Tag Archives: Covid

In Ñspel │ The Guardian view on Cummings’ testimony: a vivid portrait of failure

‘Mr Cummings reports that the prime minister likes “chaos” as a mode of government’. Photograph: Reuters Tv/Reuters
‘Mr. Cumñz rports ɖt ɖ prim̦inistr lîcs “ceos” az a mod v guvnmnt’. Foṭgraf: Rôtrz Tv/Rôtrz

Ɖ Gardịn vy on Cumñz’ tstiṃni: a vivid portret v fełr

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 26 May 2021)

Boris Jonsn’z formr advîzr z nt ɖ most rlaybl nretr, bt hiz dámñ acǎnt v ɖ prim̦inistr’z flwz z s’portd bî ol ɖ evidns

26 May 2021

A  yir ago, Doṃnic Cumñz gev a presconfṛns fṛm ɖ gardn v 10 Dǎnñ Strīt t xplen ẃ h, az ɖ prim̦inistr’z most pǎrfl advîzr, śd b alaud t brīć locdǎn rūlz ẃn ordnri sitiznz wr cnfînd t ɖer homz. Hiz xpḷneśn, involvñ ɖ clem t hv tstd hiz îsît bî drîvñ wɖ hiz faṃli in ɖ car, wz feṃsli improbbl.

Ɖt episod daṃjz Mr. Cumñz’ creḍbiḷti az a witnis bfr a cmiti v MPz sīcñ t lrn lésnz fṛm ɖ guvnmnt’s hanḍlñ v ɖ pandemic. Nwn hu woćt Wenzde’z tstiṃni wz left dǎtñ ɖt h intndd t setl scorz n dvrt blem awe fṛm himslf. H apoḷjîzd fr mstecs ɖt wr md, bt az a prelyd t slfxclpeśn, īvn ovr ɖt faṃlitrip t Cǎnti Duṛm. Hiz rgret wz nt hvñ actd snr t contṛdict a privelñ guvnmnt vy last Marć ɖt ɖ vîṛs śd b alaud t run ʈru ɖ popyleśn, jeṇretñ naćṛl iḿṇti. H hd bn rît ol alñ, n śd hv forst ɖ prim̦inistr t act, h sd. Wel h wd, wd’nt h, az Mandi Rîs-Deviz mt hv obzrvd.

A slfsrvñ motiv dz nt rendr ɖ hol acǎnt inṿlid. Mć v it z c’roḅretd bî uɖr sorsz n ɖ evidns v ẃt hapnd t ɖ cuntri. Īvn ẃn it wz clir ɖt Britn wz hedñ qcli twdz ctastṛfi, ɖ prim̦inistr wz îɖr unwilñ or sîc̣lojicli unebl t tec ɖ nesṣri ax́n.

Az ɖ crîsis unfoldd, ɖs funḍmntl flw in Boris Jonsn’z caṛctr rīsrfist az ɖ cōz v cnfyźn, dle n, bî xtnśn, uņesṣri deʈ. Mr. Cumñz rports ɖt ɖ prim̦inistr lîcs “ceos” az a mod v guvnmnt bcz it forsz uɖrz t awêt hiz arbtreśn, ɖr-bî bolsṭrñ hiz pǎr. Ɖt z cnsistnt wɖ uɖr acǎnts v Mr. Jonsn’z modus operandi: mntenñ a dlibṛtli wìc cabiṇt, contṛdictñ himslf, mcñ fōls public stetmnts, mcñ poḷsi cmitmnts wn de n U-trnñ ɖ nxt, pṛcrasṭnetñ ẃl ɖ opśnz naro. Ɖt tmpṛmntl inadiqsi wd b probḷmatic undr norml srcmstansz. Jrñ a pandemic, it hz pruvd līʈl.

Sm v ɖ wrst felñz v guvnmnt wr, no dǎt, cmpǎndd bî mīdiocṛti n a lac v ajiḷti ʈrt Ẃîthōl. Mr. Cumñz z rît t rêz ɖ alarm abt a sivl cntinjnsiz aṗreṭs ɖt xistd t cǒp wɖ rer imrjnsiz n feld t pform ɖt wn besic fuñśn ẃn rqîrd. Ɖ ʈret v a pandemic hd bn noun fr yirz, yt ɖ guvnmnt faund itslf mcñ p ɖ plan az it wnt alñ.

Fr ol ɖ sstemic unredinis n alejd dsoṇsti v cabiṇtministrz, ɖ sntṛl probḷm – ɖ brocn pìs in ɖ mśīn ɖt esc̣letd evri haẓd intu a dzastr – wz ɖ man huz job it wz t līd. No cuntri wnt intu ɖ pandemic fŭli priperd. Ol hd t impṛvîz rsponsz n lrn fṛm evidns az it imrjd. Mr. Jonsn feld t d ɖt, nt jst at ɖ start, bt ʈrt last yir.

Britn hz sufrd wn v ɖ hîist p’ capita deʈtolz in ɖ wrld nt onli bcz its orgnz v stet wr unredi, bt bcz its prim̦inistr wz unfit. Mr. Cumñz z nt ɖ most rlaybl nretr v ivnts in ẃć h pleid a crūśl rǒl. Yt ɖ picćr h pents v a prim̦inistr lacñ ɖ jujmnt n caṛctr t naṿget ɖ crîsis taliz wɖ a Dǎnñ Strīt specṭcl ɖt ɖ cuntri witnist last yir, lrćñ fṛm panic t cmplesnsi n bac agn – “a śopñtroli smaśñ btwn ailz.” Tstiṃni fṛm a man at ɖ vri hart v ɖt dzastr mt wel b skd bî vndeta, bt it olso cntenz frîtnñli plōẓbl insît intu ɖ we Britn z guvnd. Ɖ fl picćr wl imrj onli in tîm, bt sm jujmnts r olrdi aveḷbl best on noun facts. “Tnz v ʈǎzndz v ppl daid hu dd’nt nīd t dî,” Mr. Cumñz sd. Trajicli, it wz ɖ truʈ.

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn │ Bolsonaro’s ‘genocidal’ Covid response has led to Brazilian catastrophe, Dilma Rousseff says

Dilma Roussefff told the Guardian: ‘We are adrift on an ocean of hunger and disease … It truly is an utterly extreme situation that we’re witnessing in Brazil.’ Photograph: Ricardo Maldonado Rozo/EPA

Bolsonaro’z ‘jeṇsîdl’ Covid rspons hz léd t Bṛziłn ctastṛfi, Dilma Rousseff sz

(Transcription of a Guardian article of 10 April 2021)

Formr prezidnt tlz Gardịn Bṛzil fesz phps grevist momnt in its hisṭri n z ‘adrift on an ośn v hungr n dziz’

Tom Phillips is the Guardian's Latin America correspondent

Tom Filips in Rio de Janeiro, 10 Epril 2021

Jair Bolsonaro’z pvrs n “jeṇsîdl” rspons t wn v ɖ wrld’z dedliist Covid ǎtbrecs hz left Bṛzil “adrift on an ośn v hungr n dziz”, ɖ cuntri’s formr prezidnt Dilma Rousseff hz clemd.

Spīcñ t ɖ Gardịn ɖs wīc – az Bṛzil’z c’roṇvîṛs deʈtol hit devstetñ ny hîts, wɖ mor ɖn 12,000 deʈs in ɖ last ʈri dez – Rousseff sd hr cuntri fest phps ɖ grevist momnt in its hisṭri.

“W r livñ ʈru an xtrimli dṛmatic sićueśn in Bṛzil bcz w hv no guvnmnt, no stywdśp v ɖ crîsis,” sd Rousseff, a formr leftist g’ríla hu wz prezidnt fr jst ovr fîv yirz untl hr contṛvrśl 2016 impićmnt.

“W r siyñ 4,200 deʈs p’ de nǎ n evrʈñ sjsts ɖt f nʈñ ćenjz w’l rīć 5,000… Yt ɖr z an abṣlutli rpulsiv norṃlîześn v ɖs riaḷti undr we. Hǎ cn y norṃlîz ɖ 4,211 deʈs rejistrd [on Tyzde]?” Rousseff asct az Bṛzil’z ofiśl deʈtol rouz t ovr 345,000, secnd onli t ɖ YS.

Bṛzil’z frst fīmel prezidnt, lîc a growñ numbr v sitiznz, b’livz mć v ɖ blem le wɖ Bolsonaro, a far-rît popylist huz antisạntific rspons t ẃt h cōlz a “litl flu” hz md him an inṭnaśnl bôgiman. Opińnpoulz n potbaññ protests sjst growñ public angr at ɖ Trump-admîrñ poḷtiśn hu wz ilectd in 2018 aftr Rousseff’z mntr, formr prezidnt Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, wz jeld n privntd fṛm runñ bî a juj hu lêtr jônd Bolsonaro’z cabiṇt.

Rousseff clemd Bolsonaro’z saḅtājñ v cntenmnt n vax̣neśn eḟts, rfyzl t ordr a locdǎn n fełr t ofr adiqt ic̣nomic s’port t ɖ pur hd cntribytd t a traɉdi v “caṭstrofic pṛporśnz”.

“I’m nt seyñ Bṛzil wd’nt hv sufrd deʈs [wɖ a difṛnt rspons] – ol cuntriz dd,” ś sd. “I’m seyñ ɖt part v ɖ levl v deʈs hir z funḍmnṭli dǎn t inc̣rect p’liticl dsiźnz, ẃć r stl biyñ tecn.”

Bṛzil’z brecdǎn wz olso an inṭnaśnl ʈret. “Ɖ absns v an ifctiv fît agnst ɖ pandemic [in Bṛzil] līdz t smʈñ xtrimli sirịs: ɖ imrjns v ɖ so-cōld ny verịnts, ẃć r hîli infx́s n hv incrist ɖ numbr v deʈs in neḅrñ cuntriz,” Rousseff sd, pôntñ t hǎ Sǎʈ Americn nebrz wr clozñ ɖer bordrz fr fir v ɖ mor cntejs P1 verịnt linct t Bṛzil’z Aṃzn.

Mni critics nǎ argy Bolsonaro’z ax́nz amǎnt t “jeṇsîd” – n Rousseff sd ś wz amñ ɖm.

“I yz ɖt wrd. Ẃt caṛcṭrîzz ɖ act v jeṇsîd z ẃn y ple a dlibṛt rǒl in ɖ deʈ v a popyleśn on a masiv scel,” ɖ 73-yir-old sd fṛm hr hom in Porto Alegre, wn v mni sitiz ẃr hospitlz hv bn oṿẃlmd n doctrz forst t ple God.

“It’s nt ɖ wrd [jeṇsîd] ɖt inṭrests m – it’s ɖ consept. N ɖ consept z ɖs: rsponsbiḷti fr deʈs ɖt cd hv bn avôdd.”

On Ʈrzde, Bṛzil’z s’prīm cort ordrd a cngreśnl invstgeśn intu ɖ guvnmnt’s conduct – a śocmuv ɖt xprts cōld a mejr blo t Bolsonaro, hu stl injôz ɖ s’port v abt a ʈrd v votrz bt fesz record levlz v rjx́n.

Bolsonaro in March. Brazil’s official death toll is more than 345,000. Photograph: Ueslei Marcelino/Reuters
Bolsonaro in Marć. Bṛzil’z ofiśl deʈtol z mor ɖn 345,000. Foṭgraf: Ueslei Marcelino/Rôtrz

Bṛzil’z dzastr – ẃć z biyñ trboćarjd bî ɖ P1 verịnt – z xpctd t dīpn frɖr in ɖ cmñ dez. Mor ɖn 66,000 Bṛziłn lîvz wr lost t Covid in Marć. Epril’z deʈtol z xpctd t xid 100,000. On Frîde ɖ Wrld Hlʈ Orġnîześn sīńr advîzr Brūs Êlẉd cōld ɖ ǎtbrec “a rejñ infrno”.

“It’s despṛt. T b onist, I c’nt slīp proprli. I g t bed wɖ ɖz numbrz n siḿleśnz in mî hed n I jst c’nt ʈnc stret,” sd Miguel Nicolelis, a prominnt sayntist huz grim pṛjx́nz abt ɖ ǎtbrec hv rpitidli bn cnfrmd.

“Ɖ YS hd wn de wɖ mor ɖn 5,000 deʈs n w’r gwñ t oṿtec ɖ YS – in ɖ numbr v dêli deʈs n probbli in ɖ totl numbr v ftaḷtiz tù,” Nicolelis pridictd.

“W’r gwñ t start siyñ bodiz pîlñ p in ǎr hlʈclinics n ppl dayñ in ɖ strīts sn in ɖ bigist siti in Bṛzil,” h sd v São Paulo, cōlñ fr a wn-munʈ neśnwîd locdǎn n ɖ cloźr v rodz, erports n rivrz.

Rousseff olso rjd an imīɉt śutdǎn, olɖo Bolsonaro hz rpitidli rjctd ɖt îdīa, apaṛntli firñ it wd cripl ɖ icoṇmi n hiz hops v riilex́n in 2022. “Ɖr wl b no neśnwîd locdǎn,” Bolsonaro insistd jrñ a trip t suɖn Bṛzil ɖs wīc.

Spīcñ ǎtsd hiz rezidns on Tyzde, Bolsonaro, 66, śrugd of criṭsizm. “[I’v bn cōld] hoṃfobic, resist, fasist, a torćrr … Nǎ I’m jeṇsîdl,” h smrct. “Z ɖr enʈñ I’m nt t blem fr in Bṛzil?”

Rousseff agrìd Bolsonaro wz nt ɖ onli culprit fr ɖ Covid c’laṃti śecñ hr cuntri, n ɖ wrld. Ś olso blemd ɖ ic̣nomic ilits, militri ćīfs, mīdịmǒglz n poḷtiśnz hu hlpt ɖ rîtwñ xtrimist win pǎr bî bacñ hr rmuvl fṛm ofis n ɖen ćirñ Lula’z dǎnfōl n Bolsonaro’z rîz. Wrldlīdrz includñ Doṇld Trump hd olso handld ɖ pandemic dzastṛsli.

“Ppl wl hv t b hld rsponsbl fr ɖ ctastṛfi ɖt hz bn enɉnird in Bṛzil,” Rousseff sd, ćartñ its cuṛnt tribyleśnz bac t hr sspnśn fṛm ofis xacli fîv yirz ago fr alejidli mnipyletñ ɖ bujit t masc ic̣nomic mleiz.

“Bolsonaro z a product v ɖs… orijinl sin: ɖ impićmnt,” ś sd v ẃt hr s’portrz cōl a p’liticli-drivn “cù”.

On Súnde 16 Epril 2016, Bolsonaro, ɖen an obskr congresmn, wz wn v 367 depytiz hu apruvd Rousseff’z impićmnt jrñ an unrūli seśn in ẃć h dedcetd hiz vot t a dictetrśp-ira torćrr hu oṿsw ɖ abys v leftist reblz sć az hr.

Bac ɖen, Rousseff sd ś hd nvr imajind Bolsonaro wd wn de bcm prezidnt. Nr cd ś invizij Bṛzil fesñ tde’z imrjnsi undr mor inadiqt līdrśp. “Ɖ riaḷti z wrs ɖn enʈñ I cd hv poṣbli imajind. It’s az f w’r adrift. W r adrift on an ośn v hungr n dziz… It trūli z an utrli xtrim sićueśn ɖt w’r witṇsñ in Bṛzil.”

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn │ ‘The heart of darkness’: neighbors shun Brazil over Covid response

A woman lays a rose on mattresses symbolising coronavirus victims, at a protest in Rio against Bolsonaro’s pandemic response. Photograph: Carl de Souza/AFP/Getty Images
A wmn lez a rouz on matṛsz simḅlîzñ c’roṇvîṛsvictimz, at a protest in Rio agnst Bolsonaro’z pandemic rspons. Foṭgraf: Carl de Souza/AFP/Geti Iṃjz

‘Ɖ hart v darcnis’: nebrz śun Bṛzil ovr Covid rspons

(Transcription of a Guardian article of 30 March 2021)

Latin Americn cuntriz scrambl t pṛtct ɖmslvz fṛm a cuntri ẃr nirli 60,000 ppl r xpctd t dî in Marć alon

Tom Filips in Rio de Janeiro, Uci Goñi in Buenos Aires n Jo Parcin Dańlz in Bogotá, 30 Marć 2021

It hz loñ bn rgardd az a soft-pǎr sūṗpǎr, ɖ sún-cist, culćṛli blest land v Bossa Nova, Capoeira n Pelé.

Bt Bṛzil’z śambolic rspons t c’roṇvîṛs undr far-rît prezidnt Jair Bolsonaro hz cast Latin America’z larjist cuntri in an unfmiłr n unpleznt rǒl: ɖt v a Covid-ridld, sayns-śunñ, p’liticli unstebl ǎtcast on hūm mni rījnl nebrz r nǎ śutñ ɖ dor.

“Ɖ uɖr de I sw a priti stroñ articl seyñ Bṛzil wz startñ t b sìn bî its nebrz az a sort v leprcoḷni … n it’s probbli tru,” cnsidd Ricardo Ricupero, a vetṛn Bṛziłn dipḷmat hu qotd Jozif Conrad, nt João Gilberto, t dscrîb hiz cuntri’z pridic̣mnt.

“Ɖ horr! Ɖ horr!” ɖ rtîrd ambasdr l’mntd last wīc, bfr hiz cuntri wz plunjd intu frɖr p’liticl trbyḷns bî Bolsonaro’z unixpctd sacñ v ɖ dfnsministr. “Bṛzil z in ɖ hart v darcnis.”

Bṛzil’z nebrz, hu r nǎ scramḅlñ t rspond t ɖ meltdǎn nxt dor, sīm t agri, wɖ Arjntīna, C’lumbia n P’ru banñ flîts t ɖer Porćgīz-spīcñ nebr, n Veṇzwela’z līdr, Nicolás Maduro, b’retñ hiz rîtwñ rîvl ovr a c’laṃti ɖt hz cild mor ɖn 300,000 Bṛziłnz.

“It’s alarmñ, īvn dstresñ, t si ɖ rports ǎt v São Paulo n Rio … n ɖ reclis attyd v ɖ Trumpist Bṛziłn rît n Jair Bolsonaro twdz ɖ ppl v Bṛzil,” Maduro dclerd last wīc az h ordrd a 14-de locdǎn t cǎntr ɖ mor cntejs P1 verịnt at ɖ hart v globl firz ovr Bṛzil’z unćect ǎtbrec.

“Bṛzil nǎ repriznts a ʈret t ɖ wrld. N huz fōlt z it? Jair Bolsonaro’z,” Maduro pṛclemd, jabñ hiz indx fngr intu ɖ er. “It’s jst madnis. Ɖr’z no nem fr it.”

Sevn ʈǎznd ciloṃtrz sǎʈ v Caracas, in Yṛḡî, ɖr r sînz v similr alarm, wɖ oʈoṛtiz rêsñ t vax̣net rezidnts v its bordŗījn wɖ Bṛzil. “Ɖ îdīa z t criet an eṗdīmịlojicl śīld,” sd Rodni Colina, a guvnmnt Covid advîzr n vroḷjist hu dtctd Yṛḡî’z frst P1 cesz n hz bn cōlñ fr tuf rstrix́nz t stop its spred. “F w start siyñ P1 srklet wîdli w’d nīd t g fr a totl cloźr v olmst evrʈñ,” Colina wornd.

Clos t 60,000 Bṛziłnz r xpctd t dî in Marć alon, mcñ it bî far ɖ most dedli munʈ v Bṛzil’z 13-munʈ eṗdemic.

In Arjntīna, tù, slīp z biyñ lost ovr ɖ mêhem. A grūp v līdñ Arjntinịn sayntists rīsntli pénd an opn letr implorñ ɖer guvnmnt t cloz its 761-mîl landbordr wɖ Bṛzil.

“Bṛzil z a mirr w wd rɖr nt hv t lc intu. Ɖt’s ẃ it’s so importnt t impoz travl rstrix́nz stret awe bcz wns cntejnz start t rîz it wl b tù lêt,” sd Humberto Debat, an Arjntinịn bîoḷjist hu hlpt pṛdys ɖ apil, ẃć cndemd Bolsonaro’z “irisponsbl n dnaylist” bhevyr.

Last Ʈrzde, az Bṛzil rcordd mor ɖn 100,000 Covid-19 cesz in a sngl de fr ɖ frst tîm, Arjntīna anǎnst it wd ban flîts fṛm Bṛzil, Ćíli n Mx̣co. Soledad Retamar, a staṭstiśn wrcñ on Covid deta hu bacs sć muvz, sd: “Ɖ fir z ɖt w cd start siyñ ɖ cnd v mortaḷtirets ɖe hd in Manaus rlịr ɖs yir f ɖ P1 verịnt starts srkletñ in Arjntīna.”

C’lumbịn ofiślz bánd flîts fṛm Bṛzil in Jańri az wel az hōltñ intrnl flîts t ɖ Aṃzn bordr tǎn v Leticia, ẃr iḿnîześn eḟts r tarġtñ yungr adults in an atmt t bloc ɖ spred v ɖ P1 verịnt. Ana Mauad, an inṭnaśnl-rleśnz pṛfesr at Bogotá’z Javeriana Yṇvrṣti, sd Bolsonaro’z “cmplit lac v straṭji n mshanḍlñ v ɖ pandemic” hd śoct ɖ rījn.

“Bolsonaro hz manijd t trn Bṛzil intu a jîgantic helhoul,” C’lumbia’z formr prezidnt Ernesto Samper twītd last wīc, az ɖ Wrld Hlʈ Orġnîześn admitd “ɖ dîr sićueśn” in Bṛzil wz nǎ afctñ its nebrz.

Bolsonaro’z admiṇstreśn hz riactd ōcẉdli t ɖ cōṛs v inṭnaśnl criṭsizm.

“I ʈnc ɖs z … teṛbli unjust,” Bṛzil’z pro-Trump foṛn ministr, Ernesto Araújo, tld ɖ Estado de São Paulo nyzpepr rlịr ɖs munʈ. Araújo, hu rzînd on Munde aftr a rbełn fṛm dipḷmats n lwmecrz hu akz him v hlpñ traś Bṛzil’z inṭnaśnl repyteśn, rjctd ɖ îdīa ɖt ɖr wz enʈñ “ǎt v cntrol” in hiz cuntri n clemd Bṛzil wz ɖ victim v “dscriṃneśn”.

“It’s az f … ppl r onli dayñ in Bṛzil,” Bolsonaro grumbld last wīc.

Ricupero sd ɖr wz no hîdñ ɖt hiz Sǎʈ Americn cuntri hd bcm ɖ pandemic’s “abṣlut eṗsntr” n pridictd rījnl rstrix́nz wd incris in ɖ cmñ wīcs in cuntriz sć az B’livia, C’lumbia n P’ru.

“Rît nǎ, Bṛzil z at ɖ aur ẃn darcnis rênz,” h sd.

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn │ The Covid contracts furore is no surprise – Britain has long been a chumocracy

‘Matt Hancock told the BBC’s Andrew Marr that he doesn’t even care that he broke the law over Covid contracts.’ Photograph: Tayfun Salcı/Zuma Wire/Rex/Shutterstock
‘Mát Hancoc tld ɖ BBC’s Andru Mar ɖt h dz’nt īvn cer ɖt h brouc ɖ lw ovr Covid contracts.’ Foṭgraf: Tayfun Salcı/Zuma Wire/Rex/Śuṭstoc

Croniizm in Britn z rampnt n gz unpuniśt. W’r trnñ intu a bnana rpublic

(Transcription of a Guardian article of 22 February 2021)

Qsćṇbl Covid contracts, doji apôntmnts, tuʈlis woćdogz. Fevrz t frendz z nǎ ɖ guvnmnt’s modus operandi

Poli Tônbi, 22 Febrri 2021

Ɖ  sumz r so vast, ɖ sīcṛsi so śocñ, ɖt “ćumocṛsi” dz’nt bgin t capćr ẃt Britn hz bcm – reḍḷnt az w r v bnana rpublics, ɖ Ruśn oḷgarci n feld stets. Lost z Britn’z slf-imij az ɖ bolr-hatd bīcn v sivic recttyd, az ǎr rstẃl Rolz-Rôs sivl srvis gz ɖ we v, wel, Rolz-Rôs, no longr a Britiś-ǒnd carcumṗni.

Ɖ Gd Lw Project, ɖ admṛbl nt-fr-profit public clenzr, last wīc pruvd in ɖ hî cort ɖt ɖ guvnmnt hd brīćt ẃt ɖ juj cōld ɖ “vîtl public fuñśn” v trnspaṛnsi ovr “vast qonttiz” v taxpeyrz’ muni. A VIP fast len fr pṛtctiv-iqipmnt contracts md ɖ contacts v ministrz, MPz, pirz n ofiślz 10 tîmz mor lîcli t win contracts. PPI prîsz scîrocitd: īvn bodibagz wr biyñ ćarjd at 14 tîmz ɖer prīvịs cost. Ɖ Gd Lw Project’s dmandz fr pubḷceśn v ɖoz fevrd s’playrz, ɖer VIP sponsrz n prîsz peid hv bn dnaid so far.

Ẃ ɖ sīcṛsi? Ɖ Gardịn hz olrdi rvild ɖt ɖ medicl reğletr z invstgetñ Alix Bōrn, hlʈ secṛtri Mát Hancoc’s xnebr, hu wún £30m v wrc pṛdysñ medicl vaylz, dspt hvñ no xpirịns in ɖ fīld.

In ɖ panic ovr emti PPI ślvz in hospitlz n cerhomz, ɖt daś t pṛkr mt b fgivn wr it nt ɖt fevrz t frendz z ɖ evride modus operandi fr Boris Jonsn. Bt bfr a liṭni v hiz sivic śem, pōz hir t injô ɖs, ɖ fōrwrd h rout t ɖ miṇstirịl cod: “Ɖr mst b no bŭliyñ n no haṛsmnt; no līcñ; no brīć v c’lectiv rsponsbiḷti. No msys v taxpeyr muni n no acćl or psivd conflicts v inṭrest. Ɖ preśs prínsiplz v public lîf inśrînd in ɖs dokmnt – integṛti, objctivti, acǎntbiḷti, trnspaṛnsi, oṇsti n līdrśp in ɖ public inṭrest – mst b onrd at ol tîmz; az mst ɖ p’liticl imparśiaḷti v ǎr mć admîrd sivl srvis.” Ha!

Alix Aḷn flt it imposbl t ste on az ɖ prim̦inistr’z ofiśl advîzr on ɖt cod, aftr hiz fîndñ agnst ɖ homsecṛtri, Priti Ptel, fr bŭliyñ wz rjctd. Nr cd Joṇʈn Jǒnz rmen az prṃnnt secṛtri t ɖ guvnmnt līgl dpartmnt ẃl Jonsn brouc inṭnaśnl lw wɖ ɖ intrnl-marcit bil. Oltgɖr, undr Jonsn six prṃnnt secṛtriz hv gn – nt so prṃnnt in ɖs reźīm.

Ɖ Gd Lw Project nǎ olso sīcs a jdiśl rvy intu ɖ Gardịn’z reṿleśn v a £564,000 contract fr opińnpoulñ, gvn wɖt tndr t Doṃnic Cumñz’ clos ćum Rećl Wlf, hu corout ɖ 2019 Tori parti maṇfsto. Ẃt an îṛni ɖt in hr Dǎnñ Strīt dez ś pland fr ol sivl srvnts t fes constnt xamz t gard agnst a culćr ẃr “evrwn rîzz t ɖer pziśn v incompitns”. Yt ś wz pt t no tst, nt īvn besic tnḍrñ fr a fat contract.

Ɖ Súnde Tîmz rvilz ɖt Lord Udni-Listr, az depyti mẹr v Lundn undr Jonsn, hlpt apruv £4bn v proṗtiscīmz fr dveḷprz – n wɖn munʈs v līvñ ofis wnt on t wrc fr ɖm. Az Dǎnñ Strīt stṛtījic advîzr last yir, h steid on ɖer pêrolz, ɖo ɖs wz in cmplayns wɖ codz v conduct.

In a blast at Tōriz “rîf wɖ conflicts v inṭrest”, Rećl Rīvz, ɖ śado cabiṇt-ofis ministr, md a “sác Srco” plej ɖt Lebr wd rtrn prîṿt contracts t ɖ public sectr. Yt it sīmz nʈñ śemz ɖs guvnmnt. Ɖ Naśnl Ōdit Ofis z a fîn insttyśn fr ćecñ on fnanśl integṛti n valy fr muni. Bt, ɖo it faund ɖt biznis ǒnrz wɖ p’liticl tîz t ɖ Tōriz wr gvn hî-prîoṛti steṭs ovr pandemic contracts, it hz no mśīṇri t fors a guvnmnt ɖt dz’nt gv a dám t act on ɖz fîndñz. Ẃć līvz ɖ public-spiṛtd crǎdfundrz v ɖ Gd Lw Project az a last stand agnst c’lapsñ sivic integṛti. Olɖo, az Hancoc tld ɖ BBC’z Andru Mar, h dz’nt īvn cer ɖt h’z brocn ɖ lw.

Ɖ cmiśnr fr public apôntmnts, Pītr Ridél, ol tù rerli mcs public protests, bt rīsntli h rouz p agnst “unreğletd apôntmnts”, sć az ɖt v Tori pir Dîdo Hardñ t hed ɖ ceotic tst-n-tres program. Last wīc ɖ hlʈ dpartmnt’s ǒn evidns śoud ɖ £22bn ś hz spent hd hd a “reḷtivli smōl” ifct. Ridél olso pṛtstd agnst stact inṭvy panlz: utrli unqoḷfaid xTori MP Jemz Ẃartn wz apôntd hed v ɖ Ofis fr Stydnts bî a s’lex́npanl dvôd v hayr-edyceśn xprts.

For nonixektiv d’rectrz apôntd az “indpndnts” t oṿsi Mîcl Gov’z Cabiṇt Ofis r ol Gov alîz, includñ Gīẓla Stywt v hiz Vot Līv clan. Acordñ t a rīsnt srve, mor ɖn haf v ol dīpartmntl-bōrd apôntmnts, far fṛm biyñ indipndnt ǎtsîdrz, r speśl advîzrz n clos p’liticl alîz.

Ridél lobd a wornñ at brīfñz ɖt ɖ Ofcom ćer wl g t ɖ formr Meil editr-in-ćīf Pōl Dêcr, a man rebidli bayst agnst ɖ BBC, jujz, Yṛp n mîgṛnts, t nem jst a fy. Ćanslr Riśi Sŭnac’s gd ćum, ɖ Tori donr Rićd Śarp, wz md BBC ćer. Ẃ no invstgeśn intu cḿṇtizsecṛtri Roḅt Jenric’s impropr iniśl inṭvnśn t hlp Tori donr Rićd Dezmnd avôd tax ovr a £1bn planñbid? Nt onli ɖs, bt pacñ ɖ Lordz wɖ donrz z ɖ Putinesc ny norml.

Nt sins ɖ 1853 Norʈcot-Tṛvełn sivl srvis rformz hz a guvnmnt so impydntli n dfayntli ignord apôntmntsprínsiplz. Hd Lebr cmitd eni v ɖz ǎtrejz, ɖ Tori pres wd hv hǎndd it t deʈ. Rmembr Jenifr Arcuri, Jonsn’z “clos frend”, gvn £100,000 fṛm hiz Lundn meṛl fund n invîtd on ptnṣ́li lūcṛtiv tredmiśnz? Ɖ Indipndnt Ofis fr P’līs Conduct faund ɖt ɖ ofisrz mcñ dsiźnz on sponsrśp n tred miśnz ń v ɖs rleśnśp, “n ɖs inflụnst ɖer dsiźn-mcñ”. Imajin f ɖt wr Cir Starmr.

Clīn dmocṛsiz r dfînd bî hǎ wel ɖe gard agnst ɖer līdrz feṿrñ faṃli n frendz. Bt ɖ esns v ćumocṛsi runz far dīpr. Ppl instñtivli apônt ɖer ǒn cnd: “merit” tndz t b spotd onli in ɖoz hu tōc, ʈnc n b’liv lîc ɖoz dwñ ɖ ćuzñ. In a wîld blog, Doṃnic Cumñz pritndd t brec ǎt v ɖs stretjacit, cōlñ fr “sūpr-talntd wirdoz” wɖ “jenyin cogṇtiv dvrṣti”. Bt no, hiz ramḅlñ job ad rqîrd īc̣nomics grajụts wɖ “an ǎtstandñ record at a gret yṇvrṣti”: h wz a prins amñ trîbl ćum’pôntrz.

Brecñ ɖ spirit v fevṛtizm z f’rośsli hard: ẃn I wz at ɖ BBC, a vałnt atmt wz md t rcrūt rw taḷnt ǎtsd top grajụts wɖ maṇkrd hinṭlandz. Adz, līflits n noṭsz wr postd in herdresrz, pubz, McDoṇld’z, moscs, tmplz n on busz: no nem, edyceśn or xpirịns, jst rait t s wɖ yr program îdīaz. Ʈǎzndz aplaid.

Ẃn ɖz hd bn ẃitld dǎn t 30, ɖ dis’pôntd s’lectrz faund ɖe hd mnli pict îdnticl top grajụt tîps. Bî instñt, unconśsli, ɖe ćouz ɖ cnd hu rout lîc ɖm, ʈt lîc ɖm. Unconśs-bays corsz hlp s unḍstand inbilt preɉdisz, bt iradcetñ it fṛm dīp wɖn z far hardr.

Dy proses in public apôntmnts matrz nt jst fr gd guvnmnt, bt bcz it sets a bnćmarc v fer implômnt. Neṗtizm stncs az badli az awordñ contracts t VIP palz: gloriyñ in bʈ, ɖ guvnmnt, rotñ fṛm ɖ hed, spredz ɖ stenć v c’rupśn ʈru evrʈñ it tućz.

Poli Tônbi z a Gardịn coḷmnist

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

Continue reading Fṛm Đ Gardịn │ The Covid contracts furore is no surprise – Britain has long been a chumocracy

Fṛm Đ Gardịn │ The world faces a pandemic of human rights abuses in the wake of Covid-19

A pedestrian walks past a wall mural depicting a mother saving children from a sea of coronavirus, in Mumbai, India. Photograph: Indranil Mukherjee/AFP/Getty Images
A pdestrịn wōcs past a wōlḿṛl dpictñ a muɖr sevñ ćildṛn fṛm a sì v c’roṇvîṛs, in Mŭmbai, India. Foṭgraf: Indranil Mukherjee/AFP/Geti Iṃjz

Ɖ wrld fesz a pandemic v hymn-rîts abysz in ɖ wec v Covid-19

(Transcription of a Guardian article of 22 February 2021)

Ɖ vîṛs hz bn yzd az a prītxt in mni cuntriz t cruś dsnt, crimiṇlîz frīdmz n sîḷns rportñ

António Guterres, 22 Febrri 2021

Fṛm ɖ onset v ɖ Covid-19 pandemic olmst wn yir ago, it wz clir ɖt ǎr wrld fest far mor ɖn a public-hlʈ imrjnsi. Ɖ bigist inṭnaśnl crîsis in jeṇreśnz qcli morft intu an ic̣nomic n sośl crîsis. Wn yir on, anɖr starc fact z trajicli evidnt: ǎr wrld z fesñ a pandemic v hymn-rîts abysz.

Covid-19 hz dīpnd priixistñ dvîdz, vulnṛbiḷtiz n iniqoḷtiz, n opnd p ny fracćrz, includñ fōltlînz in hymn rîts. Ɖ pandemic hz rvild ɖ inṭcnctidnis v ǎr hymn faṃli – n v ɖ fl spectṛm v hymn rîts: sivl, culćṛl, ic̣nomic, p’liticl n sośl. Ẃn enwn v ɖz rîts z undr atac, uɖrz r at risc.

Ɖ vîṛs hz ʈrîvd bcz poṿti, dscriṃneśn, ɖ dstrux́n v ǎr naćṛl invîrnmnt n uɖr hymn rîts fełrz hv crietd inorṃs fṛjiḷtiz in ǎr ssaytiz. Ɖ lîvz v hundṛdz v miłnz v faṃliz hv bn trnd upsîd-dǎn – wɖ lost jobz, cruśñ dét n stīp fōlz in incm.

Frunt-lîn wrcrz, ppl wɖ dis’biḷtiz, oldr ppl, wimin, grlz n mnoṛtiz hv bn ispeṣ́li hard hit. In a matr v munʈs, progres on jndr iqoḷti hz bn set bac decedz. Most isnśl frunt-lîn wrcrz r wimin, n in mni cuntriz r ofn fṛm reṣ́li n eʈnicli marjṇlîzd grūps.

Most v ɖ incrist brdn v cer in ɖ hom z tecn on bî wimin. Vayḷns agnst wimin n grlz in ol formz hz roc̣td, fṛm onlîn abys t dmestic vayḷns, traf̣cñ, sx́l xplôteśn n ćîldmarij.

Xtrim poṿti z rîzñ fr ɖ frst tîm in decedz. Yuñ ppl r struġlñ, ǎt v scūl n ofn wɖ liṃtd axes t tecnoḷji.

Ɖ lêtist moṛl ǎtrej z ɖ fełr t enśur eqti in vax̣neśn ef̣ts. Jst 10 cuntriz hv administrd mor ɖn 75% v ol Covid-19 vaxīnz. Mnẃl, mor ɖn 130 cuntriz hv nt rsivd a sngl dos.

F ɖ vîṛs z alaud t spred lîc wîldfîr in parts v ɖ globl sǎʈ, it wl ḿtet agn n agn. Ny verịnts cd bcm mor trnzmisbl, mor dedli n ptnṣ́li ʈretn ɖ ifctivnis v cuṛnt vaxīnz n dạgnostics. Ɖs cd pṛloñ ɖ pandemic sgnificntli, ineḅlñ ɖ vîṛs t cm bac t pleg ɖ globl norʈ – n dle ɖ wrld’z ic̣nomic rcuṿri.

Ɖ vîṛs z olso infctñ p’liticl n sivl rîts, n frɖr śrincñ sivic spes. Yzñ ɖ pandemic az a prītxt, oʈoṛtiz in sm cuntriz hv dploid hevi-handd s’kṛti-rsponsz n imrjnsimeźrz t cruś dsnt, crimiṇlîz besic frīdmz, sîḷns indipndnt rportñ n rstrict ɖ activtiz v nongovnmntl orġnîześnz.

Hymn-rîts dfndrz, jrṇlists, loyrz, p’liticl acṭvists – īvn medicl pṛfeśnlz – hv bn dtend, proṣktd n sbjctd t intiṃdeśn n sveḷns fr criṭsîzñ guvnmnt-rsponsz t ɖ pandemic. Pandemic-rletd rstrix́nz hv bn yzd t sbvrt ilectṛl prosesz n wìcn opziśnvôsz.

At tîmz, axes t lîf-sevñ Covid-19 inf̣meśn hz bn cnsild ẃl dedli misinf̣meśn hz bn ampḷfaid – īvn bî ɖoz in pǎr.

Xtrimists – includñ ẃît sūpreṃsists n nioNatsiz – hv xplôtd ɖ pandemic t būst ɖer rancs ʈru sośl poḷrîześn n p’liticl n culćṛl mnipyleśn.

Ɖ pandemic hz olso md pīs ef̣ts mor dificlt, cnstrenñ ɖ abiḷti t conduct ngośieśnz, xaṣbetñ hymaṇterịn nīdz n unḍmainñ progres on uɖr conflict-rletd hymn-rîts ćaḷnjz.

Covid-19 hz riinforst tū funḍmntl truɖz abt hymn rîts. Frst, hymn-rîts vạleśnz harm s ol. Secnd, hymn rîts r yṇvrsl n pṛtct s ol.

An ifctiv rspons t ɖ pandemic mst b best on soḷdaṛti n cooṗreśn. Dvîsiv aproćz, oʈoṛterịnizm n naśṇlizm mc no sns agnst a globl ʈret. Wɖ ɖ pandemic śînñ a spotlît on hymn rîts, rcuṿri pṛvîdz an oṗtyṇti t jeṇret m’mntm fr transfmeśn. T s’xid, ǎr aproćz mst hv a hymn-rîts lénz.

Ɖ ssteṇbl-dveḷpmnt golz – ẃć r unḍpind bî hymn rîts – pṛvîd ɖ fremwrc fr mor inclūsiv n ssteṇbl icoṇmiz n ssaytiz, includñ ɖ impeṛtiv v hlʈcer fr evrwn.

Ɖ rcuṿri mst olso rspct ɖ rîts v fyćr jeṇreśnz, inhansñ clîṃt ax́n t aćiv carbnńtraḷti bî 2050 n pṛtctñ bîoḍvrṣti. Mî Cōl t Ax́n fr Hymn Rîts spelz ǎt ɖ sntṛl rǒl v hymn rîts in crîsis-rspons, jndr iqoḷti, public ptiṣpeśn, clîṃtjustis n ssteṇbl dveḷpmnt.

Ɖs z nt a tîm t nglect hymn rîts; it z a tîm ẃn, mor ɖn evr, hymn rîts r nīdd t naṿget ɖs crîsis in a we ɖt wl alǎ s t ziro in on aćivñ inclūsiv n ssteṇbl dveḷpmnt n lastñ pīs.

W r ol in ɖs tgɖr. Ɖ vîṛs ʈretnz evrwn. Hymn rîts uplift evrwn. Bî rspctñ hymn rîts in ɖs tîm v crîsis, w wl bild mor ifctiv n eqtbl s’luśnz fr ɖ imrjnsi v tde n ɖ rcuṿri fr tmoro.

I am cnvinst it z poṣbl – f w r dtrmind n wrc tgɖr.

António Guterres z secṛtri jenṛl v ɖ Ynîtd Neśnz

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn │ A year after Johnson’s swaggering Greenwich speech, 100,000 dead

Head bowed, Boris Johnson leads a virtual press conference on the Covid-19 pandemic on Tuesday 26 January. Photograph: Justin Tallis/AP
Hed baud, Boris Jonsn līdz a vrćl presconfṛns on ɖ Covid-19 pandemic on Tyzde 26 Jańri. Foṭgraf: Justin Talis/AP

A yir aftr Jonsn’z swaġrñ Grenij spīć, 100,000 ded

(Transcription of a Guardian article of 31 January 2021)

Ɖ guvnmnt sz nbdi cd hv dn mor, bt it’s clir pur līdrśp on Covid hz bròt ɖ YC t ɖs pas

Tim Admz, 31 Jańri 2021

It wz anǎnst last wīc, t nbdi’s xîtmnt, ɖt Sr Ceniʈ Brana wl tec ɖ rǒl v Boris Jonsn in a Scî TV drama abt ɖ frst wīcs v ɖ pandemic. F Brana’z castñ inḍcets ɖt ɖs z t b cnsivd az a Śecspirịn traɉdi, wɖ Jonsn in ɖ līd, ɖen it wd sīm dūmd fṛm ɖ start. Ɖ clasic trajic hiro hz jst a sngl fetl caṛctr flw ɖt pruvz hiz unduwñ. Wɖ Jonsn, ẃr d y start?

Az an oṗnñsīn in ɖt drama, it wl, enhǎ, b hard t bìt ɖ spīć ɖt ɖ prim̦inistr gev olmst xacli a yir ago – phps ɖ last momnt in ẃć h fondli imajind ɖt ol ɖ wrld le bfr him. Ɖ spīć, dlivrd in ɖ grand srǎndñz v Crisṭfr Rén’z Old Royl Nevl Colij at Grenij on 3 Febrri 2020, set ǎt hiz viźn fr a buc̣nirñ globl Britn, hî on yńnflagz n fri tred. Jonsn hd nt loñ rtrnd fṛm hiz post-ilex́n bīćfrolics in Mstīc wɖ Cári Simndz. Brexit hd fîṇli bn “dn” in Parḷmnt Sqer ʈri nîts rlịr. No opziśn trubld hiz hrîzn. Lebr wz līdrlis; Farāź pôntlis. Īvn Mîcl Gove, hiz limp-dagrd Brūṭs, hd bn cooptd t ɖ cōz.

Az h baṛld on t ɖ stej at Grenij ɖrfr, ruf̣lñ hiz her, śuf̣lñ hiz nots, hiz frst act wz t asc hiz cerf̣li s’lectd biznis ōdịns – stricli no Rmenr “glūmstrz n dūmstrz” alaud – t rêz ɖer îz t ɖ vōltd sīlñ n srve ɖ ḿṛl abv ɖer hedz. Sr Jemz Ʈornhil’z b’roc mastrpìs, Ɖ Trîumf v Liḅti n Pīs ovr Tiṛni, dpictd Wiłm III n Mẹri II inʈrond aftr ɖer ǒn “Glorịs Reṿluśn” n srǎndd, in Jonsn’z îz, bî “wel-féd nimfs n kpidz n ẃt hv y”. Ɖs, sd Jonsn, slejhaṃrñ ɖ simḅlizm, marct “ɖ setlmnt v a loñ n dvîsiv p’liticl qsćn abt hu gts t sit on ɖ ʈron”. It wz a momnt v “s’prīm naśnl slf-confidns”, h sjstd, wɖ ɖ YC “on ɖ slipwe” v globl ic̣nomic dominns. “Tde, f w gt it rît, ɖs cn b anɖr sć momnt.”

Hybris wrcs in mstirịs wez. Ɖt spīć wl b rmembrd nt, az Jonsn hopt, fr its reṭric abt unlīśt Britiś swagr, bt fr ɖ fact ɖt in ɖ mdst v it, in a ʈro’we frêz, ɖr lrct ɖ sīd v ol v hiz – n ǎr – loct-dǎn nîtmerz v ɖ past yir.

In ɖ dez līdñ p t ɖ Grenij spīć, Jonsn hd bn pôntidli sîḷnt on ɖ vîṛs ɖt hd bî ɖen iscept fṛm Wūhan. A fl munʈ aftr it hd bn îdnṭfaid bî ɖ Ćînīz oʈoṛtiz, ɖ Grenij spīć marct ɖ frst tîm ɖ nem v ɖ dziz ofiṣ́li pást hiz lips.

Inevitbli, it wz imploid nt az a cōśnri not, bt az an iṛtetñ nigl t hiz viźn v swoś n bucl: “Globl groʈ z itslf anīmic n ɖ dclîn in globl poṿti z bginñ t slo,” Jonsn sd. “Ẃn [tred]barịrz r gwñ p, n ẃn ɖr z a risc ɖt ny dzizz sć az c’roṇvîṛs wl trigr a panic n a dzîr fr marcitsegṛgeśn ɖt g bynd ẃt z medicli raṣ́nl, t ɖ pônt v dwñ riyl n uņesṣri ic̣nomic damij, ɖen at ɖt momnt hymaṇti nīdz sm guvnmnt, smẃr, ɖt z wilñ at līst t mc ɖ ces pǎrf̣li fr frīdm v xćenj.”

Ɖr wz t b no dǎt ẃć guvnmnt wd stand stubnli oblivịs t ɖ riscs v ɖ vîṛs, ignor ɖ panic, n cīp ɖ marcit icoṇmi opn at ol costs. Britn, ɖ prim̦inistr craid, wz “redi t tec of its Clarc Cnt specṭclz, līp intu ɖ fonbuɖ n imrj wɖ its clǒc flowñ az ɖ sūṗćarjd ćampịn” v ic̣nomic frīdm in eni stand-of wɖ public-hlʈ rstrix́n.

Boris Johnson gives his key speech at the Old Naval College in Greenwich, London, on 3 February 2020. Photograph: Frank Augstein/AP
Boris Jonsn gvz hiz ci spīć at ɖ Old Nevl Colij in Grenij, Lundn, on 3 Febrri 2020. Foṭgraf: Franc Augstein/AP

W hv hŕd fṛm ɖ inṭćenɉbl cast v fōnñ ministrz in ɖ past wīc ɖt “nbdi cd hv wrct hardr” ɖn Jonsn in tac̣lñ ɖ pandemic. Bt ẃn historịnz – ɖoz pesci pṛfeśnl Captin Hîndsîts – cm t le ǎt ɖ evidns, ɖe wl fînd plenti ɖt dis’griz wɖ ɖt fanṭsi, startñ wɖ ɖ Grenij spīć.

Ɖ secnd xks ɖt Jonsn’z cortịrz hv bn tld t pédl z ɖt nwn cd hv pridictd eni v ẃt wz t cm. Ɖt z olso nt xacli tru. Ɖ wīc bfr Jonsn’z fri-tred spīć a rport in Ɖ Lansit hd asest ɖ līʈl ptnśl v ɖ vîṛs, n sjstd it wz cmpaṛbl t ɖ 1918 Spaniś flūpandemic, ẃć cild 50 miłn ppl.
Ɖ cnsrn wz nt cnfînd t ɖ xprts. It z noṭbl ɖt on ɖ Saṭde bfr Jonsn’z spīć, ɖ Dêli Meil hd dvotd its frunt pej nt t ɖ trîumf̣lizm v ɖ prīvịs nît’s Brexit seḷbreśnz, fr ẃć it hd so strîdntli campend, bt t ɖ ʈret t ɖ YC pozd bî Covid-19: “Hǎ mni mor YC victimz v vîṛs?” Jonsn’z ǒn formr imployr, ɖ Dêli Teḷgraf, cǎnsld on 1 Febrri ɖt Britn mst b priperd fr ɖ wrst. “Peṣmists mt pônt ǎt ɖt ɖ mortaḷti fr ɖ ny vîṛs z cnsidṛbli hayr ɖn fr swînflu. Ẃn swînflu brouc ǎt in 2009, ɖ NHS olso hd sper cpaṣti, hvñ injoid a deced v riyl-trmz invstmnt incrisz. Tde, ɖr z olrdi a śortij v bedz…”
On ɖ Ʈrzde bfr Jonsn’z setpìs in Grenij, ɖ Wrld Hlʈ Orġnîześn hd informd evri neśn ɖt ɖ vîṛs hd its hîist riscretñ – iqivḷnt t ɖt v Ibola n Sars – wɖ 7,818 cesz cnfrmd gloḅli, in 19 cuntriz. In rspons, on 31 Jańri, īvn Doṇld Trump hd rstrictd incumñflîts fṛm Ćîna. Jonsn nt onli vyd ɖ vîṛs az a lîn in a Sūṗman gag, bt az an oṗtyṇti t pruv ɖt h wz priperd fr Britn t g it alon agnst ɖ po-fest xprts, cīp ɖ erports opn wɖ miniml scrīnñ n qoṛntīn, nt ple bî ɖer rūlz.
T pruv ɖ pônt, bî ɖ tîm v ɖ Grenij spīć, h hd olrdi scipt ɖ tū Cobra mītñz dvotd t planñ fr eni ptnśl pandemic, līvñ ɖm t b ćerd bî ɖ olrdi haplis Mát Hancoc. Ovr ɖ cors v ɖ folowñ wīcs, h nglectd t atnd ʈri mor. Ten dez aftr ɖ Grenij spīć, h rtritd t hiz gres-n-fevr cuntri rtrit at Ćīvnñ fr a fortnît, partli t fîṇlîz ɖ trmz v hiz dvors fṛm Mrīna Ẃīlr, nt loñ rcuvrd fṛm cansr, n t let hiz groun-up ćildṛn in on ɖ fact ɖt h n Simndz wr xpctñ a bebi n hd bn sīcṛtli ingejd. Hiz eidz wr rportidli tld t “cīp brīfñpeprz śort” f ɖe xpctd ɖm t b réd. It wz olmst Marć bî ɖ tîm Jonsn riimrjd t stej-manij nyz v ɖ pregnnsi fr ɖ pres.
It wz in ɖs contxt ɖt h sat on brecfsṭîm sofaz n vegli flotd ɖ nośn v hrd iḿṇti, bfr dsmisñ ɖ tmtñ îdīa v “tecñ ɖ vîṛs on ɖ ćin”. On 3 Marć, ɖ clir advîs fṛm Sagi wz ɖt ɖ guvnmnt śd “worn agnst grītñz sć az śecñ handz n hugñ”. Jonsn, infṃsli, wnt ǎt ɖt de n tld rportrz: “I wz at a hospitl ɖ uɖr nît ẃr I ʈnc ɖr wr a fy c’roṇvîṛs peśnts n I śc handz wɖ evrbdi, y wl b plizd t nǒ, n I cntiny t śec handz.” Jonsn spent lêt Marć in îṣleśn, alñ wɖ most v hiz cabiṇt, n rli Epril in intnsiv cer.
It hz bn clemd ɖt ɖoz dez in hospitl ćenjd Jonsn fṛm ɖ Jon Bl-iś caṛctr h hd prizntd at Grenij intu a mor ćeisnd figr; ɖr z nt mć in hiz subsiqnt reṭric – v wrld-bìtñ ɖs n mūnśot ɖt, n brīfñz ɖt h wz “baṭlñ ɖ xprts t sev Crisṃs” – t s’port ɖt îdīa. Az h hz turd ɖ cuntri fr foto oṗtyṇtiz in hard hats n labcots, it z hard t śec ɖ b’lif ɖt h stl siz līdrśp az h sw it ẃn h stérd p at Ʈornhil’z sīlñ – az a cnd v costymdrama in ẃć h gts t star, a prepscūl pformns v 1066 n ol ɖt. H mt hv bn advîzd t pe closr atnśn t ɖ “wel-féd nimfs” ɖt h wevd a hand at in Grenij. Ɖe wr nt, az h sīmd t inviźn ɖm, decṛtiv elimnts v clasicl toti, bt dpix́nz v ɖ for vrćuz ɖt inebld gd guvnns: prūdns, justis, tmpṛns n forttyd.
Az ɖ deʈ tol last wīc pást ɖ 100,000 pridictd a yir ago, w wr invîtd bî ɖ guvnmnt’s fevrd nyzpeprz t si Jonsn az a “dīpli sori” hed-baud figr, in scrīn grabz v him rīdñ fṛm hiz nots.
Bt ẃtvr ɖoz hedlînz or Ceniʈ Brana’z fʈcmñ dpix́n imajin, w śd olwz cīp in mînd ɖt ɖs z nt ɖ prim̦inistr’z traɉdi, it’s ɖ traɉdi v ɖ faṃliz v ɖ 105,000 hu hv daid, v ɖ ci wrcrz hu hv risct ɖer livz de aftr de, ɖ miłnz hu hv sìn jobz n planz n bizṇsz capsîzd. W hv ol bn cast az wōc-onz in a drama ẃć, fṛm ɖ vri bginñ, wz partli, bt funḍmnṭli, v Jonsn’z mcñ – n wn ẃć wl onli proprli end ẃn h n hiz hami trùp v ćansrz fîṇli xit, stej rît, no dǎt stl lǎdli pṛnǎnsñ ɖt nbdi cd hv dn mor t cīp s sef.

Sevn lésnz lrnt

Ranḍmîzd trîlz r lîfsevrz

Dx̣meʈ̇son z a ćīp sterôd drug ɖt hz sevd ɖ livz v 650,000 svirli il Covid peśnts. Its ifctivnis wz rvild ʈru ɖ YC Rcuṿri studi, ẃć cmperd trītmnts wɖ yźl NHS cer alon in ranḍmîzd trîlz. “Cliniśnz cm p wɖ ol sorts v hîpoʈ̇sīz abt drugz,” sz Martin Landre, jônt fǎndr v Rcuṿri. “Bt y’v got t tst ɖz hîpoʈ̇sīz. Fr ɖt y nīd larj, ranḍmîzd trîlz.”

Ny dzizz r a constnt ʈret

Covid-19 hz agn demnstretd ɖt wîld-animl tredñ, ẃr spīśīz r mixt tgɖr in apōlñ, stresfl srcmstansz, pṛmots dziz trnzmiśn btwn spīśīz – n on t hymnz. “Unls w cntrol loñ-distns tredñ in lîv animlz, ny dzizz wl apir agn n agn. Ɖt z a ci lésn fṛm ɖs pandemic,” sz Jemz Wŭd, pṛfesr v veṭrinri meḍsin at Cembrij Yṇvrṣti.

Jnomic srvez r crūśl

Britn hz pleid a ci rǒl in tracñ ɖ progres v Covid-19 acrs ɖ glob, ʈancs t its prǎis in jīnsīqnsñ. “YC l’boṛtriz hv carid ǎt 48% v ol ɖ wrld’z jīnomsīqnsñ v Covid-19,” sz Pṛfesr Sr Marc Cōlfīld, v Jnomics Ñgḷnd. “Ɖt hz bn invałbl in pinpôntñ ny strenz n unḍlînz ɖ nīd fr a globl jnomicsnetwrc t trac n bìt ɖs dziz. Ɖt wd b a lîflîn.”

Ppl wl axpt incnvińns

“Ste at hom n pṛtct ɖ NHS” wz a stroñ guvnmntmesij ɖt ɖ public axptd. Śops clozd, cartravl dropt bî tū ʈrdz, ẃl ppl pṛvîdd fūd fr ɖ hungri n clapt fr cerrz. “Ɖt trust wz unḍmaind bî Doṃnic Cumñz’z trip t Duṛm,” sz sîcoḷjist Pṛfesr Dem Til Wîcs, v Cñ’z Colij Lundn. “Yt most ppl stl foloud ɖ rūlz bcz ɖe ń ɖe wr fr a gd cōz.”

A fast rspons z criticl

A yir ago ɖ WHO wornd ɖ ny dziz reprizntd a public hlʈ imrjnsi. Ostreła wz wn v ɖ fy cuntriz t riact qcli. “Crūṣ́li, ɖoz wɖ past xpirịns v c’roṇvîṛsz lîc Sars dd riact n nǎ lc t b in a strongr pziśn,” sz Martin Hiḅd v ɖ Lundn Scūl v Hîjīn n Tropicl Meḍsin. “Dscuṿrñ a ny vîṛs’z caṛcṭristics n hvñ a clir straṭji wl b crūśl in avôdñ anɖr pandemic.”

Ɖ NHS mst b proprli fundd

Yirz v cuts t public hlʈsrṿsz left Britn il-priperd fr Covid-19 n wr criticl in alawñ deʈrets t sōr. “Az ɖ YC imrjz fṛm ɖ pandemic it wd b a trajic mstec t atmt t riistabliś a status quo ɖt wz marct in Ñgḷnd bî a stagneśn v hlʈ impruvmnt ɖt wz ɖ secnd-wrst in Yṛp,” stets a rvy léd bî Sr Mîcl Marṃt v Yṇvrṣti Colij Lundn.

mRNA tecnoḷji z hir t ste

Mesinjr RNA z yzd bî ǎr sélz t d’rect protīnmańfacćr. Bî lrnñ hǎ t haijac ɖt proses, Fîzr n Mderna md vaxīnz in record tîm. “W hd bn hírñ abt mRNA’z promis fr yirz n sudnli it arîvd,” sz Pṛfesr Adm Fín v Bristl Yṇvrṣti. “Ɖs cd b a gemćenjr nt jst fr vaxīnz bt cansrcer.” Robin MCi

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

A clerihew: Alexander Boris de Pfeffel Johnson, Prime Minister

(28 Jańri 2021)

The Guardian, 27 January: 'An insult': fury at claim ministers did all they could in Covid crisis.

Aḷxandr Boris dFefl Jonsn, Prîm̦inistr,
bròt

aṛgns, blovieśn, bombast, c’rupśn, croniizm,

cntmt, dogẃiṣlñ, gaslîtñ, inc̣hiṛns, incompitns,

inḍlns, malis, mndaṣti, mīņis, monomeńa,

narssizm, popylizm, preɉdis n wofl

t Wstminstr.

“Sori abt ɖ hundṛd ʈǎznd ded.
W dd ol w cd,” h sd.

INDX OV PROPR POWTS

In Ñspel │ The Guardian view on the storming of the US Capitol: democracy in danger

A Trump flag flies over the grounds of the US Capitol after a mob stormed the building on Wednesday, breaking windows and clashing with police officers. Photograph: John Moore/Getty Images

Ɖ Gardịn vy on ɖ stormñ v ɖ YS Cápitl: dmocṛsi in denjr

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 7 January 2021)

Ɖ YS prezidnt crietd ɖs inṣrex́n, bt uɖrz hv edd hiz asōlt on America’z insttyśnz

7 Jańri 2021

Ẃt tc so loñ? “Ẃn smwn śoz y hu ɖe r, b’liv ɖm ɖ frst tîm,” Maia Anɉlu cǎnsld. Doṇld Trump’s cīnist s’portrz b’livd him. Bt tù mni uɖrz, īvn amñ ɖoz hu rvîld him, nnɖles asymd ɖt ɖr wr limits. Ɖe cn no longr b cmplesnt. Ɖ Americn carnij v Wenzde nît – ɖ stormñ v ɖ Cápitl bî an armd n vayḷnt mob, insaitd bî ɖ prezidnt, in an atmt t terrîz Congres n stop ɖ pīsfl transfr v pǎr – marct an xtrordnri momnt in YS hisṭri. “F ɖ post-Americn ira hz a startdet, it z olmst srtnli tde,” rout Rićd Haass, prezidnt v ɖ Caunsl on Foṛn Rleśnz.

Yt ɖs wz mirli ɖ ultiṃt n undinaybl prūf v ẃt wz olwz evidnt: ɖt ɖs man z nt onli unfit fr hiz ofis, h z olso a denjr t dmocṛsi ẃl h rtenz it. H bilt hiz p’liticl s’xes on lîz, cntmt fr deṃcratic standdz, ɖ stǒcñ v dviźnz – most v ol reśl – n ɖ glaṃrîzñ v fors. Ɖe wr evidnt ẃn h campend fr ɖ prezidnsi, n mor bletnt ẃn h tōct v “vri fîn ppl” amñ ɖ ẃît sūpreṃsists v Śarlotsvil. Ẃn ɖ Hǎs impićt him fr abyzñ pǎr fr ilectṛl prṗsz. Ẃn h laid ɖt ɖ ilex́n wd b stoḷn, n ɖen laid ɖt it hd bn. Ẃn h cōld s’portrz t Wośñtn. Ẃn h tld ɖm ɖt ɖe wd “nvr tec bac ǎr cuntri wɖ wìcnis” n rjd ɖm on t ɖ Cápitl.

Ɖ Senit mjoṛtilīdr, Mić MConl, n uɖrz dzrv no credit fr b’letd paytiz abt ɖ stet v ɖ Rpublic. Ol ɖoz hu hlpt or “hymrd” Mr Trump’s ilex́n-stìlñ atmts r culṗbl. Olrdi xprt in mor jntīl indevrz, sć az votrs’preśn n jerimanḍrñ, ɖ Rpublicn ilits hv inebld n incurijd Trumpizm: standñ at hiz sîd, aqitñ him ẃn impićt, steyñ sîḷnt, or ampḷfayñ hiz lîz. Hvñ invîtd in an arṣnist n s’plaid him wɖ axelṛnt, ɖe ofr a cup v wōtr t dǎs ɖ infrno.

Ɖ rjnt iśu z hǎ t dīl wɖ Mr Trump. No feʈ cn b pt in hiz last-minit promis v an ordrli trnziśn ẃn h cntinyz t f’mnt rej. Ɖ Deṃcratic līdr in ɖ Senit, Ćuc Śūmr, hz cōld fr hiz imīɉt rmuvl. Cabiṇtmembrz r rportidli nǎ dscusñ ɖ ys v ɖ 25ʈ amndmnt, ẃć alǎz ɖ rplesmnt v an “unfit” prezidnt. Bt ɖs z nt abt mir felñz or inc̣paṣti: a betr ćôs wd b t bgin impićmntpṛsidñz. Ax́n mst b tecn agnst Mr Trump, az it mst agnst ɖoz h insaitd, t privnt him fṛm runñ agn n snd a clir mesij t enwn tmtd t folo.

Fr ɖ trūli importnt iśu z hǎ t salvij dmocṛsi in America. Ẃl Wenzde me pruv a wec-up cōl fr sm Trump votrz, mni r olrdi xplenñ awe ivnts, or xkzñ ɖm ʈru fōls iqivḷnsz wɖ ɖ Blac Lîvz Matr muvmnt. Dviźnz run dīp ʈru Americn ssayti n īvn its insttyśnz. A fl invstgeśn z nīdd v ɖ fełr t pṛtct ɖ Cápitl ẃn xtrimists hd opnli tōct v sć a plan – in starc contrast t ɖ intns s’kṛti n agresiv trītmnt ɖt grītd pīsfl BLM pṛtstrz. Tnz v miłnz v Americnz nǎ b’liv ɖt ɖ ilex́n wz stoḷn: wn rport sjsts ɖt onli a qortr v Rpublicnz trust ɖ rzult. Rîtwñ mīdia hv fostrd lîz, n sośl mīdia alaud ppl t dwel in oltrṇtiv p’liticl yṇvrsz. Ɖo Fes-bc hz fîṇli sspndd ɖ prezidnt’s acǎnt, ɖ stebldor z śutñ loñ aftr disinf̣meśn gaḷpt of intu ɖ distns. Nn v ɖs wl end ẃn Jo Bîdn z inōğretd on 20 Jańri.

Dmocṛsi xists nt in ɖ pṛviźnz ritn dǎn on pepr, bt so loñ az it z practist, ẃć z t se, dfndd. Ɖ rmarcbl twin vicṭriz in ɖ Jorja run-ofs on Wenzde, gvñ ɖ Deṃcrats cntrol v ɖ Senit via ɖ vîsprezidnt’s castñvot, wr a welcm tstiṃni t ẃt z poṣbl. Bt ɖer importns z dworft bî ɖ ʈret lūmñ ovr ɖ sistm itslf. Ɖ strugl z onli jst bginñ. America hz śoun its ppl ẃt it z. Ɖe śd b’liv it – n act acordñli.

***

MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm Đ Gardịn │ If Boris Johnson cared about schools, he’d already have sacked Gavin Williamson

Gavin Williamson. ‘Resources and goodwill have been squandered with a thoroughness that would make more sense as deliberate villainy.’ Photograph: Justin Tallis/AFP/Getty Images
Gavin Wiłmsn. ‘Rzorsz n gdwil hv bn sqondrd wɖ a ʈuṛnis ɖt wd mc mor sns az dlibṛt viḷni.’ Foṭgraf: Justin Talis/AFP/Geti Iṃjz

F Boris Jonsn cerd abt scūlz, h’d olrdi hv sact Gavin Wiłmsn

(Transcription of a Guardian article of 5 January 2021)

B it ɖ xamzfiasco or ɖ scūlz U-trnz, ɖ onli dǎt z ẃɖr ɖ damij h inflicts z bî neglijns or saḅtāj

Rafel Bẹr, 5 Jańri 2021

Nt mć z constnt abt Britn’z hanḍlñ v ɖ pandemic, bt wn rūl aplîz ʈrt: ɖr z no s’nario so bad ɖt it canot b md wrs wɖ Gavin Wiłmsn in ćarj v scūlz.

Clozñ clasrūmz z dmoṛlîzñ fr peṛnts, tīćrz n ćildṛn. Ɖ prospect v cansld xamz fr a secnd yir cmpǎndz ɖ stres. Munʈs v dsruptd edyceśn wl wūnd a jeṇreśn. Purr faṃliz wl ber ɖ dīpist scarz. Ɖr z no qc poḷsis’lūśn, bt it z poṣbl t imajin ɖt reṃdiz xist. Guvnmnt canot fix evrʈñ, bt it mst b ceṗbl v smʈñ.

It z nt ɖ tasc itslf ɖt indysz dsper, bt ɖ îdntti v ɖ man huz job it z t cmplit it. Wiłmsn’z record alǎz onli xpcteśn v fełr. Ɖ uņoun elimnt z ẃɖr h wl inflict ɖ damij bî neglijns or mor asrtiv saḅtāj.

Wl hiz nxt advnćr in mal’dmiṇstreśn lc lîc last sumr’z xamgredz fiasco, ẃn ɖ ejceśn dpartmnt hd munʈs t priper fr a pridictbl probḷm n wz stl ambśt? Or wl it b smʈñ mor proactivli mlevlnt, az ẃn h ʈretnd līgl ax́n agnst caunslz ɖt wontd t śut scūlz bfr Crisṃs, ɖus forsñ ɖm t ste opn fr a fy gṛćuiṭs dez v vîṛl pṛlif̣reśn?

An edyceśnsecṛtri pzesñ īvn flimzi scrūplz mt, in rīsnt wīcs, hv got t grips wɖ practicl ćaḷnjz: sorsñ laptops fr rmot lrnñ, iqipñ venyz t sefli tīć ćildṛn hu canot ste at hom. Instd Ñgliś scūlz wr śut wɖ les ɖn a de’z notis, aftr a Crisṃs hoḷde jrñ ẃć hedtīćrz hd bn tld ɖ prîoṛti wz arenjñ ɖ Covid tsts ɖt wd alǎ ɖm t ste opn. Ɖe dd opn, bt fr jst wn de: a boṇs rǎnd v infx́nz bfr ɖ U-trn.

Rzorsz n gdwil hv bn sqondrd wɖ a ʈuṛnis ɖt wd mc mor sns az dlibṛt viḷni – a plot t indys stafrūm stres – xpt Wiłmsn z nt ceṗbl v impḷmentñ a cnspiṛsi ɖt ifctiv.

Administṛtiv inadiqsi z agṛvetd bî ɖ absns v eni paśn fr ɖ portfolio. Ɖr z no evidns ɖt ɖ secṛtri v stet hz eni nośn v ẃt edyceśn z īvn fr, or hǎ it fits intu sm wîdr naśnl stori. Hiz onli noun xṗtīz in ɖ fīld z ɖ fact v hvñ wns bn t scūl himslf. N it z unclir hǎ mć atnśn h wz peyñ ɖen.

H z dspîzd bî tīćrz. H hz ełnetd īvn ɖ modṛt wñ v ɖ tredyńnz. It z nvr īzi fr Tori ministrz t win trust in ɖ stafrūm, bt Wiłmsn hz flfild ɖ caric̦ćr v îdịlojicl pṛvoc̣tŕ wɖ spîtfl reliś, castñ tīćrz az slacrz n saḅtŕz.

In a rīsnt srve ẃr frunt-lîn staf wr asct hūm ɖe wd trust wɖ ɖ dsiźn on ẃɖr it wz sef t g intu ɖ clasrūm, Wiłmsn cem a distnt last – mîlz bhnd sạntific advîzrz, locl oʈoṛtiz, Public Hlʈ Ñgḷnd, hedtīćrz n tredyńnz. Rspondnts wr alaud t tíc multipl boxz, n stl ɖ edyceśnsecṛtri got jst 1% v ɖ vot.

Ɖ rbarḅtiv sîd v hiz caṛctr z ntorịs in guvnmnt. It z nt unyźl fr advîzrz n MPz t ẃispr uncînd ʈñz t jrṇlists abt ministrz, bt ɖ acridti v ẃt z pord on Wiłmsn bî hiz ǒn parti z ynīc n mostli unprinṭbl. Ɖ cîndr acǎnts dwel onli on hiz abject inepttyd, bt most includ ćaptrz on dīvịsnis, dypliṣti n vindictivnis. It z sd ɖt h stîlz himslf az a Macịvelịn oṗretr wɖ an ostnteśs iṃtyṛti ɖt unḍmainz eni plot h mt unḍtec – a homij t Hǎs v Cardz in cruwl, hyṃrlis slapstic.

Ol v ẃć rezz ɖ qsćn v ẃ h z in ɖ cabiṇt. Wiłmsn’z incompitns wz nt a sīcrit. H feld at dfns bfr h got hiz handz on edyceśn. Hiz memṛbl contṛbyśnz in ɖ s’kṛti arīna wr ɖ plêgrǎnd xorteśn ɖt Ruśa śd “g awe n śut p”, n hiz dsmisl bî T’rīza Me aftr ɖ līcñ v sīcrit inf̣meśn. H dnaid ɖt wn, bt stīm wz stl rîzñ fṛm ɖ dsgres ẃn, jst ʈri munʈs lêtr, Jonsn tapt Wiłmsn fr ɖ edyceśnjob.

Ɖ onli cṛdnślz ɖt matrd t ɖ ny prim̦inistr wr loylti n redinis t dfnd ɖ most xtrim Brexit. Wiłmsn hd bn a rmenr fr Devid Camṛn, n a dfndr v Me’z dūmd dīl ẃn ś wz hiz beṇfactr. Ẃn Me rzînd, Wiłmsn adoptd a mor hardlîn pziśn instntli n wɖt qām, lîc a tru mrsnri. It dd nt tec Jonsn loñ t si ɖ ytiḷti v a man az lacñ in prínsipl az himslf. Ẃt mt hapn t scūlz wz nvr a cnsiḍreśn.

Yt, bî nǎ, Jonsn mst si ɖt rpettiv fełr in ɖt dpartmnt daṃjz hiz ǒn repyteśn. Ɖ pandemic hz jeṇretd cǎntlis penfl dlemaz fr Dǎnñ Strīt, bt ɖ ćôs btwn cīpñ ɖ cuṛnt edyceśnsecṛtri n ptñ olmst enwn els in ćarj z at ɖ īzịr end v ɖ spectṛm. Ɖ arğmnt ɖt a crîsis nīdz cnsistnsi v prṣnél dz nt aplî ẃn ɖ prsn in qsćn z a wōcñ enjin spywñ ǎt mor crîsis.

A popylr vy in Wsminstr last yir, ẃn Wiłmsn wz bérli flexñ ɖ fl xtnt v hiz yslisnis, wz ɖt Jonsn cept him on so az t sacṛfîs him at a lêtr det. Ɖ rvîld ministr mt sǒc p mor public oprobrịm bfr biyñ dscardd. Bt ɖ rag z nǎ sać̣retd n ranc. Anɖr ʈiyri z ɖt Wiłmsn hz sm sinistr līṿrij detñ bac t hiz tîm az ćīf ẃip: ɖt h nz ẃr bodiz r berid, hvñ srvd az x’kśnr n unḍtecr.

Phps Jonsn avôdz sacñ ppl fr incompitns ʈru fir v sigṇlñ ɖt compitns matrz, n ɖt s’xes in poḷtics śd b meźrd bî ceṗbl poḷsi dlivri. Ɖt z nt ɖ prim̦inistr’z feṿrit tst.

Wiłmsn wl g, ivnć̣li, wns ɖ stenć v hvñ him arnd xidz Jonsn’z rluctns t dīl wɖ fǎl mesz. It z hard t pridict ẃn ɖt pônt wl cm. Ɖ prim̦inistr’z nǒz z acustmd t ɖ smel v bad guvnmnt, bt h cn si uɖr ppl rcôl.

Sacñ ɖ edyceśnsecṛtri wd nt ōṭmaticli mc ʈñz betr. Bt it wd at līst iliṃnet wn cmpelñ rīzn t cīp xpctñ ɖ wrst.

Rafel Bẹr z a Gardịn coḷmnist

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

In Ñspel │ The Guardian view on Boris Johnson: forever behind the Covid curve

‘In Downing Street there is a persistent refusal to confront and act on the worst-case scenario before the worst has actually happened.’ Photograph: WPA/Getty Images
‘In Dǎnñ Strīt ɖr z a psistnt rfyzl t cnfrunt n act on ɖ wrst-ces s’nario bfr ɖ wrst hz acć̣li hapnd.’ Foṭgraf: WPA/Geti Iṃjz

Ɖ Gardịn vy on Boris Jonsn: fr evr bhnd ɖ Covid crv

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 4 January 2021)

Az in Marć, ɖ prim̦inistr hz bn culṗbli slo t rspond t a ny fêz v ɖ crîsis

4 Jańri 2021

Last Marć, az ɖ public clamr fr strictr meźrz t cmbat ɖ spred v Covid-19 bcem imposbl t ignor, ɖ guvnmnt fretd ovr ɖ cuntri’z wilñnis t sîn p t a naśnl locdǎn. Az it trnd ǎt, most ppl wr far mor hōciś ɖn ɖ guvnmnt in s’portñ dṛcońn rstrix́nz on evride lîf. Bî wêtñ untl lêt in ɖ munʈ, crūśl grǎnd wz lost n so, uņessṛli, wr ʈǎzndz v lîvz.

Az ɖ ny Covid verịnt streñʈnz its grip acrs ɖ cuntri, it hz bcm clir ɖt ɖ lésnz v Marć wr nt lrnt. In Scotḷnd, ẃr rets v infx́n r lowr ɖn in Ñgḷnd, Nic̣la Strjn hz anǎnst a naśnl locdǎn, bginñ at midnît. Bî contrast, amd totl cnfyźn ovr ɖ rioṗnñ v scūlz, Boris Jonsn hz prīvaṛcetd n pṛcrasṭnetd. Ɖ tufr rstrix́nz fr Ñgḷnd r fîṇli biyñ intṛdyst olmst a wīc aftr ɖs nyzpepr cōld fr a locdǎn. Az ɖ formr hlʈsecṛtri Jeṛmi Hunt hz pôntd ǎt, ć de v dle riscs avôḍbl deʈs.

Fr ovr a wīc, a host v sttistics hv deṃnstretd ɖ nīd fr swift ax́n. Ɖ spred v Covid z ǎt v cntrol n ɖ xistñ tírsistm v rstrix́nz z felñ t cǒp. Ɖr r growñ cnsrnz ovr a secnd Sǎʈ Africn verịnt. Hospitlz hv gretr cpaṣti t trīt Covid cesz, bt az ɖ YC’z ćīf medicl ofisrz stetd on Munde, ɖe r in clir denjr v biyñ oṿẃlmd. In ɖ sǎʈ-īst v Ñgḷnd, ɖr r nǎ an esṭmetd 50% mor Covid peśnts in hospitl ɖn jrñ ɖ Epril pīc. Acrs ɖ rest v ɖ cuntri, rets v hospiṭlîześn r spîṛlñ upwdz ć de. Ɖ dredfl mîlston v 100,000 Covid-rletd deʈs in Britn wl nt b avôdd wɖt a dṛmatic trn’rnd. Mnẃl, cansrpeśnts n ppl wɖ sgnificnt hlʈ iśuz r nt biyñ sìn bî oṿstrećt NHS staf.

Sins bfr Crisṃs, ɖ guvnmnt hz treld alñ haplisli in ɖ wec v ivnts, az f constntli s’prîzd bî ɖm. Ɖ ceos ovr ɖs wīc’s rtrn t scūlz carid i’ri ecoz v ɖ rli sprñ. Ɖen, az nǎ, scūlz simpli bgan t clos ɖer gets. Wrcplesz emtid, az ɖ public graspt, mor qcli ɖn ɖ guvnmnt, ẃt hd t b dn. Ɖs tîm rnd, Mr Jonsn’s sạntific advîzrz wornd on 22 Dsmbr ɖt ɖ xṗnenśl spred v infx́nz mnt ɖt scūlz śd rmen clozd n a naśnl locdǎn cnsidrd. Ɖ bst form v crîsismanijmnt z t antiṣpet n priemt, īvn f ɖt mīnz mcñ unpopylr dsiźnz. Bt in Dǎnñ Strīt ɖr z a psistnt rfyzl t cnfrunt n act on ɖ wrst-ces s’nario bfr ɖ wrst hz acć̣li hapnd.

Ɖ ic̣nomic n sîc̣lojicl impact v ɖ grim midwintr t cm wl b inorṃs. Bhnd ɖ crv yt agn, ɖ guvnmnt’s emf̣sis mst nǎ b on inśurñ maximm cmplayns wɖ ɖ ny rstrix́nz. Ɖ vast mjoṛti v ɖ public s’port anɖr naśnl locdǎn. Bt inśurñ ɖt ɖ vax̣neśnprogram z sceld p rapidli n ifiśntli wl b vîtl t naśnl mral. Scūlz mst fîṇli b frniśt wɖ propr rzorsz t fsiḷtet onlîn lrnñ, n ɖr mst b swift claṛti ovr ɖ steṭs v sumr xamz. Crūṣ́li, aproprịt ic̣nomic s’port mst b ofrd t faṃliz n indivijlz, n ɖoz rqîrd t slf-îṣlet. Ɖ ćanslr, Riśi Sŭnac, mst mc it a prîoṛti t enśur ɖt ppl hv ɖ mīnz n fnanśl s’kṛti t d ɖ rît ʈñ.

Ɖ guvnmnt’s cpaṣti t endlisli rpit ɖ sem mstecs hardli inspîrz confidns. Bt fr a tîm-liṃtd pirịd, az ɖ popyleśn z vax̣netd, it z rît t batn dǎn ɖ haćz. Tuf az ɖ cmñ wīcs wl b, ɖs z nt ɖ opn-endd nîtmer ɖt bgan t unfold last Febrri n Marć. It z jst a piti ɖt ɖ guvnmnt dd nt recgnîz ɖt ćenjd contxt n act snr.

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

In Ñspel: The Guardian view on the future of the union: Britain faces breakup

A demonstration calling for Scottish independence in Glasgow on 31 January 2020. There has been majority support in Scotland for breaking away from the UK in 17 successive opinion polls. Photograph: Andy Buchanan/AFP via Getty Images
A demnstreśn cōlñ fr Scotiś indipndns in Glazgo on 31 Jańri 2020. Ɖr hz bn mjoṛtis’port in Scotḷnd fr brecñ awe fṛm ɖ YC in 17 s’xesiv opińnpoulz. Foṭgraf: Andi Bycann/AFP via Geti Iṃjz

Ɖ Gardịn vy on ɖ fyćr v ɖ yńn: Britn fesz brecup

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 29 December 2020)

Ɖ comḅneśn v Boris Jonsn, Covid n Brexit z crietñ a consttyśnl craś ɖt z wêtñ t hapn in 2021

29 Dsmbr 2020

Ɖ  Covid yir hz intnṣfaid ptnṣ́li trminl strenz wɖn ɖ YC’z for-neśn yńn. Ẃn Boris Jonsn bgan t grapl wɖ ɖ sirịsnis v ɖ ǎtbrec, ɖ impact on ɖ yńn wz probbli lo on hiz list v cnsrnz. Bt, az 2021 becnz, Mr Jonsn’z aproć t Covid hz bcm a caṭlist v ɖ poṣbl brecup v ɖ Ynîtd Cñdm. Covid’z most lastñ p’liticl leġsi in ɖz îḷndz me b ɖt, in its aftrmaʈ, ɖ YC wl no longr xist.

Ẃn ɖ pandemic bgan, Mr Jonsn sīmd t asym ɖt h wz actñ fr ɖ hol v ɖ YC. H graɉli dscuvrd ɖt, az far az Covid wz cnsrnd, ɖs wz untru. In practis, h wz ɖ prîm̦inistr onli v Ñgḷnd. Hlʈpoḷsi hd bn dvolvd sins 1919 in Scotḷnd, n hz bn undr ɖ cntrol v dvolvd admiṇstreśnz in Scotḷnd, Wêlz n Norɖn Îrḷnd sins Toni Bler’z ira. N sins ol ʈri dvolvd neśnz n most Ñgliś sitiz wr léd bî non-Cnsrvtiv poḷtiśnz wɖ ɖer ǒn vyz v hǎ t dīl wɖ Covid in ɖer eriaz, n wɖ no luv fr Mr Jonsn’z poḷtics in most cesz, c’roṇvîṛs dsiźn-mcñ hz strugld t rīć a cnsnss, t ɖ jenṛl detrimnt.

Mr Jonsn berz hevi rsponsbiḷti fr ɖs. Bt a secnd rīzn wz ɖt Scotḷnd’z naśṇlist guvnmnt, ẃć wonts t brec p ɖ YC, briłntli sizd an oṗtyṇti t emf̣sîz its cntrol v Covid poḷsi. Ɖ Scotiś Naśnl parti frst ministr, Nic̣la Strjn, bgan reğlr Covid brīfñz on 20 Marć. Ś hz sins dn mor ɖn 150 v ɖm. Hr brīfñz hv mostli bn modlz v facćl akṛsi, snṣbl advîs n cōśn. Ɖ contrast wɖ Mr Jonsn’z inṭmitnt n smtmz hîṗbolic n err-strùn brīfñz hz bn in evri we t Mz Strjn’z p’liticl advantij. Last munʈ, an Ipsos Mori poul faund ɖt Mz Strjn hd a net apruvlretñ v plus 61 amñ Scots fr hr hanḍlñ v ɖ pandemic, ẃl Mr Jonsn hd a net retñ v mîṇs 43. Ɖr hz bn mjoṛtis’port in Scotḷnd fr brecñ awe fṛm ɖ YC in 17 s’xesiv opińnpoulz.

Dstñtiv paɖz

Ɖ comḅneśn v Mz Strjn’z hî profîl n ɖ riaḷtiz v hlʈpoḷsi dīṿluśn hz hd consiqnsz in Wêlz n Norɖn Îrḷnd, n īvn at Ñgliś locl levl tù. Marc Drecf̣d hz nt atmtd t eḿlet hiz Scotiś cǎnṭpart’s dêli cntrol v ɖ mīdịmesij. Bt ɖ Wlś frst ministr hz olso foloud hiz ǒn dstñtiv paʈ, tecñ sm radicli difṛnt n mor cōśs dsiźnz, n aqîrñ in ɖ cors v ɖ pandemic a hayr public profîl, in n ǎtsd Wêlz, ɖn hiz prīdisesrz. Norɖn Îrḷnd’z pǎrśẹrñ mīnz its frst ministr, Arlīn Fostr v ɖ Deṃcratic Yńnist parti, hz t śer a platform wɖ hr oponnt, Sinn Féin’z Miśél O’Nīl, n z ɖrfr unebl t aćiv a similr asndnsi. Nvɖles, Norɖn Îrḷnd, lîc Wêlz n Scotḷnd, hz at tîmz vri pubḷcli dvrjd fṛm Ñgliś meźrz. Mr Jonsn’z lezi libterịnizm n śemfl lêtnis t act hv fy ecoz ǎtsd Ñgḷnd.

Covid cd nǎ b ɖ strw ɖt brecs ɖ yńn’z bac, ispeṣ́li in Scotḷnd. Bt Covid poḷsi z nt ɖ mn rīzn ẃ ɖ fyćr v ɖ yńn z nǎ so unsrtn. Mni uɖr factrz lî bhnd ɖs crîsis. Ɖ most importnt z simpli ɖ sstend asndnsi v ɖ SNP in Scotḷnd. F ɖ parti winz a forʈ s’xesiv Holirūd vicṭri in Me n clemz a mandet fr a ny indipndnsref̣rendm, it wd snd ɖ yńn’z streslevl intu ɖ criticl zon. F Scotḷnd ivnć̣li brouc awe, ɖr wd b mejr consiqnsz in Norɖn Îrḷnd, n fr ɖ rleśnśp btwn Wêlz n Ñgḷnd.

Brexit hz pleid a piṿtl rǒl in crietñ ɖs voḷtîl mix. Ɖ vot in 2016 t līv ɖ Yṛpiyn Yńn wz an Ñgliś n Wlś vot. Nɖr Scotḷnd nr Norɖn Îrḷnd votd t līv. Scotḷnd, in ptiklr, votd dsîsivli t rmen. Yt aftr 2016, nɖr T’rīza Me nr Mr Jonsn peid inuf atnśn t īzñ ɖ pen fr Scotḷnd. YC brincmnśp in ɖs yir’z tredtōcs wɖ ɖ YY hz md an olrdi larj gap btwn ɖ YC n Scotḷnd īvn wîdr. Ɖ YY27’z yṇti jrñ ɖ tōcs cntrastd wɖ ɖ UK4’z intrnl disyṇti. Brexit’s impact in Norɖn Îrḷnd hz olso bn pṛfǎnd, rzultñ in a dīpnd clos ic̣nomic rleśnśp wɖ ɖ Îriś Rpublic, n ɖus ɖ YY sngl marcit, ẃl Mz Fostr n Mz O’Nīl pl in opozñ d’rex́nz ovr ɖ linc wɖ Britn.

Sntṛlist yńnizm

Ẃn Mr Jonsn bcem prîm̦inistr in 2019, h gev himslf ɖ tîtl v “ministr fr ɖ yńn”. Ɖr hz bn ziro evidns in hiz hanḍlñ v Brexit ɖt h tecs ɖs t mīn ɖ adopśn v a mor imołnt aproć. Instd, Mr Jonsn’z yńnizm hz pruvd mor sntṛlist n les pragmatic ɖn ɖ yńnizm v hiz tū Tori prīdisesrz, Devid Camṛn n Msz Me. T Mr Jonsn, ɖ Brexit slogn v “tec bac cntrol” trnzlets intu a project ɖt emz t rībild a Wsminstr-sntrd YC sovṛnti, nt, az Cir Starmr advcetd last wīc, a poḷsi v pśñ mor pǎrz ǎt n dǎn fṛm Wsminstr t ɖ YC neśnz or t Ñgliś rījnz n sitiz.

Mr Jonsn’z aproć z crietñ a craś wêtñ t hapn. H md hiz riyl vyz startlñli clir ẃn h tld a prîṿt mītñ v ɖ “blu wōl” Cnsrvtiv MPz in Nvmbr ɖt dīṿluśn hd bn “a dzastr norʈ v ɖ bordr” n ɖt ɖ 1997 dīṿluśnsetlmnt wz Toni Bler’z “bigist mstec”. Cmñ six munʈs bfr sć importnt Holirūd ilex́nz, ɖs wz an insnjri ʈñ t se, az wel az a slf-inflictd wūnd fr ɖ Tōriz n a Crisṃs gift t ɖ SNP. Mr Jonsn’z coments abt a dīṿluśn dzastr canot b laft awe az an idịsncratic Jonsońn axidnt. Ɖ coments xprest ẃt h riyli ʈncs.

Ɖ rli munʈs v 2021 wl cntiny t b doṃnetd bî Covid. Bt ɖ iminnt xistnśl crîsis fr ɖ yńn śd nt b oṿlct. Mr Jonsn apirz confidnt ɖt h cn s’xesf̣li rfyz t oʈ̇rîz a secnd ref̣rendm in ɖ fes v a dmand fr wn fṛm Mz Strjn. Bt ɖr me nt b az mć aṗtît fr undeṃcratic objṛsi az h s’pozz.

F Mr Jonsn wz a difṛnt cnd v poḷtiśn, h wd lisn t ẃt Mr Starmr sd last wīc abt rnywñ ɖ yńn, or ẃt Gordn Brǎn hz bn seyñ abt rībildñ cnsnt ʈru sitiznz’ asmbliz wɖ a wîd rīmit t riimajin Britn’z consttyśnl arenjmnts. A lot v poḷtiśnz fṛm ol partiz, includñ ɖ Cnsrvtivz, r opn t ɖs. Ɖ big qsćn z ẃɖr ɖ votrz v Scotḷnd r opn t it tù. Bt ɖr z litl tîm left. Ɖ ćans v rform me hv sêld wɖ Brexit. Ɖ tasc v of̣rñ Scots an oltrṇtiv yńn ɖt ɖe cn b’liv in nxt Me z olrdi dǎn t ɖ wîr.

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

In Ñspel: The Guardian view on Britain out of the EU: a treasure island for rentiers

‘Culturally, Brexit plays the same sort of role as the right to buy, insulating poorer leave voters from the idea that they will suffer from the resulting policies.’ Photograph: Christopher Furlong/Getty Images
‘Culćṛli, Brexit plez ɖ sem sort v rǒl az ɖ rît t bai, insyletñ purr līv̦otrz fṛm ɖ îdīa ɖt ɖe wl sufr fṛm ɖ rzultñ poḷsiz.’ Foṭgraf: Crisṭfr Frloñ/Geti Iṃjz

Ɖ Gardịn vy on Britn ǎt v ɖ YY: a treźr îḷnd fr rentịrz

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 27 December 2020)

Ɖr’z no sîn ɖt ministrz wl yz ɖ twin śocs v ɖ pandemic n Brexit t fix a brocn sistm ɖt z felñ tù mni ppl

27 Dsmbr 2020

Ẃn ɖ YC entrd ɖ c’roṇvîṛs ej in Marć, stet rzorsz n c’lectiv cmitmnt wr moḅlîzd on a scel nt sìn sins ɖ secnd wrldwor. Decedz ago, Britn hd rvild itslf, ʈancs in part t biyñ ebl t marśl ɖ industrịl mît v ɖ empîr, t b a formiḍbl wrldpǎr. Its icoṇmi wz eṇjîzd wɖ brecʈrūz in redar, atomic pǎr n meḍsin.

Olɖo ɖ stori v ɖ pandemic hz nt yt endd, ɖr apirz t b no sć transfmeśn in sît undr Boris Jonsn. Rɖr dpresñli, fmiłr trendz v grīd, incompitns n croniizm r ri’srtñ ɖmslvz. Ɖs z bad nyz fr an icoṇmi ẃr ɖr hz bn a c’laps v soṣ́li ysfl iṇveśn. Britn’z lac v hî-téc mańfacćrñcepbiḷtiz, noṭbli in medicl dạgnostic tstñ, wz cruwli xpozd bî ɖ pandemic.

Ɖs cuntri hz bcm mor v a pṛkrr ɖn a pṛdysr v tecnoḷji. Bt it z a rmarcbli inifiśnt wn – dspt an xtrordnṛli hî psntij v loyrz n acǎntnts in ɖ wrcñpopyleśn. Cnx́nz sīm t matr mor ɖn invnśnz. Hǎ els t xplen ẃ, in ɖ despṛt scrambl t pṛkr prsnl pṛtctiv iqipmnt, vnṭletrz n c’roṇvîṛs tsts, biłnz v pǎndz v contracts hv gn t cumṗniz îɖr run bî frendz or s’portrz – īvn nebrz – v Cnsrvtiv poḷtiśnz, or wɖ no prîr xṗtīz.

Hisṭri z nt śort v xamplz ẃr p’liticl insîdrz wr s’xesfl in xtractñ vrć̣li ol ɖ srpḷs ɖt ɖ icoṇmi crietd. Sć influenśl inṭrests moldd poḷtics t inlarj ɖer śer v ɖ pî. Grīd wz liṃtd onli bî ɖ nīd t let ɖ pṛdysrz svîv. Ɖ śoc v wor, reṿluśn, famin or pleg pṛvîdz an oṗtyṇti t fix a brocn ssayti. Bt f, post-pandemic, YC poḷtiśnz cer les abt rform ɖn ɖ rtnśn v pǎr, ɖe wl fel t rstren ɖ graspñ inrićmnt ɖt unḍmainz dmocṛsi itslf.

Windfōl profits

Phps ɖ most peṇtretñ X-re v ɖs fnominn tde z bî Bret Crisṭfrz in hiz bc Rentịr Capiṭlizm. Ɖ acdemic mcs ɖ ces ɖt Britn hz bcm a treźr îḷnd fr ɖoz sīcñ xes profits fṛm stet-sañśnd cntrol v naćṛl rzorsz, proṗti, fnanśl asets n inṭlecćl proṗti. Rent, peid bî rentrz t rentịrz, z taid t ɖ ǒnrśp or cntrol v sć asets, md scers undr cndiśnz v liṃtd or no comṗtiśn.

Mr. Crisṭfrz sz ɖt ɖ frst sîn v ɖs ny ordr wz ẃn Britn struc blac gold in ɖ Norʈ Sì. H raits ɖt MPz on ɖ public acǎnts cmiti notd wɖ incṛdyḷti in 1972 ɖt “ɖ frst hyj eriaz v ɖ sì wr lìst t ɖ cumṗniz az jenṛsli az ɖo Britn wr a guḷbl Śecdm”. Aftr ɖt, public asets wr sold of ćīpli. Ɖ prîṿt sectr endd p cntrolñ lîtli reğletd mnoṗliz in gas, wōtr n ilectric s’plî, n public trnsport n teḷcomz. Custmrz lost ǎt, oṿpeyñ fr pur srvis. In a rentịr’z paṛdîs, windfōl profits abǎnd. Breznli okpayñ ɖ lǒist moṛl grǎnd wz isnśl, az ɖ hǎsbildr Prsimn pruvd bî rnñ sūṗsîzd stet-bact hlp-t-bai profits loñ inuf t hand ǎt a £75m boṇs t its bos.

Ɖ bancs, ẃć tc ɖs cuntri t ɖ brinc v c’laps a deced ago, r at ɖ hart v a rentịrstet. Frans, Jrṃni, Jpan, ɖ YS ol hv bancñsectrz smōlr ɖn ɖ YC. Ẃl bancs rnñ rents hv fluriśt, ɖ hǎsholdz peyñ ɖm – îɖr d’recli az fnanśl cnsymrz, or indirecli az taxpeyrz v a détrstet or custmrz v détrfrmz – hv flǎndrd.

Ɖ angr ɖt sć spiṿri injndrz z dfyzd p’liticli bî mcñ votrz cmplisit in ɖ ʈeft. Ɖ sel-of v caunslhomz, sz Mr. Crisṭfrz, wz a prîṿtîześn ɖt gev mni v ɖoz phps most inclînd t cic agnst Ʈać̣rizm a prsnl stec in ɖ project. Culćṛli, Brexit plez ɖ sem sort v rǒl az ɖ rît t bai, insyletñ purr līv̦otrz fṛm ɖ îdīa ɖt ɖe wl sufr fṛm ɖ rzultñ poḷsiz.

Ɖ prîm̦inistr unḍstandz ɖt Covid cn ćenj Britn, bt lacs moḍnîzñpoḷsiz. H xtolz ɖ vrćuz v fri comṗtiśn – bʈ fr itslf n bcz sć frīdm, h rīznz, wl smhǎ liḅret ɖ spirit fluṭrñ wɖn a pri-Brexit Britn cejd bî c’roṇvîṛs. H z no dǎt betñ ɖt ɖ dsrupśn v līvñ ɖ YY wl b lost in ɖ ror v an icoṇmi tecñ of az an inokletd popyleśn rtrnz t of̣sz n śops.

Wìcnd reğleśnz

Ɖ gap btwn rić n pur in ɖ YC z at līst az hî tde, acdemics calklet, az it wz jst bfr ɖ start v ɖ secnd wrldwor. Ɖs z larjli bcz ɖ Britiś stet ɖt wns mīdietd ɖ strugl btwn lebr n capitl hz bn tecn ovr bî rentịrz. Wìc̣nñ reğleśnz, rdysñ ɖ importns v fiscl poḷsi n średñ sośl pṛtx́nz hz c’rodd libṛl dmocṛsi in ẃć an incrisñli influenśl wlʈi fy hv bn injoyñ a fri run. Ultiṃtli, rentịrz wont t incris ẃt ɖ icoṇmist Michał Kalecki cōld ɖ “dgri v mnoṗli” in an icoṇmi. Ɖs alǎz ɖm t limit ɖ abiḷti v wrcrz, cnsymrz n reğletrz t inflụns ɖ marc-up v selñprîsz ovr costs n t dfnd ɖ śer v wejz in ǎtpt.

Ɖ YY sz its lebr, invîrnmnt n custmr pṛtx́nz r a flor, nt a sīlñ, n ɖt ɖe c’nt b tredd awe fr frix́nlis marcit axes. F w hd steid in ɖ club, ǎr abiḷti t consntret profits fr mnoṗlists wd hv bn stîmid in fyćr treḑīlz ngośietd bî Bruslz n opn t MYPz’ scrūṭni. Ǎtsd ɖ YY, Mr. Jonsn cn bartr awe sć reğleśnz – wɖt parḷmntri oṿsît – n scrap sefgardz in ny tecnoḷji fr hayr mnoṗliprofits. Carl Marx rout in Ɖ Etīnʈ Brumaire v Louis Bonaparte in 1852 ɖt “ɖ Tōriz in Ñgḷnd loñ fansid ɖt ɖe wr in rapćrz abt roylti, ɖ ćrć n ɖ bytiz v ɖ enćnt consttyśn, untl a tîm v trîl tòr fṛm ɖm ɖ cnfeśn ɖt ɖe wr onli in rapćrz abt rent.” Hiz asesmnt v rli 19ʈ-snćri Tōriz aplîz wɖ unŕñ akṛsi t tde’z Cnsrvtivz.

Mr. Crisṭfrz’ insît z ɖt ɖ Tōriz undr Mr. Jonsn r a parti v – n fr – rentịrz, mć mor ɖn ɖ inṭrests v pṛductiv capitl. Ɖs xplenz ẃ, aftr 2016, ɖ Tori parti imbrest Brexit n śrugd of pṛductiv capitl’z cnsrnz abt līvñ ɖ YY. It wl b t ɖ gret detrimnt v ɖs cuntri f ɖ pandemic pmitd Mr. Jonsn t cmbîn preznt-de firz wɖ a yrnñ fr hopfl ćenj t pswed ɖ aṿrij prsn t vot agnst ɖer inṭrests in ɖ fyćr. Bt hisṭri ofn rpits itslf frst az traɉdi, ɖen az fars.

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel