Tag Archives: climate change

In Ñspel │ The Guardian view on the latest IPCC report: a fast track to climate disaster

‘Nations and corporations are not just turning a blind eye to a planetary disaster but adding fuel to the flames.’ Photograph: Getty
‘Neśnz n corṗreśnz r nt jst trnñ a blînd î t a planitri dzastr bt adñ fyl t ɖ flemz.’ Foṭgraf: Geti

Ɖ Gardịn vy on ɖ lêtist IPCĆ rport: a fast trac t clîṃt dzastr

(Transcription of an editorial published in the Guardian on Monday 4 April 2022)

Guvnmnts hv hiɖrtu bn far tù hezitnt t tec on vstd inṭrests n r ol tù redi t pṛtct historic invstmnts in fosil fylz

Munde 4 Epril 2022

Ɖ  cntinyd hītñ v ɖ planit mīnz ɖt ɖs yir wl probbli b wn v ɖs snć̣ri’z cūlist. Az ɖ lêtist rport bî ɖ Inṭguvnmntl Panl on Clîṃtćenj (IPCĆ) mcs clir, cuṛnt clîṃtplejz bî guvnmnts wd nt cīp globl hītñ t 1.5C abv priindustrịl levlz – ɖ targit promist in ɖ 2015 Paris agrīmnt. Instd grīnhǎs-gas imiśnz r rîzñ. Jrñ ɖ past deced, on aṿrij ańli ɖe wr at ɖer hîist levlz in hymn hisṭri.

Ɖ wrld z on a paʈwe t tmpṛćr incrisz v mor ɖn 3C in ɖ cmñ decedz. Ɖs wd mc larj parts v ɖ wrld tù hot t wrc in. Svir harvist fełrz wl bcm comn. Dis’pirñ îscaps wd sbmrj mejr sitiz. Guvnmnts hv hiɖrtu bn far tù hezitnt t tec on vstd inṭrests n r ol tù redi t pṛtct historic invstmnts in fosil fylz.

Ɖs canot g on. António Guterres, ɖ YN secṛtri jenṛl, wz rît t se ɖt ɖ wrld “wz on a fast trac t clîṃt dzastr”. Neśnz n corṗreśnz, h candidli sd, r nt jst trnñ a blînd î t a planitri dzastr bt adñ fyl t ɖ flemz. Ɖr z vri litl tîm left t implimnt poḷsiz ɖt pṛmot ɖ nīdd grīnr lîfstîl ćôsz n ćīpr rnywbl s’luśnz ɖt wd jeṇret jobz, eṇjis’kṛti n prîștbiḷti.

T aćiv 1.5C, ɖ wrld mst rdys ańl CO2 imiśnz bî abt 50% bî 2030, n rīć net ziro bî 2050, ẃl rdysñ mīʈen imiśnz a ʈrd bî 2030 n olmst hāvñ ɖm bî 2050. Ɖs wl nīd dīp cuts in fosil-fyl ys. Ɖ IPCĆ sz ɖ ces z unansṛbl fr wîdspred ilectrificeśn – ispeṣ́li crūśl fr ineḅlñ ɖ dīcarḅnîześn v rodtransport, inḍstri, mînñ n mańfacćrñ – pǎrd bî rnywbl sorsz. Ɖ YN’z sayntists argy ɖt eṇji ifiśnsi n consveśn r sntṛl t aćivñ a grīnr, sefr fyćr.

Ɖr r sm s’xeștoriz: at līst 18 cuntriz hv sstend pṛdux́n-best grīnhǎs gas n cnsumśn-best carbndîoxîd-imiśn rdux́nz fr longr ɖn a deced. Mć v ɖ carbn dîoxîd olrdi in ɖ atṃsfir wz rlist bî rić cuntriz ɖt brnd col, ôl n gas t industrịlîz mor ɖn a snć̣ri ago. Ɖ YN panl sd abt 40% v imiśnz sins ɖen cem fṛm Yṛp n Norʈ America. Onli abt 12% cn b atribytd t īst Eźa, includñ Ćîna.

It z in ɖ wlʈiist 10% v hǎsholdz, ẃć cntribyt btwn a ʈrd n 45% v clîṃt-ćenjñ fymz, ẃr ćenj wl hv t hapn fastist. Ɖr r sm qc poḷsiwinz. Betr cropmanijmnt hz an imīɉt pêbac. Solr eṇji n wind eṇji impruv fastr n r adoptd qcr ɖn ńclir or carbncapćr tecnoḷjiz. Dayts hî in plant protīn n lo in mìt n dẹri r asośietd wɖ lowr grīnhǎs-gas imiśnz n r incrisñli popylr.

It z lîcli ɖt globl tmpṛćrz wl “oṿśūt” ɖ 1.5C plejd bî ɖ Paris agrīmnt. Īvn undr wn v ɖ līst bad s’nārioz, ɖ IPCĆ sz ɖt tmprṛli xidñ ɖs limit bî a tîni 0.2C bfr dropñ bac dǎn t abt 1.4C bî ɖ snć̣ri’z end cd stl unlīś irivrsbl impacts sć az ded coṛl rīfs. Ɖ pandemic wz an oṗtyṇti t mc ɖ rapid śift rqîrd awe fṛm fosil fylz n wz míst bî most guvnmnts. Ruśa’z imoṛl wor in Ycren ofrz anɖr ćans fr neśnz cnsrnd abt ovŗlayns on hîdrocarbnz t d ɖ rît ʈñ.

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn │ Climate crisis: Amazon rainforest tipping point is looming, data shows

The scientists say Amazon dieback has been having ‘profound implications at a global scale’. Photograph: Morley Read/Alamy
Ɖ sayntists se Aṃzn dîbac hz bn hvñ ‘pṛfǎnd impḷceśnz at a globl scel’. Foṭgraf: Morli Rīd/Aḷmi

Clîṃtcrîsis: Aṃzn renforist tipñpônt z lūmñ, deta śoz

(Transcription of an article published in the Guardian on Monday 7 March 2022)

Anaḷsis v saṭlît obẓveśnz śo forist z luzñ stbiḷti wɖ ‘pṛfǎnd’ globl impḷceśnz

Damian Carrington

Demịn Carñtn, Invîrnmnt editr, Munde, 7 Marć 2022

Ɖ  Aṃzn z aproćñ a tipñpônt, deta śoz, aftr ẃć ɖ renforist wd b lost, wɖ “pṛfǎnd” impḷceśnz fr ɖ globl clîṃt n bîoḍvrṣti.

Cmpytrmodlz hv prīvịsli indcetd a mas dîbac v ɖ Aṃzn z poṣbl, bt ɖ ny anaḷsis z best on riyl-wrld saṭlît obẓveśnz ovr ɖ past ʈri decedz.

Novl sttisticl anaḷsis śoz ɖt mor ɖn 75% v ɖ untućt forist hz lost stbiḷti sins ɖ rli 2000z, mīnñ it tecs longr t rcuvr aftr drǎts n wîldfîrz.

Ɖ gretist los v stbiḷti z in eriaz closr t farmz, rodz n ŕbn eriaz n in rījnz ɖt r bcmñ drîr, sjstñ ɖt forist dstrux́n n globl hītñ r ɖ cōz. Ɖz factrz “me olrdi hv pśt ɖ Aṃzn clos t a criticl ʈreśhold v renforist dîbac”, ɖ sayntists cnclud.

Ɖ studi dz nt inebl a pridix́n v ẃn ɖ tipñpônt cd b rīćt. Bt ɖ rsrćrz wornd ɖt bî ɖ tîm ɖ triġrñ v ɖ tipñpônt cd b dtctd, it wd b tù lêt t stop it.

Wns trigrd, ɖ renforist wd trnsform t grasland ovr a fy decedz at most, rlisñ hyj amǎnts v carbn n axeḷretñ globl hītñ frɖr.

Tipñpônts on a planitri scel r amñ ɖ gretist firz v clîṃtsayntists, az ɖe r irivrsbl on hymn tîmscelz. In 2021, ɖ sem sttisticl tecnīc rvild wornñsînz v ɖ c’laps v ɖ Gulfstrīm n uɖr ci Atlantic cuṛnts, wɖ “an olmst cmplit los v stbiḷti ovr ɖ last snć̣ri”.

A śutdǎn v ɖz cuṛnts wd hv caṭstrofic consiqnsz arnd ɖ wrld, dsruptñ monsūnrenz n indenjrñ Antartic îs śīts.

Anɖr rīsnt studi śoud ɖt a sgnificnt part v ɖ Grīnḷnd îs śīt z on ɖ brinc v a tipñpônt, ẃć wd līd t 7 mītrz v sìlevl rîz ovr tîm.

“Mni rsrćrz hv ʈiyrîzd ɖt an Aṃzn tipñpônt cd b rīćt, bt ǎr studi pṛvîdz vîtl impiricl evidns ɖt w r aproćñ ɖt ʈreśhold,” sd Pṛf. Niklas Boers, at ɖ Tecnicl Yṇvrṣti v Ḿnic in Jrṃni.

“Siyñ sć a rziłnslos in obẓveśnz z wuriyñ. Ɖ Aṃzn renforist storz hyj amǎnts v carbn ɖt cd b rlist in ɖ ces v īvn parśl dîbac.”

The edge of the ice sheet in the north of Kangerlussuaq, Greenland. Photograph: Hannibal Hanschke/Reuters
Ɖ éj v ɖ îs śīt in ɖ norʈ v Kangerlussuaq, Grīnḷnd. Foṭgraf: Hannibal Hanschke/Rôtrz

Ɖ sayntists sd Aṃzn dîbac hd “pṛfǎnd impḷceśnz at a globl scel”. Boers add: “Ɖ Aṃzn z defiṇtli wn v ɖ fastist v ɖz tipñ elimnts in ɖ clîṃtsistm.”

Ɖ rsrć, publiśt in ɖ jrnl Nećr Clîṃtćenj, xamind saṭlîtdeta on ɖ amǎnt v vejteśn in mor ɖn 6,000 gridsélz acrs ɖ untućt Aṃzn fṛm 1991 t 2016.

Ɖe faund ɖt in ɖ past 20 yirz eriaz impactd bî drǎts or fîrz tc sgnificntli longr t rcuvr ɖn bfr. Ɖs z a ci sîn v incrisñ instbiḷti bcz it śoz ɖ prosesz v resṭreśn r gtñ wìcr.

Drîr eriaz v ɖ forist lost mor stbiḷti ɖn wetr wnz. “Ɖs z alarmñ, az ɖ IPCĆ [Inṭguvnmntl Panl on Clîṃtćenj] modlz pṛjct an oṿol drayñ v ɖ Aṃzn rījn in rspons t globl wormñ,” Boers sd.

Eriaz closr t hymn dstrux́n v ɖ forist olso bcem mor unstebl. Triz r crūśl in pṛdysñ ren, so félñ ɖm t clir land fr bīf n soi pṛdux́n criets a viśs srcl v drîr cndiśnz n mor trīlos.

Anɖr studi in 2021, best on deta fṛm hundṛdz v smōl-plein flîts, śoud ɖ Aṃzn nǎ imits mor carbndîoxîd ɖn it abzorbz, mostli bcz v fîrz.

Bt Boers sd ɖ deta indcetd ɖt ɖ tipñpônt hz nt yt bn crost: “So ɖr’z hop.” Pṛf. Tim Lentn at Xitr Yṇvrṣti in ɖ YC, a co-oʈr v ɖ studi, sd: “It s’ports eḟts t rvrs dīfoṛsteśn n degṛdeśn v ɖ Aṃzn t gv it bac sm rziłns agnst ongwñ clîṃtćenj.”

Cris Jǒnz, at ɖ Met Ofis Hadli Sntr in ɖ YC, n nt part v ɖ studitīm, sd: “Ɖs rsrć adz cmpelñ evidns ɖt clîṃtćenj z a risc nǎ, n ɖt ɖz svir n irivrsbl impacts cd bcm a riaḷti. W hv a naro windo v oṗtyṇti t tec rjnt ax́n.

“Ɖ wuriyñ cncluźn [v ɖ studi] fits wɖ uɖr rīsnt rsrć on incrist trīmortaḷti, incrist fîrz, n rdyst rījnl carbn sncs. Ɖ IPCĆ rport ǎt last wīc asest ɖt riscs v larj scel snğlr ivnts, sć az Aṃzn dîbac, r nǎ closr ɖn evr.”

Bernardo Flores, at ɖ Fedṛl Yṇvrṣti v Santa Catarina in Bṛzil, sd: “Ɖ studi śoz ɖt olɖo ɖ forist me sīm fîn, wɖ its norml strucćr n bîoḍvrṣti, intrnl prosesz r olrdi ćenjñ, sîḷntli, rdysñ ɖ sistm’z cpaṣti t psist in ɖ loñ run. Ɖ aproć yzd z inṭrestñ bcz it rvilz rli-wornñ signlz v ɖz ćenjz.”

Flores’z rsrć rvild ɖt s’vānaz wr xpandñ at ɖ hart v ɖ Aṃzn bcz v wîldfîrz.

Ɖ guvnmnt v Bṛzil’z prezidnt, Jair Bolsonaro, hz bn harśli criṭsîzd fr incuṛjñ mor dīfoṛsteśn, ẃć sōrd bî 22% in ɖ yir t Nvmbr, ɖ hîist levl sins 2006.

Boers sd: “It’s riyli compḷcetd t se ẃt’s gwñ t b frst: rīćñ a tipñpônt bî [los v stbiḷti] v ɖ naćṛl vejteśnsistm, or jst ɖ bldozrz rīćñ ɖ forist.”

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn: IPCC issues ‘bleakest warning yet’ on impacts of climate breakdown

Wildfires tearing through a forest in the Chefchaouen region of northern Morocco. Photograph: Fadel Senna/AFP/Getty Images
Wîldfîrz tẹrñ ʈru a forist in ɖ Śefśǎén rījn v norɖn Mroco. Foṭgraf: Fadél Sena/AFP/Geti Iṃjz

IPCĆ iśuz ‘blīcist wornñ yt’ on impacts v clîṃt brecdǎn

(Transcription of an article published in the Guardian on 28 February 2022)

Rport sz hymn ax́nz r cōzñ denjṛs dsrupśn, n windo t s’kr a liṿbl fyćr z clozñ

Fiona Harvey

Fiona Harvi, Invîrnmnt corispondnt, Munde 28 Febrri 2022

Clîṃt brecdǎn z axeḷretñ rapidli, mni v ɖ impacts wl b mor svir ɖn pridictd n ɖr z onli a naro ćans left v avôdñ its wrst ravjz, ɖ Inṭguvnmntl Panl on Clîṃtćenj (IPCĆ) hz sd.

Īvn at cuṛnt levlz, hymn ax́nz in hītñ ɖ clîṃt r cōzñ denjṛs n wîdspred dsrupśn, ʈreṭnñ devsteśn t sweɖz v ɖ naćṛl wrld n renḍrñ mni eriaz unliṿbl, acordñ t ɖ landmarc rport publiśt on Munde.

“Ɖ sạntific evidns z uniqivcl: clîṃtćenj z a ʈret t hymn welbiyñ n ɖ hlʈ v ɖ planit,” sd Hanz-Oto Pörtner, a co-ćer v wrcñgrūp 2 v ɖ IPCĆ. “Eni frɖr dle in cnsrtd globl ax́n wl mis a brīf n rapidli clozñ windo t s’kr a liṿbl fyćr.”

Drǎts, fludz, hītwevz

In ẃt sm sayntists trmd “ɖ blīcist wornñ yt”, ɖ súṃri rport fṛm ɖ globl oʈoṛti on clîṃtsayns sz drǎts, fludz, hītwevz n uɖr xtrim weɖr r axeḷretñ n rīcñ incrisñ damij.

Alawñ globl tmpṛćrz t incris bî mor ɖn 1.5S abv priindustrịl levlz, az lcs lîcli on cuṛnt trendz in grīnhǎs-gas imiśnz, wd rzult in sm “irivrsbl” impacts. Ɖz includ ɖ mltñ v îscaps n gleśrz, n a cascedñ ifct ẃr-bî wîldfîrz, ɖ dî-of v triz, ɖ drayñ v pītlandz n ɖ ʈw̃ v prṃfrost rlis adiśnl carbn imiśnz, ampḷfayñ ɖ wormñ frɖr.

‘Atḷs v hymn suḟrñ’

António Guterres, ɖ YN secṛtri jenṛl, sd: “I hv sìn mni sạntific rports in mî tîm, bt nʈñ lîc ɖs. Tde’z IPCĆ rport z an atḷs v hymn suḟrñ n a dámñ indîtmnt v feld clîṃtlīdrśp.”

Jon Ceri, ɖ YS speśl preẓdnśl envô fr clîṃt, sd ɖ rport “pents a dîr picćr v ɖ impacts olrdi ocŕñ bcz v a wormr wrld n ɖ teṛbl riscs t ǎr planit f w cntiny t ignor sayns. W hv sìn ɖ incris in clîṃt-fyld xtrim ivnts, n ɖ damij ɖt z left bhnd – lîvz lost n lîvlihdz ruind. Ɖ qsćn at ɖs pônt z nt ẃɖr w cn oltgɖr avôd ɖ crîsis – it z ẃɖr w cn avôd ɖ wrst consiqnsz.”

Ɖ rport sz:

  • Evrẃr z afctd, wɖ no inhaḅtd rījn iscepñ dîr impacts fṛm rîzñ tmpṛćrz n incrisñli xtrim weɖr.
  • Abt haf ɖ globl popyleśn – btwn 3.3 biłn n 3.6 biłn ppl – liv in eriaz “hîli vulnṛbl” t clîṃtćenj.
  • Miłnz v ppl fes fūd n wōtr śorṭjz owñ t clîṃtćenj, īvn at cuṛnt levlz v hītñ.
  • Mas dî-offs v spīśīz, fṛm triz t coṛlz, r olrdi undr we.
  • 1.5S abv priindustrịl levlz consttyts a “criticl levl” bynd ẃć ɖ impacts v ɖ clîṃtcrîsis axeḷret stroñli n sm bcm irivrsbl.
  • Costl eriaz arnd ɖ glob, n smōl, lo-layñ îḷndz, fes inndeśn at tmpṛćŗîzz v mor ɖn 1.5S.
  • Ci īcosistmz r luzñ ɖer abiḷti t abzorb carbndîoxîd, trnñ ɖm fṛm carbn sncs t carbnsorsz.
  • Sm cuntriz hv agrìd t cnsrv 30% v ɖ Rʈ’s land, bt cnsrvñ haf me b nesṣri t rstor ɖ abiḷti v naćṛl īcosistmz t cǒp wɖ ɖ damij rīct on ɖm.

Ćans t avôd ɖ wrst

Ɖs z ɖ secnd part v ɖ IPCĆ’z lêtist asesmnt rport, an updetd, comprihnsiv rvy v globl nolij v ɖ clîṃt, ẃć hz bn sevn yirz in ɖ mcñ n drwz on ɖ pir-rvyd wrc v ʈǎzndz v sayntists. Ɖ asesmnt rport z ɖ sixʈ sins ɖ IPCĆ wz frst cnvind bî ɖ YN in 1988, n me b ɖ last t b publiśt ẃl ɖr z stl sm ćans v avôdñ ɖ wrst.

A frst instōlmnt, bî ɖ IPCĆ’z wrcñgrūp 1, publiśt last Ōġst, on ɖ fizicl sayns v clîṃtćenj, sd ɖ clîṃtcrîsis wz “uniqivcli” cōzd bî hymn ax́nz, rzultñ in ćenjz ɖt wr “unpresdntd”, wɖ sm bcmñ “irivrsbl”.

Ɖs secnd part, bî wrcñgrūp 2, dīlz wɖ ɖ impacts v clîṃt brecdǎn, sets ǎt eriaz ẃr ɖ wrld z most vulnṛbl, n dītelz hǎ w cn trî t adapt n pṛtct agnst sm v ɖ impacts. A ʈrd sx́n, dy in Epril, wl cuvr wez t cut grīnhǎs-gas imiśnz, n ɖ fînl part, in Octobr, wl súṃrîz ɖz lésnz fr guvnmnts mītñ in Ījipt fr ɖ YN Cop27 clîṃtsumit.

‘Caṭclizmic’ fr smōl îḷndz

Smōl îḷndz wl b amñ ɖoz wrst afctd. Woltn Websn, an ambasdr v Antīga n Barbūda n ɖ ćer v ɖ Alayns v Smōl-Îḷnd Stets, cōld ɖ fîndñz “caṭclizmic”.

H rjd ɖ YN t cnvin a speśl seśn t cnsidr ax́n. “W r cntinywñ t hed fr a preṣpis – w se ǎr îz r opn t ɖ riscs, bt ẃn y lc at globl imiśnz, f enʈñ w r axeḷretñ twdz ɖ clif éj. W r nt siyñ ɖ ax́n fṛm ɖ big imitrz ɖt z rqîrd t gt imiśnz dǎn in ɖs criticl deced – ɖs mīnz hāvñ imiśnz bî 2030 at ɖ lêtist. It z clir ɖt tîm z slipñ awe fṛm s.”

Guvnmnts in uɖr parts v ɖ wrld cd hlp ɖer ppl t adapt t sm v ɖ impacts v ɖ clîṃtcrîsis, ɖ rport sz, bî bildñ flud dfnsz, hlpñ farmrz t gro difṛnt crops, or bildñ mor rziłnt infṛstrucćr. Bt ɖ oʈrz se ɖ cpaṣti v ɖ wrld t adapt t ɖ impacts wl dminiś rapidli ɖ frɖr tmpṛćrz rîz, qcli rīćñ “hard” limits bynd ẃć adapteśn wd b imposbl.

‘Globl doṃnoz’

Ɖ clîṃtcrîsis olso hz ɖ pǎr t wrsn probḷmz sć az hungr, il-hlʈ n poṿti, ɖ rport mcs clir. Dev Rei, ɖ d’rectr v Ednbra Clîṃtćenj Insttyt at ɖ Yṇvrṣti v Ednbra, sd: “Lîc tecñ a recñbōl t a set v globl doṃnoz, clîṃtćenj in ɖ 21st snć̣ri ʈretnz t dstrô ɖ fǎndeśnz v fūd n wōtr s’kṛti, smaś onẉdz ʈru ɖ frajîl strucćrz v hymn n īcosistm hlʈ, n ultiṃtli śec ɖ vri pilrz v hymn siṿlîześn.”

Ɖ rport plez dǎn firz v conflicts arîzñ fṛm ɖ clîṃtcrîsis, fîndñ ɖt “dsplesmnt” n “invoḷntri mîgreśn” v ppl wd insy bt ɖt “nonclimatic factrz r ɖ dominnt drîvrz v xistñ intṛstet vayḷnt conflicts”.

Bt Jefri Kargel, a sīńr sayntist at ɖ Planitri-Sayns Insttyt in ɖ YS, sd: “Ɖ cuṛnt worfér activti in īstn Yṛp, ɖo nt atribytbl t clîṃtćenj, z a frɖr cōśn abt hǎ hymn tnśnz n inṭnaśnl rleśnz n jiopoḷtics cd bcm inflemd az clîṃtćenj impacts hit neśnz in wez ɖt ɖe r il-priperd t handl.”

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Fṛm Đ Gardịn: Tory MPs fear that net zero is hurting poor people. Ignore their crocodile tears

Conservative MP Steve Baker, leader of the Net Zero Scrutiny Group, at Downing Street, London, January 2022. Photograph: Matt Dunham/AP
Cnsrṿtiv MP Stīv Becr, līdr v ɖ Net-Ziro Scrūṭnigrūp, at Dǎnñ Strīt, Lundn, Jańri 2022. Foṭgraf: Mát Dunm/AP

Tori MPz fir ɖt net ziro z hrtñ pur ppl. Ignor ɖer croc̣dîltirz

(Transcription of an article published in the Guardian on 16 February 2022)

Ɖ Net-Ziro Scrūṭnigrūp clem grīn leviz r a brdn, yt ɖer ǒn parti z cutñ spendñ on eṇji ifiśnsi

Caroline Lucas

Caṛlîn Lūc̣s, Wnzde 16 Febrri 2022

Partiget hz sjstd ɖt ɖ prîm̦inistr hz, śl w se, a flex̣bl aproć t ɖ rūl v lw. Ɖ lwz v fizics, y wd ʈnc, canot b trītd so cerlisli – yt ɖt z ẃt z haṗnñ insd ɖ Cnsrṿtiv parti. Ɖr hz bn a rlentlis pś bî sm MPz fr ɖ YC t abandn ǎr clîṃțargits n slo dǎn, or īvn abandn, ɖ trnziśn t net-ziro imiśnz.

Ɖ gol v net ziro bî 2050 at ɖ lêtist z nt sm faśṇbl grīn mīm or vrćusigṇlñ bî ɖ cumftbl midl clasz. It z ɖ meźr w mst tec t cīp ɖ olrdi penfl n lîf-ʈreṭñ impacts v clîṃtćenj wɖn ɖ bǎndz v ɖ maniɉbl. Ɖs gol z śerd nt jst bî sayntists n invîrnmntl campenrz bt bî 192 guvnmnts, mor ɖn 90 mejr bancs n ol v ɖ wrld’z mejr invstmntmanijrz.

Ax́n on clîṃtćenj z wn v ɖ fy rmenñ eriaz ẃr Britn hz a creḍbl clem t globl līdrśp. Onli ʈri munʈs ago, w wr hostñ ɖ YN clîṃtsumit, Cop26, ɖ most importnt inṭnaśnl gaɖ̇rñ in ɖ YC fr decedz. W hv set ɖ pes in dcarḅnîzñ ǎr ǒn icoṇmi n crietñ ɖ globl guvnnșistm t manij ɖ rspons t ɖ clîṃtcrîsis. W hv dn so bcz it z in ǎr naśnl inṭrest, az s’xesiv guvnmnts, Lebr n Cnsrṿtiv, hv rec̣gnîzd. W canot asc uɖr cuntriz t em fr net ziro f w abandn ǎr cmitmnt t it ǎrslvz.

Yt ɖt z jst ẃt ɖ tîni grūp v Cnsrṿtiv MPz in ɖ Net-Ziro Scrūṭnigrūp r trayñ t mc s d, in ɖ lêtist salvo v ɖer xntric opziśn t saund sayns. Léd bî Stīv Becr n Creg MCinle n sm v ɖer feʈfl ćirlīdrz in ɖ rîtwñ pres, ɖe r dmandñ ɖ prîm̦inistr abandnz ɖ grīn leviz ɖt hlp fnans Britn’z drîv t net ziro, ǎt v apaṛnt cnsrn ovr sōrñ eṇjibilz.

Ɖe r rît t b wurid abt ɖ impact v eṇji prîsrîzz on evrwn in Britn, ispeṣ́li lo-incm hǎsholdz. Ɖ welfér v miłnz v ppl z at risc, ptnṣ́li ʈreṭnñ sośl chīźn. Bt ɖer croc̣dîltirz abt ɖ impact on ɖ līst wel-of wd b mor creḍbl f ɖer parti’z ax́n hd’nt cntribytd t ɖ stet w’r in, bcz ɖ Cnsrṿtiv guvnmnt’s dsiźn t “gt rid v ol ɖ grīn crap” a deced ago mīnz ɖt ɖ YC’z eṇjibílz r £2.5bn hayr ɖn ɖe wd uɖ̇wz hv bn.

Mnẃl, ɖ Camṛn guvnmnt’s cut t eṇji-ifiśnsi subṣdiz hz hd a dṛmatic ifct on ɖ program t insylet Britn’z ntorịsli dráfti hǎzñstoc. In 2012, ovr 1.5m homz in Britn hd ɖer lofts insyletd, cutñ eṇjibilz n pṛvîdñ a larj numbr v jobz ol ovr ɖ cuntri. Last yir, onli 32,000 lofts wr insyletd. Scrapñ ɖ ziro-carbn-homz standd, az ɖ Cnsrṿtivz dd in 2015, hz léd t mor ɖn a miłn ny homz biyñ bilt t lowr eṇji ifiśnsi ɖn ɖe wd uɖ̇wz hv hd, rzultñ in hayr bilz fr ɖoz livñ in ɖm.

Ɖr z smʈñ dīpli cnfyzd abt ɖ Becr-MCinle atac on grīn leviz az a brdn on purr ppl, ẃn ɖoz leviz hv pleid a sgnificnt part in cīpñ eṇjibilz dǎn. Wind n solr jeṇretrz in ɖ last qortr v 2021, far fṛm biyñ a ćarj on bilz, acć̣li cntribytd £160m t lowrñ ɖm. Frɖrmr, ɖ MPz’ s’pozd cnsrn fr ɖ līst wel-of in ssayti dd’nt stop ɖm votñ ɖs munʈ fr a ny “grīn” levi t fnans ńclir pǎr steśnz ɖt wl pt bilz p.

In eni ces, az hz frīqntli bn pôntd ǎt bî eṇji xprts, globl gasprîsz r oṿẃlmñli rsponsbl fr ɖ spîc in eṇjibilz, nt grīn leviz. Becr n MCinle n ɖer ilc r peyñ mor atnśn t eṇjilobiists ɖn ɖ marcits. Ẃ els wd ɖe b argywñ fr mor fracñ or frɖr Norʈ Sì gas invstmnt, s’pozidli t drîv bilz dǎn, ẃn ɖe nǒ ɖt eni gas pṛdyst wd sel at tde’z globl gasprîsz n simpli fīd windfōl profits?

Bt ɖr z a growñ risc ɖt in hiz eḟts t cīp hiz job ɖ prîm̦inistr wl b tmtd t ad grīn leviz or Britn’z clîṃțargits t ɖ “red mìt” biyñ ʈroun t ɖ Becr-MCinle grūṗskl, t ɖ cnsrn v clîṃtdipḷmats sć az ɖ arc̣tect v ɖ Paris agrīmnt, Laurence Tubiana.

Ɖ guvnmnt wd d betr t tec its îdịlojicl ft ǎt v its mǎʈ n cīp its maṇfstopromis t spend £9bn v public muni on ɖ eṇji ifiśnsi ɖt wd acć̣li hlp cnsymrz az wel az ɖ planit.

Caṛlîn Lūc̣s z ɖ Grīn MP fr Braitn Pviłn

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Fṛm ɖ Gardịn │ Johnson’s foreign quarrels can’t conceal the truth about Brexit

The British trawler detained in Le Havre last week over a licensing row. Photograph: Sameer Al-Doumy/AFP/Getty Images
Ɖ Britiś trōlr dtend in Le Havre last wīc ovr a lîsnsñrǎ. Foṭgraf: Samir Al-Dūmi/AFP/Geti Iṃjz

Jonsn’z foṛn qoṛlz c’nt cnsil ɖ truʈ abt Brexit

(Transcription of a Guardian article of 31 October 2021)

Fiśñrǎz ntwɖstandñ, mć v Yṛp lcs on at ɖ YC’z plît wɖ astoniśmnt – n īvn, stl, simṗʈi

William Keegan

Wiłm Cīgn, 31 Octobr 2021

At ɖ rīsnt seḷbreśn v ɖ lîf n aćivmnts v mî frend n felo Rmenr Jon l’Care, I wz asct bî a līdñ acdemic ẃɖr I wz abṣlutli srtn ɖt w cd rījôn ɖ Yṛpiyn Yńn.

Ɖ ansr z ɖt I am nt. Bt az ɖ evidns v ɖ damij v ɖt fūliś reḟrendm dsiźn acruz, it z bcmñ mor n mor srtn ɖt w śd trî. At ɖ vri līst, w śd b rperñ fnsz n atmtñ t riistabliś az clos a rleśnśp az poṣbl – a cōz ćampịnd bî Lebr’z impresiv śadoćanslr, Rećl Rīvz.

V cors ɖr z an obvịs denjr ɖt an apḷceśn wd b gvn śort śrift bî Yṛpiynz, huz peśns wɖ, n simṗʈi fr, ɖ YC mst b clos t xōsćn – nt līst az a rzult v ɖ bizar n rɖr sinistr bhevyr v ǎr so-cōld ngośietr, Lord Frost. Bt ɖ ćansz r ɖt ǎr felo Yṛpiynz – w stl śer ɖ sem continnt – wd rgard it az in ɖer inṭrest, az wel az ǎrz, ɖt a grīṿs err śd b reṃdid.

It me sīm od t b seyñ ɖs in ɖ mdst v a fiśñ dspyt wɖ Frans, bt ɖs vri dspyt z a d’rect consiqns v Brexit, n ɖr r obvịs cnsrnz ɖt ɖ Jonsn/Frost aproć z t esc̣let ʈñz fr śort-trm p’liticl advantij. Ɖs guvnmnt jst luvz t “bizi gidi mîndz wɖ foṛn qoṛlz” (Hnri IV Part 2).

Yṛpiynz’ unḍstandñ v ɖ houl ẃć ɖs cuntri hz dug fr itslf wz iḷstretd rīsntli bî tū coments, fṛm a Bruslz cmiśnr n a rtîrd Deniś ftbōlr. Thierry Breton, ɖ cmiśnr fr ɖ intrnl marcit, sd: “Lc at ẃt z haṗnñ on ɖ sūṗmarcit ślvz. Lc at ẃt z haṗnñ at ɖ petṛlpumps. Lc at ẃt z haṗnñ wɖ ɖ śortij v nrsz n doctrz. Lc at ẃt z haṗnñ wɖ ɖ śortij v trucdrîvrz. Lc at ẃt z haṗnñ in ɖ cnstrux́nsectr.”

Brexit, sz Breton, hz bn “a ctastṛfi” fr ɖ YC. N Pītr Schmeichel – ɖ formr Manćestr Ynîtd pleyr n faɖr v Kasper, ɖ Lstr golcīpr – ẃn asct hiz vy v Brexit bî a membr v ɖ ōdịns jrñ an inṭvy ɖt wz mnt t b abt ftbōl, rplaid s’xñtli: “Ẃt on rʈ wr y ol ʈncñ v?”

Ɖz r jst sm xamplz v frendli obẓveśnz fṛm ppl ǎr prim̦inistr oceźṇli cōlz “ǎr Yṛpiyn frendz”. Closr t hom, a rīdr raili informz m ɖt ɖr z an eria v Wŭsṭśr ẃr “ɖe hv no aplpicrz, n, īvn f ɖe hd, ɖr r no trucs t dlivr ɖm t ɖ sūṗmarcit.”

Ɖ guvnmnt trîz t hîd bhnd Covid n ɖ fact ɖt ɖr r s’plîćen probḷmz arnd ɖ wrld. Bt ɖe r nʈñ lîc ɖ Brexit-magṇfaid s’plîćen iśuz hir. Funi hǎ Jrṃni, ẃć admitd a miłn imigṛnts instd v rpelñ ɖm, z nt suḟrñ ɖ śorṭjz v lebr ɖt w r.

Jrñ hiz bujitspīć, ɖ unrīcnstructd Brexitr Ćanslr Sŭnac wz screpñ ɖ botm v ɖ globl baṛl ẃn trayñ t fînd Brexit diṿdndz. Ɖ frīdm t ngośiet treḑīlz? Sori, ɖ pziśn ɖ guvnmnt fîndz itslf in z ɖt it hz gvn p fnomiṇli pṛductiv treḑīlz injoid az a YY membr n hz bn trōlñ arnd, cap in hand, lcñ fr a hanfl v far wrs dīlz, at gret xpns. Morovr, it hz nt iscept obzrvrz ɖt muvñ ɖ emḟsis on tred awe fṛm ɖ YY hz a neġtiv impact on ɖ YC’z targits fr rdysñ carbn imiśnz.

Agn, wn v ɖ mni beṇfits v YY lejsleśn ɖt w tc fr grantd wz its bnefisnt ifct on ɖ clenlinis v ǎr rivrz n bīćz. W r nǎ plúmñ ɖ depʈs, at a tîm ẃn Britiś wōtrcumṗniz sīm t b mor in ɖ nyz ɖn evr fr p’lūtñ ɖ wōtrz.

Ẃt Sŭnac wz nn tù cīn t emḟsîz last wīc wz ɖ Ofis fr Bujit Rsponsbiḷti’z calkleśn ɖt Brexit hz pṛdyst a prṃnnt hit v 4% t ɖs cuntri’s prodctivti, or GDP p’ capita. I cd hardli b’liv it – or phps I cd – ẃn Jorj Ysṭs, ɖ invîrnmntsecṛtri, dsmist ɖs on ɖ Tde program az “an old figr.” Sori, Mr Ysṭs, bt it z a figr ɖt rmenz vri mć wɖ s, n mcs a nonsns v ol ɖ guvnmnt’s clemz ɖt Brexit friz ɖ icoṇmi t incris its prodctivti.

Morovr, 4% me b a cnsrṿtiv esṭmet. Uɖr indipndnt bodiz, sć az Ɖ YC in a Ćenjñ Yṛp, pt ɖ rdux́n at nirr 6%. Hvr, w cn rlî on Prîṿt Î t levn ɖ glūm. I jst luvd its rīsnt hedlîn: “Brexit nt ɖ fōlt v Brexit.”

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

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Fṛm ɖ Gardịn │ Cop26: the time for prevarication is over

Part of the Tehachapi Pass windfarm in California, one of the first large-scale windfarm areas developed in the US. Composite: Guardian/Global Warming Images

Cop26: ɖ tîm fr privaṛceśn z ovr

(Transcription of a Guardian article of 30 October 2021)

Glazgo 2021 mst b ɖ momnt ẃn ɖ promis v Paris 2015 bcmz riyl – hisṭri wl nt fgiv s uɖ̇wz

Caʈrin Vînr, 30 Octobr 2021

Sumits d nt olwz liv p t ɖ nem. Ɖe cn gt bogd dǎn in dītel n dis’grīmnt, nvr riyli rīćñ alttyd.

Ɖt z ofn ɖ ces wɖ ɖ ańl YN clîṃtsumits noun simpli az ɖ Cop, ẃć hv ŕnd a repyteśn sins ɖ frst wz hld 26 yirz ago fr biyñ bwilḍrñ maṛʈnz ɖt oṿrun n unḍdilvr.

Ɖs yir, phps mor ɖn eni uɖr yir, ɖ wrld nīdz ɖ sumit ɖt starts tmoro in Scotḷnd t hit ɖ hîts. W’v hd mc-or-brec momnts bfr, v cors, ẃn ɖ clîṃtmuvmnt hz tītrd on ɖ brinc v c’laps at a Cop onli t b reskd bî a dīl (or fuj) in inɉritîm.

Bt Glazgo 2021 fīlz īvn mor du-or-dî, bcz ɖ clîṃt imrjnsi z mor fînli baḷnst ɖn evr bfr btwn hop n dsper, n ɖ ifcts r olrdi ol arnd s.

Wn paʈ, ɖ paʈ v śort-sîtd naśnl slf-inṭrest, līdz s dīpr intu ɖ crîsis ɖt Gardịn rportrz r cuṿrñ wɖ evr gretr frīqnsi arnd ɖ wrld: ɖ hītwevz v Ruśa, īstn Yṛp n ɖ wst v Norʈ America ɖs yir; ɖ fludz in Ćîna, Jrṃni, India, Ñgḷnd, Grīs, Tîland. Ɖ drǎt in īstn n suɖn Africa, ʈreṭnñ hungr, īvn famin, in plesz sć az Maḍgascr. Ɖ wîldfîrz in Ostreła, ɖ Ynîtd Stets, Caṇda, Yṛp, rcŕñ wɖ gretr intnṣti, gretr dstrux́n.

Incrisñli, at srtn tîmz n in srtn plesz, ɖ Rʈ z litṛli bcmñ unliṿbl. N ɖs z a wrld wormr bî jst 1.2C ovr priindustrịl levlz. A wrld tū or īvn ʈri dgriz wormr in ẃć ǎr dsndnts wl sweltr in a fy decedz’ tîm f w cari on rgardlis z a teṛfayñ prospect.

Bt ɖ wrd “crîsis” hz a secnd, les wel-noun mīnñ, fṛm ɖ orijinl Grīc – a trnñpônt, an oṗtyṇti. Ẃt z phps difṛnt abt ɖs Cop, ɖs momnt, z ɖt ɖ oṗtyṇti z gretr ɖn evr.

Ɖr hz nvr bn az mć iṇveśn, invstmnt n inṭrest in grīn tecnoḷji. Ɖ reṿluśn in rnywblz, ẃć hv sōrd fṛm a nīś inṭrest 30 yirz ago t a ćīp, globl oltrṇtiv eṇjisors ɖt pṛvîdz mor ɖn wn qortr v ɖ wrld’z ilectriṣti, z wn v hymaṇti’s most rmarcbl aćivmnts.

Hītpumps n hîdṛjn r bcmñ hǎsholdwrdz, f nt qt yt hǎshold aplaynsz. Baṭriz, ziro-carbn śips n eṛpleinz, mìt-fri fūd n ilectric viyclz n uɖr imiśnz-cutñ tecnoḷjiz r ol stl in ɖer inḟnsi, fl v ptnśl. Sayns, so vîtl in ǎr dogfît wɖ Covid, z wns agn pleyñ its part.

Nǎ w nīd ɖ poḷtiśnz t ple ɖer part tù. Ɖ fet v biłnz rests in ɖer handz. Biznis n cnsymrz r śowñ wilñ – bt ppl tec ɖer cy fṛm ɖ guvnmnt, fṛm poḷsi, fṛm bîndñ cmitmnts.

So ɖ Cop26 clîṃt sumit, ẃć starts in Glazgo tmoro mst b ɖ momnt ẃn ɖ hop jeṇretd bî ɖ Paris dīl in 2015 bcmz riyl.

Ɖ confṛns nīdz t fînd agrīmnt on dīp cuts t imiśnz. It nīdz t pṛvîd sirịs fundñ fr dveḷpñneśnz t hlp ɖm cǒp wɖ ɖ impacts v xtrim weɖr ẃć r olrdi biyñ flt. It nīdz t cmit t endñ ɖ reizñ v forists.

N most importntli, it nīdz t set targits fr śort-trm progres n agri on a rodmap fr ax́n fr ɖ nxt deced. Evri minit dsiźnz r dleid, grīnhǎs-gas imiśnz cntiny t rîz – n ɖ tasc ahd bcmz mor dificlt, n rjnt.

Tecn tgɖr, ambiśs meźrz in ɖz eriaz cd cīp alîv ɖ gol v limitñ globl hītñ t 1.5C. It wl b hard. Ɖ YN clîṃtcnvnśn oṗrets bî ɖ cnsnss v ol neśnz, n jioṗliticl śifts hv fracćrd inṭnaśnl cooṗreśn in mni eriaz in rīsnt yirz.

Bt w ol liv undr ɖ sem scî. W mst hold on t ɖ fact ɖt f ɖ nesṣri sstemic ćenjz tec ples – fṛm eṇji t trnsport t fūd – w cd bild a clīnr, hlʈịr wrld.

Az Nicḷs Strn, ɖ Britiś icoṇmist n oʈr v ɖ seminl 2006 guvnmntstudi intu ɖ costs v clîṃtćenj, sz, a just trnziśn t a lo-carbn icoṇmi z ɖ onli vaybl fyćr fr hymaṇti.

Ɖ tîm fr privaṛceśn z ovr.

Hisṭri wl nt fgiv ɖs jeṇreśn fr ɖ inevitbl leġsi ɖt wl cm fṛm inax́n.

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

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