Tag Archives: Guardian editorial

In Ñspel: The Guardian view on Tory millionaires: a party of the rich, for the rich

Nadhim Zahawi, who had to pay about £5m in penalties and outstanding taxes to HMRC, said his mistakes were ‘careless not deliberate’. Photograph: Leon Neal/Getty Images

Ɖ Gardịn vy on Tori miłnerz: a parti v ɖ rić, fr ɖ rić

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 23 Jan. 2023)

Ɖ in’biḷti t rmuv hiz ǒn partićer aftr a multimiłn-pǎnd tax mstec unḍlînz Riśi Sūnac’s wìcnis

Munde 23 Jańri 2023

Ritn in an rlịr tîm abt msgivñz ovr ɖ akḿleśn v pǎr n muni, ɖ wrdz v F Scot Fitsjeṛld r aṗsît tde. “Ɖe wr cerlis ppl,” l’mnts ɖ nretr v hiz clasic novl Ɖ Gret Gatsbi. “Ɖe smaśt p ʈñz … n ɖen rtritd bac intu ɖer muni or ɖer vast cerlisnis.” Ɖ Tori-parti ćermn, Nadhim Zahawi, peid, it apirz, abt £5m in penltiz n ǎtstandñ taxz t Hiz Maɉsti’z Reṿny n Custmz. Mr Zahawi sz hiz mstecs wr “cerlis”. Bt hǎ cd ɖ Cnsrṿtivz evr hv alaud smbdi, az ɖe dd wɖ Mr Zahawi, t bcm ćanslr ẃn h wz in dspyt wɖ ɖ tax oʈoṛti, fr ẃć ɖ ćanslr z rsponsbl? It z a conflict v inṭrest ɖt nwn cd mis – unls, phps, ɖe tù wr biyñ cerlis.

W ol cn b rmis. Bt nt t ɖ xtnt ɖt w fget, apaṛntli, t rport an esṭmetd £27m t HMRC. Riśi Sūnac apôntd Mr Zahawi t b Tori-parti ćer n gev him a sīt at hiz cabiṇțebl. Ɖ prîm̦inistr clemz nt t hv bn aprîzd v ɖ facts bfr dfndñ Mr Zahawi at ɖ dspaćbox last wīc, or ẃn h gev him hiz cuṛnt job. A strongr prîm̦inistr wd hv dn ɖ rît ʈñ n sact Mr Zahawi. Mr Sūnac hz rfŕd ɖ matr t hiz eʈics’dvîzr. Bt ɖ okpnt v Nu. 10 dz nt nīd a rport t tel him hu śd b in hiz cabiṇt. Mr Sūnac z a wìc prîm̦inistr: h hz t g in t bat fr colīgz fr fir v ɖm rfyzñ t d ɖ sem fr him. H riscs ɖ guvnmnt luzñ trust in him.

Mr Zahawi wz onli ćanslr fr tū munʈs. Bt it spīcs volymz abt hiz caṛctr ɖt h tc ɖ job. It wd hv bn slopi fr Sîmn Ces, ɖ cabiṇtsecṛtri, nt t hv noun abt Mr Zahawi’z taxprobḷm bfr hiz pṛmośn. Ɖt mt xplen ẃ a stori srfist ɖs wīcend ɖt clemd Mr Zahawi wz dnaid a naithd aftr ɖ Cabiṇt Ofis cntactd HMRC “az part v ɖ norml dy dilijns”. Mr Ces wd olso hv bn neglijnt nt t hv rezd ɖ pṛspctiv ćanslr’z taxconflict wɖ Boris Jonsn, ɖ ɖen prîm̦inistr. It me b tù mć t asc fr Mr Jonsn, a sirịl layr, t fînd enʈñ impropr in ɖ arenjmnt. Bt h śd hv vītoud Mr Zahawi fr ɖ rǒl.

Repyteśnz rerli svîv contact wɖ Mr Jonsn. H ʈncs it’s fîn fr ɖ cuṛnt BBC ćermn, Rić̣d Śarp, t hv hlpt arenj a gaṛnti on a loun v p t £800,000 fr himslf wīcs bfr rec̣mndñ him fr ɖ rǒl. Nɖr man rportd ɖs arenjmnt, ẃć ɖe śd hv. Mr Śarp wz privi t p’liticli daṃjñ inḟmeśn. Ɖ public pspśn v ɖ BBC’z imparśiaḷti n indipndns hz bn harmd bî its ćer’z lac v jujmnt. Ānti’z bōrd wl lc at ɖ matr, n ɖ public-apôntmnts cmiśnr wl invstget Mr Śarp’s apôntmnt aftr biyñ rjd t inṭvin bî Lebr’z Lūsi Pǎl. Hvr, d’nt hold yr breʈ. A wlʈi insîdr, Mr Śarp hz md hiz srṿsz tù ysfl t b dspnst wɖ īẓli.

Ɖz gwñz-on ofr a paṛbl abt ɖ c’ruptñ rǒl v iniqoḷti in ssayti, a sntṛl ʈīm v Fitzgerald’z bc. Ẃt hz md Britn unguvṇbl z nt strîcs n infleśn bt fax̣́nl infîtñ wɖn ɖ Cnsrṿtivz – ẃć lcs lîc a parti v ɖ rić, fr ɖ rić. Mr Sūnac’s guvnmnt sīmz tù rivn bî dspyts n tù wìc t implimnt big rformz. Ɖ imṗtns v Mr Sūnac hz rplest ɖ ceos v Mr Jonsn. Wɖ ɖ Toriz in ćarj, Britn hz bcm a cuntri wɖ a guvnmnt ɖt canot d enʈñ v importns.

Instroduction to Ñspel

"House by the Railroad," Edward Hopper, 1925

In Ñspel: The Guardian view on China’s Covid U-turn: from all-out war to all but nothing

People hold white sheets of paper in protest over Covid restrictions, after a vigil for the victims of a fire in Urumqi, China, on 27 November. Photograph: Thomas Peter/Reuters
Ppl hold ẃît śīts v pepr in protest ovr Covid rstrix́nz, aftr a vijil fr ɖ victimz v a fîr in Ŭṛmćī, Ćîna, on 27 Nvmbr. Foṭgraf: Toṃs Pītr/Rôtrz

Ɖ Gardịn vy on Ćîna’z Covid U-trn: fṛm ol-ǎt wor t ol bt nʈñ

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 13 Dec. 2022)

Ɖ cuntri hz abrupli abandnd ɖ vast bulc v its harś meźrz t cnten c’roṇvîṛs folowñ protests. Ɖt cariz cnsidṛbl risc

Tyzde 13 Dsmbr 2022

Dspt ɖ r’jidti v ɖ Ćînīz Coḿnist parti’z poḷtics n grip on pǎr, it cn smtmz ćenj cors at a starṭlñ pes. Ɖ most obvịs wz its ic̣nomic trn fṛm Mǎ t marcit. Mor rīsntli, it flipt fṛm its wn-ćîld poḷsi v liṃtñ brʈs t activli trayñ t būst ɖm.

Bt ɖ trn’rnd on its ziro-Covid poḷsi z trūli astoṇśñ in its spīd. In mid-Octobr, Bêźñ wz stl bostñ v an “ol-ǎt wor” on Covid-19, dspt its evidnt unssteṇbiḷti n pyṇtiv ic̣nomic ifcts. Tū wīcs ago, ɖ foṛn miṇstri’z spocsprsn twītd sceɖñli v 1m Covid deʈs az part v “Ɖ prîs v ‘frīdm’ in ɖ YS … Ẃt w wont z t pṛtct ǎr ppl’z lîvz.”

Nǎ ɖ guvnmnt hz cast of cntrolz in a matr v dez. Qoṛntīnrūlz n travl rstrix́nz hv bn sgnificntli rlaxt; ɖ guvnmnt hz scrapt its prîṃri Covid-tracñ ap. Xprts worn ɖt hospitlz cd b rapidli oṿẃlmd; wn anaḷsis sjsts ɖt p t 2.1 miłn lîvz cd b at risc. Tstñ buɖz r biyñ dsmantld, bt Bêźñ oʈoṛtiz sd fīvrclinics in ɖ siti rsivd 16 tîmz mor peśnts on Súnde ɖn ɖ wīc bfr.

An end t ziro Covid wz loñ oṿdy. Uɖr cuntriz hv s’xesḟli x’td similrli tît rstrix́nz ʈru vax̣neśn n ɖ grajl rīlaxeśn v meźrz. Bt ɖ lac v preṗreśn, ɖ tîmñ v ɖs voltfās – at ɖ hît v wintr – n ɖ scrapñ v most (ɖo nt ol) mitgeśnmeźrz ol xasbet ɖ riscs. Oldr ppl in ptiklr r unḍvax̣netd, n Ćîna stl dpndz on les ifctiv dmestic vaxīnz ɖt wr dzînd t cǎntr ɖ orijinl stren.

Ɖ xtrordnri anti-ziro-Covid protests ɖt brouc ǎt last munʈ hv clirli pleid a part in ɖs dsiźn. Bt ic̣nomic factrz me wel hv bn mor dsîsiv. Foxcón’z fǎndr ptiśnd ɖ oʈoṛtiz t īz p arnd a munʈ ago, wornñ ɖt Ćîna’z pziśn in globl s’plîćenz wz undr ʈret. Octobr’z particongres, s’mentñ Śī Jinpñ’z pziśn az Ćîna’z most pǎrfl līdr sins Mǎ, z sefli ǎt v ɖ we.

Rīlaxeśn olso pozz p’liticl riscs, dspt ɖ unḍstanḍbl unpopylaṛti v ziro Covid in sitiz. Ɖ cuntrisîd wz reḷtivli un’fctd bî rstrix́nz; it z olso mć wrs srvd bî hlʈcer, n ɖrfr wrs iqipt t handl a srj in cesz. W r lîcli t hír far les abt sicnis n deʈs ɖr, n sm wundr f mni Covid deʈs wl b ascrîbd t uɖr cōzz. Bt ẃl ɖ partistet z xprt in olṭrñ ɖ naṛtiv, it z hard t d so oṿnît. Hvñ hamrd hom ɖ mesij ɖt mć v ɖ wrld hd bn caḷsli abandnd bî its līdrz t a dedli ilnis, ofiślz nǎ sudnli portre Covid az litl wrs ɖn a bad cold. Stetmīdia hz swićt fṛm hîlîtñ ɖ tol v loñ Covid t anǎnsñ ɖt ɖ ćansz v gtñ it r “vri lo”, n īvn qotñ a doctr qsć̣nñ its vri xistns.

Hd Ćîna pord a frax́n v ɖ eḟt n rzorsz dvotd t tstñ n locdǎnz intu vax̣neśn n planñ ɖ end v ziro Covid, it wd nǎ b in a mć betr ples. Ɖs rvrsl z nesṣri, bt śd nt b vyd az prūf v an ifctiv slf-c’rex́n mec̣nizm – ptiklrli ẃn pṛtstrz r peyñ ɖ prîs fr ɖer dfayns. Rɖr, it z evidns v ɖ fełr v a sistm ɖt rerli lisnz t its sitiznz n z incrisñli subjict t ɖ dsiźnz v wn man.

Instroduction to Ñspel

"House by the Railroad," Edward Hopper, 1925

In Ñspel: The Guardian view on Sunak’s asylum plan: tough talk can’t mask past failures

‘Mr Sunak said that “fairness” must be the overarching principle, and is fond of pointing out how tolerant and welcoming he thinks the UK is.’ Photograph: Reuters
‘Mr Sūnac sd ɖt “fernis” mst b ɖ oṿarćñ prínsipl, n z fond v pôntñ ǎt hǎ tolṛnt n welcmñ h ʈncs ɖ YC z.’ Foṭgraf: Rôtrz

Ɖ Gardịn vy on Sūnac’s asîḷmplan: tuf tōc c’nt masc past fełrz

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 13 Dec. 2022)

Tac̣lñ ɖ baclog v clemz z ɖ rît îdīa. Bt ɖ guvnmnt sīmz unlîcli t aćiv it

Tyzde 13 Dsmbr 2022

Ɖ  YC’z baclog v asîḷmclemz, ẃć cuṛntli standz at abt 140,000, hz bn bildñ p sins 2013. Ɖ guvnmnt, n sṗsificli ɖ Hom Ofis, berz rsponsbiḷti fr ɖs. Trî az h mt t priznt himslf az a ny brūm, swīpñ awe old cobwebz n clīnñ p a scrapi sistm, Riśi Sūnac mst tec hiz śer v rsponsbiḷti fr ɖ cuṛnt dsfuñśn – n ɖ akt suḟrñ it līdz t.

In ɖ Hǎs v Comnz on Tyzde, ɖ prîm̦inistr sòt t priznt hiz fîv-pônt plan az a blast v bold, freś ʈncñ. Hiz ambiśn t drasticli rdys ɖ baclog nxt yir, n promis v ny rzorsz includñ xtra, speṣ́list ceswrcrz, sǎnd lîc cnstructiv steps. Bt it z dǎtfl ẃɖr ɖz emz wl b met, n ɖ rest v ɖ anǎnsmnt gev mor rīzn fr alarm ɖn rlif at ɖ d’rex́n v travl.

Last munʈ an acoṃdeśnsntr at Manstn erport in Cnt wz clozd dǎn aftr un’xptbl cndiśnz includñ dziz ǎtbrecs wr xpozd. Bt ministrz sīm az dtrmind az evr t avôd ɖ xpns v hotelz, n Mr Sūnac clemd in parḷmnt ɖt vecnt hoḷdecamps n armibaṛcs wl sn pṛvîd bedz fr 10,000 ppl. Sáitñ hiz clos wrcñ rleśnśp wɖ ɖ homsecṛtri, Suela Braṿmn – hu śd hv rzînd in Octobr fr brīćñ ɖ miṇstirịl cod – Mr Sūnac olso signld hiz s’port fr ɖ poḷsi v dportñ asîḷmsīcrz t Rwanda. N h promist ny lejsleśn ɖt wl – f pást – mc it imposbl fr ppl arîvñ in ɖ YC on smōl bots t sbmit asîḷmclemz at ol.

Mr Sūnac sd ɖt “fernis” mst b ɖ oṿarćñ prínsipl, n z fond v pôntñ ǎt hǎ tolṛnt n welcmñ h ʈncs ɖ YC z. Bt h dclînd t xplen ẃt z mnt bî ɖ stetmnt ɖt ɖ xistñ inṭnaśnl fremwrc fr refyjīz z “obṣlīt”. N h ofrd no clir aśuṛnsz ɖt sef n līgl rùts, includñ sṗsific pṛviźn fr ćildṛn n faṃli ri-yńn, wd b pt in ples.

A rīzṇbl ces cn b md fr fast-tracñ rtrnz t Albeńa, az sm YY cuntriz r olrdi dwñ, n fr an inhanst rǒl fr ɖ Naśnl Crîm Ejnsi in cmbatñ traḟcñ. Bt it z roñ t priznt sć meźrz in miliṭristic reṭric abt “būts on ɖ grǎnd” ptrolñ Frenć bīćz. Ẃtvr ɖ rīznz fr ɖ śift in deṃgrafics v smōl-bot pasinjrz, ɖ riaḷti v lîf fr most asîḷmsīcrz v ol naṣ́naḷtiz z a levl v hardśp dificlt fr ppl livñ setld lîvz t imajin. Dsgresḟli, ɖ ceotic cloźr v Manstn léd t a numbr v its formr rezidnts biyñ dumt in sntṛl Lundn, wɖ nẃr t g. In Octobr it imrjd ɖt 222 ćildṛn hv dis’pird fṛm hotelz in ẃć ɖ Hom Ofis pt ɖm.

Ɖ guvnmnt’s cruwl n westfl Rwanda scīm mcs it an inṭnaśnl ǎtlîr. Ɖr z evri rīzn t dǎt ɖ plej t tacl wêtñlists wɖ ny stāf, gvn ɖt rcrūtmnțargits acrs ɖ public sectr r rūtīnli biyñ míst. Folowñ Liz Trus’z dsgresfl sjsćn in ɖ sumr ɖt ɖ Frenć prezidnt cd b cnsidrd a “fo”, Mr Sūnac’s cmitmnt t wrc wɖ YY partnrz z a welcm ćenj. Fr ɖ sec v ɖ ʈǎzndz v ppl stuc in limbo, wêtñ fr ɖer clemz t b prosest, it mst b hopt ɖt hiz rnyd foc̣s on ɖs iśu wl brñ sm beṇfiśl ifcts, hvr liṃtd.

Instroduction to Ñspel

"House by the Railroad," Edward Hopper, 1925

In Ñspel: The Guardian view on Olaf Scholz’s Germany: reading the signs of new times

‘Mr Scholz is tasked with finding an updated business model for Europe’s most powerful economy.’ Photograph: Clemens Bilan/EPA
‘Mr Scholz z tasct wɖ fîndñ an updetd biznismodl fr Yṛp’s most pǎrfl icoṇmi.’ Foṭgraf: Clemens Bilan/YPE

Ɖ Gardịn vy on Olaf Scholz’z Jrṃni: rīdñ ɖ sînz v ny tîmz

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 11 Dec. 2022)

Ɖ ćanslr’z frst yir in ofis hz bn dfînd bî ɖ consiqnsz v Ruśa’z wor in Ycren

Súnde 11 Dsmbr 2022

Last Dsmbr, on bcmñ Jrṃni’z frst SPD ćanslr fr 16 yirz, Olaf Scholz asct eidz ẃɖr ɖr wz a plan B fr eṇji śd Ruśa trn of ɖ gas. Ɖ ansr, Mr Scholz rout in an ese publiśt ɖs munʈ, wz “no”.

So bgan a yir jrñ ẃć ɖ asumśnz unḍlayñ decedz v Jrmn pṛspeṛti wr tstd t dstrux́n. Vḷdīmir Pūtin’z brūtl inveźn v Ycren, n hiz weṗnîześn v eṇji s’plîz, oblîjd Jrṃni t simlteńsli end its dpndnsi on Ruśn gas n rīʈnc a slf-conśsli lo profîl az a militri pǎr. Gvn ɖ scel n moṛl rjnsi v ɖ ćalinj – n Jrṃni’z jioṗliticl importns – Mr Scholz’z smtmz unwīldi ʈri-parti cọliśnguvnmnt hz nt got ɖ inṭnaśnl credit it dzrvz fr stepñ p t ɖ plet.

Undr Mr Scholz, Jrṃni hz bcm ɖ ʈrd larjist donr v ed, includñ wepnz, t Ycren. At ɖ sem tîm, it hz hld a nesṣri lîn on cīpñ Nato ǎt v ɖ wor. At hom, ɖ guvnmnt hz ifctivli dlt wɖ ẃt Mr Scholz cōlz a zeitenwende (trnñ pônt) bî spendñ xpśnl sumz t dīl wɖ xtrordnri srcmstansz. Az ɖ cuntri hz axest oltrṇtiv sorsz v gas at brecnec spīd, n traid t spīd p ɖ trnziśn t rnywbl eṇji, €200bn hz bn boroud t subṣdîz hî eṇjibilz. Abt €100bn mor z t b invstd in būstñ ɖ cepbiḷtiz v a mor hî-profîl Jrmn armi.

Ɖs inorṃs amǎnt v borowñ hz bn clast az an imrjnsifund – alawñ it t b plest of ɖ bcs. Ɖt, in trn, hz pmitd Mr Scholz t psy sm v ɖ sntr-left ajnda ɖt hlpt gt him ilectd: ɖ minimm wej hz bn rezd, alñ wɖ welférpemnts n ɖ stetpnśn; a popylr subṣdîzd public-trnsport pas wl b riintṛdyst in 2023. Ɖ cọliśnguvnmnt z olso mcñ it īzịr fr imigṛnts t aplî fr naćṛlîześn n sitiznśp. Sm v Mr Scholz’z critics on ɖ left wd lîc ɖ guvnmnt t g frɖr n fastr on iśuz sć az c’lectiv barġnñ n fer wejz. Bt a yir on, n gvn ɖ srcmstansz, ɖs lcs lîc a dīsnt pṛgresiv record.

Nvɖles, aftr a trōmatic yir dscrîbd bî wn SPD membr v parḷmnt az “abṣlutli insen”, ɖ fyćr lcs jst az ćaḷnjñ fr Mr Scholz n hiz cọliśnpartnrz. In ɖ poulz, az ɖ cost-v-livñ crîsis bîts, ɖ SPD z runñ wel bhnd ɖ CDY opziśn. In ɖ īst, rzntmnt at ɖ cost v s’portñ Ycren’z rzistns t Mr Pūtin z rîzñ. P’līsrêdz acrs ɖ cuntri last wīc, ẃć ʈwortd a far-rît plot t oṿʈro ɖ stet, cnfrmd ɖ ʈret pozd bî frinj xtrimists radic̣lîzd in an ej v prṃcrîsis.

On ɖ eṇjifrunt, impresiv reṭric on ɖ nīd t axeḷret ɖ grīn trnziśn z nt biyñ maćt bî facts on ɖ grǎnd. N on vxt Yṛpiyn iśuz sć az ôlprîs caps n eṇjisubṣdiz, uɖr YY līdrz hv akzd Mr Scholz v lacñ soḷdaṛti n tecñ a “Jrṃni frst” aproć. Ɖ Franco-Jrmn rleśnśp, in ptiklr, z in nīd v rper.

Most funḍmnṭli, Mr Scholz z tasct wɖ fîndñ an updetd biznismodl fr Yṛp’s most pǎrfl icoṇmi. Hvñ groun rić ʈru xport-léd groʈ in an ira v hî gloḅlîześn n ic̣nomic inṭdipndnsi, Jrṃni mst nǎ naṿget a multipolr wrld in ẃć bʈ ɖ YS n Ćîna r irectñ barịrz. Mr Pūtin’z ax́nz hv cnsînd ɖ doctrin v Wandel durch Hándl (ćenj ʈru tred) t hisṭri. Hvñ s’xesḟli avrtd poṣbl dzastr jrñ hiz frst yir in ofis, Mr Scholz’z premịrśp wl b dfînd bî hiz abiḷti t fînd a we t prizrv Jrmn ic̣nomic streñʈs in trnsformd tîmz.

Instroduction to Ñspel

"House by the Railroad," Edward Hopper, 1925

In Ñspel: The Guardian view on declining authors’ pay: an unequal burden

Writing is ‘a vocation, admittedly with big potential rewards, but also with a big risk of penury and exploitation’. Photograph: Sean Gladwell/Getty Images
Raitñ z ‘a voceśn, admitidli wɖ big ptnśl rwordz, bt olso wɖ a big risc v peńri n xplôteśn’. Foṭgraf: Śōn Gladwél/Geti Iṃjz

Ɖ Gardịn vy on dclînñ oʈrz’ pe: an unīql brdn

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 11 Dec. 2022)

A stīp slump in aṿrij rnñz nt onli afcts indivijlz, bt impovṛśz litṛćr bî dictetñ ẃć storiz gt tld

Súnde 11 Dsmbr 2022

Nyz ɖt ɖ aṿrij rnñz v slf-imploid raitrz hv slumt t £7,000 in ɖ YC mt sīm par fr ɖ cors in ɖ contxt v a pandemic foloud bî a cost-v-livñ crîsis. Hvr, ɖ 38% drop in mīdịn rnñz sins 2018 cntinyz a 16-yir dǎnẉd trend, wɖ ɖ numbr v oʈrz hu rn ol ɖer incm fṛm raitñ mor ɖn hāvñ sins 2006, fṛm 40% t 19%. Ɖs fnominn z nt ynīc t ɖ YC, wɖ similr trendz rportd in Ostreła, Caṇda, ɖ YY n ɖ YS, acordñ t ɖ oʈrz v a ny rport.

Ɖ srve, cmiśnd bî ɖ Oʈrz’ Lîsnsñ n C’lectñ Ssayti (OLCS), z nt gwñ t set alarmbelz rññ lîc ɖ lo pe v nrsz or ambyḷnsdrîvrz. Ɖz r ppl in a netwrc v inḍstriz, acrs pubḷśñ n ɖ mīdia, ɖt hv olwz rwordd ɖ s’xesfl fy at ɖ xpns v ɖ aspîrñ mni. Ɖ fl sgnificns v ɖ drop bcmz clir ẃn y buro dǎn intu ẃr ɖ oʈrz liv n hǎ ɖe manij t svîv on sć lo rnñz. Nirli haf r best in Lundn n ɖ sǎʈ v Ñgḷnd, n mni rlî on fînanśl s’port fṛm partnrz or faṃli (ẃr ɖe d so, ɖer hǎshold rnñz aṿrij £50,000). Wn in fîv prîmṛli s’port ɖmslvz ʈru acdemic wrc.

Ẃr dz ɖs līv a yuñ raitr tôlñ awe in a bedsit smẃr in ɖ Tìz Vali? Amñ ɖ raitrz sveid, onli 3% liv in ɖ norʈ-īst v Ñgḷnd, fōlñ t 1% v ɖoz huz raitñ okpîz mor ɖn haf v ɖer wrcñ tîm. Ɖ Bcr-winñ noṿlist Pat Barcr wz wn sć oʈr bac in 1982 ẃn hr frst novl, Yńn Strīt, wz fîṇli publiśt, aftr biyñ rjctd mni tîmz fr oḟrñ tù blīc a portrit v wrcñclas wimin hu, lîc hr, hêld fṛm ɖ industrịl norʈ-īst.

Īvn nǎ ɖt Mz Barcr hz muvd hr fix́nl gêz on t ɖ clasicl wrld, hr novlz ʈrum wɖ ɖ “tufnis, irevṛns, hymr n bitrnis” ɖt ś hírz in wimin’z vôsz arnd hr. Fix́n wd b vri mć purr wɖt sć plêfl apḷceśnz v livd insîts fṛm undŗeprizntd cḿṇtiz. So it z wuriyñ t hír ɖt raitrz fṛm mnoṛti eʈnic bacgrǎndz r ptiklrli luzñ ǎt, wɖ ɖ fōl in publiśrz’ advansz – ɖ muni ɖt hīts ɖ raitr’z garit – a ci cnsrn.

Tū yirz ago, raitrz arnd ɖ wrld atmtd t rvil ɖ dis’dvantij sufrd bî blac oʈrz bî śẹrñ ɖer rnñz on Twitr. Ɖ formr ćildṛn’z lorịt Maḷri Blacmn wz amñ ɖoz hu wr śoct bî ɖ dspaṛtiz ɖt imrjd. Rports on #pubḷśñpeidmi bòr ǎt wn reṿleśn v ɖ OLCS srve: 47% v rnñz g t 10% v raitrz, so fr ɖ vast mjoṛti, a c’rir in raitñ rlîz on “intrinzic motveśn”. In uɖr wrdz, it z a voceśn, admitidli wɖ big ptnśl rwordz, bt olso wɖ a big risc v peńri n xplôteśn. “F w gv p, nʈñ ćenjz. Ǎr storiz r wrʈ telñ n nīd telñ,” rout Mz Blacmn, in a twīt ɖt nītli sumd p ɖ cnundṛm: t ivolv, litṛćr most nīdz ɖoz hu r rwordd līst.

Instroduction to Ñspel

"House by the Railroad," Edward Hopper, 1925

In Ñspel: The Guardian view on cuts in theatre funding: a threat to playwriting

The Oldham Coliseum, ‘another theatre cut off without a penny’. Photograph: PR image
Ɖ Oldm Coḷsiym, ‘anɖr ʈiytr cut of wɖt a peni’. Foṭgraf: PR imij

Ɖ Gardịn vy on cuts in ʈiytrfundñ: a ʈret t plêraitñ

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 9 Dec. 2022)

In an inḍstri drend v stet s’port, hu wl der t tec a risc on ny plez? Ɖ los wl b flt nt onli in Lundn, bt acrs ɖ cuntri

Frîde 9 Dsmbr 2022

Ɖ  storm ovr artsfundñ in Ñgḷnd muvd fṛm oṗra t ʈiytr ɖs wīc, ẃn ɖ artistic d’rectr v wn v Lundn’z līdñ ny raitñhǎzz rzînd in rspons t ɖ wɖdrwl v its Artscaunsl Ñgḷnd grant. Its ǎtgwñ d’rectr, Roxana Silbrt, sd ɖt ɖ los v its stetsubṣdi v £766,455 a yir mnt it cd no longr cntiny t fuñśn az a hub fr ny raitñ. Sevnti-fîv plêraits trnd ǎt fr a crîsismītñ folowñ ɖ anǎnsmnt, mni v hūm credit Hamstid ʈiytr wɖ gvñ ɖm c’rir-mcñ brecs, n ol v ɖm wurid abt ɖ ifct on ɖ frajîl plêraitñ icoḷji v ɖ cuntri f a sīdbed lîc Hamstid cn onli aford t stej gaṛntìd crǎdplizrz.

Ɖ 60-yir-old norʈ Lundn veny z amñ 141 orġnîześnz cut adrift undr Arts Caunsl Ñgḷnd’z radicl ʈri-yir plan t rīśep ɖ crietiv icoṇmi v Ñgḷnd. Cōld t acǎnt bî ɖ dijitl, culćr, mīdia n sport cmiti on Frîde, ɖ ćīf xektiv v ɖ grantgvñ guvnmnt ejnsi cd onli bat awe a s’xeśn v locl-inṭrest criṭsizmz fṛm MPz wɖ ɖ stetmnt ɖt, v cors, evrʈñ wd b mć betr ol rnd f onli ɖr wz mor muni, bt sadli ɖr wz’nt – ptiklrli in Lundn, ẃr it hd bn ordrd t sîfn £24m of t mor nīdi eriaz ovr ɖ nxt ʈri yirz.

A sjsćn ɖt ɖs dmand wz md bî a prīvịs culćrsecṛtri, n ɖ ny wn me hv a freś aproć “on sm matrz”, z no conṣleśn fîv wīcs aftr ɖ ax hz fōḷn, at ɖ end v a nel-bîtñ, 10-de dle impozd bî ɖ Dpartmnt fr Dijitl, Culćr, Mīdia n Sport itslf. Ɖr wz a ʈiatricaḷti t ɖ ritẏlîzd parḷmntri standof ɖt ɖoz armzleñʈ Śecspirịn ejnts Rosencrantz n Guildenstern wd hv aprīśietd, wɖ ɖ comic subplot ɖt ɖ Tori ćer v ɖ ol-parti cmiti hd bn sspndd fṛm ɖ parḷmntri parti pndñ a p’līs invstgeśn, aurz bfr it wz dy t cnvin, so an unḍstudi hd t step in.

Ɖs bacstej ceos mt b funi f it wr nt so sirịs fr ɖ fyćr v an inḍstri ẃć – it wz pôntd ǎt, in ɖ contxt v anɖr ʈiytr cut of wɖt a peni, ɖ Oldm Coḷsiym – jeṇrets £8 fr locl icoṇmiz fr evri £1 v public muni spent. Ẃt xacli z it ɖt z biyñ levld p, in ɖ tīʈ v an eṇji n cost v livñ crîsis, aftr 12 yirz in ẃć ɖ artswrld hz olrdi lost mor ɖn a ʈrd its fundñ in riyl trmz – gen or pen?

Ɖ lîf v a plêrait z enwe ntorịsli pricerịs, wɖ mni dfctñ t ɖ betr-fundd hǎzz v mênḷnd Yṛp t cīp ɖer c’rirz aflot. Yt fṛm Śecspir t Stopard, Aphra Behn t Lūsi Prebl, plêraitñ hz bn a juwl in ɖ YC’z culćṛl crǎn, studid n xportd arnd ɖ wrld. Its practiśnrz hv inrićt ɖ rletd inḍstriz v film, teḷviźn, redio n gemñ. Ɖt Lundn stl rsivz a ʈrd v Artscaunsl Ñgḷnd’z naśnl-portfolio fundñ z cold cumḟt. Venyz ɖt hv bn cut of – Hamstid, ɖ Get, ɖ Donmar – r part v a jônd-up, multiḍmnśnl wrld ɖt dz nt abîd bî poscodz. Ɖ buc stops nt wɖ ɖ artscaunsl, bt wɖ ɖ guvnmnt.

Instroduction to Ñspel

"House by the Railroad," Edward Hopper, 1925

In Ñspel: The Guardian view on proportional representation: Labour should back it

‘Voters will probably need to vote tactically to ensure that Keir Starmer’s Labour party stands a chance of winning power.’ Photograph: House of Commons/PA
‘Votrz wl probbli nīd t vot tacticli t enśur ɖt Cir Starmr’z Lebr parti standz a ćans v winñ pǎr.’ Foṭgraf: Hǎs v Comnz/PA

Ɖ Gardịn vy on pṛporśnl repriznteśn: Lebr śd bac it

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 9 Dec. 2022)

Hǎs v Lordz rform z a nesṣri, bt nt a sfiśnt consttyśnl ćenj t mnd Britn’z brocn poḷtics

Frîde 9 Dsmbr 2022

Munde marcs ɖ ʈrd aṇvrsri v ɖ jenṛl ilex́n ɖt dlivrd ɖ larjist Cnsrṿtiv parḷmntri mjoṛti sins Marġrit Ʈaćr’z. Lebr, mnẃl, dropt t its wrst rzult sins ɖ 1930z. Guvnmnts r ʈroun ǎt ẃn votrz wont a freś start. Ẃt wz unyźl in 2019 wz ɖt votrz gev ɖ Toriz ɖ tasc v rvrsñ Tori poḷsiz. Ɖt phps xplenz ẃ Riśi Sūnac hedz a guvnmnt ɖt rzmblz an opziśn in ofis, pitñ itslf agnst ax́nz v its prīdisesrz.

Ɖs paṛdox hîlîts hǎ clos ɖ tū-parti p’liticl sistm z t brecñpônt. Ppl hu votd Cnsrṿtiv at ɖ last ilex́n nǒ ɖe hv bn hd. Instd v gtñ a guvnmnt ɖt wl fix ɖ icoṇmi n ɖ NHS, ɖz votrz hv faund ɖmslvz wɖ ministrz hu r recñ ɖm. Ɖs hz léd t a wîdspred fīlñ v siṇsizm. Poulñ fr ɖ Cumṗs ʈnctanc śoz ɖt īvn f Lebr rplesz ɖ Cnsrṿtivz at ɖ nxt ilex́n, ɖ mjoṛti v votrz ʈnc ɖ p’liticl sistm z inceṗbl v mītñ ɖ big ćaḷnjz v ǎr tîm – sć az clîṃt, wlʈ iniqoḷti n hǎzñ.

Ɖs dsper hz its rūts in ɖ ilectṛl sistm. T si ẃ, cnsidr ɖ vxt iśu v iṃgreśn. Opińnpoulz śo ɖt haf v ɖ adult popyleśn nǎ se ɖt imigṛnts inrić ssayti. Bt bcz most v ɖ pro-iṃgreśn vots r pîld p in 25% v parḷmntri cnstitẏnsiz, n ɖ antīiṃgreśn vot z spred īvnli ovr ɖ uɖr 75%, poḷtics acts az a drag ancr on progres.

Ẃt nīdz t ćenj z ɖ dstortñ frst-past-ɖ-post votñsistm. In Britn, sīts wún at a jenṛl ilex́n r nt śerd ǎt pṛporśṇli btwn ɖ partiz. Bt nɖr v ɖ mn p’liticl partiz bacs a fẹrr mec̣nizm ɖt maćz sīts t vots. Bʈ beṇfit bî disinfranćîzñ ppl hu bac smōl partiz. Dfndrz v ɖ cuṛnt sistm se ɖt it gvz votrz tū brōd partiz t ćūz btwn, n dlivrz dyṛbl, stroñ guvnmnts rɖr ɖn śeci multiparti wnz. Yt Mr Sūnac z Britn’z fifʈ Cnsrṿtiv prîm̦inistr in six yirz.

Ɖ Libṛl Deṃcrats, n ɖer Libṛl fōrberz, hv cnsistntli fevrd ɖ adopśn v pṛporśnl repriznteśn; ɖ Cnsrṿtivz hv cnsistntli opozd eni rform; n ɖ Lebr parti hz bn cnsistntli dvîdd on ɖ iśu. Lebr z nǎ proṃsñ Hǎs v Lordz rform. Ɖs z a nesṣri bt nt a sfiśnt consttyśnl ćenj t mnd Britn’z brocn poḷtics. Sr Éd Dêvi, ɖ Libṛl Deṃcrat līdr, wz rît t se in a spīć last munʈ ɖt ɖ cuṛnt ilectṛl sistm “fylz ɖ disiluźnmnt ɖt fīdz xtrimizm. Pṛporśnl repriznteśn cn hlp tacl it … [Lebr’z] Lordz rform wɖt Comnz rform z lîc ćenjñ ɖ tairz ẃn ɖ car’z on fîr.”

Lebr siz ilectṛl rform az at bst a dstrax́n. Yt ɖ cuṛnt sistm z stact agnst it. Sr Cir Starmr stl nīdz t rten evri sīt hiz parti holdz tde, n gt a bigr swñ ɖn îɖr 1945 or 1997, t gen an unpresdntd 120 sīts fr a wn-sīt mjoṛti at ɖ nxt ilex́n. Sr Cir’z pouļīd z śrincñ. Votrz wl probbli nīd t vot tacticli t enśur ɖt Lebr standz a ćans v winñ pǎr n ɖt pṛgresiv partiz, sć az ɖ Lib Démz n ɖ Grīnz, d’nt gt sqizd ǎt.

Britn hz nvr bn asośietd wɖ jst wn we v votñ. Pṛporśnl repriznteśn hz pṛdyst mor sośl-deṃcratic poḷtics in Wêlz n Scotḷnd. It cd olso b a paʈwe fr xtrimist poḷtics – az hz hapnd in Yṛp. Bt a difṛnt YC ilectṛl sistm wd injndr cooṗreśn btwn partiz n a mor pluṛlistic p’liticl culćr, az wel az endñ ɖ daṃjñ Wsminstr obseśn ovr marjinl votrz. Fr ɖ cuntri’z sec, it’s tîm t ćenj a votñsistm bilt fr ɖ beṇfit v ɖ tū mn partiz.

Instroduction to Ñspel

"House by the Railroad," Edward Hopper, 1925

In Ñspel: The Guardian view on Harry and Meghan: the ring of truth

‘Much of the Sussexes’ anger and indignation is focused on the British media, which they view with implacable hostility and contempt.’ Photograph: Netflix
‘Mć v ɖ Suṣxz’ angr n inḍgneśn z foc̣st on ɖ Britiś mīdia, ẃć ɖe vy wɖ implacbl hostiḷti n cntmt.’ Foṭgraf: Netflix

Ɖ Gardịn vy on Hari n Megn: ɖ rñ v truʈ

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 8 Dec. 2022)

Miłnz v Brítnz hv wrs grīvnsz ɖn ɖ Suṣxz d rît nǎ. Bt ɖer cṛtīc v ɖ royl faṃli z dámñ

Ʈrzde 8 Dsmbr 2022

Fest wɖ ɖ Dyc n Dućis v Susix’z six-part Netflix dokmntrisiriz, mni wl dsmis ɖm az a dstrax́n at a dificlt tîm fr ɖ neśn. In wn pspctiv, ɖt z a cmplitli fer rspons. F y wei ɖ angr n hrt flt bî tū xpśṇli wlʈi n intîtld ppl livñ in Caḷforńa agnst ɖ struglz n depṛveśn fesñ miłnz v unḍpeid Brítnz graṗlñ wɖ a dōntñ cost-v-livñ crîsis n unebl t aford a Netflix contract, ɖr cn onli b wn cncluźn. It z ɖ unḍpriṿlijd mni hu hv ɖ dīpr grīvnsz agnst cntmprri Britn, nt ɖ sūṗpriṿlijd fy lîc Hari n Megn.

Ɖ dsjuñśn btwn ɖ wrld v ɖ roylz n xroylz on ɖ wn hand n ɖ wrld v ordnri ppl on ɖ uɖr fīlz ptiklrli glẹrñ n cruwl ɖs wīc. Ɖ dokmnṭriz r biyñ lōnćt in a batnd-dǎn, batrd cuntri in ẃć 3 miłn faṃliz canot aford t hīt ɖer homz az ɖ wintrweɖr trnz Arctic acrs a continnt blîtd bî wor. It z a cuntri in ẃć mor ɖn 7 miłn ppl r wêtñ fr trītmnt fṛm ɖ Naśnl Hlʈsrvis. It z wn fesñ pṛloñd industrịl dsrupśn ovr lo wejz. N it z wn in ẃć a dvîdd n brocn guvnmnt hz gvn ɖ g’hd fr a ny colmain fōrcast t pump ǎt mor carbn imiśnz ɖn Cardif, Ednbra n Belfast cmbînd. In ɖs riyl Britn, ɖ bred n src̣sz v ɖ royl faṃli sīm infntîl.

N yt it z nt az simpl az ɖt. Az in ɖ past, ɖ royl faṃli z stl a lcñglas in ẃć Britn cn si itslf. Ɖ picćr it siz z ofn dstortd. Bt it z olmst nvr ireḷvnt. Ɖ picćr z olso ćenjñ aftr a loñ pirịd v pridicṭbiḷti. Ɖt hz bn ptiklrli obvịs ɖs yir, folowñ ɖ Qīn’z deʈ n fynṛl, n ɖ s’xeśn v Ćarlz III. Ɖ moṇci z srćñ fr a ny form v stbiḷti ẃl abzorbñ ɖ dsgresñ v Prins Andru n, f ɖ dokmnṭriz n Prins Hari’z fʈcmñ bc r a gîd, ɖ wrsnñ rleśnśp btwn ɖ crǎn n ɖ Suṣxz. Ɖ c’lîḍscop hz nt yt cm t rest in a setld patn.

Ɖ dokmnṭriz se a lot abt ɖ Suṣxz’ vyz v ɖ royl faṃli n its felñz. At ɖer cor z a cṛtīc v ɖ moṇci’z riax́nri n cnsrṿtiv attydz t wimin, foṛnrz n mnoṛti wimin in ptiklr, imbodid bî its in’biḷti t axpt Megn in ol ʈri rspcts. Ɖ cṛtīc z smtmz a bit lît on d’rect evidns. Its eḍtñtecnīcs r lîcli t b atact. Bt ɖ rīsnt scandl trigrd bî Ledi Sūzn Husi’z coments wz evidns ɖt ɖ Suṣxz’ cṛtīc rñz tru. Ẃn Prins Hari tōcs abt ɖ “pen n suḟrñ v wimin mariyñ intu ɖs insttyśn”, h spīcs fṛm ɖ hart abt bʈ hiz muɖr n hiz wîf. Ɖ moṇci śd tec ɖoz wrdz vri sirịsli.

Bt ɖ moṇci n ɖ roylz r nt ɖ onli targit v ɖ dokmnṭriz. Mć v ɖ Suṣxz’ angr n inḍgneśn z foc̣st on ɖ Britiś mīdia, ẃć ɖe vy wɖ implacbl hostiḷti n cntmt, ofn wɖ vri gd rīzn. Ɖ roylz hv t liv wɖ constnt mīdia intruźn, includñ fonhacñ. Megn z śrli rît t se, at wn pônt, ɖt ś wz, in ifct, left t b ɖ prei v stōcrz, az Dîana, Prinses v Wêlz, huz traɉdi lūmz ovr ɖs siriz, wz bfr hr. It z nt jst ɖ roylz hu nīd t b cmpeld t lrn fṛm ɖz filmz. So d ɖ mīdia, tù mć v ẃć rmenz blînd t its ǒn felñz az wel az t its rǒl in ɖ sad prsnl storiz ɖt ɖz dokmnṭriz ultiṃtli rvil.

Instroduction to Ñspel

"House by the Railroad," Edward Hopper, 1925

In Ñspel: The Guardian view on ChatGPT: an eerily good human impersonator

‘“Human oversight and vigilance is required,” OpenAI’s researchers have warned.’ Photograph: Rafael Henrique/SOPA Images/REX/Shutterstock
‘“Hymn oṿsît n vijiḷns z rqîrd,” OpnAI’z rsrćrz hv wornd.’ Foṭgraf: Rafael Henrique/SOPA Iṃjz/REX/Śuṭstoc

Ɖ Gardịn vy on ĆatJPT: an īṛli gd hymn imprṣnetr

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 8 Dec. 2022)

Arṭfiśl intelijns z nt arṭfiśl conśsnis – bt it stl nīdz t b reğletd t cīp ppl sef

Ʈrzde 8 Dsmbr 2022

Probbli ɖ bst softwér program fr imprṣnetñ hymnz evr rlist t ɖ public z ĆatJPT. Sć z its apil ɖt wɖn dez v its lōnć last wīc, ɖ bos v ɖ arṭfiśl-intelijns cumṗni bhnd ɖ ćatbót, OpnAI, twītd ɖt 1 miłn ppl hd logd on. Fes-bc n Spoṭfî tc munʈs t atract ɖt levl v ingejmnt. Its alur z obvịs: ĆatJPT cn jeṇret jocs, craft unḍgrajụt esez n criet cmpytrcod fṛm a śort raitñpromt.

Ɖr’z nʈñ ny in softwér ɖt pṛdysz fluwnt n chiṛnt prǒz. ĆatJPT’z prīdisesr, ɖ Jenṛtiv Prītrênd Trnsformr 3 (JPT-3), cd d ɖt. Bʈ wr trênd on an unimajiṇbli larj amǎnt v deta t ansr qsćnz in a b’liṿbl we. Bt ĆatJPT hz bn fîn-tynd bî biyñ féd ɖ deta on hymn “convseśnz”, ẃć sgnificntli incrist ɖ truʈflnis n inforṃtivnis v its ansrz.

Īvn so, ĆatJPT stl pṛdysz ẃt its mcrz admit wl b “plōzibl-sǎndñ bt inc̣rect or nonsnsicl ansrz”. Ɖs mt b a big probḷm on ɖ inṭnet, az mni webplatformz d’nt hv ɖ tūlz nīdd t pṛtct ɖmslvz agnst a flud v AI-jeṇretd content. Stac Oṿflo, a websait ẃr yzrz cn fînd ansrz t programñqsćnz, bánd ĆatJPT-pṛdyst posts, az its hymn moḍretrz cd nt dīl wɖ ɖ volym v b’liṿbl bt roñ rplîz. Denjrz lrc in gvñ ǎt tūlz ɖt cd b yzd t maspṛdys fec nyz n “trolñ n grīfñ” meṣjz.

Letñ lūs ĆatJPT rezz ɖ qsćn v ẃɖr content pṛdyst aftr Dsmbr 2022 cn b trūli trustd. A hymn oʈr z laybl fr ɖer wrc in a we AI z nt. Arṭfiśl intelijns z nt arṭfiśl conśsnis. ĆatJPT dz nt nǒ ẃt it z dwñ; it z unebl t se hǎ or ẃ it pṛdyst a rspons; it hz no grasp v hymn xpirịns; n canot tel f it z mcñ sns or nonsns. Ẃl OpnAI hz sefgardz t rfyz in’proprịt rqsts, sć az t tel yzrz hǎ t cmit crîmz, ɖz cn b srcmvntd. AI’z ptnśl fr harm śd nt b unḍesṭmetd. In ɖ roñ handz, it cd b a wepn v mas dstrux́n.

A pepr ɖs yir śoud ẃt cd hapn ẃn a simpl mśīnlrnñ modl mnt t wīd ǎt toxiṣti wz rīprṗst t sīc it ǎt. Wɖn aurz it cem p wɖ 40,000 substnsz, includñ nt onli VX nrvgas bt olso uɖr noun cemicl wepnz, az wel az mni cmplitli ny ptnśl toxinz. Stuxnet, a sîbrwepn bilt bî ɖ YS n Izrel, wz yzd t saḅtāj sntṛfyjz yzd bî Iran’z ńclir program mor ɖn a deced ago. Nwn nz ẃt wl hapn t sć tecnoḷjiz f ɖ softwér enɉnirz v ɖ fyćr wl ɖmslvz b softwér programz.

JPT-3 cd nt rait a lîn v cod, n OpnAI rīmodld it t criet softwér – cōld Codx – ɖt dd. Ẃn cmpytrsayntists entrd Codx intu xamz alñsd frst-yir stydnts, ɖ softwér ǎtṗformd most v its hymn pirz. “Hymn oṿsît n vijiḷns z rqîrd,” OpnAI’z rsrćrz hv wornd. Ɖt injuñśn śd olso aplî t ĆatJPT. Ɖ YY hz gn a loñ we t pṛvîd pṛtx́nz fr sitiznz fṛm ptnṣ́li harmfl ysz v AI. Britn’z aproć, so far, ofrz litl – a wuri az saynsfix́n bcmz saynsfact.

Instroduction to Ñspel

"House by the Railroad," Edward Hopper, 1925

In Ñspel: The Guardian view on Sunak and the strikes: misreading the mood of the nation

‘At prime minister’s questions on Wednesday, Rishi Sunak challenged Keir Starmer to back even tougher anti-strike legislation.’ Photograph: Jessica Taylor/UK Parliament/AFP/Getty Images
‘At prîm̦inistr’z qsćnz on Wnzde, Riśi Sūnac ćalinjd Cir Starmr t bac īvn tufr antīstrîc lejsleśn.’ Foṭgraf: Jesica Teilr/YC Parḷmnt/AFP/Geti Iṃjz

Ɖ Gardịn vy on Sūnac n ɖ strîcs: msrīdñ ɖ mūd v ɖ neśn

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 7 Dec. 2022)

Ɖ prîm̦inistr z sīcñ confṛnteśn wɖ ɖ yńnz in ɖ b’lif h wl rīp a p’liticl rword

Wnzde 7 Dsmbr 2022

Ɖ  rplesmnt v ɖ haplis Liz Trus bî Riśi Sūnac wz wîdli asymd t heṛld ɖ rtrn v a “groun-up”, maṇjirịl stîl v poḷtics t Dǎnñ Strīt. Wɖ ɖ marcits dyli pḷcetd bî Jeṛmi Hunt’s ōtmstetmnt, sm sīńr Tōriz īvn bgan t wuri ɖt Sūnacịn stbiḷti n fiscl orʈ̇doxi wd b tù borñ a platform on ẃć t fes Lebr at ɖ nxt ilex́n.

Bt it trnz ǎt ɖt, ǎtsd ɖ Siti, Brítnz r’nt bord bî Mr Sūnac’s flejlñ premịrśp; ɖe r fyrịs n insrjnt. Rel n postl wrcrz, nrsz, ambyḷnswrcrz n sivl srvnts r cuṛntli planñ t g on strîc in Dsmbr. Ɖe me b jônd bî tīćrz n jūńr doctrz in ɖ ny yir. In ol, mor ɖn a miłn membrz v ɖ wrcfors me wɖdrw ɖer lebr in ɖ līd-up t Crisṃs – numbrz reṃnisnt v ɖ “wintr v discntnt” in 1978/9. Ɖs z dspt lowr levlz v yńnmembrśp n far mor strinjnt rūlz guṿnñ strîc ax́n.

Dzastṛsli, aftr biyñ buḟtd intu U-trnz on hǎsbildñ n onśor windfarmz bî intrnl parti rvolts, Mr Sūnac apirz t si ɖ strîcs az a ćans t cnfǎnd ɖoz critics hu akz him v biyñ wìc. At prîm̦inistr’z qsćnz on Wnzde, h ćalinjd Cir Starmr t bac īvn tufr antīstrîc lejsleśn, t b intṛdyst nxt yir. Az ɖ transportsecṛtri, Marc Harper, hz admitd, ɖs wl nt afct industrịl ax́n ɖs wintr, bt ɖt z nt ɖ pônt. Ɖ guvnmnt’s cuṛnt straṭji z t ẃip p a confṛnteśn wɖ ɖ yńnz in ɖ b’lif ɖt ɖ public wl b on its sîd.

Ɖs “hu guvnz?” aproć feṃsli endd badli fr Edẉd Hīʈ, hu lost an ilex́n cōld on ɖt besis in 1974. Bt Mr Sūnac no dǎt prifŕz t dwel on Marġrit Ʈaćr’z trîumf in 1979, ẃn ɖ arğmnt ɖt yńnz wr “holdñ ɖ cuntri t ransm” – a lîn rpitd bî ministrz ɖs wīc – cntribytd t a Tori landslîd. Unforćṇtli fr ɖ prîm̦inistr, ɖt wz ɖen.

Bî ɖ end v ɖ 1970z, mć v ɖ popyleśn agrìd ɖt yńnz hd bcm tù pǎrfl. Forti yirz on, az Mr Sūnac proṃsz t leɉslet t “pṛtct” ɖ public, popylr simṗʈi fr ɖ rît t strîc hz acć̣li groun sins Jūn. Ɖ rīznz fr ɖt g bynd ptiklr dspyts, n dīpr ɖn ɖ cuṛnt cost-v-livñ crîsis. Ɖr z a wîdspred n akṛt public pspśn ɖt, sins ɖ craś, ɖ cuntri hz witnist a būm in unrnd-aset wlʈ n pe at ɖ top, cmbînd wɖ stagnetñ or fōlñ riyl-trmz wejz fr olmst evrwn els. A deced v undr-invstmnt in ɖ public sectr hz olso fyld a pspśn ɖt mć v ɖ cuntri jst dz’nt wrc proprli eni mor. Rsponsbiḷti fr ɖs dsfuñśnl stet v aferz z dīmd nt t lî wɖ 1970z-stîl militnt tredyńnists, bt wɖ s’xesiv Cnsrṿtiv guvnmnts.

F onli fṛm an instñt v slf-preẓveśn, a wîz admiṇstreśn wd rec̣gnîz ɖs bacdrop n ngośiet, n compṛmîz, acordñli. Ahd v a wintŗseśn ɖt strîcs wl onli dīpn, ɖs wd olso b ɖ rît ʈñ t d fr ɖ cuntri. Bt fr nǎ, Mr Sūnac’s fiscl cnsrṿtizm mīnz h wl nt cǎntinns sć an aproć. Instd, h apirz dtrmind t f’mnt sośl strîf in ɖ hop v îṣletñ Lebr n ynîtñ hiz ǒn parti wɖ sm retro reṭric. Ɖt z msgîdd n irisponsbl oṗtynizm, nt groun-up poḷtics. It olso sirịsli msrīdz ɖ mūd v ɖ neśn.

Instroduction to Ñspel

"House by the Railroad," Edward Hopper, 1925

In Ñspel: The Guardian view on Israel’s threat within: rightwing extremism in government

The Likud chairman, Benjamin Netanyahu (left), and the Religious Zionist party leader, Bezalel Smotrich, stand behind the Israeli PM, Yair Lapid, in the Knesset. Photograph: Tsafrir Abayov/AP
Ɖ Likud ćermn, Beṇ́min Neṭńāhu (left), n ɖ Rlijs Zaynist partilīdr, Beẓlél Smotrić, stand bhnd ɖ Izreli PM, Yair Lapid, in ɖ Cnesét. Foṭgraf: Tsafrir Abayov/AP

Ɖ Gardịn vy on Izrel’z ʈret wɖn: rîtwñ xtrimizm in guvnmnt

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 7 Dec. 2022)

Beṇ́min Neṭńāhu z pleyñ wɖ fîr bî gvñ resist poḷtiśnz cntrol ovr ɖ p’līs n ɖ okpaid teritriz

Wnzde 7 Dsmbr 2022

Ɖ  crîsis in ɖ Holi Land z wns agn at “bôlñpônt”, wɖ blud biyñ spilt on bʈ sîdz. Tor Wennesland, ɖ YN’z pīs envô, dd nt mins hiz wrdz t ɖ s’kṛticaunsl ɖs wīc. Ɖ rîzñ deʈtol in ɖ Wst Banc, ɖ wrst sins 2006, z rôlñ ɖ wōtrz. Sins Jańri, abt 140 Paḷstińnz hv bn cild in ɖs teritri, nirli ol bî Izreli forsz. Paḷstińn atacs tarġtñ Izreliz hv left 30 ded.

Dez rlịr, Mr Wennesland hd bn “hoṛfaid” bî ɖ fetl śūtñ v an unarmd Paḷstińn man jrñ a scufl wɖ an Izreli bordr-p’līs ofisr. Ɖ mcābra vidio v ɖ cilñ rvild h wz rît t b alarmd. Yt rɖr ɖn upbrêdñ ɖ ofisr fr a public x’kśn, ɖ incumñ naśnl-s’kṛti ministr, Itamar Ben-Gvir, fṛm ɖ far-rît Juiś Pǎr parti, hêld him az a hiro.

Ɖ Rlijs Zaynizm blóc, léd bî Mr Ben-Gvir n ɖ Juiś sūpreṃsist Beẓlél Smotrić, z nǎ ɖ ʈrd-larjist grūp in ɖ Cnesét. Harḅrñ resists n homofobz, it wz ɖ big winr in last munʈ’z ilex́nz. Ɖ luzrz wr Izreli dmocṛsi n ɖ Paḷstińnz. Yācov Katz, editr-in-ćīf v ɖ Jrūsḷm Post, hz gd rīzn t cōl Mr Ben-Gvir “ɖ modn Izreli vrśn v an Americn ẃît sūpreṃsist n a Yṛpiyn fasist”. Mr Ben-Gvir, hu hz bn cnvictd v resist insîtmnt n s’port fr terrizm, olrdi hz tns rleśnz wɖ Izrel’z Aṛb mnoṛti. Az h hz rpitidli plejd t rīḷcet Beduinz n Paḷstińn Izreli sitiznz t neḅrñ Aṛb stets, mć wrs cd b in stor fr ɖm.

Ɖ proxiṃt cōz fr vayḷnt xtrimists in Izrel’z guvnmnt z Beṇ́min Neṭńāhu. On trîl fr c’rupśn – ćarjz ɖt Mr Neṭńāhu dnîz – h sīmz wilñ t pe eni prîs t end ɖ cesz agnst him. In rtrn fr an asōlt on Izrel’z justișistm ʈru ny lejsleśn advanst bî hiz faŗît n ultra-Orʈ̇dox alîz, Mr Neṭńāhu apirz t b rīśepñ guvnmnt t ɖer advantij – noṭbli handñ ovr vrć̣li untramld pǎrz in ɖ okpaid teritriz. H sīcs t rîd ɖ radicl wev srjñ ʈru Juiś Izreli ssayti. Abt 60% v sć votrz nǎ cnsidr ɖmslvz rîtwñ – p fṛm 46% in 2019. Amñ yuñ Izreliz, s’port tops 70%.

Ɖz trendz śd wuri Izrel. Sins 1967, ɖ cuntri hz gvn itslf plōzibl dnạbiḷti ovr dīṗnñ an ilīgl okpeśn in ɖ Wst Banc bî clemñ ɖ rījn wz undr an êṗliticl, militri-administrd līgl reźīm ɖt rspcts inṭnaśnl lw. Ɖs, sd s’xesiv Izreli guvnmnts, wz a tmprri s’lūśn untl a prṃnnt dīl wz rīćt wɖ ɖ Paḷstińnz. Ptñ Mr Smotrić’z parti in ćarj ʈretnz t xpoz ɖs az a ś’red, cnfrmñ ɖt Izreli okpeśn z a form v apartîd.

Mr Neṭńāhu apirz t b betñ ɖ wrld wl blinc frst. Hiz frendz in ɖ Gulf r sticñ bî him. Ɖ Bîdn admiṇstreśn sz it wl juj ɖ ny guvnmnt bî its poḷsiz, nt its prṣnaḷtiz. Bt ɖ faŗît marć t ɖer ǒn drum. Mr Smotrich s’ports ɖ aṇxeśn v ɖ Wst Banc, ɖ xpanśn v setlmnts n ɖ deṃliśn v Paḷstińn homz. Mr Ben-Gvir planz a pṛvoc̣tiv miṇstirịl “vizit” t Haram al-Sharif, sait v ɖ ʈrd-holiist śrîn in Izlam, undr ɖ pritns ɖt Izreli Juz r struġlñ fr ɖer rlijs rîts. F sć wrdz bcm dīdz, ɖen a Paḷstińn uprîzñ – a ʈrd inṭfāda – w’nt b far awe. Ɖs z a dizṃl ʈōt, bt it sīmz t b ẃr ɖ unforćṇt īvluśn v Izreli poḷtics z hedñ.

Instroduction to Ñspel

"House by the Railroad," Edward Hopper, 1925

In Ñspel: The Guardian view on apprenticeships: time to learn from past mistakes

‘Britain seems to have developed a chronic problem when it comes to funding, nurturing and according due prestige to technical and vocational skills.’ Photograph: Morsa Images/Getty Images
‘Britn sīmz t hv dveḷpt a cronic probḷm ẃn it cmz t fundñ, nrć̣rñ n acordñ dy prestīź t tecnicl n voceśnl scilz.’ Foṭgraf: Morsa Iṃjz/Geti Iṃjz

Ɖ Gardịn vy on aprenṭśps: tîm t lrn fṛm past mstecs

(Transcription of a Guardian editorial of 6 Dec. 2022)

A dámñ studi hîlîts a flwd n unḍreğletd sistm in dîr nīd v rform

Tyzde 6 Dsmbr 2022

Ɖt ɖ icoṇmi hz a scilz-n-prodctivti probḷm hz bn wn v ɖ rcŕñ ʈīmz v 2022. Riśi Sūnac hz in ɖ past notd ɖt imployrz spend onli haf ɖ Yṛpiyn aṿrij on trenñ ɖer wrcrz. Sins 2005, acordñ t ɖ Lrnñ n Wrc Insttyt, biznis invstmnt in scilz hz fōḷn bî 28%. Sć l’mntbl sttistics, it z wîdli axptd, hv cntribytd t Britn’z historicli anīmic groʈfigrz. Ɖe olso repriznt a grīṿs west v ptnśl in rleśn t miłnz v yuñ ppl enṭrñ ɖ wrcfors. Yt, dspt yirz v guvnmntreṭric rgardñ aprenṭśps in ptiklr, n ɖ intṛdux́n v ɖ aprenṭśp levi on bigr bizṇsz in 2017, nʈñ sīmz t ćenj.

Amd multipl rīsnt rports dliṿrñ grim nyz abt ɖ icoṇmi, wn studi publiśt ɖs munʈ standz ǎt. Intîtld “No Tren, No Gen”, n pṛdyst bî EDSC – an edyceśn ʈnctanc – it fîndz ɖt olmst haf v yuñ ppl sînd p fr aprenṭśps subsiqntli abandn ɖm. Mni v ɖoz hu drop ǎt, ɖ studi’z oʈrz rport, bcm trmiṇli disiluźnd wɖ ẃt ɖe r biyñ ofrd.

It z nt hard t si ẃ. In Jrṃni n uɖr cmpaṛbl cuntriz, frmz oḟrñ aprenṭśps mst cnform t dīteld naśnl gîdlînz. Bt hir bizṇsz apir fri t ofr az mć, or az litl, trenñ az ɖe ćūz. Ɖ indipndnt Rić̣d Rvy, cmiśnd bî ɖ Devid Camṛn guvnmnt a deced ago, insistd ɖt aprenṭśps “nīd t b hî-qoḷti trenñ wɖ sirịs kdos n tanɉbl valy”. Bt ɖ EDSC rport fîndz ɖt guvnmnt-fundd “aprenṭsz” r biyñ hîrd fr dogzbodi jobz sć az mcñ ti n anṣrñ fonz in oḟsz, or grītñ gsts in hosṗtaḷti. In jobz ẃr mīnñfl trenñ cn tec ples, mor ɖn haf v aprenṭsz se ɖe r nt aḷcetd ɖ mandetri wn de a wīc of ɖ job t rsiv trenñ. Sm “cn g wīcs, smtmz munʈs, wɖt rsivñ eni trenñ fṛm a mntr or inḍstri xprt”.

Ɖ rport’s oʈrz rec̣mnd ɖ istabliśmnt v a naśnl aprenṭśp inspctṛt, rplesñ Ofsted. Ɖs wd infors ny mandetri rqîrmnts, sć az 200 fes-t-fes trenñ aurz ć yir. Obvịsli lo-scil rǒlz, ɖe not, r frīqntli biyñ yzd az a cuvr bî unscrūpyḷs imployrz t pe les ɖn ɖ minimm wej. Ɖe śd b tecn ǎt v ɖ aprenṭśp sistm oltgɖr.

Ɖ guvnmnt, ẃć hz plejd t impruv ɖ qoḷti v trenñscīmz, śd tec not bʈ v ɖs dámñ studi n v its pṛpozlz. Jiłn Cīgn, ɖ ny secṛtri v stet fr edyceśn, hrslf srvd an aprenṭśp in Crbi, nir Liṿpul. Ś cn ɖus clem frst-hand nolij v ɖer valy, ẃn proprli dlivrd. Fr far tù mni yuñ ppl, ɖt z nt ɖ ces. Haphaẓd reğleśn n cnsepćl cnfyźn z tarṇśñ ɖ aprenṭśp brand, n mcñ a moc̣ri v tōc abt invstñ in a hî-scil, hî-wej icoṇmi.

Fr sm rīzn, Britn sīmz t hv dveḷpt a cronic probḷm ẃn it cmz t fundñ, nrć̣rñ n acordñ dy prestīź t tecnicl n voceśnl scilz. Ministrz lîc t bost abt ɖ cuntri’z “wrld-clas” yṇvrṣtisistm. Bt f ɖ cuntri z ivnć̣li t fînd an xit rùt fṛm ic̣nomic stagneśn, it wl nīd az wel t dveḷp ɖ ptnśl v yuñ ppl hu d nt tec a forml acdemic rùt aftr scūl. At ɖ momnt, ɖe r biyñ badli let dǎn.

Instroduction to Ñspel

"House by the Railroad," Edward Hopper, 1925