Tag Archives: Proportional representation

Fṛm Đ Gardịn │ If Labour doesn’t fight our broken electoral system, it could be out of power for ever

London mayor Sadiq Khan launching his campaign for re-election, March 2020. Photograph: Andy Rain/EPA
Lundn mẹr Sadiq Cān lōnćñ hiz campen fr riilex́n, Marć 2020. Foṭgraf: Andi Ren/YPA

F Lebr dz’nt fît ǎr brocn ilectṛl sistm, it cd b ǎt v pǎr fr evr

(Transcription of a Guardian article of 18 March 2021)

Priti Ptel’z ćenjz t meṛl ilex́nz intrenć ɖ unfer frst-past-ɖ-post sistm ɖt fevrz ɖ Cnsrvtivz

Poli Tônbi, 18 Marć 2021

Ɖs cuntri z in rvrsgir. Fīl ɖ tîdl tug bcwdz in evrʈñ fṛm xtrim iniqoḷti, t rîzñ inḟntmortaḷti n a rtrit fṛm ci inṭnaśnl alaynsz. Ɖ lêtist rgreśn z ɖ homsecṛtri’z anǎnsmnt ɖt tîni steps twdz a modn votñsistm r t b stamt ǎt. Mẹrz n p’līs n crîm cmiśnrz wl b ilectd on ɖ sem rotn frst-past-ɖ-post (FPƉP) dispṛporśṇt sistm az ɖ Hǎs v Comnz n caunslz.

Untl nǎ ɖoz ilex́nz hv bn run on a supḷmntri-vot sistm, oḟrñ a frst n secnd ćôs: f no canddet gts ovr haf v frst prefṛnsz, ɖ top tū canddets hv a runof, cǎntñ secnd prefṛnsz v ɖ luzrz, gaṛntiyñ ɖ winr’z apruvl bî ovr haf ɖ ilectṛt.

Ɖs sistm hz opnd ɖ dor t indpndnts n smōlr partiz. A votr cd risc ćuzñ Grīn or Ycip frst, wɖ a bacstop secnd ćôs t cīp ǎt ɖer most hetd opśn. Ɖs rpresiv muv wl cut ǎt ny-cmrz, s’krñ ɖ dyoṗli v ɖ tū old partiz. Ẃ d ɖt, ẃn YGuv poulñ śoz 44% v ppl in Britn wont t ćenj t a mor pṛporśnl sistm, agnst 28% opozd? Ppl wel unḍstand ɖ cnspiṛsi t dnî ɖm ćôs: caunslz sć az Havnt in Hampśr ilect onli Tori caunslrz, ɖo 54% votd uɖ̇wz.

Ẃ wd ɖ Tōriz rvrt t FPƉP? Pyr jerimanḍrñ. W cn soulsrć fr dīpr rīznz fr ɖ Cnsrvtivz’ cntinywñ dominns in Wsminstr, bt ɖ gretist cōz z FPƉP ilex́nz. Ɖ guvnmnt z aboḷśñ secnd prefṛnsz bcz Tori canddets r ɖ secnd ćôs v mni fywr votrz. Ɖ rît drouv ǎt, via Brexit, a pṛporśnl sistm fr ɖ Yṛpiyn parḷmnt bî abandnñ it: nǎ ɖe drîv it ǎt v ɖ rmenñ ilex́nz ɖt xpoz hǎ ppl vot wns frìd fṛm ɖ FPƉP stretjacit. A ʈrd v ppl wr forst t vot tacticli in ɖ jenṛl ilex́n v 2019.

Ol ɖs ɖ Tōriz unḍstand, n Lebr mst tù: ǎt v ɖ last 20 ilex́nz sins 1950, 19 hv hd a mjoṛti v votrz ćuzñ partiz t ɖ left v ɖ Tōriz, yt ɖ Cnsrvtivz hv sizd pǎr tū-ʈrdz v ɖ tîm. Boris Jonsn wún hiz 80-sīt mjoṛti on a jst 1.3% incris in votśer ovr T’rīza Me’z lost mjoṛti in 2017.

Cǎntñ vots bî cnstitẏnsi hlps ɖ mor jịgraficli dsprst Tōriz, az Lebr vots r consntretd incrisñli in ŕbn eriaz, dnayñ a naśnl deṃcratic rzult. Ɖt’s ẃ it tc 50,835 vots t ilect a Lebr MP, bt onli 38,264 t ilect a Tori, 336,038 fr a Libṛl Deṃcrat n a śocñ 865,697 fr a Grīn.

Ɖs z’nt jst a Britiś fnominn. A 2015 pepr in ɖ Britiś Jrnl v P’liticl Sayns faund ɖt, in istabliśt dmocṛsiz sins ɖ secnd wrldwor, “cuntriz wɖ mjoṛterịn rūlz mor ofn ilect cnsrvtiv guvnmnts ɖn ɖoz wɖ pṛporśnl-repriznteśn ilectṛl sistmz… Mjoṛterịn sistmz hv a sbstantiv cnsrvtiv bays.”

Ɖt’s ẃ no Tori MPz bac a pṛporśnl sistm fr ɖ Comnz, acordñ t ɖ Ilectṛl Rform Ssayti. Instd ɖ parti jerimandrz bî planñ t brñ in ÎD rqîrmnts at poulñsteśnz, a YS rîtwñrz’ we t bar purr votrz, ɖ non-drîvrz, non-pasportholdrz n rentrz frīqntli muvñ rezidns. It stamps on atmts t gv 16-yir-olds ɖ vot ɖt ɖe hv loc̣li in Scotḷnd n Wêlz. Litl eḟt z invstd in updetñ ilectṛl rejistrz, az Lebr votrz r at most risc v xcluźn. Ɖ nxt bǎnḍri ćenjz bî 2024 wl criet mor Tori sīts in ɖ sǎʈ, az Lebr pîlz p westd ŕbn vots.

A devstetñ rport fṛm Cumṗs xpozz ɖ nir-imposbiḷti v Lebr winñ alon at ɖ nxt ilex́n. W Dvîd, Ɖe Concr, bî Gres Barnit n Nìl Lwsn, śoz Lebr nǎ nīdz at līst a 10.52% swñ, gretr ɖn in 1945 n 1997. Ɖs grim anaḷsis śd b cmpulsri rīdñ fr evri Lebr MP, membr n s’portr. Ɖs mcs an iṛfytbl ces fr a páct v sm cnd btwn ol sntr n sntr-left partiz. Ɖ rport fîndz ɖer 2019 maṇfestoz rmarcbli similr. It mt tec opn prîṃriz, stand-asîdz or, at ɖ vri līst, tacticl ilex̣́nirñ. Ɖr r vrć̣li no LibDem-Lebr contests, az olmst ol LibDem wiṇbl sīts cnfrunt Tori MPz. A pṛgresiv alayns winñ jst wns on a platform cmitd t ilectṛl rform wd ćenj ɖ p’liticl lanscep fr evr. N, v cors, ɖ Tōriz nǒ it.

Cir Starmr inḍcets opņis t rform. Lebr hz mni mor MPz in fevr v pṛporśnl repriznteśn nǎ ɖn in ɖ darc dez ẃn dîṇsorz sć az Jac Strw stopt Toni Bler fṛm impḷmentñ Rô Jncinz’ cmiśn on PR. Gordn Brǎn z hedñ a consttyśnl rvy, radicl on dīṿluśn n ɖ Hǎs v Lordz, bt ɖ parti nīdz t tec ɖ plunj fr PR or it wl nvr b in pǎr t ćenj enʈñ. Start mcñ ɖ brōdr ces nǎ bî vsifṛsli opozñ ɖ guvnmnt’s atmt t riimpoz FPƉP on ɖz ilex́nz. Hir’z ɖ ćôs fr Lebr: śer pǎr most v ɖ tîm, or b ǎt v pǎr most v ɖ tîm – or, poṣbli, fr evr.

Poli Tônbi z a Gardịn coḷmnist

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

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Fṛm Đ Gardịn │ As events in the US have shown, two-party politics is no longer fit for purpose

Donald Trump and Joe Biden. Photograph: Jim Watson/AFP/Getty Images
Doṇld Trump n Jo Bîdn. Foṭgraf: Jim Wotsn/AFP/Geti Iṃjz

Az ivnts in ɖ YS hv śoun, tū-parti poḷtics z no longr fit fr prṗs

(Transcription of a Guardian article of 16 February 2021)

Lrćñ fṛm Obama t Trump t Bîdn, ɖ sistm dnîz cọliśnz v compṛmîz. N in ɖ YC, ć parti z rivn wɖ conflict

Poli Tônbi, 16 Febrri 2021

Ɖ  wn ivnt mor ǎtrejs ɖn a mob stormñ ɖ Cápitl wz ɖ specṭcl v 43 Rpublicn seṇtrz indorsñ ɖ atmtd cù n its insṭgetr. Bî rfyzñ t impīć Doṇld Trump, ɖe left ol uɖr dmocṛsiz agast, dlîtñ ōṭcrats evrẃr.

“Ɖs sad ćaptr in ǎr hisṭri hz rmîndd s ɖt dmocṛsi z frajîl,” sd Jo Bîdn. Frajîl indd, ẃn ɖ rstẃl līdrz v ɖ deṃcratic wrld rfyz t dfnd dmocṛsi’z frst prínsipl, ɖ trnziśn v pǎr bî luzr’z cnsnt. Ẃ boɖr lowrñ America’z fǎndeśn dokmnts nîtli intu a ńclir bomprūf śltr bnʈ ɖ Naśnl Arcîvz, ẃn ɖe r ript p bî Congres in brōd dêlît?

Ɖ riyl cù hapnd ẃn ɖ Rpublicn parti wz capćrd bî Trump, ʈrowñ moḍrets undr hiz ćarịtẃīlz. Ẃt sevd him fṛm impićmnt wz hiz yeld-ǎt wornñ t Rpublicnz at hiz “Sev America” rali: “F ɖe d’nt fît, w hv t prîṃri ɖ hel ǎt v [ɖm],” h sd. “W’r gwñ t let y nǒ hu ɖe r.” H tld hiz mob: “Y’r gwñ t start wrcñ on Congres n w got t gt rid v ɖ wìc congres-ppl, ɖ wnz ɖt r’nt eni gd, ɖ Liz Ćeniz v ɖ wrld. W got t gt rid v ɖm.”

Ɖ sevn Rpublicn seṇtrz hu derd t vot t impīć hv cm undr atac fṛm ɖer locl partiz, tū v ɖm anǎnsñ ɖe r standñ dǎn, n ɖ 10 Hǎs Rpublicnz hu std agnst him olrdi fes Trumpîts trayñ t unsīt ɖm. Doṇld Trump Jr. hz twītd: “Let’s impīć RINOz [Rpublicnz In Nem Onli] fṛm ɖ Rpublicn parti!!!”

Fir v dīṣlx́n z a dspicbl rīzn fr felñ t puniś a cù. Sm r jenyin Trump fnatics bt mni r jst sevñ ɖer jobz.

Wsminstr, lîc Wośñtn, sufrz wîdspred “dren ɖ swomp” votrsiṇsizm abt ilectd repriznttivz; on dorsteps y hír it ol ɖ tîm: “Ɖ’r ol ɖ sem, onli in it fr ɖmslvz.”

Rpublicnz r left t fît ǎt ɖer fyćr lîc rats trapt in a sác. Bt wns a parti z capćrd bî xtrimists, it’s hard t pl it bac t ilectbiḷti: Trump hz nvr wún ɖ popylr vot, h wz nirli 3m vots bhnd Hiḷri Clintn in 2016. In a tū-parti frst-past-ɖ-post ilectṛl sistm (FPĐP), capćrñ a parti z ɖ onli we t ćenj poḷtics: FPĐP’z ayn ilectṛl lw barz ny partiz imrjñ t riact t ny srcmstansz. Ɖ wòrn-ǎt dfns v FPĐP z ɖt it criets “stbiḷti”: ɖt’s nt hǎ ɖ YS fīlz, lrćñ fṛm Baṛc Obama t Trump t Bîdn, ɖ sistm dnayñ cọliśnz v compṛmîz. Bʈ cuntriz’ dmocṛsiz r feld bî ɖer arcêic votñsistmz.

In ɖ YC, loñ ago, ɖ Tori parti wz capćrd bî Brextrīmists, az fr yirz tîni locl partiz v mostli old ẃît men s’lectd onli Yrofobz. Cén Clārc n Mîcl Hesltîn wr prjd, alñ wɖ uɖr prominnt anti-Brexitrz. Eni “moḍrets” ɖt rmend cevd t Boris Jonsn’z stoncñ 80-sīt mjoṛti, wún partli bcz ǎr dyoṗli ofrd onli Jeṛmi Corbin az oltrṇtiv prîm̦inistr. Ɖo I n ɖ Gardịn bact Corbin az betr ɖn ɖ rog Jonsn, ɖ ćôs wz a deṃcratic ǎtrej. Aftr a craśñ dfit, Lebr trnd pragmatic, ćuzñ an ilectbl līdr, bt it z stl rivn btwn leftists hu jônd fr Corbin n ɖoz hu rjônd fr Cir Starmr, mcñ s’lex́nz fr locl ofis or MP a fmiłr tug v wor.

Ć parti’s frajîl cọliśn z destind t stradl a cuntri dvîdd acrs ńmṛs p’liticl fōltlînz. Jonsn’z ny red-wōl sīts dmand hî norɖn spendñ, opozd bî tṛdiśnl smōl-stet lo-taxrz v hiz suɖn śîrz n subrbz. Jonsn swivlz btwn rbełs anti-locdǎn libterịnz n mor cōśs red wōlrz n old focs: woć ɖ ōtm spendñ rvy fors dfînñ ćôsz. Lebr z struc dum on Brexit’s mni c’lamiṭs rzults, bcz its ŕbn, ynvrṣtitǎn, eʈnic mnoṛti n yuñ bes z irecnsîḷbl wɖ ɖoz norɖn Brexit sīts Lebr imajinz it cn rgen. Nvr hz ǎr ilectṛl sistm lct les ebl t rflect votrz’ vyz.

Starmr z suṃnñ a consttyśnl rvy, so far foc̣st on dīṿluśn n fedṛlizm, in ɖ ven hop v spîcñ ɖ Scotiś Naśnl parti (SNP). It nīdz t pt ilectṛl rform at ɖ fōrfrunt. A yir ago, Starmr sd: “W’v got t adres ɖ fact ɖt miłnz v ppl vot in sef sīts n ɖe fīl ɖer vot dz’nt cǎnt. Ɖt’s got t b adrest. W wl nvr gt fl ptiṣpeśn in ǎr ilectṛl sistm untl w d ɖt at evri levl.” Indd, siṇsizm z bréd fṛm ppl fīlñ ɖer vot w’nt afct an ilex́n’z ǎtcm.

Fy xpct Lebr t win ɖ nesṣri 124 sīts nxt tîm, plus bǎnḍrićenjz wl gift ɖ Tōriz 10 mor. An alayns z ɖ onli rùt, so forj a páct nǎ, az advcetd bî Cumṗs, wɖ Libṛl Deṃcrats, Grīnz n, yes, ɖ SNP, sìld bî a plej on ilectṛl rform. In 2019, mor ppl votd left v sntr ɖn Tori.

A pṛporśnl sistm wd alǎ bʈ mizṛbl old partiz t dvors. Instd v holdñ nozz t vot fr ɖ līst wrst, votrz on ɖ rît cd ćūz btwn pro-Yṛpiyn Mcmiḷnîts or ɖ Boris-Gov wrld v Brexit dīreğleśnfanṭsi. It’s hî tîm votrz on ɖ left wr rlist fṛm Lebr’z dsfuñśnl forst marij, fri t ćūz btwn an oʈntic soṣ́list parti n a sośl deṃcratic parti (ɖo ɖe wd stl hv t wrc tgɖr).

No ilectṛl sistm dvîzd bî ɖ crŭcid timbr v hymaṇti solvz ol probḷmz. Bt a fyćr v cọliśnz wd si ɖ pǎr v fax́nz wɖn a rūlñguvnmnt dfînd trnspaṛntli bî ilectṛl vots. It wd mīn no mor xtrim fax́nz amḅśñ s’lex́nprosesz wɖn partiz, v ɖ cnd ɖt caud Rpublicnz ovr impićmnt. Brecñ ɖ tū-parti stretjacit opnz p ɖ plŭṛlizm ɖt z wn v mni tsts in ɖ Icoṇmist Intelijns Ynit’s globl dmocṛsi indx. In 2020, it rports, onli 8.4% v ɖ wrld’z ppl livd undr a fŭli-fuñṣ́nñ dmocṛsi – frajîl indd.

Poli Tônbi z a Gardịn coḷmnist

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

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