Tag Archives: Rafael Behr

Fṛm ɖ Gardịn │ Inane and Orwellian: a Queen’s speech to improve the life of Boris Johnson

Boris Johnson during the state opening of parliament, 10 May 2022. Photograph: Alastair Grant/PA
Boris Jonsn jrñ ɖ stet oṗnñ v parḷmnt, 10 Me 2022. Foṭgraf: Aḷster Grant/PA

Inen n Orwełn: a Qīn’z spīć t impruv ɖ lîf v Boris Jonsn

(Transcription of a Guardian article of 10 May 2022)

Prins Ćarlz cut a pʈetic figr, selñ a flimzi, sinistr pacij dzînd t pṛtct ɖ prîm̦inistr, nt t adres Britn’z probḷmz

Raphael Behr

Rafel Behr, Tyzde, 10 Me 2022

Ɖ  stet oṗnñ v parḷmnt z a rmîndr ɖt mć v ẃt pasz fr a Britiś consttyśn z acć̣li fansi dres.

Ɖ dorz t ɖ Comnz r rityli clozd on Blac Ród, ɖ royl emiṣri, az a rmîndr ɖt monarcs hv nt bn alaud in ɖ ćembr sins 1642, ẃn Cñ Ćarlz I brst in t dmand ɖ arest v rbełs membrz. Sivl wor foloud. Fast-fwd 380 yirz n w fînd anɖr Ćarlz on ɖ goldn ʈron v ɖ Hǎs v Lordz – sitñ in fr hiz eldrli muɖr – dictetñ parḷmnt’s ajnda fṛm a gǒtscin parćmnt.

Ɖ spīć z ritn in Dǎnñ Strīt, ẃr a prîm̦inistr in cmand v a larj Comnz mjoṛti injôz pǎrz nt mć dlūtd dǎn fṛm moṇci. Ɖr r tū forsz dtrṃnñ hǎ Boris Jonsn yzz ɖt pǎr. Bʈ r informl n tmpṛmntl. Frst, h z afreid t upset îdịlojicl snsbiḷtiz on ɖ rît v hiz parti, ẃr a test fr rbełn z olwz qc t trn rejisîdl. Secnd, h tecs no inṭrest in ɖ maṇjirịl sîd v guvnmnt – ɖ biznis v gtñ ʈñz dn – ẃć h fîndz borñ.

Az fr rstrent on abysz v pǎr, ɖ cnvnśnl mec̣nizm z conśns. Ɖr r inviẓbl lînz ɖt a prîm̦inistr z xpctd nt t cros az a pônt v onr, gîdd bî naćṛl defṛns t dmocṛsi. It z wel-istabliśt nǎ ɖt ɖoz qoḷtiz r absnt in Jonsn.

Tecn in comḅneśn, ɖoz factrz pṛdys a lejsḷtiv ajnda ɖt z nt riyli abt guṿnñ at ol bt sndñ signlz, fremñ dbets n skwñ ɖ pić on ẃć ɖ prîm̦inistr intndz wn de t campen fr riilex́n.

Ɖ volym v bilz biyñ pṛpozd, 38 in ol, tsṭfîz t a lac v foc̣s n prṗs. In ɖ absns v wn big plan, ɖr r mni litl planz t lc bizi. Nn v it cmz clos t gtñ a grip on ɖ sngl bigist iśu fesñ most ppl in ɖ cuntri: ɖ śriṿlñ v ɖer incmz az prîsz rîz agnst a bacdrop v impndñ rseśn.

Ɖ Jonsn flagśp poḷsi fr ɖ jenṛl betrmnt v lîf in ɖ YC wl b inactd az a “leṿlñ-up n rjeṇreśn bil”. Its advtîzd beṇfits r formiḍbl. A guvnmnt brīfñ not proṃsz, amñ uɖr trīts, t “impruv prodctivti, būst ic̣nomic groʈ, incurij iṇveśn, criet gd jobz n inhans edyceśnl atenmnt”.

Scrol dǎn t fînd ɖ meʈ̇d, n it trnz ǎt ɖt Śangri-La z rīćt bî we v meźrz no les drastic ɖn “gvñ rezidnts mor v a se ovr ćenjñ strītnemz n enśurñ evrwn cn cntiny t beṇfit fṛm alfresco dînñ”.

Ɖr wl olso b a ny dyti on ɖ guvnmnt t set “leṿlñ-up miśnz” n rport on ẃɖr ɖe hv bn acumpliśt. Ɖ lw t mc evrʈñ betr fr evrwn wl wrc bî plesñ a statytri obḷgeśn on ɖ guvnmnt t xplen hǎ ʈñz r gtñ betr.

Jonsn z rdyst t ɖz inaṇtiz bcz ɖ most pǎrfl fax́n amñ hiz MPz wl nt, az a pônt v îdịlojicl prínsipl, cǎntinns enʈñ ɖt sirịsli inṭfirz wɖ ɖ acruwl v wlʈ n priṿlij t ɖoz hu olrdi hv ɖm. Leṿlñ-up hz hit ɖ sem obsṭcl ɖt dīreld Devid Camṛn’z “big ssayti” ajnda. Ɖt tù wz cnsivd az a we t rīhbiḷtet unhapi parts v ɖ cuntri wɖt rcors t eni v ɖ xplisit fînanśl rīdistṛbyśn ɖt Ʈać̣rît Tōriz dspîz az soṣ́lizm.

Jonsn, lîc Camṛn bfr him, hz westd tîm on dluźnz v p’liticl alc̣mi, trayñ t cc p igaḷterịn endz wɖ libterịn mīnz. Ɖ product wl olwz dis’pônt. Ɖ nxt stej z olso pridictbl. Smwn wl hv t b blemd fr ɖ psistns v mtirịl dscumḟt, n ɖ p’liticl subjict wl hv t b stird awe fṛm ɖ icoṇmi.

Ɖt līvz Jonsn cmitd t a program v guvnmnt bî campen jsćr n culćrwor provceśn. Dǎnñ Strīt hz lwz fr bʈ. Wn îtm, loñ antiṣpetd on ɖ Tori bnćz, wl b a “bil v rîts”, ɖ prṗs v ẃć z t asrt Britiś naśnl ōtoṇmi in matrz v hymn-rîts lw, in mć ɖ sem spirit ɖt Brexit wz imajind az a hrǒic ic̣nomic imanṣpeśn.

In ples v līgl obḷgeśn t prínsiplz inśrînd in inṭnaśnl trīti, inforsbl bî corts, ɖr wl b a resṭreśn v “comn sns”, az dfînd bî ministrz. In Orwełn faśn, ɖs z cast az a meźr t “enśur ɖ consttyśn z dfndd”; fṛm ẃt ɖt dfns z nīdd z unclir. Ɖ implaid eṇmi z qizlñ rmenrjujz, olwz gtñ ɖer wigz in a twist ovr guvnmnt brecñ ɖ rūlz, n lefti hymn-rîts loyrz, wn v hūm hapnz t b līdr v ɖ Lebr parti.

In ɖ sem spirit, ɖr wl b a public-ordr bil, banñ d’rect-ax́n protests – clîṃt acṭvists ćenñ ɖmslvz t relñz, gluwñ ɖmslvz t motrwez – ɖt cōz a ńsns bt hardli ʈretn t unravl ssayti. P’līs wl b gvn pǎrz t stop enwn hu īvn lcs az f ɖe mt b p t antiguvnmnt misćif.

Az wɖ iṃgreśnpoḷsi, Dǎnñ Strīt z cnvinst ɖt public opińn on lw n ordr pmits strîdz t ɖ oʈoṛterịn rît wel bynd ɖ bǎnḍriz v cnvnśnl Wsminstr cnsnss. Ɖ rūl v ʈum: f libṛlz r sqīlñ in dstres, dubl dǎn; pres hardr.

It sīmz a loñ tîm ago ɖt modṛt Tori MPz wr indorsñ Jonsn fr ɖ līdrśp in ɖ b’lif ɖt hiz tru culrz wr ɖ wnz h hd dspleid t win ilex́n az mẹr v Lundn. Ɖe ʈt ɖt ɖ cozṃpoḷtn incarneśn v “Boris” wd riimrj wns Brexit wz dn. Jonsn himslf promist ɖm az mć in prîṿt têtes-à-têtes, olɖo ɖe śd hv noun h wz proṃsñ ɖ oṗzit t Yrosceptic hedbañrz in a rūm nxt dor.

It wz clir ɖen ɖt Jonsn wd se enʈñ t bcm prîm̦inistr n, wns ɖt gol wz aćivd, d enʈñ wɖ ɖ pǎr at hiz dspozl t cari on biyñ prîm̦inistr. Ɖt z ol ɖr z n ol ɖr evr wz. Ɖt z ɖ ajnda ɖt Prins Ćarlz dclerd fṛm hiz muɖr’z ʈron, olbiit incriptd in parḷmntri pajnt. N ɖs z ol ɖt wl b left wns ɖ crǎnz, rǒbz n ródz hv bn páct sefli bac in ɖ consttyśnl dresñ-up box: 38 bilz adñ p t a campen fr ɖ dfŕl v sirịs guvnmnt n ɖ prolongeśn v rūl bî Jonsn fr Jonsn’z sec.

MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm ɖ Gardịn │ Boris Johnson is flailing – so he is reviving his Brexit greatest hits

Anti-Boris Johnson protesters outside Downing Street, London, April 2022. Photograph: Tolga Akmen/AFP/Getty Images
Anti-Boris Jonsn pṛtstrz ǎtsd Dǎnñ Strīt, Lundn, Epril 2022. Foṭgraf: Tolga Acmén/AFP/Geti Iṃjz

Boris Jonsn z flelñ – so h z rvîvñ hiz Brexit gretist hits

(Transcription of a Guardian article of 26 April 2022)

Ɖ prîm̦inistr’z plan t ovŗîd ɖ Norɖn Îrḷnd proṭcol z a tîrd rpit v ɖ dsoṇsti ɖt got him ilectd

Raphael Behr

Rafel Behr, Tyzde 26 Epril 2022

Wn de, ẃn Boris Jonsn z no longr prîm̦inistr, n ɖ fl caṭlog v hiz frōdz z cmpîld, a speśl ples wl b’loñ t wn ɖt got him ilectd in ɖ frst ples. Bfr h atndd eni locdǎn partiz, bfr ɖr wr pandemic rūlz t brec or lîz t tel abt ɖ brecij, ɖr wz ɖ promis t Gt Brexit Dn.

It z nt dn. Ɖt z ẃ Jonsn’z guvnmnt z draftñ a lw ɖt wd gv ministrz ɖ pǎr t ovŗîd ɖ Norɖn Îrḷnd proṭcol v ɖ Brexit dīl. Ɖs z ɖ vri trīti ɖt Jonsn hêld az “gret”, “xḷnt”, a flfilmnt v ol hiz ngośietñ ambiśnz. F ɖt wr tru, h wd nt nǎ b planñ t set it on fîr.

Sǎnd fmiłr? It śd d. It z ɖ lêtist sīql in a hacnid franćîz wɖ a forḿlêic plot. In ɖ Brex̣tir imaɉneśn it z an ax́n’dvnćr muvi. Bruslz hz tecn a porśn v YC sovṛnti hostij. Pluci Boris mst g in, ol gunz blezñ, t rtriv it. In sć esc̣pedz v derñ-du, pleyñ bî ɖ rūlz n rspctñ trītiz z fr rmonrsoftiz.

A recap fṛm prīvịs eṗsodz: t avôd riimpozñ a hard bordr on ɖ îḷnd v Îrḷnd, a speśl custmzreźīm wz agrìd fr ɖ Norʈ ɖt rqîrz ćecs on sm gdz crosñ fṛm ɖ Britiś mênḷnd. Jonsn sînd p t ɖs. Ministrz nǎ clem it wz nvr mnt t b a prṃnnt s’lūśn, bî ẃć ɖe mīn Jonsn laid t hiz Yṛpiyn cǎnṭparts az wel az hiz votrz. H nvr intndd t onr ɖ dīl.

Untl nǎ, ɖ guvnmnt’s ajteśn hz bn xprest bî fnġrñ, bt nvr qt pŭlñ, ɖ trigr on articl 16 – ɖ brec̦lōz ritn intu ɖ Brexit dīl. Bt articl 16 z a rùt t mor ngośieśn n mīdieśn wɖn ɖ scop v ɖ trīti itslf. It z a cnvnśnl wepn. Ɖ ny dvîs biyñ asmbld in ɖ Dǎnñ Strīt buncr gz ńclir.

Wl it b deṭnetd? Vetṛnz v past Brexit worz wl b fmiłr wɖ ɖ cost-beṇfit iqeźn. It cmz dǎn t a tst v ẃr Jonsn ʈncs hiz śort-trm slf-inṭrest lîz. Ɖ ʈiyri z ɖt it tecs a propr crîsis fr Bruslz t tec notis v Britiś grīvns. Cuṛntli, ɖ YY z adresñ ɖ Norɖn Îrḷnd qsćn in tecnicl, līgl trmz, via ɖ cmiśn. Jonsn wonts t esc̣let it t a dīl btwn p’liticl līdrz. H ʈncs a Britiś prîm̦inistr śd’nt hv t hagl wɖ byṛcrats. H śd b stićñ smʈñ p wɖ Paris n Brlin. Ɖt’s hǎ it wrct in ɖ old dez. Bt in ɖ old dez Britn wz a membr v ɖ YY. Ɖt z’nt hǎ it wrcs fr “ʈrd cuntriz”.

A dǎnsîd t confṛnteśn z ɖt it wd b dvîsiv at a tîm ẃn wstn neśnz r strîvñ fr soḷdaṛti ovr Ruśa’z atac on Ycren. On ɖt frunt, Jonsn ʈncs hiz cṛdnślz az a stōlẉt frend v Cyīv r sfiśntli wel istabliśt – n notd in Wośñtn – ɖt h hz rigl rūm t mc dmandz ovr Norɖn Îrḷnd, a subjict on ẃć ɖ Americnz mt prīvịsli hv slapt him dǎn.

Bt steṭs az ɖ most pro-Ycreńn līdr in ɖ rūm dz’nt gt Jonsn az far az h ʈncs in Bruslz, ẃr h z’nt in ɖ acćl rūm. H nīdz gdwil fṛm Emmanuel Macron t śift dipḷmatic dîlz fr him on ɖ Yṛpiyn caunsl. Ɖ Frenć prezidnt, wɖ a nyli aqîrd dmestic mandet bt a lot v trubl in hiz in-tre, w’nt spend eni p’liticl capitl dwñ fevrz fr a man h mstrusts, hvñ dlt wɖ him bfr.

Ɖ prîm̦inistr hz nvr bn wn fr cultvetñ foṛn alaynsz, sins it rqîrz cnsistnsi n rlạbiḷti. Hiz inṭrests r mor p’rocịl. Olso, wūndd bî Partiget, hiz foc̣s z nǎ on ɖ bér-nucl fît fr svîvl. T ɖt end, a confḷgreśn v YY iśuz mt hlp t ʈw rleśnz wɖ ɖ rîtwñ fax́n ɖt tṛdiśṇli setlz ɖ fet v Tori līdrz. It wd iṛtet modṛt MPz, bt ɖe r’nt az ruʈlis or az orġnîzd.

No rîvl fr ɖ līdrśp wl risc criṭsîzñ an act v hardlîn Brexit rvîṿlizm. Liz Trus, ɖ foṛn secṛtri, fansiz ɖ top job n z nośnli in ćarj v ngośieśnz ovr Norɖn Îrḷnd. Ś wd nt hv ćozn a mnūvr az wontnli vanḍlistic az ɖ proṭcol-ovŗîd bil, bt ś z sd t b recnsîld t ɖ muv. Ɖ ćanslr hz prīvịsli bn an obsṭcl ẃnvr Nu 10 hz wontd t pic fîts wɖ Bruslz, ćaṇlñ Treẓ́ri añzayti abt ɖ cost v a tredwor. Bt Riśi Sŭnac z badli dminiśt bî rīsnt p’liticl mșteps arnd tax – ɖ wnz h rezd fr votrz n ɖ wnz hiz nondoṃsîld spǎs avôdd peyñ. Jonsn no longr siz him az a ʈret.

Cabiṇt hz nt dscust ɖ plan t saḅtāj ɖ Brexit dīl in lw. Mć dpndz on ilex́nz nxt wīc. Ɖ Stormont-asmbli poul in Norɖn Îrḷnd cd trigr a crîsis bî mcñ Sinn Féin ɖ larjist parti. Yńnists wd ɖen lūz ɖ rît t nem ɖ frst ministr – a los v p’liticl prîṃsi ɖt wd b mostli simbolic, bt culćṛli intolṛbl fr ɖt rīzn. Mnẃl, f caunsl ilex́nz in Ñgḷnd rvil masiv discntnt wɖ Jonsn, Tori MPz me b sprd t muv agnst him.

Ɖen ɖr wd b dubl tmteśn t g ol in wɖ a Brexit bust-up. Jonsn wd se ɖt onli scrapñ ɖ proṭcol cd īz tnśnz in Norɖn Îrḷnd (olɖo in riaḷti ɖ ilex́n ɖr wl probbli śo a mjoṛti in fevr v cīpñ it). Ɖ ovŗîd lw mt nt īvn nīd t b pást. Ɖ prîm̦inistr wd b most inṭrestd in ɖ specṭcl – a batl wɖ Bruslz, obstrux́n in ɖ Hǎs v Lordz, ɖ fŭlṃneśnz v rmen-s’portñ libṛlz; a fîrwrcs dsple t gt ɖ old Yrosceptic cor vot ūwñ n āiñ in aprīśieśn, jst lîc ɖ old dez.

Wd it wrc? Probbli nt. Ɖ plej t Gt Brexit Dn hd sć bredʈ v apil bcz it rezd hop v endñ ɖ toxic, slf-involvd naśnl drama ovr an iśu ɖt most ppl hd nt cnsidrd ol ɖt importnt bfr a ćôs wz forst on ɖm in a reḟrendm. Onli a fnaticl mnoṛti misz ɖ fît inuf t rīstart it. N tde’z Jonsn hz lost ɖ nac ɖt hiz formr slf hd fr trnñ crîsis intu carnivl. Hiz leṿti no longr gts him līńnsi fṛm an ōdịns ɖt hz hŕd jst a fy tù mni lîz. Stl, ɖr wd b a srtn tîdi siṃtri f hiz dǎnfōl includd a Brexit bil ɖt ofrd fōls reẓluśn t a crîsis wɖt end – hiz last gret dsoṇsti in ofis biyñ a mirr v ɖ frst.

MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

Instroduction to Ñspel

Fṛm ɖ Gardịn │ We claim Britain is an ethical democracy – but oligarchs know that’s not true

‘The spectacle is depressing, not because Baron Lebedev of Hampton and Siberia is Russian, but because of the absurd title and the corrupt process that created it.’ Evgeny Lebedev and Boris Johnson in 2009. Photograph: Ian West/PA
‘Ɖ specṭcl z dpresñ, nt bcz Báṛn Lebedev v Hamtn n Sîbiria z Ruśn, bt bcz v ɖ absrd tîtl n ɖ c’rupt proses ɖt crietd it.’ Evgeni Lebedev n Boris Jonsn in 2009. Foṭgraf: Iyn Wst/PA

W clem Britn z an eʈicl dmocṛsi – bt oligarcs nǒ ɖt’s nt tru

(Transcription of a Guardian article of 16 March 2022)

Ɖ îdīa ɖt poḷtics cn b sbvrtd bî wlʈ z pvesiv in Ruśa. Ɖt’s ẃ its biłnerz fīl at hom in ɖ YC

Raphael Behr

Rafel Behr, Wnzde 16 Marć 2022

“So let m gt ɖs stret. F sm gai livz longr ɖn y pridict, I hv t cīp on peyñ?” Ɖ qsćn cem fṛm ɖ manijr v ɖ pnśnfund fr a stet-ǒnd Ruśn cumṗni. H wz in Lundn on a fact-fîndñ miśn t lrn abt prîṿt pnśnz. H hd jst hŕd an acć̣ri xplen hǎ it wrct. Ɖ Ruśn manijr wz sspiśs v a sistm wɖ sć opn-endd laybiḷtiz. I wz intrpṛtñ n pást on hiz qsćn.

Ɖ acć̣ri cnfrmd ɖt ɖ longr a pnśnr livd, ɖ mor h got peid. Ɖ Ruśn claynt foldd hiz hand intu haf a fist, wɖ tū fngrz xtndd t iṃtet ɖ baṛl v a gun, ẃć h pôntd t ɖ grǎnd. “Cd’nt y jst, y nǒ, tec cer v ɖ gai?”

I trnzletd. Ɖ acć̣ri lct at m fr conḟmeśn ɖt it wz a joc. Yes n no. Ɖs wz ɖ mid-1990z. Hir wz smwn hu hd mnūvrd himslf ʈru ɖ ruinz v ɖ formr Sovịt Yńn intu cntrol v a vast pot v uɖr ppl’z muni. H wz’nt a big-tîm oligarc, bt h wz wn v ɖ winrz fṛm a trnziśn ɖt hd left most Ruśnz fīlñ lîc luzrz. Ɖ pônt wz nt abt pnśnz bt pǎr. Ẃ pe f y d’nt hv t? Ẃt’s in it fr ɖ bos?

Ɖ Britiś advîzrz smîld ōcẉdli n ćenjd ɖ subjict.

A lot hz ćenjd sins ɖen. Ruśa stopt trayñ t b a dmocṛsi, ɖen stopt pritndñ t trî. Britn stopt advîzñ Ruśnz on hǎ t run a marcit icoṇmi wɖn ɖ rūl v lw, ɖen stopt pritndñ t cer hǎ ɖe md ɖer muni. F ɖ qsćn evr cem p ẃn ɖ sūpŗić cem śopñ fr manśnz in Blgrevia, or premịr-līg ftbōl clubz ɖr wz a lot v smîlñ ōcẉdli n ćenjñ ɖ subjict.

A comn wstn miscnspśn in ɖoz rli yirz v Ruśa’z post-Sovịt trnziśn wz ɖt ppl hu hd groun p undr coḿnizm dd’nt unḍstand capiṭlizm. Ɖt oṿlct ɖ importns v marcitforsz t Sovịt ssayti, oṗretñ on mni levlz. Ɖr wz ɖ ʈrîvñ tred in ilisit gdz, cntrold bî criminl gañz hu olso bòt pṛtx́n fṛm oʈoṛtiz. P’līs indifṛns cmz at a prîs.

Ɖr wz ɖ comrs in fevrz, îɖr az bartr or caś in hand, ẃrvr a byṛcratic dor nīdd oṗnñ. Ppl hu gemd ɖt sistm in ɖ dez ẃn mcñ a profit wz îdịlojicli tbu dd’nt nīd lésnz in marcitforsz ẃn gtñ filʈi rić trnd l’jit. CGB ofisrz n parti aṗraćics hu bcem miłnerz dd nt strugl t śec of ɖ prīsepts v Marxizm-Leninizm.

Ɖr z a tndnsi t sīqns Ruśn hisṭri ovr ɖ past jeṇreśn in lrćz: ɖ c’laps v Sovịt pǎr intu ɖ anarcic Boris Yeltsin ira, ɖen ɖ slump bac t oʈoṛterịnizm undr Vladīmir Pūtin. Bt runñ ol ɖ we ʈru hz bn a comn īʈos ɖt siz ol poḷtics az a ngośieśn btwn ɖ ppl hu hv faund a we t gt rić n ɖ ofiślz hu cn îɖr hlp or obstruct ɖm, n set ɖ prîs. It z olwz a trnzax́n btwn muni n stetpǎr. Îdioḷji hardli entrz intu it.

Ɖt siṇsizm z dīpli intrenćt n pṛjctd ǎtwdz on t ol cuntriz n ol juṛsdix́nz. I spent yirz in Ruśa n cuntriz v ɖ formr Sovịt Yńn, az a stydnt, dwñ intrpṛtñgigz, ɖen az a corispondnt, fṛm ɖ mid-1990z onẉdz. I yst t gt intu ɖs arğmnt ol ɖ tîm. I wd xplen ɖt ʈñz wrct difṛntli in ɖ wst – ɖt dmocṛsi involvz a difṛnt cnd v rleśnśp btwn wlʈ, parḷmnts n pǎr. Ɖt clem wz rūtīnli met wɖ p’lît scepṭsizm or ǎtrît d’riźn. Az f onli a ćîld wd b’liv sć p’liticl fẹritêlz. A dspiṛtñ trend in rīsnt yirz hz bn hírñ ɖ sem cōstic siṇsizm in ɖ YC.

N ɖ mor Ruśn muni muvd intu Britn, ɖ mor inmeśt rić Ruśnz bcem wɖ Lundn’z sośl, p’liticl n ic̣nomic ilīt, ɖ hardr it got t argy ɖt dmocṛsi oṗretd t a hayr standd; ɖt its rūlz wr’nt sołbl in muni; ɖt ɖ sistm dd’nt olwz yīld fr rić frendz v ɖ bos.

Ɖt z ẃ Evgeni Lebedev’z apôntmnt t ɖ Hǎs v Lordz wz so daṃjñ īvn bfr it wz rvild ɖt YC intelijns ejnsiz hd a cnsrn ɖt ɖ noṃneśn pozd a risc t naśnl s’kṛti.

Ẃn Boris Jonsn noṃnetd hiz frend fr a pirij in Jlî 2020 ɖ brezņis v ɖ fevr atractd mor coment ɖn ɖ Ruṣ́ņis. Ɖen ɖ fus daid dǎn. It wz hardli ɖ frst tîm ɖt a sīt in ɖ Lordz hz bn gvn t ɖ frend v a prîm̦inistr. Ɖr r beṇfiṣ́riz wɖ ʈinr recordz v ćaritbl bnevḷns ɖn ɖ wn Lebedev’z frendz sáit t jusṭfî hiz eņoblmnt. H z nt a Tori donr. (Uɖr Ruśnz wɖ dyl Britiś naṣ́naḷti hv funld miłnz intu Cnsrṿtiv cofrz.) It c’nt b a ces v caś fr onrz ẃn ɖr wz no caś.

Ɖ Hǎs v Lordz apôntmntscmiti dd’nt lîc ɖ Lebedev pirij, bt ɖ prîm̦inistr wz unmuvd. H ʈt ɖ objx́n xprest anti-Ruśn preɉdis. Ɖ intelijnșrṿsz ćenjd ɖer asesmnt v ɖ risc. Spūcs gt stuf roñ. Dd ɖe jst smîl ōcẉdli n ćenj ɖ subjict ẃn ɖ prîm̦inistr insistd on mcñ hiz pal a pir?

Aḷxandr Lebedev, Evgeni’z faɖr n ɖ sors v hiz wlʈ, wz wns a CGB ejnt. Bt ɖt z’nt a hreditri cndiśn. Hiz attyd t ɖ Cremlin mt b dscrîbd az tmpṛt. In a 2016 articl fr ɖ Standd, Aḷxandr cnsidd ɖt oligarcs hd plundrd Ruśa n olso “sad t se, sm v ɖm r clos t Pūtin”. Bt h insistd ɖt ɖ prezidnt himslf wz “nt bhnd ɖ lūtñ”.

Lebedev Jr hz sd ʈñz in ɖ past alînñ wɖ Cremlin vyz on ɖ 2014 anxeśn v Crîmīa n castñ dǎt on ɖ ofiśl YC acǎnt v ɖ Sōlzḅri pôẓnñ, bt ɖt z’nt sdiśn. Ɖ nyzpeprz h cntrolz hv cm ǎt agnst ɖ inveźn v Ycren. Hiz atrax́n t a sīt in ɖ Lordz me b motvetd bî nʈñ mor ɖn vaṇti in c’lectñ a liṃtd idiśn ŕmin rǒb. (H hz’nt votd or spocn in a dbet sins hiz meidnspīć.) Hiz frendśp wɖ Jonsn z probbli in ɖ sem caṭgri – a prîm̦inistr az hî-end c’lectbl.

Bt f ɖt z ɖ ces, n ɖ s’kṛtisrṿsz wr mcñ a fus ovr nʈñ, ɖr z stl harm dn. Ɖ specṭcl z dpresñ, nt bcz Báṛn Lebedev v Hamtn in ɖ Lundn Bura v Rićmnd upn Tmz n v Sîbiria in ɖ Ruśn Feḍreśn z Ruśn, bt bcz ɖ absrd tîtl n ɖ c’rupt proses ɖt crietd it bolstr ɖ most cōstic, sinicl vy v ɖ we Britiś poḷtics wrcs. N at a tîm ẃn w nīd t spred confidns ɖt dmocṛsiz d ʈñz betr.

• Rafel Behr z a Gardịn coḷmnist

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

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Fṛm Đ Gardịn: This is the last exit to Brexit. But in truth, there was only ever one road

‘Boris Johnson has pounded away at the domestic side of Brexit and distorted the shape of British politics.’ Johnson poses with a sign in Benfleet, Essex, December 2019. Photograph: Ben Stansall/AFP/Getty Images
‘Boris Jonsn hz pǎndd awe at ɖ dmestic sîd v Brexit n dstortd ɖ śep v Britiś poḷtics.’ Jonsn pozz wɖ a sîn in Benflīt, Esix, Dsmbr 2019. Foṭgraf: Ben Stansl/AFP/Geti Iṃjz

Ɖs z ɖ last xit t Brexit. Bt in truʈ, ɖr wz onli evr wn rod

(Transcription of an article published in the Guardian on 8 December 2020)

Eni dīl wl b a tred-of btwn wlʈ n sovṛnti – ɖ pṛporśn n tîmscel r ɖ onli cnsiḍreśnz

Rafel Bẹr, 8 Dsmbr 2020

Ɖr z wn Brexit dīl. Ɖr hz onli evr bn wn. It hz bn ɖr fṛm ɖ start, olɖo hard t si ʈru ɖ fog. Its ǎtlîn hz bn dsrṇbl bhnd plūmz v reṭric n misinf̣meśn bilowñ ǎt fṛm ɖ Wsminstr p’liticl mśīn. It wz ɖr on ɖ hrîzn ɖ mornñ aftr ɖ ref̣rendm. It hz nt muvd jrñ ɖ ʈǎzndz v aurz v dbet ɖt foloud.

Ɖ dīl wz olrdi cntend in articl 50. It wz in evri bil in evri lêt-nît Comnz vot. It wz in T’rīza Me’z bacstop n Boris Jonsn’z oltrṇtiv. It z ɖ hard crṇl v a soft Brexit n ɖ soft unḍbeli v a hard wn. It z ɖ capitl v Norwījn, Cnedịn n Ostrełn-stîl Brexits. It z ɖs: ɖ YC wl gv p wlʈ in xćenj fr sovṛnti. .

In ẃt pṛporśnz n ovr ẃt tîmscel z ɖ onli riyl subjict v ngośieśn. Ẃɖr ɖt xćenj śd b md at ol z ɖ isnśl difṛns btwn līvrz n rmenrz. Ɖ s’nario w nǎ cōl “no dīl” z a we v dscrîbñ ɖ hîist prîs fr ɖ larjist porśn v sovṛnti. Ɖ trīti ɖt Jonsn mt agri in an 11ʈ aur trip t Bruslz dscrîbz a difṛnt trnzax́n yzñ ɖ sem forḿla.

Ɖ wlʈ-fr-sovṛnti xćenjret z nt dtrmind bî campenproṃsz, nr z it pegd t ɖ lebîl mūd v Cnsrvtiv MPz. It z a fuñśn v ic̣nomic n stṛtījic graṿti – ɖ difṛns in tredñmas btwn ɖ YC on its ǒn n ɖ cmbînd heft v 27 YY cuntriz. Brex̣tirz hd plenti v tūlz fr śepñ ɖ we ɖt rleśnśp wz psivd bî a Britiś ōdịns, bt ɖr wz nʈñ in ɖ box ɖt cd ćenj ɖ acćl dispziśn v forsz, nr enʈñ t pswed Yṛpiyn līdrz t sspnd ɖer ǒn aprezl v riaḷti.

Folowñ ɖ prínsipl ɖt evrʈñ lcs lîc a nêl t a man wɖ onli a hamr, Jonsn hz pǎndd awe at ɖ dmestic sîd v Brexit n dstortd ɖ śep v Britiś poḷtics. Cnvnśnz hv bn flatnd; lojic hz bn twistd; truɖz hv bn pulṿrîzd. Bt stl ɖ facts ɖt mc ɖ dīl r unćenjd.

Līvrz startd fṛm a pziśn v dnayl ɖt sovṛnti hd eni prîs at ol – ɖt Brexit wz ol upsîd. Ɖt ces restd on tū pilrz. Frst wz ɖ îdīa ɖt YY membrśp wz a drag on Britn, an unwontd sbscripśnsrvis ɖt cd b cansld n ɖ muni rīdirectd t betr cōzz.

Secnd wz ɖ b’lif ɖt Yṛpiynz wd b so sad t lūz axes t Britiś marcits ɖt ɖe wd agri t cntiny smʈñ lîc ɖ old srvis wɖt ćarj. Ɖoz ʈñz wr nt tru, bt ɖ Brex̣tirz b’livd ɖe cd b md tru bî fors v cnvix́n n a mor agresiv ngośietñstans.

Mnẃl, rmenrz sw ɖ hol dīl az a scam. Ɖ prîs wz tù hî n ɖ sovṛnti biyñ bòt wz wrʈlis. It cd nt mc Britn hefti inuf in ɖ wrld t rîvl Wośñtn or Bêźñ. Ɖr wz mor globl līṿrij aveḷbl fṛm a sīt at YY sumits in Bruslz. Ɖ bst dīl on sovṛnti wz ɖrfr ɖ wn ɖt invstd ɖ hol pot in ɖ Yṛpiyn project.

Bt ɖt arğmnt hz nvr hd trax́n wɖ līvrz. Ɖ clem ɖt Brexit hz no valy z palṗbl nonsns t tnz v miłnz v ppl hu, bî ɖ act v votñ, bstoud it wɖ pṛfǎnd imośnl sgnificns. Sovṛnti sǎndz lîc indipndns ẃć z smʈñ ppl wont fr ɖmslvz n ɖer cuntri. Mni cd olso ʈnc v concrīt beṇfits fṛm ōtoṇmi in lw-mcñ. Ofn ɖoz ʈñz wr crīćrz fṛm Yrosceptic miʈoḷji – frīdm t d ʈñz ɖt Bruslz hd nvr stopt Britn fṛm dwñ – bt nt olwz. Enwn hu wontd a tufr iṃgreśnreźīm, fr xampl, wl gt wn fṛm Brexit. Fr libṛl rmenrz, ɖt z jst anɖr cost.

Ɖ tū trîbz meźr ɖ iśuz on cmplitli difṛnt scelz, n wl cntiny t d so. Pro-Yṛpiynz wl b dis’pôntd f ɖe antiṣpet sm dfiṇtiv momnt v vindceśn, ẃn ɖ bil landz fr ɖ holo mońmnt t sovṛnti ɖt Jonsn z irectñ at vast naśnl xpns.

Rstrictd axes t Yṛpiyn marcits wl tec a tol in jobz n forgon groʈ. Bt ɖr wl b foṛnrz n a pandemic t blem. Ɖ p’liticl frṇsz wl fîr p, insiṇretñ ɖ evidns prizntd bî icoṇmists n pumpñ ǎt ɖ sem p’lūtñ clǎd v spīśs arğmnt. A sprñtîm bǎns-bac in GDP – a sttisticl nir-srtnti gvn ɖ depʈ v ɖ Covid-indyst slump – wl b cast az a Brexit liḅreśndiṿdnd.

Ɖ tricịr part wl b cnvrtñ reğletri sovṛnti intu mtirịl pêbac t līv̦otrz. Jonsn’z śîni mońmnt canot b mltd dǎn n mintd intu cônz fr ppl huz jobz hv vaniśt bcz ɖ s’plî ćen in ẃć ɖe wrct hz bn rīrùtd via Sḷvacia. Ōtoṇmi fṛm YY rūlz afordz sm lìwe t subṣdîz inḍstri, bt most Tōriz r îdịlojicli rpeld bî ɖ îdīa v guvnmnt picñ ic̣nomic winrz. Ɖ Yrosceptic instñt tndz ɖ uɖr we, aplayñ marcitforsz az ɖ reṃdi t eni mleiz, cutñ taxz n reğleśn t prj ɖ bodipoḷtic v stet-indyst leʈ̇ji. Straṭjists in Dǎnñ Strīt nǒ ɖt sć meḍsin wd b pôzn t votrz in formr Lebr stroñholdz ɖt mc p ɖ prîm̦inistr’z ny pǎrbes.

On ɖ inṭnaśnl stej, Jonsn’z paḍlñpūl v sovṛnti wl ivaṗret in no tîm. Jo Bîdn z a frend v ɖ Yṛpiyn project n intndz t mc ɖt ɖ axis fr rnywl v alaynsz ɖt Doṇld Trump dspîzd. Paris n Brlin rsipṛcet īgrli. Wn v ɖ ynīc streñʈs v Britiś foṛn poḷsi yst t b srvñ az ɖ stṛtījic linc btwn Wośñtn n conṭnntl Yṛp. YY membrśp wz ɖ brij, n nǎ it z brnt. It canot b rbilt wɖ ɖ recrz’ tūlz. Ɖt mesij hz rīćt Nu. 10, jujñ bî Tyzde’z rtrit fṛm planz t rpydiet ɖ Brexit wɖdrwl’grīmnt, bt ɖ līgl tantṛm wl nt b fgotn qcli.

Jonsn ingejz in ɖt cnd v brincmnśp bcz h ʈncs it śoz streñʈ, bt it hz ɖ oṗzit ifct. Enwn lcñ fṛm ɖ ǎtsd cn si ɖ strucćṛl wìcnis v hiz pziśn rgardlis v ɖ hrǒic pozz h strîcs. Evri tîm h plz sm stunt t demnstret hǎ sirịs h z abt Brexit fr a dmestic ōdịns, h advtîzz ɖ foli v ɖ ʈñ in ɖ inṭnaśnl arīna. H hz boroud heṿli agnst Britn’z repyteśn az a levl-hedd, pragmatic cuntri n rlaybl alî, jst t prćis a fy mor ǎnsz v sovṛnti. It ol hz t b peid bac. Bt ɖt z ɖ dīl. Ɖt wz olwz ɖ dīl.

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MOR ARTICLZ Fṛm Đ Gardịn

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