ caṛctr v ɖ ny arenjmnts, let alon scrūṭnîz ɖ dītel. Ɖt z partli a fuñśn v Mr Jonsn’z ntorịs tndnsi t iqivcet, bt it olso rflects a srtn tacticl cunñ. Ɖ prîm̦inistr dz nt wont ɖs dīl t b xamind. Ẃt cn olrdi b sd wɖ sm srtnti z ɖt it priscrîbz an imīɉt dǎngred fr ɖ YC icoṇmi. Ɖt z a fuñśn v līvñ ɖ sngl marcit n custmz yńn, n ɖoz ćôsz wr bect intu ɖ ngośietñmandet. Tredvolymz wl dīcrīs. S’plîćenz wl b dsruptd. Jobz wl b lost. Ɖoz r intrinzic fīćrz v ɖ hard Brexit modl mandetd bî Mr Jonsn.

Narowñ ɖ rūm fr ngośieśnz dd nt mc ɖm īzịr. Ɖ bigist sticñpônt in trmz v ɖ loñ-trm fyćr wz alînmnt wɖ Yṛpiyn standdz, n ɖ mec̣nizm fr îɖr sîd t tec pyṇtiv ax́n agnst anti-cmpettiv practis. Ɖ YY hz muvd sm we. Bruslz no longr xpcts ōṭmatic implimnteśn v conṭnntl rūlz intu YC lw. Bt Dǎnñ Strīt hz śiftd frɖr, axptñ a līġli inforsbl “levl pleyñfīld”.

Ɖr cn b no treḑīl wɖt smẃr tarṇśñ ɖ viźn v impecbl sovṛnti ćeriśt bî Brexit îdịlogz. Ɖt cnseśn wl b berid in ɖ smōl print, n Mr Jonsn wl yz hiz fl r’toricl arsnl n pǎrz v p’liticl dvrśn t priznt hiz agrīmnt az a ćartr v hrǒic naśnl imanṣpeśn. Ɖ śortij v tîm aveḷbl fr ratif̣ceśn sūts ɖt prṗs. Parḷmnt wl b rcōld, bt hundṛdz v pejz v tecnicl agrīmnt canot b djstd bfr ɖ end v nxt wīc. Ɖ truncetd tîmtebl līvz litl rūm fr jujmnt btwn ɖ opśnz v rjx́n n rubrstamp apruvl. Ɖ formr wd b dzastṛs; ɖ latr rlinqśz deṃcratic acǎntbiḷti. Bt ɖt z no s’prîz. It z hǎ Mr Jonsn dz biznis. Cntmt fr dsntñ opińn n fir v scrūṭni r cor t hiz p’liticl meʈ̇d.

A dīl z welcm ẃn ɖ absns v wn pozd an iminnt ʈret t naśnl s’kṛti n pṛspeṛti. Ɖ prîm̦inistr, wɖ hiz “jumbo Caṇda-stîl dīl”, hz pleid ɖ sistm sinicli. H hz run dǎn ɖ cloc n sqondrd dipḷmatic gdwil untl ɖ onli vaybl opśn wz a bad Brexit sofnd at ɖ éjz bî ɖ prospect v it biyñ impḷmntd in an ordrli faśn. T hv avôdd ɖ vri wrst-ces s’nario z a pitifl cnd v aćivmnt. Mr Jonsn dzrvz no credit fr dojñ a c’laṃti ɖt lūmd so clos bcz h drouv so īgrli twdz it. Ɖs, tù, z intrinzic t hiz modus operandi. Hiz cor scil z gtñ ǎt v screps ɖt hiz ǒn neglijns n reclisnis gt him intu. On ɖs oceźn, h wl feit ɖ naro iscep az f it wr cōz fr sīẓnl jô, in a tipicli bombastic n frōdyḷnt manr. Rlif z aproprịt n welcm, bt nt grattyd – nt t ɖs prîm̦inistr.

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn: This is the last exit to Brexit. But in truth, there was only ever one road

‘Boris Johnson has pounded away at the domestic side of Brexit and distorted the shape of British politics.’ Johnson poses with a sign in Benfleet, Essex, December 2019. Photograph: Ben Stansall/AFP/Getty Images
‘Boris Jonsn hz pǎndd awe at ɖ dmestic sîd v Brexit n dstortd ɖ śep v Britiś poḷtics.’ Jonsn pozz wɖ a sîn in Benflīt, Esix, Dsmbr 2019. Foṭgraf: Ben Stansl/AFP/Geti Iṃjz

Ɖs z ɖ last xit t Brexit. Bt in truʈ, ɖr wz onli evr wn rod

(Transcription of an article published in the Guardian on 8 December 2020)

Eni dīl wl b a tred-of btwn wlʈ n sovṛnti – ɖ pṛporśn n tîmscel r ɖ onli cnsiḍreśnz

Rafel Bẹr, 8 Dsmbr 2020

Ɖr z wn Brexit dīl. Ɖr hz onli evr bn wn. It hz bn ɖr fṛm ɖ start, olɖo hard t si ʈru ɖ fog. Its ǎtlîn hz bn dsrṇbl bhnd plūmz v reṭric n misinf̣meśn bilowñ ǎt fṛm ɖ Wsminstr p’liticl mśīn. It wz ɖr on ɖ hrîzn ɖ mornñ aftr ɖ ref̣rendm. It hz nt muvd jrñ ɖ ʈǎzndz v aurz v dbet ɖt foloud.

Ɖ dīl wz olrdi cntend in articl 50. It wz in evri bil in evri lêt-nît Comnz vot. It wz in T’rīza Me’z bacstop n Boris Jonsn’z oltrṇtiv. It z ɖ hard crṇl v a soft Brexit n ɖ soft unḍbeli v a hard wn. It z ɖ capitl v Norwījn, Cnedịn n Ostrełn-stîl Brexits. It z ɖs: ɖ YC wl gv p wlʈ in xćenj fr sovṛnti. .

In ẃt pṛporśnz n ovr ẃt tîmscel z ɖ onli riyl subjict v ngośieśn. Ẃɖr ɖt xćenj śd b md at ol z ɖ isnśl difṛns btwn līvrz n rmenrz. Ɖ s’nario w nǎ cōl “no dīl” z a we v dscrîbñ ɖ hîist prîs fr ɖ larjist porśn v sovṛnti. Ɖ trīti ɖt Jonsn mt agri in an 11ʈ aur trip t Bruslz dscrîbz a difṛnt trnzax́n yzñ ɖ sem forḿla.

Ɖ wlʈ-fr-sovṛnti xćenjret z nt dtrmind bî campenproṃsz, nr z it pegd t ɖ lebîl mūd v Cnsrvtiv MPz. It z a fuñśn v ic̣nomic n stṛtījic graṿti – ɖ difṛns in tredñmas btwn ɖ YC on its ǒn n ɖ cmbînd heft v 27 YY cuntriz. Brex̣tirz hd plenti v tūlz fr śepñ ɖ we ɖt rleśnśp wz psivd bî a Britiś ōdịns, bt ɖr wz nʈñ in ɖ box ɖt cd ćenj ɖ acćl dispziśn v forsz, nr enʈñ t pswed Yṛpiyn līdrz t sspnd ɖer ǒn aprezl v riaḷti.

Folowñ ɖ prínsipl ɖt evrʈñ lcs lîc a nêl t a man wɖ onli a hamr, Jonsn hz pǎndd awe at ɖ dmestic sîd v Brexit n dstortd ɖ śep v Britiś poḷtics. Cnvnśnz hv bn flatnd; lojic hz bn twistd; truɖz hv bn pulṿrîzd. Bt stl ɖ facts ɖt mc ɖ dīl r unćenjd.

Līvrz startd fṛm a pziśn v dnayl ɖt sovṛnti hd eni prîs at ol – ɖt Brexit wz ol upsîd. Ɖt ces restd on tū pilrz. Frst wz ɖ îdīa ɖt YY membrśp wz a drag on Britn, an unwontd sbscripśnsrvis ɖt cd b cansld n ɖ muni rīdirectd t betr cōzz.

Secnd wz ɖ b’lif ɖt Yṛpiynz wd b so sad t lūz axes t Britiś marcits ɖt ɖe wd agri t cntiny smʈñ lîc ɖ old srvis wɖt ćarj. Ɖoz ʈñz wr nt tru, bt ɖ Brex̣tirz b’livd ɖe cd b md tru bî fors v cnvix́n n a mor agresiv ngośietñstans.

Mnẃl, rmenrz sw ɖ hol dīl az a scam. Ɖ prîs wz tù hî n ɖ sovṛnti biyñ bòt wz wrʈlis. It cd nt mc Britn hefti inuf in ɖ wrld t rîvl Wośñtn or Bêźñ. Ɖr wz mor globl līṿrij aveḷbl fṛm a sīt at YY sumits in Bruslz. Ɖ bst dīl on sovṛnti wz ɖrfr ɖ wn ɖt invstd ɖ hol pot in ɖ Yṛpiyn project.

Bt ɖt arğmnt hz nvr hd trax́n wɖ līvrz. Ɖ clem ɖt Brexit hz no valy z palṗbl nonsns t tnz v miłnz v ppl hu, bî ɖ act v votñ, bstoud it wɖ pṛfǎnd imośnl sgnificns. Sovṛnti sǎndz lîc indipndns ẃć z smʈñ ppl wont fr ɖmslvz n ɖer cuntri. Mni cd olso ʈnc v concrīt beṇfits fṛm ōtoṇmi in lw-mcñ. Ofn ɖoz ʈñz wr crīćrz fṛm Yrosceptic miʈoḷji – frīdm t d ʈñz ɖt Bruslz hd nvr stopt Britn fṛm dwñ – bt nt olwz. Enwn hu wontd a tufr iṃgreśnreźīm, fr xampl, wl gt wn fṛm Brexit. Fr libṛl rmenrz, ɖt z jst anɖr cost.

Ɖ tū trîbz meźr ɖ iśuz on cmplitli difṛnt scelz, n wl cntiny t d so. Pro-Yṛpiynz wl b dis’pôntd f ɖe antiṣpet sm dfiṇtiv momnt v vindceśn, ẃn ɖ bil landz fr ɖ holo mońmnt t sovṛnti ɖt Jonsn z irectñ at vast naśnl xpns.

Rstrictd axes t Yṛpiyn marcits wl tec a tol in jobz n forgon groʈ. Bt ɖr wl b foṛnrz n a pandemic t blem. Ɖ p’liticl frṇsz wl fîr p, insiṇretñ ɖ evidns prizntd bî icoṇmists n pumpñ ǎt ɖ sem p’lūtñ clǎd v spīśs arğmnt. A sprñtîm bǎns-bac in GDP – a sttisticl nir-srtnti gvn ɖ depʈ v ɖ Covid-indyst slump – wl b cast az a Brexit liḅreśndiṿdnd.

Ɖ tricịr part wl b cnvrtñ reğletri sovṛnti intu mtirịl pêbac t līv̦otrz. Jonsn’z śîni mońmnt canot b mltd dǎn n mintd intu cônz fr ppl huz jobz hv vaniśt bcz ɖ s’plî ćen in ẃć ɖe wrct hz bn rīrùtd via Sḷvacia. Ōtoṇmi fṛm YY rūlz afordz sm lìwe t subṣdîz inḍstri, bt most Tōriz r îdịlojicli rpeld bî ɖ îdīa v guvnmnt picñ ic̣nomic winrz. Ɖ Yrosceptic instñt tndz ɖ uɖr we, aplayñ marcitforsz az ɖ reṃdi t eni mleiz, cutñ taxz n reğleśn t prj ɖ bodipoḷtic v stet-indyst leʈ̇ji. Straṭjists in Dǎnñ Strīt nǒ ɖt sć meḍsin wd b pôzn t votrz in formr Lebr stroñholdz ɖt mc p ɖ prîm̦inistr’z ny pǎrbes.

On ɖ inṭnaśnl stej, Jonsn’z paḍlñpūl v sovṛnti wl ivaṗret in no tîm. Jo Bîdn z a frend v ɖ Yṛpiyn project n intndz t mc ɖt ɖ axis fr rnywl v alaynsz ɖt Doṇld Trump dspîzd. Paris n Brlin rsipṛcet īgrli. Wn v ɖ ynīc streñʈs v Britiś foṛn poḷsi yst t b srvñ az ɖ stṛtījic linc btwn Wośñtn n conṭnntl Yṛp. YY membrśp wz ɖ brij, n nǎ it z brnt. It canot b rbilt wɖ ɖ recrz’ tūlz. Ɖt mesij hz rīćt Nu. 10, jujñ bî Tyzde’z rtrit fṛm planz t rpydiet ɖ Brexit wɖdrwl’grīmnt, bt ɖ līgl tantṛm wl nt b fgotn qcli.

Jonsn ingejz in ɖt cnd v brincmnśp bcz h ʈncs it śoz streñʈ, bt it hz ɖ oṗzit ifct. Enwn lcñ fṛm ɖ ǎtsd cn si ɖ strucćṛl wìcnis v hiz pziśn rgardlis v ɖ hrǒic pozz h strîcs. Evri tîm h plz sm stunt t demnstret hǎ sirịs h z abt Brexit fr a dmestic ōdịns, h advtîzz ɖ foli v ɖ ʈñ in ɖ inṭnaśnl arīna. H hz boroud heṿli agnst Britn’z repyteśn az a levl-hedd, pragmatic cuntri n rlaybl alî, jst t prćis a fy mor ǎnsz v sovṛnti. It ol hz t b peid bac. Bt ɖt z ɖ dīl. Ɖt wz olwz ɖ dīl.

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel